Ayn Rand’s “Anthem” Book Analysis Essay


An excellent introduction to Ayn Rand’s theory of human nature is the book Anthem . Her moral and political philosophies are fundamentally based on the topic and fundamental struggle of the novella—the individual versus the collective—which appears in all of her works. In the undetermined future, where freedom and individual rights have been eradicated, the events of Anthem take place. Despite being centered on the antiutopian model of the narration, the author strives to show the first step for the person to obtain individuality. Collectivism results in the elimination of individuality as a concept. The current paper is devoted to supporting the author’s idea regarding the negative impact of collectivism on personality formation.

Gaining Equality through the Injustice of Government

Supporting the ideology of the author and the situation depicted in the novel, Maoism in China can be mentioned. The essence of Maoism is to combine classical communist ideas with Great Han chauvinism and Chinese centrism. The Chinese Communists managed to overcome the heavy legacy of Maoism, leading the country out of the impasse (Jones and Smith). The situation with Equality 7-2521 is similar when the living conditions of people are meager, and any attempts to express individuality are punished. The collectivism of all countries has always been reflected in history and consists in the fact that people have their values and traditions peculiar to the collective of each country – its people. The author writes: “We are one in all and all in one” (Rand 3). The enslavement of the individual to the collective, regardless of the group’s race, class, or state affiliation, is what Ayn Rand refers to as “collectivism.” In such circumstances, a person is not seen as an independent being with an existence of their own but rather as a member of a group whose primary function is to meet that group’s requirements.

The ruling class in Equality 7-2521 tries to instill an “ant colony” attitude where people replicate the self-sacrificing lives of insects for the greater welfare of the collective. The goal of the government is to eradicate all notions of uniqueness from human nature and, with it, all aspects of active personal existence. Each individual is identified by a broad collectivist principle, such as equality, internationalism, or solidarity, rather than by their own unique name. The reason that each person has a number associated with their collectivist identity is also explained by this endeavor to eradicate all aspects of individuality. No one is exceptional or distinctive because the state believes that individuality is illusory; instead, people are interchangeable components of a larger whole.

The Motivational Success of Individuality and Freedom

In her writings, Ayn Rand presents people who must weigh crucial options and occasionally decide between life and death situations. The most prominent example is Equality 7-2521; however, she is not the only character in the story to undertake questionable decisions. He could opt not to ponder the Unspeakable Word, but he does. He does not want to submit to the Council’s demands; therefore, he wants to keep the tunnel’s existence and his experiments a secret. Out of all the people in society, he chooses International 4-8818 and the Golden One for his close friends. Instead of surrendering his brightness and life to the Councils, he decides to flee into the woods.

To morally criticize the people for failing to maintain their own minds and spirits would be a disaster. They are not wicked, but the authoritarianism of the government has made them timid. Councils that demand slavish submission are wicked. The heroic characters instead pose the fascinating question of how they are able to maintain their own ideas in the face of such tremendous pressure to comply. The author states: “No… We are one…alone…and only… and we love you who are one… alone.. and only” (Rand 76). The aim of Ayn Rand is to extol the rare people who, against all conventional norms and teachings, are aware that their thoughts are precious and should not be ceded to authority.

One person cannot go against the whole system existing in the novel. Despite understanding how distrustful the system is for the people, the only thing such generous people can do is find others who share their position and escape, as shown in the novel. History has various examples of such an escapement of genius people being tortured by totalitarian governments. For example, many world-famous writers and poets, such as Brodsky and Nabokov, left Russia due to the USSR government’s persecution (Guzeva, 2019). As a result, the cultural heritage of the country is depleted. These people found the strength to escape being led by their identity as well as the main characters of the novel.

The Collectivist Model, Government Overreach and Control that Limits Innovation

This society’s leaders are not concerned with science or the truth. They must exert control over citizens’ thoughts in order to keep control over society. The repression of free thought is necessary for the conquest and maintenance of authoritarian authority. Therefore, freedom of speech, which includes freedom of thinking and expression, is outlawed forever by real-world tyrants, whether they be fascists, National Socialist, or communists. Although the dictators themselves are not particularly intelligent, they instinctively know that the mind is their adversary. In order to block any potential mind development, the government limits the freedom of speech: “… we must never speak of the times before the Great Rebirth, else we are sentenced to three years in the Palace of Corrective Detention” (Rand 4). Dictators understand that the rational mind is their most formidable enemy since intellectuals are only interested in the truth and not the arbitrary orders of power-hungry tyrants.

The intellect can find no refuge, no example like the United States to which one may travel in order to acquire an independent existence, if the entire planet is a worldwide dictatorship, as in Anthem, and if freedom does not exist anywhere on earth. The author demonstrates how the mind will be suppressed everywhere in such a situation. There will not be any innovative or creative thinking, scientific research, technical advancements, or industrial growth.

The currently existing example of such a situation is in North Korea. Due to the totalitarian regime established on the country’s territory, the government controls all the income and outcome informational flows. In 2019 Kim Jong Un expressed regret regarding the technological situation in the country (Williams, 2020). The innovative developments are entirely controlled, limiting the multicultural information exchange bounding the research and production. Such limitations allow the government to make the nation easily controllable because people have no other option for how free life can be.

The ability of illicit passion for enlightening and elevating is seen in Rand’s Anthem . In an undetermined future time and place when freedom and individual rights have been eradicated, the plot of Anthem is set. Equality 7-2521, the protagonist, is a bright young man who aspires to be a scientist but is forced to work as a street sweeper by a dictatorship that is afraid of his intellectual independence. The core of the anthem is the battle of Equality 7-2521 to think, live, and love on his terms and in opposition to the cruel regime. Ayn Rand uses her character’s struggle to defend people’s freedom to live their own lives and issues a warning about modern society’s unrelenting shift toward collectivism.

Works Cited

Guzeva, Alexandra. “ 7 Most Famous Russian Writers Who Migrated Abroad .” Russia Beyond, Web.

Rand, Ayn. Anthem . Signet, 1961.

Smith, Lamar and Jones, Martin. “ The Strategy of the Mind: Maoism and Culture War in the West .” Military Strategy Magazine, Web.

Williams, Martin. “ Technology Be a Silver Bullet for the North Korean Economy? ” 38North, Web.

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What is Anthem?

Anthem is Ayn Rand’s classic tale of a dystopian future of the great “We”—a world that deprives individuals of a name or independence.

In all that was left of humanity there was only one man who dared to think, seek, and love. He lived in the dark ages of the future. In a loveless world, he dared to love the woman of his choice. In an age that had lost all trace of science and civilization, he had the courage to seek and find knowledge. But these were not the crimes for which he would be hunted. He was marked for death because he had committed the unpardonable sin: He had stood forth from the mindless human herd. He was a man alone. He had rediscovered the lost and holy word—I.

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Understanding, contest timeline, discover the power of anthem.

The main character, Equality 7-2521, tells us he is a sinner and criminal. But what crimes has he committed? Being alone, writing, having personal preferences. He is “cursed” with an active, questioning mind in a society where every institution aims to crush independence and instill obedience to the authority of the collective.

Intelligent and inquisitive, Equality 7-2521 longs to become a scientist and devote his life to discovery and invention. Instead, he is beaten by his teachers and assigned the life work of street sweeper. When, against all odds, he rediscovers the secret power of a lost relic from the ancient past, he must confront the full reality of his society’s ideals.

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Garnet Valley High School

Glen Mills, Pennsylvania

United States

9th grade student

Busan Foreign School

South Korea

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Global Vision Christian School

Mungyeong-Si, Gyeongsangbuk-do

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Irvine High School

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Belmont, Massachusetts

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Towle Institute

Hockessin, Delaware

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anthem analysis essays

By Ayn Rand

The story of 'Anthem' by Ayn Rand is about a young man who realizes his potential and learns to fully embrace his individuality as he makes an invention. This invention challenges the stifling collectivism of the City of his birth and puts his life in danger which forces him to flee from the City.

Onyekachi Osuji

Article written by Onyekachi Osuji

B.A. in Public Administration and certified in Creative Writing (Fiction and Non-Fiction)

Anthem begins as the protagonist called Equality 7-2521 expresses his concern for breaking the rules of society as he sits in the solitude of a secret tunnel. He begins to narrate the events of his life up to that moment which makes us understand his world, then his narration goes further to tell of his decisions from that point and of his plans as the story draws to an end.

Anthem “Spoiler-Free” Summary

A young man is alone in a secret tunnel as he writes in a stolen journal, he recounts the many transgressions he has committed against the authorities of his state, some of which have specific punishments, others so inconceivable by his society that no law has made provisions for it.

From talking about his transgressions, he begins to relate the story of his life and how conforming to societal standards have been a struggle for him. He refers to himself with the pronoun “We” as he does not know any first-person singular pronouns. He introduces himself as a twenty-one-year-old young fellow who is six feet tall and who wears a bracelet that identifies him with the name Equality 7-2521.

He talks of the educational and social structure of the city he lives in. Children are taken by the authorities to a place called Home of the Infants from birth and there they are cared for following the totalitarian edicts of the state until they get to the age of five when they are sent to the Home of the Students where they are taught subjects provided by the state and indoctrinated into the collectivist values of the state for ten years. After ten years of schooling, they are assigned to different trades by the state through the Council of Vocations and the students must never question the decision of the Council of Vocations.

Equality 7-2521 recalls how he had hoped to be assigned to the Council of Scholars, which is the body of intellectuals in charge of research and innovations, because of his love of Science but gets assigned to be a street sweeper instead. He resigns to life as a street sweeper and follows the routine like everyone else in the Home of the Street Sweepers believing the degrading vocation is punishment for his nonconformist thoughts.

In the course of his work as a street sweeper, he secretly becomes friends with a fellow street sweeper called International 4-8818 a bright artistic boy with smiling eyes.

He also gets to meet a girl from another trade, the Home of the Peasants, and feels attracted to her despite it being a crime for males and females to interact in the city. He learns that her name is Liberty 5-3000 and she is beautiful, poised, and different from the other women in the city.

He then talks of how he and his friend International 4-8818 find a secret tunnel into which he ventures without his friend International 4-8818 but with a pact of secrecy between them.

Equality 7-2521 talks about this tunnel being his place of solitude for two years, a place where he writes his thoughts down, experiments, and learns about Science.

He eventually makes a scientific invention in the tunnel and hopes that the value of his invention would absolve him of all his transgressions against the State.

Anthem Complete Plot Summary

Spoiler Alert: This Summary Contains Important Details

Equality 7-2521 is in a tunnel as he writes down his thoughts. He knows it is against the laws of the state to write anything without permission but cannot stop himself from writing it. He believes he is cursed for all the many laws of the state that he finds himself breaking.

He recalls how his disobedience began at an early age, how he was locked up in the cellar for fighting more than everyone else in the Home of the Infants; how he found school too easy, and how he preferred certain subjects to others which was an offense called the Transgression of Preference.

Equality 7-2521 talks about being assigned to be a street sweeper against his hopes of being a scientific scholar and researcher. But he does not settle for being just a street sweeper, he violates the laws in various ways: he becomes friends with a fellow street sweeper, and falls in love with a girl from another trade –both of which are Transgressions of Preference; and he begins his own scientific research in a secret tunnel, which makes him guilty of the Blackest Transgression which is “to do and think alone”.

He eventually invents electricity from the wires and tools he finds in the underground tunnel and plans to submit his invention to the Council of Scholars to develop the society further.

Before he can execute his plan of submitting his invention to the Council of Scholars, he makes a slip that makes the Council of the Home of The Street Sweepers discover that he was absent at the Social Gathering where everyone in the City is expected to be. He is locked up in the Palace of Corrective Detention and lashed to get him to reveal his whereabouts but he maintains his silence and bids time for when the Council of World Scholars would meet so that he can present his invention to them.

Equality 7-2521 escapes from prison on the day of the meeting of the World Council of Scholars, rushes to his secret tunnel and finds that his things are still intact as the tunnel has not been discovered. He carries his electric box with a light bulb and goes to the meeting of the world council of scholars.

The Scholars are surprised by his presence but he introduces himself and presents his invention to them. But he does not get the reaction he expects as they call his invention evil and threaten to destroy it and punish him for it.

Equality 7-2521 snatches the electric box and flees from the meeting of the World Council of Scholars, calling them a bunch of fools for not seeing the prospects in his invention. He escapes into the Uncharted Forest where he fends for himself alone and basks in his newfound freedom.

A few days later, he finds someone else in the Uncharted Forest and realizes it is Liberty 5-3000 who has come in search of him. They consummate their love in the forest and together, discover an abandoned building in the Uncharted Forest which they occupy and turn into their new home.

From reading books left in the abandoned house, Equality 7-2521 learns of the word ”I” and fully embraces his individuality. He reads about a Greek god called Prometheus and Liberty 5-3000 declares that it shall be his new name, while Equality 7-2521 chooses the name Gaea for Liberty 5-3000, after the Greek goddess of the earth.

They spend the rest of their lives in the forest, making plans to begin a new civilization of free individuals as they expect their unborn child.  

Where does the story of Anthem take place?

The story of Anthem by Ayn Rand takes place in a fictional totalitarian state. The place is not given a name, however, it is described in detail in terms of chronology and government structure. The setting is a City with many government councils and departments that control all aspects of the citizens’ lives at the City level, State level, and World level. The time is many centuries into the future advanced technology has been annihilated so long ago that stories of those times sound like legends.

Why do they use “We” in Anthem ?

They use “we” in Anthem by Ayn Rand because, the word “I” is regarded as evil due to the collectivism of the State, and eliminated from the language. Therefore, “we” is the only first-person pronoun used by all citizens.

What is the forbidden word in Anthem ?

The forbidden word in Anthem by Ayn Rand is the first-person “I”. It is eliminated from the language and the penalty for saying it is cutting off of the tongue and death by burning at the stake. Saying the forbidden word “I” is the only transgression punishable by death in the State.

What is the blackest transgression?

In Anthem by Ayn Rand, the blackest transgression is “to do or think alone”. This is stated by the protagonist and narrator in the first paragraph of Chapter One of the novella. It portrays the extent of totalitarianism in the world of Anthem .

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Onyekachi Osuji

About Onyekachi Osuji

Onyekachi was already an adult when she discovered the rich artistry in the storytelling craft of her people—the native Igbo tribe of Africa. This connection to her roots has inspired her to become a Literature enthusiast with an interest in the stories of Igbo origin and books from writers of diverse backgrounds. She writes stories of her own and works on Literary Analysis in various genres.


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Anthem Essays

In the book Anthem, written by Ayn Rand, Equality 7-2521 had never seen his physical appearance. He was surprised seeing such a strong individual staring at him. One day after escaping into the woods, he finally met himself at a flowing stream and gained new confidence. This was an essential part...

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Why writing by hand beats typing for thinking and learning

Jonathan Lambert

A close-up of a woman's hand writing in a notebook.

If you're like many digitally savvy Americans, it has likely been a while since you've spent much time writing by hand.

The laborious process of tracing out our thoughts, letter by letter, on the page is becoming a relic of the past in our screen-dominated world, where text messages and thumb-typed grocery lists have replaced handwritten letters and sticky notes. Electronic keyboards offer obvious efficiency benefits that have undoubtedly boosted our productivity — imagine having to write all your emails longhand.

To keep up, many schools are introducing computers as early as preschool, meaning some kids may learn the basics of typing before writing by hand.

But giving up this slower, more tactile way of expressing ourselves may come at a significant cost, according to a growing body of research that's uncovering the surprising cognitive benefits of taking pen to paper, or even stylus to iPad — for both children and adults.

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In kids, studies show that tracing out ABCs, as opposed to typing them, leads to better and longer-lasting recognition and understanding of letters. Writing by hand also improves memory and recall of words, laying down the foundations of literacy and learning. In adults, taking notes by hand during a lecture, instead of typing, can lead to better conceptual understanding of material.

"There's actually some very important things going on during the embodied experience of writing by hand," says Ramesh Balasubramaniam , a neuroscientist at the University of California, Merced. "It has important cognitive benefits."

While those benefits have long been recognized by some (for instance, many authors, including Jennifer Egan and Neil Gaiman , draft their stories by hand to stoke creativity), scientists have only recently started investigating why writing by hand has these effects.

A slew of recent brain imaging research suggests handwriting's power stems from the relative complexity of the process and how it forces different brain systems to work together to reproduce the shapes of letters in our heads onto the page.

Your brain on handwriting

Both handwriting and typing involve moving our hands and fingers to create words on a page. But handwriting, it turns out, requires a lot more fine-tuned coordination between the motor and visual systems. This seems to more deeply engage the brain in ways that support learning.

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"Handwriting is probably among the most complex motor skills that the brain is capable of," says Marieke Longcamp , a cognitive neuroscientist at Aix-Marseille Université.

Gripping a pen nimbly enough to write is a complicated task, as it requires your brain to continuously monitor the pressure that each finger exerts on the pen. Then, your motor system has to delicately modify that pressure to re-create each letter of the words in your head on the page.

"Your fingers have to each do something different to produce a recognizable letter," says Sophia Vinci-Booher , an educational neuroscientist at Vanderbilt University. Adding to the complexity, your visual system must continuously process that letter as it's formed. With each stroke, your brain compares the unfolding script with mental models of the letters and words, making adjustments to fingers in real time to create the letters' shapes, says Vinci-Booher.

That's not true for typing.

To type "tap" your fingers don't have to trace out the form of the letters — they just make three relatively simple and uniform movements. In comparison, it takes a lot more brainpower, as well as cross-talk between brain areas, to write than type.

Recent brain imaging studies bolster this idea. A study published in January found that when students write by hand, brain areas involved in motor and visual information processing " sync up " with areas crucial to memory formation, firing at frequencies associated with learning.

"We don't see that [synchronized activity] in typewriting at all," says Audrey van der Meer , a psychologist and study co-author at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. She suggests that writing by hand is a neurobiologically richer process and that this richness may confer some cognitive benefits.

Other experts agree. "There seems to be something fundamental about engaging your body to produce these shapes," says Robert Wiley , a cognitive psychologist at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro. "It lets you make associations between your body and what you're seeing and hearing," he says, which might give the mind more footholds for accessing a given concept or idea.

Those extra footholds are especially important for learning in kids, but they may give adults a leg up too. Wiley and others worry that ditching handwriting for typing could have serious consequences for how we all learn and think.

What might be lost as handwriting wanes

The clearest consequence of screens and keyboards replacing pen and paper might be on kids' ability to learn the building blocks of literacy — letters.

"Letter recognition in early childhood is actually one of the best predictors of later reading and math attainment," says Vinci-Booher. Her work suggests the process of learning to write letters by hand is crucial for learning to read them.

"When kids write letters, they're just messy," she says. As kids practice writing "A," each iteration is different, and that variability helps solidify their conceptual understanding of the letter.

Research suggests kids learn to recognize letters better when seeing variable handwritten examples, compared with uniform typed examples.

This helps develop areas of the brain used during reading in older children and adults, Vinci-Booher found.

"This could be one of the ways that early experiences actually translate to long-term life outcomes," she says. "These visually demanding, fine motor actions bake in neural communication patterns that are really important for learning later on."

Ditching handwriting instruction could mean that those skills don't get developed as well, which could impair kids' ability to learn down the road.

"If young children are not receiving any handwriting training, which is very good brain stimulation, then their brains simply won't reach their full potential," says van der Meer. "It's scary to think of the potential consequences."

Many states are trying to avoid these risks by mandating cursive instruction. This year, California started requiring elementary school students to learn cursive , and similar bills are moving through state legislatures in several states, including Indiana, Kentucky, South Carolina and Wisconsin. (So far, evidence suggests that it's the writing by hand that matters, not whether it's print or cursive.)

Slowing down and processing information

For adults, one of the main benefits of writing by hand is that it simply forces us to slow down.

During a meeting or lecture, it's possible to type what you're hearing verbatim. But often, "you're not actually processing that information — you're just typing in the blind," says van der Meer. "If you take notes by hand, you can't write everything down," she says.

The relative slowness of the medium forces you to process the information, writing key words or phrases and using drawing or arrows to work through ideas, she says. "You make the information your own," she says, which helps it stick in the brain.

Such connections and integration are still possible when typing, but they need to be made more intentionally. And sometimes, efficiency wins out. "When you're writing a long essay, it's obviously much more practical to use a keyboard," says van der Meer.

Still, given our long history of using our hands to mark meaning in the world, some scientists worry about the more diffuse consequences of offloading our thinking to computers.

"We're foisting a lot of our knowledge, extending our cognition, to other devices, so it's only natural that we've started using these other agents to do our writing for us," says Balasubramaniam.

It's possible that this might free up our minds to do other kinds of hard thinking, he says. Or we might be sacrificing a fundamental process that's crucial for the kinds of immersive cognitive experiences that enable us to learn and think at our full potential.

Balasubramaniam stresses, however, that we don't have to ditch digital tools to harness the power of handwriting. So far, research suggests that scribbling with a stylus on a screen activates the same brain pathways as etching ink on paper. It's the movement that counts, he says, not its final form.

Jonathan Lambert is a Washington, D.C.-based freelance journalist who covers science, health and policy.

  • handwriting

Debunking the Hollow Moon Theory: a Scientific Analysis

This essay about the Hollow Moon theory provides a comprehensive analysis of the hypothesis that suggests the moon is not a natural celestial body but a hollow sphere possibly engineered by aliens. Originating from Soviet scientists in the 1970s, this theory cites the moon’s unique seismic activities and its lower density compared to Earth as key evidence of its supposed hollowness. However, the essay systematically refutes these claims with scientific explanations, discussing how the moon’s seismic characteristics are due to its dry geological conditions and its density and orbit can be explained by its violent formation history. The conclusion drawn is that while the Hollow Moon theory is intriguing, it lacks substantial scientific backing and remains within the realm of pseudoscience and science fiction.

How it works

The Hollow Moon theory, a lesser-known and highly controversial idea within the realms of pseudoscience and conspiracy theories, posits that the moon is not a solid celestial body but a hollow sphere, potentially engineered by an advanced alien civilization. This theory, reminiscent of science fiction, has captured the imagination of many but stands on precarious scientific footing. In this discussion, we delve into the origins of this theory, evaluate the evidence presented by its proponents, and contrast it with established scientific knowledge about the moon.

The origins of the Hollow Moon theory trace back to the 1970s when two Soviet scientists, Michael Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov, proposed that the moon could be a giant artificial satellite, placed in orbit around the earth by an advanced alien civilization. This hypothesis was based on their interpretation of certain lunar phenomena which they believed could not be explained by natural processes alone. For example, they cited the moon’s unusually smooth, nearly perfect circular orbit and its size in relation to the earth as unusual and unlikely to have occurred naturally.

Proponents of the Hollow Moon theory often point to anomalies in lunar data to support their claims. One of the main pieces of ‘evidence’ is the behavior of the moon’s surface during lunar seismic activities. NASA’s Apollo missions recorded that the moon “rang like a bell” when meteorites struck its surface, suggesting to some that it might be hollow. Additionally, the density of the moon, which is significantly lower than that of Earth — about 3.34 grams per cubic centimeter compared to Earth’s 5.52 grams per cubic centimeter — is also presented as evidence of its hollow structure.

However, these interpretations are not supported by the broader scientific community. The seismic vibrations recorded by Apollo missions are now understood as a result of the moon’s dry geological environment. The moon’s crust lacks water, which on Earth dampens seismic vibrations. Without such dampening, lunar seismic activity can indeed give rise to prolonged vibrations, but this does not imply hollowness; rather, it speaks to the moon’s rigid, solid internal structure.

Furthermore, the moon’s lower density compared to Earth is well explained by its different composition and history. The moon is believed to have formed from the debris of a colossal impact between Earth and a Mars-sized body early in the solar system’s history. This violent origin would naturally lead to a body composed primarily of crustal materials, which are less dense than the metallic core materials that constitute a large part of Earth’s mass.

In terms of the moon’s orbit and size, while they are indeed remarkable, they are not inexplicable. The moon’s current orbital characteristics can be explained through well-understood gravitational interactions with Earth, known as tidal locking, which also account for the moon’s synchronous rotation (it always presents the same face to Earth). As for its relative size, while the moon is unusually large compared to Earth when looked at in the context of other rocky planets and their moons, this is now considered a result of the specific and violent impact event that led to its creation, rather than evidence of artificial construction.

In conclusion, while the Hollow Moon theory is undoubtedly an intriguing idea, it lacks the empirical support needed to elevate it from the realm of pseudoscience to that of plausible scientific theory. The evidence provided by its proponents does not withstand scrutiny when compared with the vast body of research and data gathered by the scientific community over decades of lunar exploration. Understanding celestial bodies through the lens of well-supported science not only enhances our knowledge but ensures that our fascination with the cosmos is grounded in reality, rather than the realms of fantastical conjecture. Thus, while the Hollow Moon theory provides an interesting perspective for science fiction, it remains just that—fiction.


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When it comes to the Bruins’ goalie situation, it looks like Linus Ullmark is a goner

Linus Ullmark started only one playoff game for the Bruins after making 39 starts during the regular season and posting a 22-10-7 record.

Linus Ullmark made a name for himself here the last three years after being filched away from Buffalo to be a workhorse in the Bruins net.

He won 88 games, ranking him the NHL’s eighth best in that category across the last three regular seasons. He won a Vezina Trophy a year ago , after his astounding 40-6-1 mark in 2022-23. He even became a member of the exclusive group of goalies to score a goal with his high-toss, long-range wrister into an empty net one night in Vancouver.

Now it looks like Ullmark is a goner, his value to the Bruins today not so much about how much rubber he can stop, but how much dough the 30-year-old can save the club if it trades him, likely in the days leading up to the June 28-29 NHL Draft in Las Vegas.


Such is life in the NHL salary cap world, where roster churn is a fait accompli and the CBA’s defined math alone can dictate who stays, who goes, who gets tonight’s start in net.

Owed another $5 million as the final installment on the four-year/$20 million deal he signed to come aboard as a free agent in July 2021, Ullmark’s money now is expected to be folded into the haul Jeremy Swayman collects in the coming weeks as a restricted free agent.

Swayman, the in-residence, homegrown phenom, is expected to ink a long-term pact that could as much as double the $3.475 million he earned this season, which culminated with him making 11 straight starts in the playoffs.

“It’s hard to not hear it,” Ullmark said late Sunday morning, acknowledging the increasing trade chatter around him as he packed up for the summer — and perhaps for the final time — at the club’s Brighton practice facility. “You can’t isolate yourself, because then you’d live in a shed in the woods and [only] show up to practice here sometimes.”

Addressing the gaggle of reporters around his stall in the Guest Street dressing room, Ullmark added, “I mean, I have you guys … you’re always going to ask questions, you want to know what’s happening … and [look for] answers you might want. But I’m not going to give any good answers other than that.”

It’s not really a new drill for Ullmark. He openly noted the realities of the business, and the chance he could be dealt, a year ago in Nashville when accepting the Vezina prior to the draft . Talk back then was that general manager Don Sweeney, faced with myriad factors that pushed payroll hard up against the then $83.5 million salary cap, wouldn’t have enough loose change to keep both Ullmark and Swayman on the job.

Swayman ultimately landed his one-year deal via salary arbitration, and the two goalies remained aboard, largely due to Sweeney using paper clips, bobby pins, and S&H Green Stamps to hire on low-budget veterans James van Riemsdyk, Kevin Shatterkirk, Milan Lucic, and Danton Heinen to fill various roster holes.

A year later, most, if not all, of those Dollar Store plug-ins aren’t expected back, largely because fresh faces Matthew Poitras, Mason Lohrei, and Andrew Peeke (a March trade acquisition) all are expected to land full-time work in Black and Gold come October.

Linus Ullmark (right) and Jeremy Swayman developed a supportive bond as the Bruins' goaltending tandem.

With Ullmark dished to offset Swayman’s big bump in pay, that should leave Sweeney with some $20 million-plus in cash for more free agent shopping as of July 1.

Priority 1: a bona fide No. 1 center; Priority 2: a top four defenseman who can average 20:00, add vital support in back, and allow Charlie McAvoy and Hampus Lindholm to increase their impact; Priority 3: a top six scoring winger who can fill the void expected if/when the unsigned Jake DeBrusk taps the UFA market elsewhere for, say, $6 million a year or more.

Rumors at the March 8 trade deadline had Ullmark going to the Kings for Pierre-Luc Dubois, the ever-underperforming 6-foot-4-inch center. The same rumors had Ullmark using his 16-team no-trade clause to nix the deal. Dubois stayed in LA. Ullmark stayed with the Bruins and ultimately was relegated to backup duty in the postseason.

“He was putting on a heck of a performance,” a gracious, secure Ullmark said of Swayman while reflecting on being the backup. “That was basically the only reason I wasn’t playing any more games, because he was probably the best goaltender in these Stanley Cup playoffs.”

With Ullmark moved out, Swayman would be positioned as the club’s clear-cut No. 1. Swayman’s workload likely would be increased in the regular season and he would partner with Brandon Bussi , who just wrapped up his second solid season with AHL Providence.

“Was it hard? Yeah, it was hard,” Ullmark said of hearing the trade rumors. “Because you’re very comfortable where you are, you don’t want to move when you feel like you’re playing well, you have the team and you have the trust in the teammates. I’m not the only one [the subject] of trade talks, obviously.”

“And for me, it’s above my pay grade, as well, really. I don’t have the luxury to choose. If I could, I’m probably going to say the same thing as everybody else: I want to stay. But we live in the world of professional sports and you’ve got to deal with that.”

The dealing is in Sweeney’s hands. Technically, Ullmark’s limited no-trade list winnows the field, but that can shift with the speed of a shot deflected low in the slot.

Example: If Ullmark has the Devils on his nix list, his posture could change if Sweeney allowed New Jersey GM Tom Fitzgerald to entice Ullmark to Newark with a four-year contract extension worth, say, $25 million. Ullmark still could nix the trade, albeit with the risk that he’s dealt to another team for the upcoming season and enters the UFA market July 1, 2025.

Would the offers for Ullmark a year from now be better? Maybe. Maybe not. By definition, pay grades are all about the money, and dollars often define the discussion.

Kevin Paul Dupont can be reached at [email protected] .

Anthem Ayn Rand

Anthem literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Anthem by Ayn Rand.

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Anthem Essays

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When tyrannical governments are in charge of societies, they must eradicate possible threats to their power at all costs in order to remain in power. Underlying dangers to the power of such governments can be as common as the relationship between...

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Anthem by Ayn Rand encourages readers to delve into the possibilities of a society devoid of human characteristics. The story is based in a society that worships collectivism, causing everyone to be the same, and raised as if they were livestock....

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When it comes to dystopian stories, the conclusion is expected to be tragic due to the pessimistic nature of a dystopia. However, in Anthem by Ayn Rand and Welcome to the Monkeyhouse by Kurt Vonnegut, the authors go a different route because they...

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In today’s society, living individually to maintain a private space is as necessary as being a member of a team. Numerous individuals cannot maintain collective mindsets because independent impulses will arise in them. In the past, many slaves...

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Will Trump Run as a Felon? A Big 2024 Question Will Soon Be Answered.

The ruling in the trial of the former president and presumptive Republican nominee, which could come next week, could be a deciding factor in a tight race.

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Donald Trump sits in a courtroom with two men in suits at his left and right. Five officers are standing behind him.

By Shane Goldmacher

The witness list is winding down. Closing statements are expected early next week. Then a Manhattan jury will gather in the first criminal trial of a former president to determine whether Donald J. Trump will campaign this fall as a convicted felon.

The political impact of one of the most consequential jury deliberations in the nation’s history is far from predictable.

“Who knows?” said Mike Murphy, a Republican strategist who has been a longtime Trump critic. “The first casualty of the I’m-right-you’re-evil politics of today is institutional credibility. We’re not in the politics of accepting impartial facts anymore.”

But whether the verdict becomes a political turning point or not, it will be a major moment in the race.

The case is the only one of Mr. Trump’s four indictments expected to come to trial and a conclusion before Election Day, even if the charges of falsifying financial records related to a hush-money payment made to a porn star do not match the gravity of the indictments accusing Mr. Trump of trying to thwart the peaceful transfer of power in 2020.

There is little doubt that Mr. Trump’s base is unlikely to abandon him now. Less clear is how swing voters or some of the traditional Democratic constituencies — younger, Black and Hispanic voters — who have expressed diminished support for Mr. Biden lately, and even flirted with Mr. Trump, would process a guilty verdict.

“We’ve looked at a lot of polling that indicates a good chunk of voters would move away from Trump if he’s convicted,” said Jim Margolis, a veteran Democratic strategist and ad maker. “I hope that turns out to be true. But if past is prologue, I don’t think we count on that happening.”

Mr. Trump’s political playbook ahead of the verdict is so worn as to be predictable.

His experience enduring multiple investigations, civil trials and two impeachments has provided a template for how he will declare victory, in the case of acquittal or a hung jury, over a deep state that was out to get him but failed. It is also the road map for how, if found guilty, he will try to undermine the legitimacy of the prosecution as a partisan sham engineered to undercut his candidacy, a message that he and allies have hammered for months.

In Trumpian shorthand, based on his previous statements, it will be a “total exoneration” if not guilty and “election interference” if convicted.

In a statement, Steven Cheung, a Trump spokesman, said Mr. Trump’s team would “fight and crush the Biden Trial Hoaxes all across the country.”

The Biden campaign has largely steered clear of speaking directly about the trial, avoiding providing any fodder to the G.O.P. claims, made without evidence, that his administration was behind the New York case. But his political operation, which declined to comment, winked at the trial last week, selling shirts after Mr. Biden proposed debates that read “Free on Wednesdays,” the weekday that the trial is paused.

The Trump campaign, with a flair for the dramatic — and a limited travel schedule, owing to the trial — has scheduled a large rally in the Bronx on Thursday.

Mr. Trump has called some of those who face criminal charges after participating in the Jan. 6 attacks “hostages” and opened some events by playing a recording of defendants singing the national anthem from jail . Last week, the man who broke into the home of former Speaker Nancy Pelosi and bludgeoned her husband with a hammer was sentenced to 30 years in federal prison .

Bradley Beychok, co-founder of the progressive group American Bridge, which last week began what it has promised will be a $140 million anti-Trump ad campaign, said that the verdict, whatever it is, won’t change its advertising strategy.

“Democrats have to be cautious to not take the bait that our job is merely to tell voters how bad, evil and awful Donald Trump is,” he said. “He is all of those things but we have to focus on how does this affect their daily lives.”

Alex Castellanos, a veteran Republican strategist, outlined what he sees as a heads-Trump-wins, tails-Biden-loses situation as the trial comes to a conclusion.

“An acquittal would vindicate him,” he said of Mr. Trump, “and a guilty verdict would martyr him — and hey, that’s how you start religions.”

Mr. Castellanos explained Mr. Trump’s Teflon-like standing as rooted in his promise to upend institutions and institutional norms that many in the country feel have not served them well.

“He can grab women by the p-word, he can say of John McCain ‘I like heroes that haven’t been captured,’ and we all think this is the end of him, that this will hurt him,” Mr. Castellanos said. “What does history tell us? He really can shoot someone on Fifth Avenue and get away with it. Because it’s not about him. It is about who he is there to stop. The reason he can eat kryptonite is he was elected to be the hand grenade underneath the establishment’s door.”

Campaigning for the presidency under the cloud of a conviction is without precedent. One of the few prominent cases of a politician being on the ballot soon after a conviction was former Senator Ted Stevens, who lost re-election narrowly only days after he was found guilty on seven felony counts in 2008. The race was so close it was not decided until absentee ballots were counted.

Yet even as this historic trial was underway, fully 36 percent of voters said they were paying little to no attention at all, according to a recent New York Times/Siena College survey of battleground states . And crucial independent voters were even less engaged, with 45 percent saying they were paying little to no attention.

Mr. Margolis, the Democratic strategist, said the lack of television cameras in the courtroom has been the missing ingredient.

“No live TV, no video of Stormy testifying, no cut-aways of Trump sleeping,” he said of the woman, Stormy Daniels, whose sexual encounter with Mr. Trump, which he has denied, is at the center of the hush-money case. “That’s a big reason the trial hasn’t rocked America.”

The Trump campaign has been asking voters in polls what news stories they are following most and the trial has not topped 20 percent, according to a person familiar with the surveys.

Perhaps as a result, a criminal conviction could still come as a jolting surprise. The Times/Siena poll showed only 35 percent of voters in six battlegrounds saw a conviction as very or even somewhat likely.

Voters were split on whether Mr. Trump could get a fair trial in New York along predictable partisan lines, although roughly one in five Democrats thought he could not get a fair trial and about the same share of Republicans thought he could. A slim majority of independents thought he could not get a fair trial.

One political cost of the trial already been incurred for Mr. Trump: He has been confined to New York for four days a week for a month, which is significant when a candidate’s time is often considered a campaign’s most precious resource.

Mr. Murphy, the Republican strategist, said Mr. Trump’s daily courthouse remarks before the cameras — even with fawning supporters arrayed behind him — have undermined the strongman image he seeks to project.

“His brand is strength. What he likes to do is be cocky in front of an adoring crowd,” Mr. Murphy said. Instead, he said, the commentary has made Mr. Trump look more like “an old mangy lion caught in a net.”

“The whole vibe of caged, defeated animal,” he said, “is bad for Trump.”

Shane Goldmacher is a national political correspondent, covering the 2024 campaign and the major developments, trends and forces shaping American politics. He can be reached at [email protected] . More about Shane Goldmacher

Our Coverage of the 2024 Election

Presidential Race: News and Analysis

In her first public appearance since she dropped her Republican bid, Nikki Haley said she would vote for Donald Trump , stopping short of an official endorsement.

Over roughly 24 hours, Trump reposted a video with an echo of Nazi Germany , hinted at restricting contraception  and made news in two of his criminal cases, providing what looked like at least a temporary cure to “Trump amnesia.”

Kerry Kennedy, the sister of Robert F. Kennedy Jr., has become the face of her family’s effort  to block his independent candidacy and re-elect President Biden.

A.I.’s Role:  The era of A.I. has officially arrived on the campaign trail. But so far, the political uses of the much-anticipated, and feared, technology are more theoretical than transformational .

Silicon Valley’s Shift:  Frustration with Biden, Democrats and the state of the world has increasingly driven some of tech’s most prominent venture capitalists  to the right.

TikTok’s Trumpification:  Trump isn’t on TikTok, but the liberal-friendly platform has seen an uptick of right-wing, pro-Trump influencers .

Changes to the Fed?:  A second Trump administration could shake up personnel and financial regulation at the Federal Reserve. Here’s how .


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  1. Ayn Rand's "Anthem" Book Analysis

    An excellent introduction to Ayn Rand's theory of human nature is the book Anthem. Her moral and political philosophies are fundamentally based on the topic and fundamental struggle of the novella—the individual versus the collective—which appears in all of her works. In the undetermined future, where freedom and individual rights have ...

  2. Anthem Themes and Analysis

    By Ayn Rand. 'Anthem' is a novella stylishly written with many themes and symbols that make it as relevant today as it was decades ago. It is an interesting work by the controversial Ayn Rand. Article written by Onyekachi Osuji. Anthem is a novella that showcased its author's creativity as well as philosophy. Ayn Rand being a controversial ...

  3. Anthem Chapter One Summary and Analysis

    Anthem Summary and Analysis of Chapter One. Summary: Always speaking from a first-person plural point of view, the narrator introduces himself as Equality 7-2521. He explains that the act of keeping a secret journal without the permission of the Council of Vocations is against the law and a sin because his thoughts are not shared, but personal.

  4. Anthem Themes

    Anthem literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Anthem by Ayn Rand. Anthem study guide contains a biography of Ayn Rand, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

  5. Anthem by Ayn Rand

    Anthem has been translated to over six languages to date and has been the subject of over thirty-thousand essay competitions across the world. Anthem Themes and Analysis 📖 'Anthem' is a novella stylishly written with many themes and symbols that make it as relevant today as it was decades ago.

  6. Anthem Summary

    Anthem Summary. Ever since Equality 7-2521 was a child, he has been more physically and mentally vigorous than his classmates, but his collectivist society has taught him that to be different is a sin. He tries unsuccessfully to suppress his curiosity, and for his crime of preference in desiring a position with the wise Scholars, the Council of ...


    2016 ANTHEM WINNING ESSAY. Equality is able to retain his unflagging curiosity and make strides in his quest for knowledge. Society's condemnation of independent thinking is not the only chain that shackles the mind and inhibits scientific progress—so is the individual's will. Despite the Councils' pow-

  8. Anthem Essay Contest

    Select one of the following three prompts about Anthem and write an essay in response to it. Essays must be written in English only and between 600 and 1,200 words in length, double-spaced. ... an analysis of the characters, a discussion of the story's themes and brief comparisons to other well-known dystopian works. Go to Course Homepage ...

  9. Anthem by Ayn Rand Summary

    The story of Anthem by Ayn Rand takes place in a fictional totalitarian state. The place is not given a name, however, it is described in detail in terms of chronology and government structure. The setting is a City with many government councils and departments that control all aspects of the citizens' lives at the City level, State level, and World level.

  10. Anthem: Individualism, Morality, and Society

    The concept of morality is a central theme in Ayn Rand's novella, Anthem. The protagonist, Equality 7-2521, struggles to reconcile his own individual... read full [Essay Sample] for free

  11. Anthem Essays for College Students

    An Analysis of Anthem by Ayn Rand. The vehicle that drove Ayn Rands method objectivism in the book "The Anthem" are individualism, egoism, and independence. The opposite of collectivism is individualism, the way Ayn Rand looked at it "individualism" she wrote "regards man-every man as an independent, sovereign entity who possess an ...

  12. Analysis of Equality 7-2521's Anthem

    Published: Mar 20, 2024. In Ayn Rand's novella, Anthem, the protagonist, Equality 7-2521, lives in a dystopian society where individuality is suppressed, and collectivism is prioritized. The story follows Equality 7-2521's journey as he breaks free from the constraints of his society and discovers the power of his own mind and individuality.

  13. Summary of Anthem by Ayn Rand: [Essay Example], 480 words

    Analysis of Equality 7-2521's Anthem Essay In Ayn Rand's novella, Anthem, the protagonist, Equality 7-2521, lives in a dystopian society where individuality is suppressed, and collectivism is prioritized.

  14. Anthem Essay Questions

    Anthem Essay Questions. 1. How does the manipulation of language enforce collectivist doctrine in the society of Anthem? One of the main motifs in the novel is the omission of the word "I" from human knowledge, as it enforces the association of the self with the group and the state in the unconscious. Over the course of the novella, Equality 7 ...

  15. Why writing by hand beats typing for thinking and learning

    "When you're writing a long essay, it's obviously much more practical to use a keyboard," says van der Meer. Still, given our long history of using our hands to mark meaning in the world, some ...

  16. Debunking the Hollow Moon Theory: A Scientific Analysis

    This essay about the Hollow Moon theory provides a comprehensive analysis of the hypothesis that suggests the moon is not a natural celestial body but a hollow sphere possibly engineered by aliens. Originating from Soviet scientists in the 1970s, this theory cites the moon's unique seismic activities and its lower density compared to Earth as ...

  17. Quantitative Literary Analysis of the Works of Aphra Behn: Words of

    Laura L. Runge's Quantitative Literary Analysis of the Works of Aphra Behn: Words of Passion constitutes a digital corpus analysis of Aphra Behn's poetry, drama and prose compositions. ... Women's Writing List of Issues Latest Articles ... by Laura L. Runge, London, Anthem Press, 2023, 294 pp., £80 (hardback), ISBN 978 1 8399 8200 2.

  18. Mariah Carey on Billboard Chart Success, New Audible Original

    Depending on who I'm writing with or just writing by myself, it's something that I love to do so much. Sometimes I just don't care [about credit], because I know what I do.

  19. Fahrenheit 451 Anthem Analysis: [Essay Example], 570 words

    Fahrenheit 451 and Anthem are two dystopian novels that explore themes of censorship, individualism, and the power of collective thought.Both books offer a critical analysis of society and present cautionary tales about the dangers of conformity. In this essay, we will delve into the analysis of these two novels, examining their themes, characters, and the overall message conveyed by the authors.

  20. Data analysis with ChatGPT

    After using ChatGPT to analyze or visualize your data, click on the View Analysis link that appears at the end of the response. At the top of the modal, you can toggle "Always show details" on so that the analysis window appears by default after every response. If you would like to use the code locally, you can click on "Copy code" to ...

  21. Anthem Quotes and Analysis

    Anthem literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Anthem by Ayn Rand. The Merit of Ipseity; Ayn Rand in Context; Family Sway; The Evolution of Equality: A Self-Liberated Character; A Curious Aspect of Progress: Inquiry vs. Oppression in 'Anthem' View our ...

  22. Why it's likely the Bruins move on from G Linus Ullmark: Analysis

    Matthew J. Lee/Globe Staff. Linus Ullmark made a name for himself here the last three years after being filched away from Buffalo to be a workhorse in the Bruins net. He won 88 games, ranking him ...

  23. Analysis: Michael Cohen gives Donald Trump his best day in hush money

    Donald Trump finally had a good day in court. The presumptive GOP nominee has often seemed embarrassed and infuriated by his first criminal trial, which has featured salacious exposés of his ...

  24. Anthem Essays

    Join Now to View Premium Content. GradeSaver provides access to 2360 study guide PDFs and quizzes, 11007 literature essays, 2767 sample college application essays, 926 lesson plans, and ad-free surfing in this premium content, "Members Only" section of the site! Membership includes a 10% discount on all editing orders.

  25. Will Trump Run for President as a Felon in the 2024 Election?

    By Shane Goldmacher. May 20, 2024. The witness list is winding down. Closing statements are expected early next week. Then a Manhattan jury will gather in the first criminal trial of a former ...