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Essay on Child Rights

We live in a society. When people have built a society, they made rules and laws for that society. Some laws and rules are made by the government, while others are made by the people who live in the country. This includes laws that are necessary for the healthy survival of humans. We have some rights that help us to live peacefully. Similarly, there are also some rights for children which are referred to as child rights. Today, we will discuss Child Rights in detail.

Short and Long Child Rights Essay in English

Here, we are presenting short and long short essays on Child Rights in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays on Child Rights will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on this topic.

 Child Rights Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Children have some basic human rights as adults which are referred to as child rights.

2) Every child has rights, irrespective of their age, race, gender, or where they were born.

3) Child rights are important for the physical and mental growth of children.

4) Rights to education, rights to survival, right health, etc are some child rights.

5) Child rights are essential to set up a good environment for children.

6) It is also important for the development of the nation.

7) In 1989, the United Nations Convention on Child Rights was passed.

8) Children are human beings who should have their rights.

9) Child rights are important to save children from exploitation.

10) We should protect child’s rights and fight issues like child labor and harassment.

Short Essay on Child Rights (250 – 300 Words)

Introduction

Even though there has been a lot of progress in the last few decades, millions of children still don’t have their basic rights. Terms like child labor, and harassment is getting common these days. Children also have the right to extra protection because they are more likely to be used or abused.

What is meant by Child Rights?

Child rights are the fundamental rights that are provided to every child for their proper growth and development. Children have the right to be with their parents and to have a human identity. They also have the right to physical protection, food, education, health care, and criminal laws that are right for their living. Children also have the right to equal protection of their civil rights and to not be treated differently because of their race, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, or color.

Need for Child Rights

When children’s rights are protected, they have a much better chance of growing up in society. During a war, a lot of children are hurt in big ways. Most of the time, children have to work in places that are very dangerous and unhealthy. They end up not being able to read or write, and they don’t have any skills. Because of this, they become criminals. These rights will protect them from the different kinds of abuse they might face in their lives.

Child rights are the human rights of children, with a focus on their rights to safety and opportunity. Like adults, they too have a life. People should follow the rules and care for child rights.

Long Essay on Child Rights (500 Words)

Every child deserves to have a full childhood, where they are cared for by their families and communities. They need an environment safe from violence, that gives them the chance to grow and do well like other kids. Surrounding majorly affects a child’s health and development. India has more than a billion people, and more than millions of them are children. It has more children than any other country. They are an important part of society. Like other humans, they also need some basic rights to live peacefully.

History of Child Rights

After World War I, the League of Nations, which would later become the UN, wrote the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It included the rights to life, food, shelter, education, freedom of speech and religion, justice, and peace. In 1959, the “United Nations Declaration on the Rights of the Child” tried for the first time to make sure that children were safe from abuse. It came up with 10 principles. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was made in 1989, and many countries have signed it. This convention gives children a lot of different rights. This UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is very important for making sure children’s rights are respected.

Importance of Child Rights

Children are the world’s future. They are the ones who will be able to help the country grow and improve. So, it is important to protect the rights of every child. In many places, children have to deal with dirty places to live, bad health care, lack of safe water and housing, and damage to the environment. Because of all these things, children are left on the streets and don’t have a good place to live. They are the most vulnerable resource in the world. They can reach their fullest potential in a safe environment where children’s rights are respected. Therefore, they should have the right to a good education, good health, and good food.

What are Child Rights

The Convention on the Rights of the Child says that child rights are part of international law. It says that all children should be treated in a fair, equal, and dignified way. The UN General Assembly has made these rights universal claims, which means that anyone who discriminates against or hurts a child can be punished.

Some fundamental child rights are listed below:

  • Right to Education
  • Right to Survival
  • Right to Participation
  • Right to Development
  • Right to Health
  • Right to Protected from Violence
  • Right to a Family Life
  • Right to an Opinion
  • Right to be protected from Exploitation

Every child has a right to live on this Earth. Government has to make sure that children can use the rights they have. Moreover, we should also make sure that we do everything we can to protect the most vulnerable people in our communities. We can keep them safe from harm, child labor, and war. We can help them build a better future for themselves and for the upcoming generations.

I hope the above provided essays on Child Rights will be helpful in understanding the importance of child rights and the need to protect them.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Child Rights

Ans.  Every year on 20 November, Child Rights Day is celebrated in India.

Ans.  The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as any person under the age of 18.

Ans.  World Children’s Day is celebrated on 20 November every year.

Ans. There are many challenges to child rights like poverty, culture, environment, neglectful family, etc.

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Essay on Child Rights for Students in English [500+ Words]

January 3, 2021 by Sandeep

Essay on Child Rights: The sound development of a child in terms of physical, mental, emotional and social growth is the essential right of every child. Children can express their claim to these rights without any hesitation. Right to education is also a fundamental right, and these factors have been placed on world agenda tables. The UN General Assembly has adopted these rights as universal claims, and any form of discrimination/ violence against children can attract penal action against offenders.

Essay on Child Rights 500 Words in English

Below we have provided Child Rights Essay in English, suitable for class 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.

Child rights are the sub-category of human rights catering, especially to the children in terms of their health, education, recreation, family, etc. It also highlights their development and age-appropriate needs that change a passage of time. Three general principles foster all children’s rights,

Non-discrimination – under this, every child is treated equally and has a right to strengthen their potential at all times. For instance, every child will gain access to education irrespective of its gender, nationality, caste, disability or another status.

Opinion of the child – the child wants to be heard and understood; that’s why the voice of the children is pivotal in their overall development. For example, the parents or the elders of the house should take into consideration their children’s needs before making decisions that will further cause damage.

Right to inclusive education – A child with a disability should receive equal access to training and development without being neglected.

United Nation Convention has listed the below rights for the children who come under the age of 18. These rights embody the freedom of children, favourable family environment, leisure, education, health care and cultural activities.

Right to Survival

  • Right to live with respect.
  • Right to be born.
  • Right to have access to basic food, clothing and shelter.

Right to Protection

  • Right to be protected from violence.
  • Right to be protected from drugs.
  • Right to be protected from exploitation.
  • Right to be protected from abandon.

Right to Participation

  • Right to freedom of voice.
  • Right to freedom of expression.
  • Right to freedom to form an association.
  • Right to information.

Right to Development

  • Right to learn and explore.
  • Right to rest and play.
  • Right to seek education.
  • Right to overall development-emotional, physical and psychological.

Significance of Children’s Rights

Children’s are not a commodity or an item to be owned by the parents or the society, but an individual who possesses equal status as a member of the human race. They have their likes and dislikes, which assists them to harness their energy for future growth. Parents can love, care and nurture children through guidance and advice gradually. They need to be thrust towards independence continuously. The sense of accountability needs to be developed by providing necessary tasks so that they realize their value and voice.

The course of their progress determines the future of the children and the country as a whole. The devastating changes like climate change, globalisation, the disintegration of the family, mass migration, etc. affects children to a massive level crippling their identity and social welfare. In situations like armed conflict and other national emergencies, the conditions worsen. Children are vulnerable and susceptible to health risks. The repercussions of disease, malnutrition and poverty endanger their future potential.

They fall prey to sordid living conditions, poor health-care, lack of safe water and housing and environmental damage. Because of all these reasons, children are deprived of the proper home as they are left on the streets. Not only the government but also the citizens of the nation should take charge of enhancing their requirements and taking an initiative to bring change. It is paramount to show respect and appreciation towards children as it helps them to develop healthy mentally. By doing so, their personality is not disabled, and they feel part of society.

10 Lines on Child Rights

  • The declaration of Child’s Right was established in the year 1924.
  • The rights were formulated by saving the children founder, Eglantyne Jebb.
  • The most important rights are- survival, developmental, protection and participation rights.
  • It is an extension of human rights, especially for children below 18 years of age.
  • These rights emphasize on the age-appropriate needs.
  • The violation of the rights includes violence, poverty, and discrimination.
  • The United Nation Convention has further elaborated the rights for better understanding and knowledge.
  • Through these rights, the government is encouraging people to contribute through donations, adoption and sponsorship.
  • Also, these rights stress on having their opinion and say in every decision taken for their betterment.
  • The government, through its efforts, is urging people to be vigilant around what is happening and report if there is any violation regarding the rights of the children.

conclusion of child rights essay

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Children and young people have the same general human rights as adults and also specific rights that recognize their special needs. Children are neither the property of their parents nor are they helpless objects of charity. They are human beings and are the subject of their own rights. 

The Convention on the Rights of the Child sets out the rights that must be realized for children to develop to their full potential. 

The Convention offers a vision of the child as an individual and as a member of a family and community, with rights and responsibilities appropriate to his or her age and stage of development. By recognizing children's rights in this way, the Convention firmly sets the focus on the whole child.

The Convention recognizes the fundamental human dignity of all children and the urgency of ensuring their well-being and development. It makes clear the idea that a basic quality of life should be the right of all children, rather than a privilege enjoyed by a few.   

Course: Child rights and why they matter

Interested in learning more about child rights? Take this short course to transform your understanding of child rights and a child rights approach, introduce you to UNICEF’s mandate as it relates to child rights, and inspire you to apply a child rights lens to your everyday work and life.

The importance of children’s rights

There are many reasons for singling out children's rights in a separate human rights Convention:

Children are individuals

Children are neither the possessions of parents nor of the state, nor are they mere people-in-the-making; they have equal status as members of the human family.

Children start life as totally dependent beings

Children must rely on adults for the nurture and guidance they need to grow towards independence. Such nurture is ideally found from adults in children's families, but when primary adult caregivers cannot meet children's needs, it is up to the State as the primary duty bearer to find an alternative in the best interests of the child.

The actions, or inactions, of government impact children more strongly than any other group in society

Practically every area of government policy – from education  to public health – affects children to some degree. Short-sighted policymaking that fails to take children into account has a negative impact on the future of all members of society.

Children's views should be heard and considered in the political process

Children generally do not vote and do not traditionally take part in political processes. Without special attention to the opinions of children – as expressed at home and in schools, in local communities and even in governments – children's views go unheard on the many important issues that affect them now or will affect them in the future.

Many changes in society are having a disproportionate, and often negative, impact on children

Transformation of the family structure, globalization, climate change, digitalization, mass migration, shifting employment patterns and a shrinking social welfare net in many countries all have strong impacts on children. The impact of these changes can be particularly devastating in situations of armed conflict and other emergencies.

The healthy development of children is crucial to the future well-being of any society

Because they are still developing, children are especially vulnerable – more so than adults – to poor living conditions such as poverty, inadequate health care, nutrition, safe water, housing and environmental pollution. The effects of disease, malnutrition and poverty threaten the future of children and therefore the future of the societies in which they live.

The costs to society of failing its children are huge

Social research findings show that children's earliest experiences significantly influence their future development. The course of their development determines their contribution, or cost, to society over the course of their lives.

More about the Convention on the Rights of the Child

What are human rights.

Human rights are standards that recognize and protect the dignity of all human beings

The United Nations and human rights

Creating a 'culture of human rights' throughout the world

History of child rights

International standards on child rights have advanced dramatically over the past century – explore the milestones

Your questions on the CRC answered

How many countries have ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child? How does the Convention define "child"?

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Essay on Importance of Child Rights

Students are often asked to write an essay on Importance of Child Rights in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Importance of Child Rights

Introduction.

Child rights are fundamental freedoms and the inherent rights of all human beings below the age of 18. These rights apply to every child, irrespective of their race, religion, or abilities.

Importance of Child Rights

Child rights are important to safeguard the future of our society. They ensure children get the necessary care, protection, and opportunities for growth. They help in creating a safe and nurturing environment.

In conclusion, child rights are essential for a child’s overall development. They help in building a just society where every child gets an equal chance to grow and prosper.

Also check:

  • Speech on Importance of Child Rights

250 Words Essay on Importance of Child Rights

Child rights are fundamental freedoms and the inherent rights of all human beings below the age of 18. These rights apply to every child, regardless of their race, religion, or abilities. The importance of child rights cannot be understated as they ensure the holistic development of a child.

Protection and Survival

Child rights are crucial for the protection and survival of children. They safeguard children from harmful influences, abuse, and exploitation, and help provide access to basic necessities such as food, shelter, and clean water. These rights are essential for a child’s survival and overall well-being.

Education and Development

Child rights also play a pivotal role in education and development. They ensure every child has access to free, quality education, which is crucial for their intellectual growth, skill development, and future opportunities. Furthermore, child rights promote the participation of children in social, cultural, and educational activities, facilitating their holistic development.

Empowerment and Participation

Child rights empower children, encouraging them to voice their opinions and participate in decisions affecting their lives. This not only fosters a sense of responsibility but also helps in the development of their personality, self-esteem, and respect for others.

In conclusion, child rights are indispensable for the survival, protection, development, and empowerment of children. They are the building blocks that ensure a child grows into a healthy, educated, and responsible adult. Upholding child rights is not just a legal obligation but a moral imperative that society must fulfill.

500 Words Essay on Importance of Child Rights

Child rights are fundamental freedoms and inherent rights of all human beings below the age of 18. These rights apply to every child, irrespective of their race, religion or nationality. They ensure that children can grow up in an environment where they can thrive, learn, and develop to their full potential.

Recognition of Child Rights

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), adopted in 1989, is the most ratified international human rights treaty. It sets out a number of children’s rights including the right to life, to health, to education, and to play, as well as the right to family life, to be protected from violence, and not to be discriminated against. These rights are based on what a child needs to survive, grow, participate and meet their potential.

The Importance of Child Rights

Child rights are fundamental to ensuring a healthy development of a child and to preserving human dignity. Firstly, child rights are crucial for the survival and development of the child. Rights such as access to adequate healthcare, nutritious food, clean water, and education are vital for a child’s growth and development.

Secondly, child rights are important for the protection of the child. Children are vulnerable and often unable to protect themselves. Rights such as protection from abuse, exploitation and harmful cultural practices safeguard children from harm.

Thirdly, child rights enable children to participate in society. Rights such as freedom of expression, thought, and access to information allow children to engage in society, voice their opinions, and participate in decision-making processes that affect their lives.

Child Rights and Society

Child rights have a significant impact on society. By ensuring that every child has access to education, society benefits from a knowledgeable and skilled workforce in the future. Protecting children from harm reduces societal costs associated with healthcare and criminal justice. Encouraging child participation helps to create a more inclusive and democratic society.

Challenges to Child Rights

Despite the recognition of child rights, there are numerous challenges to their realization. Poverty, conflict, discrimination, and lack of education are some of the main obstacles. Additionally, the rights of certain groups of children, such as those who are refugees, disabled, or belong to minority groups, are often overlooked.

Child rights are not just moral principles, they are legal standards that are essential for the holistic development of children. They provide the foundation for a more just society where every individual has the opportunity to grow and develop to their full potential. While challenges persist, it is imperative that we continue to work towards the full realization of child rights for all children, everywhere. This is not just a legal obligation, but a commitment to our future.

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  • EU commitments in the field of Child Rights
  • Introduction
  • Introduction to EU commitments in Child Rights
  • The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Intent of the CRC
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  • Survival, Protection, Development, Participation
  • CRC and its Four Guiding Principles
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  • Where to go to find more information?
  • Child Rights Mainstreaming – What is it?
  • Introduction to Mainstreaming Child Rights in PPCM
  • Child Rights Mainstreaming and the Formulation Phase
  • Mainstreaming Child Rights in Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Mainstreaming Child Rights in the New Aid Modalities
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conclusion of child rights essay

  • The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the point of departure for all child rights programming, including that of the EU
  • The content of the CRC can be clustered into four groups: Survival, Protection, Development and Participation
  • The four guiding principles of the CRC are: non-discrimination/equality, best interests of the child, survival and development and participation/inclusion
  • Child rights are protected under the EU Treaty, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Convention on Human Rights
  • There are several EU policy documents that elaborate upon the Union’s roles and responsibilities in the field of child rights, including its external relations
  • State Party reports to, Concluding Observations and General Comments from the Committee on the Rights of the Child can be useful sources of information for EC Task Managers
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In This Article Expand or collapse the "in this article" section Children’s Rights

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Children’s Rights by Heather Montgomery LAST REVIEWED: 11 January 2022 LAST MODIFIED: 11 January 2018 DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199791231-0001

Children’s rights are an integral part of human rights; children have rights because they are human. This has been acknowledged and codified in national and international legislation, most notably in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC; 1989). Children are also accorded additional rights because it is recognized that they are more vulnerable than adults and have less power and access to resources. In law, children’s rights apply to persons between the ages of newborn and eighteen, following Article 1 of the CRC. Although this article has come under criticism for imposing an arbitrary time frame on childhood and for ignoring other phases in the life cycle, such as adolescence, discussions of children’s rights are framed by these chronological boundaries. The study of children’s rights is a comparatively new topic of interest, but it has generated a great deal of controversy across several fields, including social policy, law, philosophy, anthropology, and sociology. It also has significant impact in fields such as health care, education, and welfare provision. Certain rights have been enshrined in law, yet there is still much debate over the moral rights of children—whether these rights do, or should, exist and who should safeguard them.

The topic of children’s rights has been approached from a number of different perspectives—most notably, legal and philosophical. The majority of the key texts in the field came out in the 1990s, when legislation, such as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), was coming into force. The debates and philosophical background to the issue are most fully discussed in Archard 2004 and updated in Archard 2015 . The essays collected in Freeman 2004 analyze the tensions between autonomy and dependence and examine why children should have particular rights and how they should best be implemented. These issues are picked up and summarized in a single article, Campbell 1992 . John 2003 argues for a change of emphasis such that children’s rights be seen in terms of power relationships and structural inequalities rather than protection. Liebel, et al. 2012 and Denov, et al. 2011 look at the impacts of international children’s rights legislation on children’s lives and at the difficulties of implementation and supporting the philosophies behind the CRC in practice, particularly in the developing world. Hanson and Nieuwenhuys 2012 acknowledges these problems and proposes a new conceptual framework, examining the difficulties and challenges of implementing children’s rights cross-culturally.

Archard, David. Children: Rights and Childhood . 2d ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2004.

The key academic text for understanding the philosophical and moral basis of children’s rights. Clearly written, and suitable for undergraduates and above, the text relates children’s rights to ideas about childhood, examining why children need particular rights and relationships among child, adult, and state. Also looks at issues of age-related competencies.

Archard, David. Children: Rights and Childhood . 3d ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2015.

While retaining much of the overview of the second edition, this edition has a new chapter on the impacts of the CRC and a great emphasis on children’s rights in practice.

Campbell, Tom D. “The Rights of the Minor: As Person, as Child, as Juvenile, as Future Adult.” International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 6.1 (1992): 1–23.

DOI: 10.1093/lawfam/6.1.1

A concise but comprehensive look at the philosophical basis of children’s rights, asking what differentiates children and children’s rights from adults and their rights. The article discusses positive and moral rights and whether there is a contradiction between them. Also raises important questions of dependence and autonomy. Available online through purchase.

Denov, Myriam, Richard Maclure, and Kathryn Campbell, eds. Children’s Rights and International Development: Lessons and Challenges from the Field . New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

DOI: 10.1057/9780230119253

An edited volume that looks at the difficulties of implementing children’s rights in the developing world. It uses case studies from South Africa, Asia, and Africa to illustrate the problems of ensuring children’s welfare holistically. Useful for practitioners and undergraduates.

Freeman, Michael D. A., ed. Children’s Rights . 2 vols. Aldershot, UK, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004.

A collection of previously published scholarly articles that cover the key theorists from the early 1970s to 2003 in a variety of different disciplines, thereby showing the evolution in thinking on the subject. The text looks at arguments both for and against children’s rights and covers Europe, the United States, and the rest of the world.

Freeman, Michael, ed. The Future of Children’s Rights . Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2015.

Containing updated essays by many of the same scholars as in Freeman 2004 , the essays in this edited book look at the progress made and the ways forward. Contains works by some of the most important scholars in the field.

Hanson, Karl, and Olga Nieuwenhuys, eds. Reconceptualizing Children’s Rights in International Development: Living Rights, Social Justice, Translations . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139381796

A collection of essays edited by two key academics in childhood studies, with an excellent introduction that proposes a new conceptual framework for implementing children’s rights cross-culturally. Provides an overview of emerging issues and new ideas in the field.

John, Mary. Children’s Rights and Power: Charging Up for a New Century . Children in Charge. London and New York: Jessica Kingsley, 2003.

Concentrates on the issue of power in children’s relationships with adults and raises questions about how greatly children have been, or can be, empowered through rights. Using international case studies and examples, this book frames discussions of rights in terms of power and agency rather than autonomy or dependency.

Liebel, Manfred, Karl Hanson, Iven Saadi, and Wouter Vandenhole. Children’s Rights from Below: Cross-Cultural Perspectives . Studies in Childhood and Youth. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

DOI: 10.1057/9780230361843

Emphasizes the importance of cross-cultural understandings of children’s rights and of examining the differing contexts in which children live. Each chapter is written by an expert in the field, and this book is a vital starting point for understanding children’s rights in different parts of the world.

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Parental rights and responsibilities: Analysing social policy and lived experiences

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Ten Conclusion: rights and responsibilities for child, family and social well-being

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This concluding chapter aims to provide an overview of policy change under New Labour and critically assess these policy changes in relation to revisions to the roles, rights, and responsibilities of parents and families versus those of the state in respect of child and family well-being. In addition, the chapter reviews the contemporary era and the major revisions in welfare state support for families with children under way following the indecisive 2010 General Election and the forming of a Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition government. Since coming to office in May 2010, the new Coalition government has introduced unprecedented public spending cuts and begun a radical programme for welfare state reform.

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75 Children’s Rights Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

🏆 best children’s rights topic ideas & essay examples, 💡 interesting topics to write about children’s rights, 📌 simple & easy children’s rights essay titles.

  • Ways of Childcare and Protection This might be the reason why the day-care centres whose mission is to protect children and give them proper care are considered as more safe and preferable than majority of the homes.
  • Child Protection in the UK The development of the child protection system in the United Kingdom has been distorted by two factors namely; the impact of media reporting and the way in which celebrated child abuse tragedies have been handled. We will write a custom essay specifically for you by our professional experts 808 writers online Learn More
  • Children Internet Protection Act The Child Internet Protection Act demanded that schools, institutions and library that offered internet services to underage children and using Educational Rate discounts and grants that were made through the Library Services Technology Act, were […]
  • Youth Issues: The State Of Children’s Rights In UAE This report will explain the needs for child rights policies as stipulated in the convection of the rights of the child, analyze the UAE laws, policies, and resources as regards to child’s rights and assess […]
  • Family Centred Practice in Child Protection Services Benefits of Family Involvement in Family Centred Practice The treatment and involvement of family members in family centred practice has been found to be extremely important in positively influencing the stability of children’s placement in […]
  • Criminal Law: Child Protection from Pornography and Labor There is a need for the involvement of the community and organization of goodwill, in the alleviation of poverty and suffering of children.
  • Children’s Rights: Global and Cultural View This is one of the issues that are poorly addressed by the governments of various countries. When speaking about the rights of children in the United Arab Emirates, one can first say that the government […]
  • Children’s Rights Concept The implication is that cultural variation a round sex and sexuality can be integrated into the United Nations conventions on the rights of a child by the introduction of universal sexuality education to all nations.
  • Children’s Rights Protection Due to the risk factors exposed to children, it is necessary for the community to ensure that they protect the rights and wellbeing of children.
  • Children’s Rights Educational Project The study will examine the current gaps and obstacles affecting the welfare of many children in different schools. Such stakeholders will present powerful suggestions that can be used to support the rights of more children.
  • Child Labor Issue According to the Human Rights The International Labor Organization defines child labor as “work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development”1 Being a United Nations agency, ILO […]
  • Children’s Rights: Physical Punishment Considering the mentioned issue from the stance of social work, it is necessary to emphasize that children’s rights in the view of physical punishment are not protected by the law since it is legal in […]
  • Child Abuse and Protective Act in Idaho Also, abandonment is recognized in Idaho’s definition of child abuse, and, according to the Act, it means the failure of the parent or the guardian to foster a normal relationship with the child.
  • Camel Racing and Violation of Children’s Rights The author has stated in his blog, that the main reason for the startups to fail is the lack of proper understanding of the intended product, and the subsequent heading in the wrong direction.
  • Child Labor Protection and Solutions In the situation when there is no chance to get a high-quality education, sometimes a work may help children to acquire skills necessary to succeed in the future.
  • Children’s Right to Be Parented by the Best Parent If we attempt to answer what the parent really is, we are likely to touch upon the assumptions about the grounds, on which the right to parent a child is based.
  • Australian Social Policy and Child Protection The social policy of Australia considers the protection of children and the quality of their lives a central concern. The initiative of the policy is to change the way Australian child protection agencies approach the […]
  • Children’s Rights in Various Cultural Traditions While it may be true that readings such as those by Clark and Cody elaborated on numerous instances of the necessity of children’s rights, especially in terms of education and the implementation of certain freedoms, […]
  • Children’s Rights in Qatari Legislation In the Permanent Constitution of Qatar, there are several articles that ensure the quality of all citizens of the country is Articles 34, 35, 21, and 22.
  • The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) and the Children’s Internet Another negative aspect that raises opposition to COPPA and CIPA is the impossibility of controlling children in places other than home or a school library.
  • Children’s Rights During the Armed Conflict As of the year 2007 Africa, especially the east and central African region was estimated to have the largest share of child soldiers in the world.
  • Child Labour and Rights in the United Kingdom From child labor to child abuse, there are certainly different government and non-government agencies all over the world that support and are keenly watching the child’s rights and protection programs of every country. The cases […]
  • Children’s Rights: Article 12 of UNCRC Further to fulfill its commitment to safeguarding the rights and interests of children, the government of the UK passed the children act 2004.
  • Children Rights: Conceptual and Philosophical Consideration Most of the nations – except the United States – are bound by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Amnesty International on Children’s Rights Human rights violations that the organization defends include and its not limited to; abolishing capital punishment, torturing of crime suspects, promotion of economic and cultural rights of the marginalized, protection of those who defend human […]
  • Making the World a Better Place to Live: Child Rights and You Organization They fought for the rights of the Palmyra workers in Tamil Nadu to force the Government to waive off the ban from the toddy tapping and form a trade union for the workers.
  • Children’s Rights and School Attendance What the writer fails to understand is that the law is a deterrent and this reduces instances of absconding school, what should be done is to enforce these laws to ensure maximum compliance; still, it […]
  • Child Protection Actions in the United Kingdom The purpose of this paper is to analyze the available documentation and display a specific list of actions if a threat to the child is identified.
  • Legal Regulation of Child Protection in the US The article discusses the extent of legal regulation of child protection in the US within the scope of three periods that are suggested by the author.
  • Pre-Inspection Preparedness Plan for Child Protection To prepare the Abu-Dhabi police for inspection, a preliminary inspection project should be organized. Potential risks will be reviewed to determine the key areas of work.
  • Children Protection from Fire-Related Accidents The city has an altitude of fifteen meters above the level of the sea and depends on lakes; Houston, Livingstone, and Conroe as the main sources of water.
  • Children’s Rights and the Means of Their Protection They call for visibility of children and young people during the pandemic, universal access to quality healthcare for children of all ages, proactive assessment of their families and communities, and recognition of orphaned children.
  • Importance of Reading for Child’s Right Future Life It is imperative to engage in a child’s upbringing from childhood to strive to make their life happy. It is essential to have a sense of harmony, integrity and eliminate the feeling of inferiority.
  • Children’s Rights and Related Frameworks According to the Act, the commissioner for children and young people in Scotland is allowed to investigate the cases concerning the wellness of children.
  • Children’s Rights Protection and Recent Developments In such institutions, the observance of children’s rights is the main task and goal. Thus, a thorough study of this problem is necessary to improve the situation in the country.
  • Children’s Rights and Perceptions of Justice, Rights, and Equality
  • Enhancing and Protecting Children’s Rights
  • Children’s Rights, School Psychology, and Well-Being Assessments
  • Quality Education Through Child-Friendly Schools: Resource Allocation for the Protection of Children’s Rights
  • Struggle for Maintaining Children’s Rights Worldwide
  • Youth Issues: The State of Children’s Rights in the UAE
  • Protecting Children’s Rights in Modern Society
  • The Situation Around Children’s Rights in the UK
  • Rights of the Child and the Childcare in the United States
  • Analyzing the Importance of Children’s Rights
  • Importance of Children’s Right to an Education
  • Difficulties of Protecting African Children’s Rights
  • How Adults View the Children’s Rights
  • Censorship as a Contradiction to Children’s Rights
  • Universal Children’s Rights and Recognition of Cultural Differences in Child-Rearing Practices
  • Children’s Rights in Gay and Lesbian Families
  • N.Y. State Social Services and the Rights of Young Children
  • The Importance of Children’s Rights in India
  • Children’s Rights of Protection and Participation
  • Significance of Children’s Rights in Decision Making
  • Children’s Rights: Importance, Methodology, and Recommendations
  • The Problem of Violations of Children’s Rights
  • Children’s Rights: Progress and Perspectives
  • Implementation of Children’s Rights to Early Marriage in South Sudan
  • The Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Analysis of the Issues Related to Children’s Rights
  • Children’s Rights: Global and Cultural View
  • Promoting Children’s Rights in Nepal
  • Children’s Rights and Why They Matter
  • Overview of Children’s Rights and Responsibilities
  • Corporal Punishment: A Violation of Children’s Rights
  • Nature Role and Limits of the Childs Rights Law
  • Right to Education: Situation of Children’s Right to Education Worldwide
  • Amendments to Children’s Rights Acts
  • Explanation of Ways to Promote Children’s Rights
  • Analysis of the Importance of Legislation for Children’s Rights
  • Child’s Rights: Children’s Perspective on Being Heard
  • Michael Freeman’s View of Children’s Rights
  • The Violation of Children’s Rights in Taiwan
  • The Rights of Female Children, Born and Unborn
  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

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Because of its nearly universal acceptance, its conceptual coherence, and its applicability in many domains of everyday life, the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) offers an unparalleled framework to guide child research... Regardless of its legal authority... the moral authority of the Convention make it useful for professionals who work with chil- dren, as the APA 2 recognized in making the Convention its overarching framework for consideration of children’s issues.
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The Importance of Children’s Rights

Introduction, do children need to have rights, why children need rights, cases of child abuse and the need to have rights, conclusion and recommendations.

Children are human beings who are still young and among them there are those who are very young. By virtue of them being human beings, they possess particular moral status. They are not supposed to be subjected to some kind of treatment because they are human. But at the same time, the children are not on the same level as mature human beings and therefore there are those activities they are not allowed to carry out, which the adults are allowed to. For example, in most of the jurisdictions, the children are not allowed to engage in voting, marrying, purchasing alcoholic drinks, getting involved in sexual activities or being employed for payment. According to Callan (2002) , the reason for causing children to turn out to be a special case for concern “is this combination of their humanity and youth”.

Among the questions that have been raised is the question of whether or not the children have rights and if they have, whether the rights they have are the same as those the adults have. More so, another question that has been raised in line with this is that; if the children do not have rights that are the same as those of the adults, what are measures that have been put in place to make sure that the children are given treatment that is morally right? In many countries, the jurisdictions that have been put in place accord legal rights to children. Of great significance, many of the nations are signatories to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child which was set up in the year 1989. This convention accords a broad spectrum of rights to the children. One of the most important righteousness that have been accorded to the children under this convention is the children’s right to have “best interests” in all the activities that affect them. Another one is “the right to life” and also “the right of a child who is capable of expressing his or her own views, to express these views freely in all matters affecting the child” (United Nations 1989).

This UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is of great significance in ensuring that children have rights. There have been several cases where children have been abused. Children have been victims of war in which some have been killed, others have become refugees or internally displaced persons thus being exposed to various forms of abuse, they have served as child soldiers, some have faced detention, others have been abused sexually, girls have been subjected to genital mutilation, and still others have been forced to engage in child employment under which they have been exploited. Following these ills to which the children in many nations all over the world have been exposed, it can be clearly seen that children need rights and these rights need to be legally recognized to ensure that they are protected to the maximum level possible. Even if some people have come up with arguments against children having rights, especially those rights that are legally recognized and argued that the children are not at the same level as adults to have rights and need some other form of protection from the adults; such arguments can be seen to be invalid especially considering the abuse the children are experiencing all over the world and therefore, children need rights.

The questions that have been put forth by some people are; do children need to have rights, and if they need to have rights, which kind of rights are they supposed to have? It is important to be aware that rights can be moral or legal rights. Based on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the children possess the rights in law. These are not necessarily accepted as being moral rights. On the other hand, as O’Neill (1988) points out, “if children have moral rights these need not be enshrined in law, although there would evidently be a strong presumption that they should” (Page 457).

Some people have presented claims that children are supposed to have all the rights which older people have. Such kinds of people having this view are referred to as “liberationists”. Among this people that embrace this view is Cohen, Holt and Farson (Cohen 1980, Holt 1975 and Farson 1974). A distinction can be made between real liberationists and rhetoric liberationists. The rhetorical liberationists do not really have a belief that the children are supposed to be given equal rights as the mature people. Instead, they have thoughts that presenting claims as such is the most excellent way of realizing the advancement of their interests. On the other hand, the real liberationists don’t see any difference between adult people and children but they regard them as being on the same level. More so, there are those people who believe that children are supposed to have some rights but they should not have all the rights that the adults are supposed to have.

Still, there is that group of people that believes that children are not supposed to have any rights. They claim that children are not qualified like adults to have rights. They also claim that attribution of rights to children is not appropriate for the reason that this brings in a lack of understanding of what childhood really is or the relationship that is supposed to exist between children and adults (Archard, 1993). More so, they also argue that, even if the children may not be given the rights, they can have assurance of receiving moral protection in other ways.

Generally, children do not have some particular cognitive abilities that enable them to obtain information and process it in a manner that is orderly, to set up beliefs that are firm and to have acknowledgement of the importance of available alternatives and their outcomes. More so, the children do not have particular volitional capabilities that enable them to come up with decisions or choices that are independent. However, children are not distinct among human beings in this regard. There are those adult people who are mentally retarded and they are also considered as being incapable of making independent choices. This implies that these people are just like children. But then, the children are not similar to such people. It is true to say that not all the human beings in the world are mentally retarded or have ever been exposed to this condition. But on the other hand, it is true to say that all adult human beings at some point in life were children and have experienced what being a child is like. Therefore, each and every person in the course of the early years of his or her life was not capable of possessing rights even though in adulthood life, he or she is so capable to possess the rights. Basing on these claims, the child’s lack of capacity would tend not to qualify them to possess liberty rights. According to Griffin (2002) “if all human rights are best interpreted as protecting human agency and its preconditions, then it would follow that those incapable of agency, such as young children, should not be accorded human rights (page 27). However, as Brighouse (2002), points out “whilst children lack agency they certainly have fundamental interests meriting protection and thus at least have welfare rights” (Page 36). More so, it can be of great significance to make recognition that children turn out to be human beings that are able to make decisions and that they may qualify to have rights through recognizing this continual growth (Brennan, 2002).

According to Amnesty International USA (2010), ensuring that human rights are there for children is an asset for the future. The rights of children are the materials for setting up a strong culture for human rights and this forms a base for protecting human rights for the coming generations. It is pointed out that “as human beings, children are entitled to all the rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) and the various covenants that have developed from it” (Amnesty International USA, 2010, Para 2). However, in addition, children are supposed to be given special care and protection. They are supposed to be in a position to have dependence on the adult people to give them care, to protect their rights and to offer them assistance in order to build up and have realization of the potential they have. According to Amnesty International, USA (2010), the governments around the world have presented claims to embrace this ideal. However, these governments have in turn shown signs of failure about making sure that there is respect for children’s rights.

In a similar way as adults, children undergo suffering that stems from the human rights violations but the children may also be easy targets for the reason that they are reliant and defenseless. Among some states, officials get involved in tormenting and mistreatment of the children, the children face detention, either lawfully or arbitrarily and even in some nations, the children may face death sentences. During wars, children have been mercilessly killed and a large number of them have escaped from their homes to turn out to be refugees. Those children that have been driven by poverty to go and become street children or forced by abuse in some cases face detention, attack and even death. Millions and millions of children are victims of child labor and they are highly exploited and others have been forced in to child prostitution among other evils.

The international community has come to realize the vitality of offering protection to children against these evils that they are exposed to. The initial attempt to ensure there is protection of children against abuse was carried out in the year 1959 where there was coming up with 10 principles by the “United Nations Declaration on the Rights of the Child” but at that time it was not legal for these principles to be enforced. Later in time, in the year 1989, there was adoption of the “Convention on the Right of the Child” by the United Nations General Assembly and this was enforced in the course of the year that followed (1990). From that time, the UN “Convention on the Rights of the Child” has been approved by all the all the member countries of the United Nations apart from Somalia which has not been able for a long time to have a government that can effectively run the national affairs effectively. The CRC has also not been approved in the United States of America.

The “Convention on the Rights of the Child” facilitates elaboration of the rights in accordance to the child’s special needs as well as his or her viewpoints. The CRC is the sole human treaty for human rights “that covers the full spectrum of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, stressing their indivisible and interdependent relationship” (Amnesty International USA, 2010 Para 9). By it having an all-inclusive nature and almost general approval, the “Convention on the Rights of the Child” emerges to be a landmark for global agreement on the fundamental principles of the “universality and indivisibility of all human rights” (Amnesty International USA, 2010).

Basing on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, any person who is below eighteen years of age is regarded as a child unless stated otherwise by the law about who an adult is. This provision poses significant challenges for putting in to use the CRC and most particularly in nations in which the age of adulthood is connected to puberty which is an age that is mostly not the same among boys and girls. Basing on the Convention on the Rights of a child, all the nations are supposed to set up the lowest possible age for criminal responsibility, which is, “according to the Beijing Rule (1), should ‘not be fixed at low an age level bearing in mind the facts of emotional, mental and intellectual maturity’ “ (Amnesty International USA, 2010, Para 11). Even if a nation may fix the “criminal responsibility age” at an age lower than eighteen years, the rights in the CRC are still relevant, and essentially those rights that govern the treatment of the child at the operations of the authorities.

Among the directing rules is the rule that the “best interests of the child” is supposed to be a basic concern in all dealings that are linked to the child. All the children possess the right to be heard and the right to present what they think about issues that affect them so that these issues may be considered or resolved. Those children who may still be very young depend on other people in expressing their opinions and having their best interests protected but as they become older and older with time, they turn out to be more and more capable of expressing themselves and to take part in coming up with decisions by themselves.

It is the responsibility of any government to make sure that there is enjoying by the children of the rights that they have. Not even a single child is supposed to be subjected to discrimination. It was made clear in the Cult Education Forum (2010) that there should be application of the Convention on the Rights of the Child “regardless of race, color, sex, property, language, religion, political opinion or any other opinion, ethnic or social origin, disability, birth or any other status” (Para 7). There need to be equal offering of opportunity to the male child as well as to the female child. The disadvantaged children due to poverty, disability, being refugees, and coming from minority or indigenous groups are supposed to possess the same rights just as the rest of the children. They are supposed to be given equal rights to education, equal rights to grow, and all of them are supposed to enjoy sufficient living standards.

The children’s rights that are found in the CRC are put in four major classes. These classes include:

  • Subsistence rights
  • Development rights
  • Protection rights
  • Participation rights

The subsistence rights concern the rights to obtain food, healthcare and the rights to have shelter. The development rights concern those rights that need to be possessed by the child to realize full potential in life including the right to education, religion and the freedom of thought. Protection rights refer to the right to life and the protection against abuse and exploitation and also against being neglected. Participations rights are rights that allow the child to play an active part in the community life as well as the political life (Cult Education Forum, 2010).

On the other hand, not only does the Convention on the Rights concern itself with the rights of the child, but it as well concerns the responsibility the child is supposed to have in regard to respect for the rights of those people around him or her or those people the child comes across. This convention makes recognition that all the children are supposed to be in a position to grow up in a family environment that is dominated with love and happiness, and this convention also makes stipulation that the duty of the family is to offer assistance to the child in order for him or her to have understanding of the rights he or she has and the responsibility he or she has so that this child can be prepared to live a life in which he or she embraces peace, freedom, equality, togetherness, perseverance, and integrity.

Most of often, during a war many children are greatly affected. Among the children, there are those who have experienced war throughout their lives and have never known peace. There are also those children whose world has changed when the war started up in their area and they have turned out to be refugees or internally displaced persons, parting with their family members. More so, millions of children have been killed during the war and others have been left as orphans after their parents being killed in the course of the war. To add on this, there have been common cases, as the result of war, of children suffering malnutrition, starvation and lack of other essential things that are vital for a better living. Many children have also experienced trauma after being witnesses of brutal murder, their lives marked with violence around them and going through fear and hardships. Still, there has been a large number of children who have been forced to take part in killing other people.

Not in all cases are the children accidental victims of the war. There are cases where there is deliberate murdering of the children by the soldiers as well as by the armed opposition groups. This has been carried out for either of the two main reasons. One of the main reasons is that this is carried out in revenge and the other reason for carrying out this is as a way of provoking anger in one another’s community. The young girls are sexually abused. Taking the case in India, young boys are targeted by the soldiers with a belief that these young boys may be supporting the armed opposition groups or they might be potential members of these groups in time to come (Amnesty International USA, 2010).

The children have been forced to be members of the armed groups, either armed forces or armed opposition groups through intimidating them and threatening to kill their family members. Still, there are cases where children have volunteering to join. This has come about for the reason that these children are ready to fight, or in some cases it is because their families do not have food and other basic needs, or they have joined for the reason that they do not have homes and they lack food and sufficient security. Many of these children are not given enough training to engage in the fight as well as being given effective equipment before they are exposed to the war of adult people.

Resulting from this, many deaths have occurred among children and this has resulted from their lack of experience and training, and also because they have been given the most dangerous assignments during the war and such assignments may include planting the landmines or the intelligence work. According to Kaplan (2005) “in Colombia, child soldiers are sometimes called little bees, because of their size and agility enables them to move quickly and sting their enemies” (Paragraph 12).

Considering the case in Uganda, there have been cases of kidnapping of a large number of children by the LRA and these children have been forced to engage in fighting against the military forces of this country. These children that are abducted by this opposition group become the property of the commanders of the group and the girls are forced to get married to these people and they become their sexual slaves. As Dolan ( 2002) points out “LRA commanders force children to take part in the ritualized killing of others soon after they are seized, apparently to breakdown resistance, destroy taboos about killing, implicate children in criminal acts and generally to terrorize them” (Para 4).

Taking the case of Burundi, a number of children have been arrested and put in prison accused of having worked together with the armed opposition groups. However, among these children, there are those who have come to work together with the armed opposition groups forcefully, carrying weapons and carrying out other tasks. Not even one among these children has been tried (Amnesty International USA, 2010).

The subject of child soldiers has turned out to be of much concern on a higher level on the list of items of the global community. “The Convention on the Rights of the Child in the present day has put the minimum age for a child to be recruited in the armed forces and take part in hostilities at 15 years” (Amnesty International USA, 2010). But on the other hand, the Non-governmental organizations have been presenting arguments to bring to an end the use of child soldiers and they have insisted that for the child to be recruited, he or she needs to have attained a minimum age of eighteen years. This argument by the NGOS has been supported by such organizations as UNICEF, UNHCR, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and the “Expert of the UN Secretary-General on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children” ( Amnesty International USA, 2010). The United Nations itself does not permit those people under the age of eighteen years to engage in serving as peacekeepers any more.

In acknowledging the Convention on the Rights of the Child, several governments show commitment to protect the rights of the child. The CRC makes a declaration that each and every child has a right to attain an education and have an improved standard of living. It sets up the child’s right not to be prone to being abused sexually and being exploited in any way and using illegal drugs. The Convention on the Rights of Child brings commitment to the nations to bring the young people from being exploited economically or experience interference with their education and being exposed to poor health.

However, ensuring delivering this commitment is something that is greatly challenging. Among the governments, there are those that have taken a move to put in place legislation to protect children from being exposed to child labor and have put in place educational programs to ensure all the children achieve an education. But this move can not justify the manner the officials of the state assist in perpetuating a broad array of abuses that are exercised against children in the family as well as in the community either by way of dynamic involvement and participation or implicit toleration and compliance.

The range of child abuses in the community as well as in the family includes violence in the family and being treated in an ill manner in institutions among others. Children being prone to such abuses as these ones is dependent on other features of the identity they have like gender, the ethnic group they come from and the economic status that is associated with them. This serves to remind in a strong way about lack of divisibility of the human rights. Denying a particular set of rights brings about abuse of the other sets of the rights. The children refused to have an education for the reason that they are girls or for the reason of their poor economic status and exposed to forced labor face conviction of a series of marginalization, poor living standards and lack of power that brings in more violation of their rights.

More so, children in most parts of the world are exposed to hard work. They work in such places as mines, factories and brothels among other places. The children are mostly subject to work in such environments that are very dangerous and unhealthy. Following this, this is an indication that the children are not always given their rights that are promise to them by the Convention on the Right of the Child like recreation and health among other rights. They end up leading their lives as illiterate people and lack skills and this result in to these children turning out to be criminals. A large number of children are sold out by their parents in to slavery or they are also forced in to employment.

Another issue that relates to the rights of the children is the issue of female genital mutilation. This problem has been very common is such places as Africa where the young girls are forced to undergo genital mutilation as a way of initiating them in to adulthood. They are not allowed to get married if they fail to undergo this ritual. However, keen consideration of this issue clearly shows that this is a form of violence against children as well as women and a way of depriving them their basic rights. Efforts are being carried out to deal with this issue by governments. A case can be taken from Cote d’Ivore where there has been presentation of a bill that is aimed at prohibiting female genital mutilation. More so, such efforts have been made by such countries as Egypt and Ethiopia among others (Center for Reproductive Rights, 2008).However, much still need to be done. This should be carried out bearing in mind that the children’s rights need to be protected.

There are many more abuses that are committed against the children. The children have been exposed to unfair procedures in the judicial systems. Some have faced unfair detention and some have even been sentenced to death. More so, those children. Children in refugee camps and the IDPs camp have been subjected to exploitation ranging from sexual abuse and being deprived the right to have access to basic needs. In most cases, those children in the in IDP camps are not able to continue with their education. But on the other hand, those who have been able to across borders to enter in to other countries as refugees stand a better chance to be protected by these governments especially if they are those that are signatories to the CRC. But unlucky enough, this is not often realized (Amnesty International USA, 2010).

Children need rights. These rights that need to be given to children are aimed at protecting them against the abuses to which they may be exposed. Children have been victims of war, they have served as child soldiers, some have faced detention, others have been abused sexually, girls have been subjected to genital mutilation, and still others have been forced to engage in child employment under which they have been exploited among other abuses. All these evils that have been committed against children need to be done away with. To do away with these child abuses, appropriate laws need to be put in place to ensure that the children have rights and these rights are protected in the most efficient manner possible.

The CRC places “the best interest of the child” at the core in all the activities regarding the child. All the governments, families and opposition groups among all other parties are supposed to abide by this principle in whatever the matter that concerns the child treatment. However, the government stands at a better position in implementing all the moves that are aimed at protecting the child. One of the moves that are supposed to be taken by governments is the move of ensuring passing of legislation that gives assurance of the realization of the children rights that are set out in the Convention on the rights for the child and avail sufficient resources to ensure implementation of these rights.

Another initiative that needs to be taken by the governments is to make sure that those children who are in detention or under the care of either private or public institutions are offered protection against torture or any other ill treatment. More so, the governments of nations all over the world are supposed to make sure that those people who are below 18 years of age that come across the justice system are exposed to the judicial dealings that are special basing on the basic principles for juvenile justice that have been established by the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Another move that is supposed to be undertaken by the governments in all nations is to ensure enforcement of global prohibition of subjecting children to death penalty for the crimes they commit and particularly when they have not attained the age of eighteen years. The governments should also make sure that the children face detention in only those cases where this is seen as the only remaining options and they should be detained for the minimum time period possible. They are not supposed to be detained unfairly like in such cases where their parents were suspects or those people close to them.

Another move that need to be undertaken by governments is to ensure banning of recruitment of children in the armed forces and sternly forbid any taking part of children in armed hostilities. More so, the governments should put in place measures to ensure that there is protection of those children who are refugee or internally displaced. This move should be aimed at protecting children against such ills as sexual exploitation and recruitment to enter in to armed forces. Measures should be in place to help in ensuring that these children are resettled in a most dignified manner and in a safe manner.

Still, as a move to ensure that children enjoy their rights, the governments should take immediate measures to bring to an end dangerous and exploitative kinds of labor for the children and these kinds of practices include exposing children to commercial sex, bonded labor and any other form of work that puts in danger the well-being of the children. Lastly, the governments are supposed to set up all-inclusive programs that ensure there is promotion of equal treatment of children regardless of whether they are boys or girls and to do away with those cultural practices that are harmful to the children.

Archard, D., 1993. Children: rights and childhood , Oxon: Routledge. Amnesty International USA, 2010, Humankind owes the child the best it has to give . Web.

Brennan, S., 2002, Children’s Choices or Children’s interests: Which do their rights protect? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brighouse, H., 2002, What rights (if any) do children have? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Callan, E., 2002, Autonomy, Child-Rearing, and Good Lives , in The Moral and Political Status of Children: New Essays, D. Archard and C. Macleod (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press: 118-141.

Center for Reproductive Rights, 2008, Female genital mutilations: Legal prohibitions worldwide .

Cohen, H., 1980, Equal rights for children, Totowa, NJ: Littlefield, Adams, and Co.

Cult Education Forum, 2010, The Convention on the Rights of Child (the CRC) . Web.

Dolan, C., 2002, Which children count? The politics of children’s rights in northern Uganda .

Farson, R., 1974, Birthrights , London: Collier Macmillan.

Griffin, J., 2002, Do children have rights? In The moral and political status of children: New Essays, D. Archard and C. Macleod (eds), Oxford: Oxford University Press: 19 – 30.

Holt, J. C., 1975, Escape from childhood: The needs and rights of children , Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Kaplan, E., Child soldiers around the world . Web.

O’Neill, O. 1988, Children’s Rights and Children’s lives , Ethics , 98: 445 – 463.

United Nations (1989), The Convention on the Rights of the Child , reprinted in Children, Rights and the Law, P. Alston, S. Parker and J. Seymour (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press: 245 – 264.

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We Americans Neglect Our Children

A young person slumped over a lunch table in a school cafeteria.

By Nicholas Kristof

Opinion Columnist

Individually, we adore and pamper our children. We shuttle them from soccer practice to music lessons and then organize their play dates with meticulous fanaticism.

Yet collectively, we mistreat America’s children, especially by the standards of other wealthy countries. When we’re formulating policies for children as a whole rather than coddling our own little angels, we fall scandalously short. We prize children in the abstract but as a society tend to ignore their needs. Children are more likely to go hungry or live in poverty in America than in most of our peer countries, and they are also much more likely to die young — because of drugs, guns, accidents and an inequitable health care system.

If the United States simply had the same mortality rates for young people as the rest of the rich world, we would annually save the lives of at least 40,000 Americans age 19 and under, according to Steven Woolf , a population health expert at Virginia Commonwealth University. In other words, an American child dies about every 13 minutes because we don’t do as good a job as our peers in protecting kids.

And it’s getting worse. An American child’s chances of reaching adulthood have fallen in recent years, Woolf told me.

This election year, these are issues that should be central in the battles between Democrats and Republicans. They’re not, for children don’t vote and are political orphans.

The consequences are felt not just by low-income children at the margins. A country as a whole can’t thrive when so many are left behind. What distinguished the United States for more than a century and helped it become the world’s leading economy was strong mass education that included widespread high school and college attendance, even as some European countries did better with elite education. But over the past 50 years, we’ve faltered in supporting and educating children overall as other countries have moved ahead.

We’ve tried to fix problems at the back end, with the juvenile justice system or criminal justice system or with those alerts to look out for human traffickers. But we have entire failed structures, like foster care. Fewer than 5 percent of young people who’ve spent time in foster care graduate from a four-year college. Several studies suggest that up to 60 percent of trafficking survivors have been in the system. Yet when was the last time a politician was asked how to fix foster care?

I’ve been thinking about this because I recently participated in the Summit on America’s Kids and Families hosted by Common Sense Media . James Steyer, the group’s founder, wants to push children onto the local, state and national agenda this year — maybe a million child march on Washington? — so that political candidates are forced to answer questions about our indifference to the well-being of children.

In the closing session at the summit, a few of us talked about what a pro-child agenda might look like. Here are my suggestions:

An early child care program modeled after the one that exists in the U.S. military. If our armed forces can operate a child care program with fees based on ability to pay, then the rest of the country can as well. A government-supported early childhood program rescues parents and kids alike. Roughly one child in six is living with a parent who misused drugs in the last year, and some of these children can find a lifeline in a high-quality program like Educare that also coaches parents. Other rich nations spend an average of about 29 times as much on child care per toddler as the United States.

An expanded refundable child tax credit to cut child poverty. Most other wealthy countries have introduced a monthly child allowance to lift children out of poverty, and the United States followed in 2021 with the refundable child tax credit. This was a huge success that helped slash child poverty almost in half — one of the most successful policies of my lifetime. And then Republican opposition caused the program to expire at the end of 2021, and child poverty has soared again.

A new regulatory body to oversee technology companies and new media, just as the Federal Communications Commission oversees old media. Senator Michael Bennet of Colorado has championed this idea, and it has become urgent as TikTok and artificial intelligence play a growing presence in children’s lives. Young people already face a crisis in mental health that appears correlated to the spread of smartphones and social media. I don’t want to overregulate, but tech companies need oversight as they monetize our children.

Improvements in K-14 education to get every child literate, numerate, graduating from high school and, where possible, into at least community college, the military or technical training. American children are particularly incompetent at math in ways that hold our entire country back. If even Mississippi , with unconscionable child poverty, can focus on reading and significantly raise educational outcomes, then no state has an excuse for letting students fail.

The best metric for a society’s future is how well it nurtures its next generation. So this election year, let’s look beyond the political horse race and culture war to grill candidates on their policies toward children — and thus our country’s future.

The Times is committed to publishing a diversity of letters to the editor. We’d like to hear what you think about this or any of our articles. Here are some tips . And here’s our email: [email protected] .

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Nicholas Kristof became a columnist for The Times Opinion desk in 2001. He has won two Pulitzer Prizes, for his coverage of China and of the genocide in Darfur. @ NickKristof

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conclusion of child rights essay

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  1. Essay on Child Rights

    Let's take a look… 100 Words Essay on Child Rights Understanding Child Rights Child rights are fundamental freedoms that every child should enjoy. They include the right to life, education, health, and protection from harm.

  2. Conclusion

    Conclusion Published online by Cambridge University Press: 19 July 2019 Noam Peleg Chapter Get access Share Cite Summary The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child tells a familiar, and very convincing, story about children, childhood, child development, and human rights.

  3. Essay on Child Rights

    Introduction Even though there has been a lot of progress in the last few decades, millions of children still don't have their basic rights. Terms like child labor, and harassment is getting common these days. Children also have the right to extra protection because they are more likely to be used or abused. What is meant by Child Rights?

  4. The Convention on the Rights of the Child

    It recognised that there was an 'critical' need to protect children from such disturbances to their peaceful and secure development as poor social conditions, natural disasters and hunger, war and conflict, exploitation, illiteracy and other forms of disability and that these needs required international as well as national measures.

  5. Essay on Child Rights for Students in English [500+ Words]

    January 3, 2021 by Sandeep Essay on Child Rights: The sound development of a child in terms of physical, mental, emotional and social growth is the essential right of every child. Children can express their claim to these rights without any hesitation.

  6. Childrens' Rights of Protection and Participation

    Introduction This research paper focuses on the children's rights and the participation that the children have in their implementation. It is every child's right to have a say on the things that affects its life. However, some children are either too young or too truant to make solid decisions.

  7. Children's Rights and the Means of Their Protection Essay

    For example, the human service worker's responsibility is to identify a child's unique conditions, such as health conditions, trauma, and other irregular needs that children cannot declare themselves. In order to raise awareness for children's rights, it is crucial to conduct and implement policies aimed to provide the needed support for ...

  8. Child rights and why they matter

    There are many reasons for singling out children's rights in a separate human rights Convention: Children are individuals. Children are neither the possessions of parents nor of the state, nor are they mere people-in-the-making; they have equal status as members of the human family. Children start life as totally dependent beings.

  9. Essay on Importance of Child Rights

    Conclusion In conclusion, child rights are indispensable for the survival, protection, development, and empowerment of children. They are the building blocks that ensure a child grows into a healthy, educated, and responsible adult. Upholding child rights is not just a legal obligation but a moral imperative that society must fulfill.

  10. Convention on The Rights of The Child

    These are: The aims of education The role of independent human rights institutions HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child Adolescent Health General measures of implementation Treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside their country of origin Implementing child rights in early childhood

  11. The Effectiveness of the Convention on the Children's Rights: [Essay

    The Convention on the Rights of the Child By far, the CRC is the most universally and extensively ratification of human rights in history. It declares the rights of children in the expanse of 54 individual articles.

  12. Child Rights

    Conclusion Child Rights Mainstreaming - What is it? Introduction to Mainstreaming Child Rights in PPCM Child Rights Mainstreaming and the Formulation Phase Mainstreaming Child Rights in Monitoring and Evaluation Mainstreaming Child Rights in the New Aid Modalities Final Exercise

  13. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

    This latest 'Innocenti Essay' outlines the legal and moral stance behind UNICEF's emerging human rights ethic. It... Read the publication Publication Child Rights in Latin America: From irregular situation to full protection The Convention on the Rights of the Child has now been ratified by 191 nations... Read the publication Publication

  14. Children's Rights

    DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139381796. A collection of essays edited by two key academics in childhood studies, with an excellent introduction that proposes a new conceptual framework for implementing children's rights cross-culturally. Provides an overview of emerging issues and new ideas in the field. John, Mary.

  15. Conclusion: rights and responsibilities for child, family and social

    This concluding chapter aims to provide an overview of policy change under New Labour and critically assess these policy changes in relation to revisions to the roles, rights, and responsibilities of parents and families versus those of the state in respect of child and family well-being.

  16. Children's Rights Concept

    Children's Rights Concept Essay Exclusively available on IvyPanda Updated: Jan 3rd, 2024 Table of Contents Introduction A child is a human being meaning that if there are rights set a side to protect human beings, children should therefore have their own rights.

  17. 75 Children's Rights Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

    Children's Rights Educational Project. The study will examine the current gaps and obstacles affecting the welfare of many children in different schools. Such stakeholders will present powerful suggestions that can be used to support the rights of more children. Child Labor Issue According to the Human Rights.

  18. Child Rights and Governance Roundtable: Report and Conclusions

    The objective of this Roundtable was to reflect on the linkages between governance and child rights and initiate a dialogue between both constituencies. It brought together actors from the governance sector and child rights experts. Various studies have evidenced that good governance brings both an intrinsic and an instrumental value to a wide ...

  19. Conclusion: Challenges for Research on Children's Rights

    Abstract. This chapter addresses the theme of this book concerning the relationship between children's rights, research, policy and practice. 1. Because of its nearly universal acceptance, its conceptual coherence, and its applicability in many domains of everyday life, the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) offers an unparalleled ...

  20. The Importance of Children's Rights

    The Importance of Children's Rights Words: 4896 Pages: 18 Table of Contents Introduction Children are human beings who are still young and among them there are those who are very young. By virtue of them being human beings, they possess particular moral status. They are not supposed to be subjected to some kind of treatment because they are human.

  21. Opinion

    We Americans Neglect Our Children. Feb. 7, 2024. Damon Winter/The New York Times. 1233. By Nicholas Kristof. Opinion Columnist. Individually, we adore and pamper our children. We shuttle them from ...

  22. Russia: Authorities Targeting Free Speech at a University

    Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 Human ...

  23. The History of Moscow City: [Essay Example], 614 words

    The History of Moscow City. Moscow is the capital and largest city of Russia as well as the. It is also the 4th largest city in the world, and is the first in size among all European cities. Moscow was founded in 1147 by Yuri Dolgoruki, a prince of the region. The town lay on important land and water trade routes, and it grew and prospered.

  24. World Report 2020: Russia

    In July, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) issued its first ruling on a domestic violence case in Russia. The court ordered the authorities to pay the applicant 20,000 euros in damages ...