How to Effectively Answer Law Essay Questions

I remember my first semester 100 level exams. I was just fresh from secondary school/JAMBITE, but I thought law exams were the same with secondary school exams. Heck, I didn’t even know that law exams were only theory questions. I was expecting to meet some objective questions, until I saw my exam questions.

Well, during the exams, I wrote what I could, and was confident my results would be awesome. After all, I had read for the exams well enough, and I used to think I was kind of intelligent.

I was in for a rude shock.

While I was in 100 level at the University of Ilorin, they still pasted everyone’s results on the notice board. So, when I heard the first result was out, I and a lot of my “fresher” colleagues went to check our results. I was expecting an A, or worse, a B.

I located my matric number on the pasted list and checked my first result. I had a C.

I was surprised, but I felt it was my first result, the others would be better.

The other results started trickling in. With each result pasted on the notice board, I realised I wasn’t so special after all. I had a series of C’s. For my 100 level first  semester results, out a total of 10 courses, I had just one A, two B’s and the rest were C’s.

I was dejected, along with most other “freshers” that received this glorious welcome to Faculty of Law, University of Ilorin.

Instead of blaming the poor results on the indiscretions of my lecturers, I knew something had to be wrong with what I wrote. So, I asked for help. I asked a scholar(the best student in a level) in 400 level at the time, Adekunle Charles , to show me how to answer law questions. He showed me the way, and I can tell you that my results improved dramatically.

So, I am going to teach you exactly what he taught me, how to answer law exam questions. I will be focusing on law essay questions in this post.

What are Law Essay Questions?

There are two major types of law questions, essay questions and problem questions. Law essay questions require you to write an essay. Unlike problem questions that require you to advise parties in a scenario.

We have all been answering a level of essay questions right from secondary school, so it shouldn’t be new to you.

The following is an example of a law essay question:

There have been a lot of arguments for and against the principle established in the popular case of Adams vs Lindsell . Expatiate, through the cases.

To answer law essay questions properly, it must follow four rules. It must have The Introduction, The definitions, the body, and the conclusion.

Answering Law Essay Questions Rule 1: The Introduction

The introduction to your law essay question is the part where you let the lecturer know what the answer is all about.

In this part of the question, you shouldn’t directly go into answering the question. Instead, you are allowed to beat about the bush a little bit. Start with a general statement and then become more specific. At the end of the introduction, you should talk about the law essay question you intend to answer.

As an illustration, this is how the introduction to the sample law essay question above should look like:

The importance of feedback in the formation of a contract cannot be over-emphasized. It is trite that every contract needs to have an offer and acceptance, and there is the need to communicate the offer and acceptance between the parties. In a lot of instances, this isn’t really a problem since the offer and acceptance is done in real-time (face to face). However, there are instances where it isn’t in real time, like when the communication is done by post. In this type of situation, due to the process of posting a letter or parcel, the communication between the parties can experience some delays. This has posed some problems, like “when is an acceptance valid?” Upon posting, or upon reception? One principle that has been developed by the courts to solve this problem is the rule in Adams vs Lindsell . This work is going to analyse this rule and talk about the criticisms levelled against it, with special attention being paid to case law.

Answering Law Essay Questions Rule 2: The Definition

This is the part of the question where you give a definition to the major terms/keywords in the question. It is not necessary that it has to be a “term” per se. For instance, in the sample question I gave above, the major term is Adams vs Lindsell .

So, what you should do at this stage is to define the rule in Adams vs Lindsell . Since this is a case, you should talk about the facts of the case.

Your answer can go something like this:

The rule in Adams vs Lindsell is generally referred to as acceptance by post. The rule in  this case was propounded by Lord Ellensborough in 1818. In this case, the defendant offered to sell some wool to the plaintiff. The defendant sent their offer by post. Due to an error in the posting, the letter got to the plaintiff on the evening of September 5. The plaintiff posted an acceptance the next day. If the letter was posted correctly, the defendant ought to have gotten the reply by September 7. So, when the defendant didn’t get a reply on September 7, he sold the wool to a third party on September 8. The plaintiff’s acceptance finally got to the defendant on September 9. Since the defendant had already sold the wool to a third party, the plaintiff sued for breach of contract. The major contention was when the acceptance would be valid. On the plaintiff posting it, or on the defendant receiving it. The court held in favor of the plaintiff that when it comes to contracts conducted by post, acceptance comes to fruition at the time of posting, not at the time of receiving.

Answering Law Essay Questions Rule 3: The Body

This is the major part of the answer to the law essay question. It is in this part of the answer that you demonstrate  your understanding of the question and knowledge of the subject matter. In a lot of instances, what differentiates an A student from a C student is the fact that an A student cited more authorities in this section of the answer.

Using the sample question above, this part of the answer to the law essay question will look something like this:

Since the inception of this rule, there have been numerous arguments for and against it by jurists, scholars, and judges alike. In the case itself, the court, in justifying its decision stated that if acceptance wasn’t complete on posting, then there is the need for the offeree to require the offeror to inform him that he had received his acceptance, and so it  goes on  ad infinitum . Scholars like Professor Sagay have disputed this justification of the rule in Adams vs Lindsell . According to him, the process doesn’t have to go on  ad infinitum.  The offeree can assume that a contract has come into fruition when the offeror receives the letter, the same way the the offeror has to assume that there is a binding contract when, and if, the offeree posts a letter of acceptance. In the subsequent case of  Household Fire Insurance Co vs Grant ,  the court gave some other concrete reasons for the adoption of the rule in  Adams vs Lindsell .  The facts of this case are as follows. The defendant applied for shares in the plaintiff company, and the plaintiff company assented by posting a letter. However, the letter didn’t get to the defendant, and as such, he didn’t know that the company accepted his offer. When the company got into liquidation, he was called upon to pay up his share. He resisted this, and thus the case was brought before the court. The court, in applying the rule in  Adams vs Lindsell ,  held  that he was liable to pay up his own shares, since a binding contract came into existence the moment the company posted its acceptance, regardless of the whether or not he received the letter. In justifying the acceptance by post rule, the court gave the following reasons: The post office is an agent of both parties. So, technically, a letter given to the post office is deemed communicated to  the offeror. By posting the letter of acceptance, there is already a valid and binding contract. There is no need for any other act to bring the contract to fruition. The offeree has merely assented to the offeror’s proposals. The offeror is free to make it a term of the contract that there  is no valid acceptance until he receives it. Any alternative rule would lead to fraud and delay in commercial transactions because the offeree would have to wait for confirmation from the offeror that he has received his acceptance. The rule is the most convenient compared to all other alternatives. However, the court’s decision was not unanimous. There was a dissenting judgement by Bramwell, L.J. He contended that if the basis of the rule was that it would cause hardship on the offeree, who might have already made arrangements based on the acceptance of  the contract, there is also hardship on the part of the offeror who might act on the belief that his offer was not accepted. This is even more relevant where the offeror didn’t receive the acceptance like in the present case. All this goes to show that the rule in  Adams vs Lindsell   isn’t one that enjoys unanimous consensus in the legal community. Recent decisions by courts in the United States suggest a shift away from this rule of acceptance by post. In the case of  Rhode Island Tool Co vs US F. Supp. 417 (1955) ,  the plaintiff’s made an offer to sell some bolts to the defendant. The defendant accepted by post, but the plaintiff discovered that they had quoted a very low price. To remedy this, they sent a telegram to the defendant revoking the offer. The telegram got to the defendant before the posted acceptance got to the plaintiff. The court held that the offer was validly revoked since the telegram got to the offeree before the plaintiff received the letter of acceptance. A similar thing happened in the case of  Dick vs US F. Supp 326 (1949) .  The facts of this case are quite similar to the facts in the above case. In this case, the offeree was the plaintiff and after accepting the offer by post, sent a telegram withdrawing it. The telegram got to the defendant before the letter of acceptance, and the court held that it was a valid revocation.

Answer Law Essay Questions Rule 4: The Conclusion

The conclusion to the law essay question is the final part of essay (just like the name suggests). There are two major ways you can conclude the essay: either by summarizing what you have written, or by giving a recommendation/comment.

To be on the safe side, you should just conclude by summarizing what  you have written. You should also make it clear that  you are concluding by including the phrase “In conclusion” at the beginning of the conclusion.

So, this is how the conclusion to the sample question would look like:

In conclusion, this work has highlighted the evolution of the rule in  Adam vs Lindsell  with special attention given to case law. This work highlighted the establishment of the rule, the justifications given by the court for this rule, and the criticisms against this rule. It finally showed a departure from this rule in other jurisdictions like the USA, due to the impact of new technology on commercial transactions.

Here’s the full answer to the essay question

So, this is how you should answer a law essay question. If you want to get a full picture of what the answer to the essay question looks like, here you go:

The importance of feedback in the formation of a contract cannot be over-emphasized. It is trite that every contract needs to have an offer and acceptance, and there is the need to communicate the offer and acceptance between the parties. In a lot of instances, this isn’t really a problem since the offer and acceptance is done in real-time (face to face). However, there are instances where it isn’t in real time, like when the communication is done by post. In this type of situation, due to the process of posting a letter or parcel, the communication between the parties can experience some delays. This has posed some problems, like “when is an acceptance valid?” Upon posting, or upon reception? One principle that has been developed by the courts to solve this problem is the rule in Adams vs Lindsell . This work is going to analyse this rule and talk about the criticisms levelled against it, with special attention being paid to case law. The rule in Adams vs Lindsell is generally referred to as acceptance by post. The rule in  this case was propounded by Lord Ellensborough in 1818. In this case, the defendant offered to sell some wool to the plaintiff. The defendant sent their offer by post. Due to an error in the posting, the letter got to the plaintiff on the evening of September 5. The plaintiff posted an acceptance the next day. If the letter was posted correctly, the defendant ought to have gotten the reply by September 7. So, when the defendant didn’t get a reply on September 7, he sold the wool to a third party on September 8. The plaintiff’s acceptance finally got to the defendant on September 9. Since the defendant had already sold the wool to a third party, the plaintiff sued for breach of contract. The major contention was when the acceptance would be valid. On the plaintiff posting it, or on the defendant receiving it. The court held in favor of the plaintiff that when it comes to contracts conducted by post, acceptance comes to fruition at the time of posting, not at  the time of receiving. Since the inception of this rule, there have been numerous arguments for and against it by jurists, scholars, and judges alike. In the case itself, the court, in justifying its decision stated that if acceptance wasn’t complete on posting, then there is the need for the offeree to require the offeror to inform him that he had received his acceptance, and so it  goes on  ad infinitum . Scholars like Professor Sagay have disputed this justification of the rule in Adams vs Lindsell. According to him, the process doesn’t have to go on  ad infinitum.  The offeree can assume that a contract has come into fruition when the offeror receives the letter, the same way the the offeror has to assume that there is a binding contract when, and if, the offeree posts a letter of acceptance. In the subsequent case of  Household Fire Insurance Co vs Grant,  the court gave some other concrete reasons for the adoption of the rule in  Adams vs Lindsell.  The facts of this case are as follows. The defendant applied for shares in the plaintiff company, and the plaintiff company assented by posting a letter. However, the letter didn’t get to the defendant, and as such, he didn’t know that the company accepted his offer. When the company got into liquidation, he was called upon to pay up his share. He resisted this, and thus the case was brought before the court. The court, in applying the rule in  Adams vs Lindsell,  held  that he was liable to pay up his own shares, since a binding contract came into existence the moment the company posted its acceptance, regardless of the whether or not he received the letter. In justifying the acceptance by post rule, the court gave the following reasons: The post office is an agent of both parties. So, technically, a letter given to the post office is deemed communicated to  the offeror. By posting the letter of acceptance, there is already a valid and binding contract. There is no need for any other act to bring the contract to fruition. The offeree has merely assented to the offeror’s proposals. The offeror is free to make it a term of the contract that there  is no valid acceptance until he receives it. Any alternative rule would lead to fraud and delay in commercial transactions because the offeree would have to wait for confirmation from the offeror that he has received his acceptance. The rule is the most convenient compared to all other alternatives. However, the court’s decision was not unanimous. There was a dissenting judgement by Bramwell, L.J. He contended that if the basis of the rule was that it would cause hardship on the offeror who might have already made arrangements based on the acceptance of  the contract, there is also hardship on the part of the offeror who might believe that his offer was not accepted. This is even more relevant where the offeror didn’t receive the acceptance like in the present case. All this goes to show that the rule in  Adams vs Lindsell  isn’t one that enjoys unanimous consensus in the legal community. Recent decisions by courts in the United States suggest a shift away from this rule of acceptance by post. In the case of  Rhode Island Tool Co vs US F. Supp. 417 (1955),  the plaintiff’s made an offer to sell some bolts to the defendant. The defendant accepted by post, but the plaintiff discovered that they had quoted a very low price. To remedy this, they sent a telegram to the defendant revoking the offer. The telegram got to the defendant before the posted acceptance got to the plaintiff. A similar thing happened in the case of  Dick vs US F. Supp 326 (1949).  The facts of this case are quite similar to the facts in the above case. In this case, the offeree was the plaintiff and after accepting the offer by post, sent a telegram withdrawing it. The telegram got to the defendant before the letter of acceptance, and the court held that it was a valid revocation. In conclusion, this work has highlighted the evolution of the rule in  Adam vs Lindsell  with special attention given to case law. This work highlighted the establishment of the rule, the justifications given by the court for this rule, and the criticisms against this rule. It finally showed a departure from this rule in other jurisdictions like the USA, due to the impact of new technology on commercial transactions.

So, here you have it, a guide to answering law essay questions. If you follow these guidelines, you should see an improvement in your grades. If you have any questions related to this, feel free to drop a comment.

P.S: If you are interested in an online course that makes it easy for you to get A’s in your law exams, you can check it out here:  Get Access to Ace LL.B Exams

72 thoughts on “ How to Effectively Answer Law Essay Questions ”

Nice one bro. But between cramming the materials given by lecturers or understanding the material which one might likely improved one’s chance of getting good grade in essay questions from your own experience.

In law exams, there are some things you have to cram. Things like the cases and statutes. For the explanatory part of the note, it’s best you understand it.

its so excited for me to find this most simple blog for law student as a guide, tnx so much, may the sky be your limit

Where can I find the statutes and cases book? I’m a political student

Thank you. This really helped Can you post the one of problem questions

Thank you so much for taking out time to be a silver linen in the dark clouds of a law student who now, understands better how to answer law questions. The time you took to practically explain this using the Adam V Lindsell case is not a waste. I duff my hat sir.

This is really useful and m gonna attempt this semester’s exams in this way. Thanks sir.

TThank you.Please I need tips on problem question.

I’m currently working on a blog post that covers that

Thank you.I will be glad if that is done in no time.

Wow!!! This is beautiful. Please what about problem question? My exam’s two weeks from today

I’m currently working on a blog post on how to deal with that. It should be out before your exams.

Where can i find it?

Here: https://djetlawyer.com/irac-how-to-answer-law-problem-questions/

wow! this is wonderful and great. this sample has taught me a better way of answering law essay question seriously. bro you are good honestly.

Thanks. It’s cool that I’ve been able to help.

Thank you very much sir. I have understood the format now. But however, if a topic that doesn’t have cases. Is it wise or necessary to find cases to relate to such topics. For instance, Legal reasoning in judicial process.

There are always cases for all topics. You just need to know where to find them. Besides, no case is specifically designated for a subject, you can use any case, as long as it is relevant.

Thanks bro, my inquisitiveness to studying law brought me to your site. Pls how do I make my dream come true. This is my nineteen years of secondary education. I have NCE N B. ed in pols n edu. Mgmt.

Eeeermmm… Have you applied to any university offering law?

Thank you so much. This has helped me greatly

You’re very welcome

Thanks bro, looking forward to that post on problem question. This is appreciated.

im inspired, this is really excellent, though it looks like a lot of work and memorization, but it was really helpful. Thanks

Thank you so much for this great Tips. have been reading it over and over again.

You’re very welcome. I’m glad to have been of help.

This is really helpful. Thanks and job well done.

Thanks a lot Mr Olamide More strength to your elbow

I am becoming more addicted to your blog, ‘barrister’ Olamide ? . Do not stop at anytime. Let’s keep flying

Thanks a lot bro.

Hello Olamide. Thank you for this comment but i really need your help for something person as regards to law. How can i reach you pls? Thanks

Send me an email.

Am very greatful for the advice you have given it’s really great. A concern: is it always a must to cite case laws when answering law questions? And what happens when you only remember facts oof the case and you don’t rremember the parties?

Cases and statutes are what separates the work of a law student from that of a sociologist or political scientists. It is quite essential that you try to cite case(s) or statutes when writing a legal piece, as they give it more authority.

It would be ideal if you remember all. But if you can’t you can just write “in a decided case”. This might not give you full marks, but you’ll still get something.

Thank you very much for the advice am really greatful

I am a law student in Ghana KNUST. It is great work you’re doing. Though most of your posts are Nigerian Law, the ones that are general is helpful to me. Thank you.

You’re welcome. I’m glad to have been of help.

A big thank you Barr Olamide this article was really helpful a lot of Law student doesn’t know how to answer law essay question but by the grace of God we will try as much as possible to adhere your tips…my regards

please, what website can I get access to full law cases from.

You can check lawpavilionplus.com. However, you have to pay.

Thanks What of problem question

Check this out https://djetlawyer.com/irac-how-to-answer-law-problem-questions/

Thanks for the advice But what if u are not so good in beating around the bush to make your answer look more interesting I usually just go straight to the point cause of time factor and I really can’t even do it.

The “beating about the bush” part is the introduction part of the answer. It should just be like one paragraph.

Thanks What of how to answer problem question

do you have to identify each section by the heading; For example 1. Introduction 2. Definition 3.Body 4.Conclusion in order to delineate these sections for the attention of the marker.

No, you don’t need to identify that. IDBC is just a framework you should have at the back of your mind when writing exams.

Please can you make a write up to writing a very good memorial for should I say guidlines to writing a very strong legal arguements. In relation to moot and mock. Thank you

Thanks for the feedback. I’ll consider it.

Am really impressed at you strive towards making a soft landing for prospective and present law student generally. In some instances,what if the question is not possessing this semblance for example “Discuss the duty of a counsel to the court” In the abovementioned question what will be the definition part?

And also if am asked to answer a short question like “the relationship between law and morality” do I still need the IDBC format?

Lastly,Is this format of answering questions only applicable in legal methods or it can serve all law essay questions?

I will be glad if you can answer me respectively…?

Thanks so much I’ve learnt a great deal, please can you post that of problem question? God bless you.

Good evening, Please I want you to out me through a law assignment (Principles of equity). The question is: ” Critically examine the contribution of equity to jurisprudence”

Thank you very much sir i have really learnt so much from your work today and i believe that before the end of this semester my grades will improve and also my knowledge and understanding on how to answer problem questions and law essay questions will improve. God bless you sir.

Please can I get your username on social media platforms…I would love to know you…you dont know how much this write up just helped me

I’m glad to have helped. I’m not so active on Social Media though. However, you can connect with me on linkedin here https://www.linkedin.com/in/olyray/ and twitter here https://twitter.com/olanrewajuolam6 . ALso, check my author bio for other social media platforms.

Okay..please can I get some materials on human rights..precisely regional protection of human rights…I can’t seem to permutate it to my satisfaction

I don’t think I currently have materials on that.

Pls can I get past questions for introduction to legal method and introduction to Islamic law

I don’t really have that at the moment.

zainab you are here…… wawu i never believed til now

Mr.Can you please help me with this: A was driving along Lagos Ibadan expressway on the 24th July, 2020 and he got to Interchange at about 5am, he then saw a BMW 2015 model under the bridge with a tag ‘for sale’. He called the no on the tag and bought the car at the rate of #500,000.00. two days after, as he was driving the vehicle on Lagos Island, he was stopped by the Police and was arrested for a stolen vehicle. He later located the seller who was also arrested by the police, he was released on bail and the vehicle was recovered from Mr A being a stolen vehicle. Mr. Intend to sue the seller for the refund of his money or to sue the police that he bought the goods in accordance with Sales of Goods Act. 1. Please advise Mr. A 2. Will your advise be different if Mr. A had bought the car at Ladipo Car Market?

Interesting and helpful will be waiting on problem question too.

Hello. Problem questions are treated here:

https://djetlawyer.com/irac-how-to-answer-law-problem-questions/

Thank you very much sir. It’s a blessings to cross paths with you going through this work. Question. Is it possible to just cite the case without giving facts of that case? For instance as was decided in Shaw v DPP 1962 AC 220 and then you continue with your analysis?

Yes. You can.

Good morning. I’m very new here. This was really helpful, thank you so much for these tips.

I however struggle with problem questions majorly. I would like to know if you have a post on how to answer problem questions??

Wow thank you so much sir. I have really been struggling with answering law essay questions This has enlightened me. I really hope I apply it well

Good morning. I’m very new here. This was really helpful, thank you so much for these tips.

Thank you very much sir . I have finally gotten a well explained answer on how to answer law questions I’m greatful 🙏

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Notify me by email when the comment gets approved.

Join an online course that makes it easy for you to get A’s in your law exams, you can check it out here: Get Access to Ace LL.B Exams.

IPSA LOQUITUR

How to Write Law Essay Questions

How to write a legal essay question.

A law essay question requires you to make an argument about some aspect of the law. For example, it might ask whether Bloggs vs Smith was correctly decided, how would you reform the law of murder, and so on. This guide provides tips and tricks for improving your legal essay writing skills.

What is the Question Actually Asking You?

The number one rule of answering any law essay question is RTFQ – ATFQ . 

Read the flaming question, answer the flaming question . 

Here is a common complaint by law examiners every year. Many students read the question once, see its on a particular topic, and regurgitate everything they know about that topic. As a result, the student fails to actually provide any kind of answer to what was asked.

If a question asks you to discuss the abolition of life sentences, don’t explain everything you know about murder. Your essay should provide an actual answer: yes, they should be abolished; no they shouldn’t be abolished; or no they shouldn’t be abolished but they should be reformed.  Every piece of information and every line of argument you write should relate to your answer .

Analysing the Question for Greater Depth

Take some time to  analyse the language of the question . You should be asking yourself the following questions:

Underlying assumptions, rejection

Are there any  underlying assumptions  the question makes? Should those assumptions be taken for granted, or can you challenge them ? How might this affect your answer to the question?

Question and define terms, laptop

Are there any  terms in the question that need to be defined , and is there any controversy over the definition of the word or phrase? How might this affect your answer to the question?

Take the following exam essay question taken from an International Law paper. You don’t need to know anything about International law, we are just going to look at the question’s structure and language.

‘The concept of persistent objector is contrary to the entire idea of a general international law common to all states.’ (DUMBERRY referring to CONFORTI) How real is the threat of the persistent objector to general international law? [ Cambridge University, Tripos Part IB Exam Paper May 2012 ]

The quote here raises an immediate issue. What actually is the ‘entire idea of a general international law common to all states’? Unless you establish what the purpose of general international law is, how it is achieved and how it operates, it is impossible to say whether something is a threat to it.

A good answer to this question would explain this. It would then outline the different views on the concept of international law, and argue that one particular view is the best. Only then would the student discuss whether the law relating to persistent objectors is a threat to general international law.

Formulate a Balanced Argument

An essay question requires a balanced analysis of all sides of any academic debate. Do not give an entirely one-sided answer. However, do not do the opposite of this either. A completely neutral, non-committal essay is equally shallow: don’t conclude that both sides have good points without saying one is better.  You need to have an argument .

Start the essay knowing what your argument will be. Work out how you are going to show that you have the correct way of looking at things. Always discuss criticisms that could be made of your points and how you would deal with them. If the other side have strong rebuttals, don’t ignore them: address them and explain why you don’t find them convincing.

The argument should flow and different elements of your argument should be dealt with in different sections. If it helps, use headings to make sure you stick to the point and don’t go off on irrelevant tangents. Every paragraph should start with a statement of what you will argue, and end with you having successfully argued it. If something is not relevant to the flow of your argument, do not put it in.

High-Level Answers and Abstract Thought

Law examiners love an argument where all the sections link together, playing off elements of previous sections and flowing naturally. There is a straightforward way of achieving this. Come up with some underlying, philosophical or policy-based thesis this area of law is based on . Then, think about how you can tie your argument into that.

For example, say you are asked to discuss whether sado-masochism should be an exception to the rule against consenting to ABH . A good answer will first consider: what is the point of criminalising behaviour that only really harms yourself? Is it paternalism? If so, does the law generally take a paternalist approach? Or does it instead generally protect an individual’s liberty to harm themselves as they please? How do the other exceptions to the rule fit into a paternalist or a liberty-based concept of the law?

You might conclude that the law does not follow a coherent principle. If so, you likely need to argue that it needs reform. Or, you might conclude that the law does follow a coherent principle. You might argue that this is a good principle to follow, in which case the law should stay as it is. Alternatively, you could argue that the law should not be based on this principle: it should be based on another. With this done you can answer the question. Sado-masochism should be an exception if it fits the philosophical/policy-based principles that you claim should underpin the criminal law.

This type of thinking helps essay flow. You are linking every stage of your argument to a broader argument about abstract principles. It also means you are evaluating the law deeply, which can greatly enhance your marks.

Using Secondary Commentary

Evidence of wider reading, normally academic articles or specialist books, is necessary for top grades when you are writing a law essay. However, it is important to fully understand the arguments being made, and how they relate to other ideas. You will not get any extra marks for merely saying ‘X argues that Y is true’. You need to be able to explain why X makes this argument and how it might be criticised. Examiners are able to see through this kind of shallow ‘name dropping’.

Once you’ve read an academic article, sit back for a while. Think about how they relate to your own views. Academic arguments should  support  your views, not be a wholesale replacement of them. Don’t do an essay on what X thinks about a subject, do an essay on what  you  think about it. Inform your view with the academic’s analysis, supporting arguments and potential criticisms of your position.

Don’t Hedge Your Bets (and Other Stylistic Tips)

If there’s one thing most law professors hate, its reading a phrase like ‘it seems from the evidence that there might be a possibility of supporting the argument that…’.

Confidence in essay-writing is not something that is stressed enough at school or university. People who aren’t confident are tempted to hedge their bets with language like ‘probably’ and ‘it might be the case’. Resist that urge. If your analysis is correct, the person marking the essay may have doubts as to how firmly you grasp the material if you do not sound confident in your conclusions. If your analysis is not correct, saying ‘probably’ in front of the error won’t help in any case.

Other stylistic tips for writing a professional sounding essay include:

  • Avoid contractions (‘don’t’, ‘can’t’), slang phrases and other informal language;
  • Avoid the phrase ‘it is submitted that’. This kind of wording is for moots and legal debating, not academic legal essays;
  • Try to deal with only one issue per paragraph. This makes the essay less visually intimidating;
  • If simple language and short sentences get your point across, use simple language and short sentences. There is a temptation to sound ‘professional’ by using multi-clauses sentences and complex vocabulary. This just makes the essay harder to read.

Cite, Cite and Cite Again

If you are ever making a positive claim about the law, back it up with a citation. What proves your claim? A case? A statutory provision? Cite it. You must assure the marker that you aren’t just making lucky guesses. Many institutions’ grading criteria specify that you can’t achieve anything above a 2:2 with insufficient citation.

Generally there is no need to give the year, report and page number of case-law in exams. However, you should check your university’s best practice guidelines to know for sure.

Share this:

essay questions law

essay questions law

Answering Essay and Problem Questions

essay questions law

How A Good Lawyer Can Help You Obtain Disability Benefits And Get Your Life Back On Track

essay questions law

The Ugly Side of Online Matchmaking: How Trademark Infringements and Exorbitant Legal Fees Maintain Match Group’s Dominance

essay questions law

  • Tips for Students
  • essay writing
  • Law Student
  • problem questions
  • tips for students

essay questions law

Article written by Imaan Fatima, University of Strathclyde Scots and English LLB Student.

There are two main types of questions you will come across when studying law: essay questions and problem questions. Both styles of questions can cover any area of law but require very different approaches when being answered. Every university will have a different grade criterion, so it’s important to become familiar with yours. However, there are some general tips which can be used by all law students to help best answer these questions.

Essay Questions:

I’m sure most of us have encountered these types of questions. We’re usually asked to critically evaluate, compare, or discuss some sort of legal issue.

These questions require a structured answer with an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. But before you even attempt to produce an answer, you need to create a plan. This is crucial because it will help you understand what is being asked, set out the key issues you wish to discuss and the sources you want to use.

Your introduction should be relatively short – roughly 10% of the overall word count. It should clearly outline what the question is asking you to do and how you propose to go about answering this question to arrive at an appropriate conclusion. The main body of your essay will consist of legal arguments. Each paragraph will likely answer a different aspect of the question, but they should be coherently ordered and flow into one another, instead of reading as a sequence of unrelated points. Finally, you’ll have to draw together your arguments, without introducing any new pieces of information, to reach a reasoned conclusion.

When writing an essay, think about what the examiner is looking for and the skills that are being tested: communication skills; analytical skills; research skills; and the ability to construct an argument.

Problem Questions:

Unlike essay questions, problem questions are presented as lengthy scenarios in which one or more legal disputes arise. As a law student, you will be expected to discuss these disputes and explain how they are likely to be resolved, if possible.

The best approach to answering problem questions is the IRAC method, which stands for issue, rule, application, and conclusion. This is a four-step process that requires you to identify the legal issue; identify the relevant legal rule; apply that rule to the issue at hand; and reach a conclusion to answer the question. It’s important to remember that the IRAC method should never be applied to the question as a whole. Instead, your answer should be divided based on the number of separate legal issues which occur.

Problem questions often have no single correct answer, and the facts will likely contain a number of grey areas, which means you might not always have enough facts to provide a conclusive answer. However, you can also gain marks by stating that some information is missing and hypothesising what the outcome would be if certain facts were included.

Whereas essays are designed to test your ability to discuss and critically evaluate the law, problem questions are more concerned with the application of legal principles. This means simply having knowledge of the law isn’t enough. Neither is writing everything you know about the topic and hoping to receive marks for it. You need to be able to identify relevant information within the question and apply legal reasoning to the facts.

Imaan Fatima

Imaan Fatima

Related posts.

TSL Private Law Tutors

The Top 5 Books a Law Student Should Read

essay questions law

Tips to First-Year Law Students: How to Ace Problem/Scenario-Type Questions

essay questions law

The Crucial Role of Extra-Curricular Activities for Law Students

Comments are closed.

Juris Education logo

Sign up to our Newsletter

Bar exam practice questions & answers.

essay questions law

Reviewed by:

David Merson

Former Head of Pre-Law Office, Northeastern University, & Admissions Officer, Brown University

Reviewed: 2/16/24

As your bar exam looms near, it's perfectly normal to feel overwhelmed by the multitude of statutes, cases, and complex legal terms you need to grasp. Sure, the multitude of legal concepts might feel like a handful, but we’re here to help! This guide will delve into some bar exam practice questions to provide a clearer perspective on the exam.

We're here to help you study! We've gathered a bunch of practice questions for the bar exam. And don't worry, we've also included all the answers and some explanations. Ready to start?

The bar exam, a critical milestone in every budding lawyer's journey , is notorious for its difficulty. But remember, with a strategic approach, consistent practice of real MBE practice questions, the perfect bar exam practice test, and the right mindset , you can significantly improve your chances of success.

Practice Questions and Answers

Bar exam prep can be expensive, so to start you off on the right foot, we’ll explore some free bar exam sample questions and answers, with a special emphasis on multiple-choice questions:

1. Torts Law: Understanding Liability and Damages

Question : Tom, in a moment of inattention, collides with Jerry's car, inflicting $2000 worth of damage. Jerry decides to sue Tom for negligence. Tom admits his mistake but refuses to pay, asserting that Jerry's car was already in a state of disrepair. Can Jerry still claim damages?

  • Yes, Jerry can claim the full amount of $2000.
  • No, Jerry cannot claim any damages because his car was already in disrepair.
  • Yes, but Jerry can only claim half the amount ($1000) due to pre-existing damages.
  • No, Jerry can only claim damages if Tom had intentionally caused the accident.

Correct Answer : A) Yes, Jerry can claim the full amount of $2,000.

Explanation

Tort cases are commonly referenced in MBE bar exam questions. In a tort case, such as this, Jerry can recover damages as long as he can prove the cost of repairs or the diminished value of his car due to the accident. Tom's belief about pre-existing damage doesn't negate his liability for the damages he caused. 

While the state of the car before the accident might be relevant in assessing the degree of damage caused by the accident, it does not absolve Tom of his responsibility to pay for the harm he directly caused.

2. Criminal Law: Grasping the Concept of Intent

Question : Can Ann be convicted of burglary if her defense is that she entered the building solely to seek refuge from a sudden storm?

  • Yes, Ann can be convicted of burglary even if she entered the building to seek refuge from a sudden storm.
  • No, Ann cannot be convicted of burglary if she entered the building solely to seek refuge from a sudden storm.
  • Maybe, it depends on whether Ann had a history of committing crimes.
  • It depends on the severity of the storm that Ann encountered.

Correct Answer : B. No, Ann cannot be convicted of burglary if she entered the building solely to seek refuge from a sudden storm.

man handcuffed behind back

Ann cannot be convicted of burglary if she can prove that she entered the building solely to seek refuge from a sudden storm. 

Burglary requires the intent to commit a crime upon entering a building, and seeking shelter from a storm is not a criminal act . Therefore, if Ann can validate her claim of seeking shelter, she lacks the requisite intent for a burglary conviction.

3. Constitutional Law: Freedom of Speech

Question : Which of the following statements is true regarding the state law that prohibits residents from criticizing the governor on social media?

  • Yes, the law violates the First Amendment rights of the residents.
  • No, the law does not violate the First Amendment rights of the residents.
  • Maybe, it depends on the type of social media platform being used.
  • It depends on the popularity of the governor.

Correct Answer : A. Yes, the law violates the First Amendment rights of the residents.

This is because the First Amendment of The Constitution protects the right to freely criticize the government, which would include government officials such as a state governor. A law that prohibits such criticism would likely be seen as infringing on these protected rights. 

4. Contracts Law: The Essentials of a Contract

Question : Which of the following statements is true regarding the scenario where Jane proposed to sell her car to John for $5,000, but sold the car to someone else the very next day without receiving any acceptance or consideration from John?

  • Yes, John can sue Jane for breach of contract because she made an offer to him.
  • No, John cannot sue Jane for breach of contract because no contract was formed between them.
  • Maybe, John can sue Jane for breach of contract because he needed time to think it over.
  • It depends on the type of contract Jane proposed.

Correct Answer : B. No, John cannot sue Jane for breach of contract because no contract was formed between them.

two women signing a

Many of the bar test questions you’ll see will involve contract law since it’s such an important part of the legal field. For a contract to be formed, it requires an offer, acceptance, and consideration. In this scenario, Jane made an offer to sell her car to John, but John did not accept the offer or provide any consideration to Jane. 

Therefore, there was no legally binding contract formed between them, and Jane was not obligated to sell the car to John. Since there was no contract, there can be no breach of contract, and John cannot sue Jane. 

Option A is incorrect because an offer alone does not constitute a contract. Option C is incorrect because John's need for more time to think it over is not relevant to the formation of a contract. Option D is incorrect because the type of contract proposed by Jane is irrelevant when no contract was formed.

5. Property Law: The Obligations of a Finder

Question : Is Jim legally allowed to keep the $1000 he found in a wallet in a public park, even though the owner later posted flyers in search of the wallet?

  • Yes, Jim is legally allowed to keep the money as he found it in a public place.
  • No, Jim is not legally allowed to keep the money as it belongs to the owner of the wallet.
  • Maybe, it depends on whether Jim reported the found wallet to the authorities.
  • It depends on whether Jim made any attempts to locate the owner of the wallet.

Correct Answer : B. No, Jim is not legally allowed to keep the money as it belongs to the owner of the wallet.

Jim is not legally allowed to keep the $1000 he found in the wallet in a public park. Property law requires finders of lost property to make a reasonable effort to return it to its rightful owner. Since the owner is known and has posted flyers in search of the wallet, Jim is legally bound to return the wallet and the money to the owner. 

Keeping the money without attempting to locate the owner is considered theft. Therefore, Jim is not allowed to keep the money, and he must make a reasonable effort to return the wallet to its rightful owner.

Hopefully going over these MBE practice questions in depth has helped you understand them better and offered insights into how to best approach them! Continue going over sample MBE questions and past bar exams to get familiar with various question types and feel prepared for test day! 

FAQs: Bar Exam Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions related to bar exam questions.

1. What Kind of Questions Are on the Bar Exam?

A standard bar exam comprises a combination of multiple-choice questions, often referred to as the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), essay questions, and performance tests. These questions encompass a broad array of legal areas, including, but not limited to, constitutional law, criminal law, civil procedure, contracts, and property law.

2. Is the Bar Exam Actually Hard?

Yes, the bar exam can feel very hard because it covers a lot of topics, there's limited time, and it's really important. But, with good studying, lots of practice , and a never-give-up attitude , many people do succeed.

3. How Can I Practice for the Bar Exam?

Preparation for the bar exam calls for a well-rounded approach. This includes gaining a firm understanding of legal principles, committing key facts and cases to memory, and rigorously working through bar exam practice questions. 

Using a mix of bar exam practice multiple choice questions and essays, as well as reviewing model answers, can substantially enhance your legal analytical abilities, as well as improving your speed and accuracy in test-taking. 

Additionally, consider joining a study group or enlisting the help of a tutor for structured guidance and support.

4. What Essay Questions Are on the Bar Exam?

Essay questions on the bar exam typically present a hypothetical scenario and require you to apply legal principles to analyze it. These questions are designed to test your ability to identify relevant legal issues, apply the law accurately, and articulate a logical and well-structured argument. 

Some jurisdictions also include Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) questions, which test knowledge across a wide range of legal topics.

Final Thoughts

Facing the bar exam may feel like a herculean task, but take heart in knowing that countless others have successfully surmounted this obstacle, and you certainly can too. 

Regular, methodical practice with bar exam questions and answers will not only deepen your understanding of the law but also refine your analytical skills and boost your self-confidence.

As you forge ahead with your preparation, keep this essential principle in mind - practice does not merely make perfect, perfect practice makes perfect. View these bar exam sample questions as stepping stones that enable you to refine your techniques, rectify errors, and devise a strategy that best suits your individual learning style.

Ultimately, your success in the bar exam will stand as a testament to your unwavering dedication, determination, and mastery of legal knowledge. So, keep practicing, stay focused, and before long, you'll be on your way to joining the esteemed fraternity of licensed attorneys. 

Your journey may be tough, but the destination will certainly be worth it. Good luck!

essay questions law

Schedule A Free Consultation

You may also like.

How to Write the “Why Berkeley Law” Essay With Examples

How to Write the “Why Berkeley Law” Essay With Examples

How to Become a Court Reporter

How to Become a Court Reporter

image of youtube logo

FlashLearners

Education And Career Blog

Get Our Learning App [FREE]

Answering Law Questions: How to Craft Effective Responses to Law Essay & Problem

IoT products

Modified On Oct 10, 2023

Answering law questions, whether in essay or problem format, requires a structured and analytical approach that showcases your understanding of legal principles and your ability to apply them effectively. In this article, we’ll delve into comprehensive strategies to address both essay and problem questions in law, focusing on clarity, coherence, and critical thinking.

One major problem that new law university intakes encounter, is the fact that many of them usually have the mindset that where they are (university) will be the same with where they are coming from (secondary school); and because of this, they tend not to ask questions about how well to answer their law questions thus going on to use the traditional or general method and ending up not getting the expected result or even failing.

In this article, I am going to be expounding on the way of tackling law essay questions for the benefit of students. However, what I will be discussing is the general rule which is subject to what your specific tutor or lecturer may require from you.

So, it is advised that in as much as you learn how to generally answer law essay questions, you should pay attention and understand your lecturers so as to give him/her what their individual preferences are, like asking you to write a concised answer or be elaborate, or add this and remove that  etc.

PAGE CONTENTS

Differences between Law problem and Essay Questions

As you may know, Law problem questions are not the same as essay questions.  Problem questions are those law questions that tell live stories about the relationship between people and then require you to identify legal issues from those interactions, address the issues with relevant authorities and then to advise the parties on their different rights using the IRAC method.

It is important to note that a single problem question could have a series of different events which are based on different legal principles.

On the other hand, an essay question is a question which requires an individual to write on legal principles without using a particular format like the IRAC method.

Not minding the fact that you are not required to advise the parties or to use a particular method to answer your question, you have to have some mental steps at the back of your mind so as to make your work enticing and arranged before your tutor or Lecturer.

HOW TO ANSWER LAW PROBLEM QUESTIONS USING IRAC METHOD

Just like I explained at the beginning of this work, a  problem question is a question that test candidates by giving them stories/cases to solve.  Here, law students will be expected to draw out the issues of law in the story, as it relates to what they have been taught in the classroom.

Take for instance, a problem question on customary law might tell the story of a man who beats his wife because the custom provides for it. After explaining the story, students will be required to either provide the position of the law on the issues raised in the story or to advise the parties in the story.

The most acceptable way of answering law problem questions is through IRAC method. IRAC is actually the best because it makes it very easy for students to explain any legal principle with authorities in the simplest format. Below are the things you must know about IRAC method of answering law questions.

Meaning of IRAC

The word “IRAC” is an acronym which stands for:

  • Rule of law – R
  • Application – A
  • Conclusion – C

Note that if you must answer problem questions using this format, you must have this acronym at the back of your mind. If you miss any step, then you are getting the whole question wrong.

Now, to make sure that you understand the steps listed above, i will take my time to explain what you are supposed to do in every step. Remember, this is to teach you how to answer law problem question using IRAC method.

Your first concern is to determine the issue or issues implicated in the question. This determination involves asking yourself, what is the problem sought to be addressed in the case?

Example: What is the liability of a master regarding tort committed by his servant while engaged in a conduct expressly prohibited by the master?

The importance of accurate identification of the issue(s) is that it narrows your response to the gist of the question.

Once you accomplish this goal, you will know automatically that there is no need to state, for instance, that “the tort borders on vicarious liability” or for you to describe general elements of the tort in question.

Your task is to focus only on those elements or information that substantively (not tangentially) speak to the issue(s) you have successfully identified. Relevance is the key here. Recall my admonition, “ the more you write, the more you expose your ignorance .”

Note that you are not expected to call the names of parties in the story in the issues because they are issues for determination in law. You can only mention the names of parties in the story or case given to you when you reach third stage which is  APPLICATION

RULE OF LAW

The “R” or Rule (rule of law) in IRAC is also called “reasoning.” This is because the applicable rule of law is reasoned from the facts of the case. As you think through the problems presented, aided by the issue you have successfully identified, the rule will emerge. What rule of law will guide the court in reaching a correct decision, assuming the same facts?

This is the question that you need to ask your self; it is also the question that you need to address. A rule of law in vicarious liability, for instance, is that “ a master is liable for the acts of his servant, even when expressly prohibited, so long as the servant acted within the scope of his employment. ”

Under the rule of law, students are expected to cite their authorities. Authorities here can be cases, statutes, dictum of judges, articles which are related to the issue in question. It is very important that you cite authorities because that is what will back up the rule of law and legal principles in the case.

APPLICATION:

This is where you apply the rule of law to the issue(s) you have raised. By doing this, you are applying the rule of law to the actual story in the problem question given to you. In the application, you are expected to pick those authorities and rules of law that concerns the issues raised and apply them to the matter effectively.

Always pay attention to exception(s) to the general rule, if any, and clearly outline/justify any distinctions that might be helpful to your argument. By constantly reminding yourself of the issue(s), you are bound to succeed in steering yourself away from irrelevance.

A great analysis is targeted to the issue(s) identified and is judged by the degree of focus/precision as well as the presentation (language/expressions used in articulating your argument).

Finally, the  conclusion (“C”) . A few sentences would suffice to wrap up your discussion. Briefly state the outcome of your analysis. Where the question requires that you advise the parties, the conclusion is the best place to do that.

Simply tell each of the parties their rights and persuade them to sue the when the need be. Here, you can also rebuke the party in default in the case and tell him why he/she is at fault.

If you are a student and you don’t know anything about the law of defamation, don’t worry. Just keep reading. You will still be able to understand the steps taken in every section.

Sample of a law problem question answered using IRAC method

The Daily Trumpeter, a popular Newspaper in Enugu recently published a report of the proceedings of the Enugu State High Court in a land case between Chief Okoto and Barrister Akuepue under the caption ‘Judge calls a popular Enugu Lawyer: ‘A Crook and a Land Speculator”.

In the article, the newspaper reporter, Ade also stated thet Nigerian lawyers are in the habit of using their knowledge of the law to deprive innocent ‘laymen’ of their land. Barrister Akuepue and Barrister Ikpeama, another popular lawyer based in Enugu have sepaprately sued Joe, the edito of The Daily Trumpeter and Ade for publication.

Issue 1:  Whether Newspaper Publishers can be liable for publishing court/tribunal proceedings

Issue 2:  What must one prove in order for his defense of ‘fair comment’ to be successful

Issue 3:  What is the legal position on defamation of a class or a group of person

RULE OF LAW:

Defamation refers to the publication of a statement which is calculated to injure a person and cause right-thinking members of the society to shun or avoid him, or even cause them to hate him and also convey an imputation on him which is injurious to his office, trade or profession –  s.137 Enugu State Torts law, cap 150 2004(which shall hereinafter be called ESTL), Sketch v. Ajagbemokeferi.

People are thus warned against idle gossip which may likely impugn another person when communicated to a third party. Defamation may either be in the form of libel which is in a permanent form such as newspaper publication, television or radio broadcasts; or otherwise in slander which has a transient nature usually verbalized or through gesticulations conveying a defamatory connotation.

For an action in defamation to succeed, the following essential elements must be proved, as a thing of necessity:

The words complained of must be defamatory:

If right-thinking people of sane minds would think less of an individual or shun and avoid him due to a statement, then this element may be said to have been successfully proved.

Defamatory words must refer to the plaintiff:

It is not sufficient that the defamatory statement described a person merely by his name  Akintla v. Anyiam . It is enough where he is identified by his initials, post, Photograph, or even his office –  Dafe v. Teswinor.

The words complained of must be published:

It has been held in a vast litany of cases that it is not the publication of defamatory statement but the publication that grounds a cause of action. In fact, in  Pullman v. Hill , Lord Esher, Master of the Rolls said thus ‘‘ Publication is the making known of the defamatory matter after it has been written to such person other than the person to whom it is written’’  It therefore follows that publication in itself is what grounds a cause of action-  s. 141 ESTL .

Also, communication to the plaintiff himself cannot ground a cause of action for the purposes of determining liability in defamation because defamation is injury to ones reputation and protects not an individual’s opinion of himself but the estimation in which others hold him – Okotcha v. Olumese.

However, even if a person has been alleged to have defamed another, there is an array of defenses open to him.  Such defenses are:

  • Unintentional Defamation
  • Innocent dissemination
  • Justification( or truth) – s. 163 ESTL
  • Volenti Non fit injuria – Chapman v.
  • Fair comment- s. 194(1) ESTL

Under the defenses of  privilege , we have what is known as absolute privileges and also qualified privileges. Circumstances under which the defense of qualified privilege can arise are varied but for the purposes of our case, we have an occasion known as Statements made in performance of a legal, moral or social duty –  s.178 ESTL .

In the connection above, for such an occasion to arise, the person giving out information which is alleged to contain defamatory statements must have a duty to give such information on grounds of public policy and also the party receiving such information, that is, the person to whom the matter is published to must have a corresponding duty of receiving such information.

Perhaps, this is the reason the law admits that radio and television broadcasters as well as Newspaper Publishers and Proprietors are covered by the said defense –  NTA v. Babatope . It is also the legal position, pursuant to  s.185 (1)  that qualified privilege very much applies to those who publish reports of judicial proceedings. However, such broadcasters or publishers must be very careful enough to give reports of what actually took place in court, not necessarily a verbatim report of the proceedings but at least an abridged or condensed report will be privileged, provided that it gives a fair, accurate and correct impression of what transpired.

It clearly and necessarily follows that when such reports are substantially inaccurate, such a report will lose the protective cloak of this defense. Thus, in Omo-Osagie v, Okutobo, a report of a newspaper of certain court proceedings bore the caption, ‘‘Chief Justice Tells a Teacher: ‘ You are a Bad Woman’.

However, those words were never used by the Judge, and the courts held that such a newspaper report had lost the defense of qualified privilege. The defense of fair comment stated above, consists of criticisms of matters of public interest in the form of comments, by citizens upon true facts, such comments being honestly made without malice –  s.194(1) Enugu State Torts law, cap 150 2004.

In order for this defense to avail a person, the following requirements must be proved to the satisfaction of the courts trying the issue:

The Matter commented on must be of Public Interest:

The matter must be one of general concern as to affect the generality of the population at large- London Artists Ltd. v. Littler. Thus issues of land fraud by legal practitioners may fall for issues of public interest.

The Comment must be an expression of Opinion not an assertion of fact:

It is noteworthy that the defense of fair comment consists of two things: a set of facts which must be true and the commentator’s opinion on those facts- s.  194(1)  (a). The distinction between a comment and a fact, however, depends on the merits of each case.

The Comment must be Honest- s.  194(1)(c)  So long as a commentator honestly expressed his view, it is immaterial that he used excessively strong language o that people read all sorts of innuendoes into it, if he made the comment honestly, he has nothing at all to fear. However, criticisms cannot be used as a cloak for an attack, or for personal imputations on the plaintiff not arising out of the subject matter not based on the facts.

The Comment must be devoid of Malice-  s.195 ESTL  Malice is a complete bar to a defense of fair comment. Malice means making abuse of the occasion for some indirect purpose –  Bakare v. Ibrahim.

When a class or group of persons i.e. lawyers, teachers, doctors etc, are defamed, no individual member of the class is entitled to bring action upon grounds that he has been defamed save only when the class is so small or so ascertainable that what is said of the class is necessarily said of each and every member of it, or if the circumstances of the case show that the plaintiff was singled out and defamed –  Knuppfer v. London Express Newspaper Ltd.

Thus, in  Zik Enterprises ltd. V. Awolowo , an article which contained defamatory statements against the Action Group was regarded by the court not to refer to the plaintiff but to the Action Group as a political party since it was a large group and the plaintiff could not show circumstances which proved that he was singled out.

APPLICATION

It seems that Daily Trumpeter will not escape liability if the report they gave of the court proceedings was grossly inaccurate or did not give a correct impression of what actually transpired therein.

Also, Ade seems to have overstepped the boundaries of fair comment by making such a comment, he seems to have made a statement of fact because saying that someone is in the habit of doing something is as much as imputing a disreputable motive upon him which is very much actionable in law. Hence the cloak of fair comment may no longer protect.

Barrister Akuepue and Barrister Ikpeama by bringing action against Ade seem to be oblivious of the applicable guiding principles in the circumstance. In this connection, a defamatory statement against Nigerian lawyers as a whole is too large a group for the purposes of an action in defamation, unless, if they can show that they were singled out and defamed. They may be going on a wild goose chase.

Joe : You will only escape liability if what you said happened in court was accurate, otherwise, you will fall for liability. Ade: It is true you have overstepped the bounds of fair comment; however you may still escape liability under the principles of defamation of a class or group.

Barrister Akuepue and Barrister Ikpeama : You both can only bring action against Ade and Joe should what Joe reported about the proceedings be inaccurate. With respect to Ade although he has lost the defense of fair comment, he can still be liable for publishing what Joe reported, only the will you have a cause of action against him.

Four things to note when answering law questions

Even though IRAC method of answer law problem questions is generally acceptable, some lecturers make little changes to the way they want their questions to be answered.

For instance, some lecturers posit that after outlining your issues, you must tackle them one after the other. What that means is that, you are expected to apply IRAC in the different issues ( One after the other ).

Well, it is impossible for me to cover all the different styles lecturers like. So, I enjoin you to always attend classes. By attending classes, you will know the best method to answer your law problem questions.

It will surprise you to know that some lecturers don’t even like their questions to be answered using IRAC. So you see, you must know what every lecturer wants.

Time is a very important factor:

To perform very well as a law student, you must have it in mind that time is very important. You have to be time conscious because you have only but 2:30 minutes to answer all the questions you were given. Most times, students are expected to answer at least 3 questions in law examinations.

So you must learn to manage your time. If you do not manage your time properly, you will definitely not finish answering your questions.

Always cite your authorities with red pen:

One of the pivotal information that has never been skipped in all the tutorials I have read on how to answer law problem question is the citing of authorities.

The importance of using a red pen when citing authorities in law examinations cannot be over emphasized. The reason is because, it makes it easy for anyone who is assigned to mark your examination script.

So, in other not to jeopardize your chance of success in any law exam, you should use red pen to cite your authorities. Your authorities here may include: cases, names of judges, articles, statutes, dictums etc.

Dive detailed information about the issues raised in every case:

Most times, lecturers prefer giving more marks to students who were able to give them detailed information about the question than students who just answered the question.

For sure, if you answer the question correctly you will definitely be given the mark you deserve. But if you give more details, you will likely earn more marks.

Take for instance, you might be asked to explain the term “ Nigeria legal system “. If you go ahead to just define it and move to the next question, you won’t even get your full marks there. To get your full marks, you must also highlight the  features of Nigerian legal systems  and any other subtopic in the topic. Though, you are not expected to go too deep. Just make sure you give detailed information. Some lecturers love it.

Okay! for now, this is all i can disclose on this topic (How to answer law problem question). Like i have rightly mentioned, it is important to always attend classes because the way a particular lecturer will want his/her problem question to be answered might be different from the way another lecturer wants it.

That notwithstanding, i have explained the most generally accepted way of answering law question using IRAC method above.  So, if you have not written law examination before, you can safely understand the IRAC method as i explained it. Hope this article was helpful? Do let me know if you have any question or confusion as to how to answer law problem question using IRAC method. I will be glad to help.

essay questions law

About Anate Deborah

I'm a graduate of English and Literary Studies who is ambitious and purpose-driven. I love sharing helpful guides.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Law School Admissions Essay Topics

Law School Admissions Essay Topics

Law schools admissions essay topics involve questions or themes that you address in one or more of your admissions essays. Most law schools require you to complete an essay in which you discuss your aspirations in the field of law and the experiences that make you the right candidate. The tone of your essay should be personal, and you should aim to express the sincerity of your desire to become a law school student through evidence from your academic and non-academic background. In this blog, we are going to discuss various law schools admissions essay topics and prompts with sample answers to help guide you as you develop your own essays. Remember, you will most likely have to write more than one essay, including a law school personal statement , a diversity statement, and sometimes an addendum. Referring to common topics can help you find patterns and plan your essays ahead of time.

>> Want us to help you get accepted? Schedule a free strategy call here . <<

Article Contents 14 min read

What are law school admissions essay topics.

Each law school you’re planning to apply to is going to ask for an essay with specific requirements, usually in the form of a law school personal statement, law school letter of intent, and law student cover letter . Some schools also allow law school optional essays, such as a law school diversity statement or a law school addendum . An addendum is a document in which you explain various weaknesses on your application. These may include poor grades or gaps in work history. Definitely check the schools you want to apply to to see if this is a requirement. Some schools will supply the applicant with a specific format for their personal essays, where they have to address a certain law school essay prompt or essay topic. On admissions pages, you will find that a lot of programs give a general outline of what they want you to write about for each essay. For example, Harvard Law School asks their applicants to provide context for how they think they can contribute to Harvard Law and legal communities.

The topics you can write about generally involve a combination of work/volunteering history, behavioral or situational questions, or references from your academic background. In your responses, you will not only want to provide information about how your experiences shaped your desire to pursue a career in law, but you will also want to choose a topic that can fully represent the scope of your goals and background. If a school requires you to answer a very specific prompt, and even if they only provide a rough sketch of what they want you to write about, if you don’t do so, you will likely get rejected. Before you even start writing, find out what various schools are looking for in all variations of written documents. As a side note, if you find you need help creating a compelling response to some of the topics, a law school advisor can help.

Law School Admissions Essay Topics with Expert Sample Answers

As you’re developing your law school admissions essay(s), pay particular attention to the formatting guidelines on each school’s website. Not all law schools in the US are going to give you a rigid structure you must follow for your essays, but for those that do, make sure you respect any word count or page limitations. If no format is specified, assume a word count between 500 and 800, and a page count between one to two pages. Some law schools like Harvard mention they want applicants to use the full two pages.

We will go over some common topics and themes you need to pay attention to as you begin brainstorming for your essays. While the wording of the prompts may be different for the schools you are applying to, there are some common tropes that you need to detect to write an essay that will get you in.

Here are some law school admissions essay topics for you to consider:

1.   Can you describe a project you worked on that contributed to personal growth?

This essay topic is really asking you what steps you took to prepare yourself for law school and why you are pursing this career path in general. Though it does not specifically asking you about law, make sure to connect the project you choose to write about to your desire to become a layer. This essay topic is a common example of a prompt you would use in an optional essay. Some students would also describe a project they worked on in their personal statements without necessarily making it the theme of the essay. What makes this topic so well-rounded is that it gives you the opportunity to show that you’re persistent, hard-working, and able to problem-solve your way through challenges or unexpected conflicts – very important qualities to have as a lawyer. You can describe a project you worked on during an internship relevant to law or community service project. Once you describe the detail of the experience, demonstrate what you learned and how the experience shaped you both personally and professionally. Make sure to show rather than tell what your role was, how you affected the outcomes of the project, and how it affected you and your desire to pursue law. Most students will find success for this topic if the project also happens to be one of their proudest achievements, since you will be answering another common prompt, “what is one of your proudest achievements?” As a starting point, reflect on who you are as an individual, and try to avoid mentioning anything that programs can see or infer from your resume or transcript.

 I became interested in the field of law after taking a criminology class in my first year of undergrad. I was amazed at some of the statistics regarding disproportionate sentencing and the challenges certain criminals faced when they were released from prison as they attempted to assimilate back into society. Compounding with this new statistical knowledge, was a situation in which I was asked to pull over to the side during a routine traffic stop. I wondered if it was possible that part of the reason I was pulled over was due to the fact that I’m a person of color. Having this direct experience reminded me of what I read in class, and was immediately looking for ways to get involved in some small way in rectifying small injustices. When I mentioned to my parents that I was the only one being asked to pull over, my father mentioned that when I was too young to remember, he served a small sentence for possession of marijuana, despite having a medical prescription to manage chronic pain. What disturbed me the most about this epiphany about injustice was that there were examples that were far worse than both mine and my father’s.

This topic is your chance to describe an event or experience from your formative years that you think influenced your decision to want to apply to law school. This topic is a variation of the “why do you want to study law” interview question, which you will get a chance to practice in your law school mock interview . Programs ask this question because they want to get an idea of who you are as a person and what makes you right for this career path. Leveraging critical events or experiences from your background also allows you to demonstrate how the skills and proclivities you gained during these years will help you contribute to their program. While there aren’t any “wrong” personal experiences that may have led to your decision to pursue a career in law, an admissions committee is looking for specific details about your past, such as accomplishments or memorable moments that tell a story about who you are. Think of it like you’re summarizing the chapter on the education and careers section of your autobiography. What would you want it to include? Always conduct research on the school that you're applying to when you’re writing a personal statement or optional essay so you can choose experiences that resonate with their mission.

Growing up as the child of a politician and a professor of criminal justice, I travelled around the country a lot as my parents had new career opportunities. Because both of my parents were heavily involved in various community service programs, I was also exposed to a lot of the incongruities in outcomes among families of diverse backgrounds. Having parents who were working in a very closely related field to law, I had the benefit of early exposure to some of the issues that the field faces, and the people they often encounter. Despite the frequent travel, one thing that I took for granted prior to campaigning around with my father was how stable my upbringing was. All my needs were constantly met, and I never had to worry about the things that were often addressed in certain social services programs like meal plans, financial services, and homelessness. This realization sparked the development of my critical thinking about social issues.

One year, my dad had been working on implementing a new social service program focusing on investments for families with disabilities or financial strife. During the campaign in which he was promoting this new development and ensuring various cities could provide the educational resources for those who wanted to access this program, we were visiting some of the families who were among the first to access it. We were sitting down with the family at their home to discuss what the program would involve. The family included two young children and their mother. She explained that her husband passed away from a work accident, and while she was able to work from home to support her children, it was still difficult to balance other needs with supporting them financially. Seeing how emotional and grateful she was for what my father had developed was inspiring to witness, and I knew immediately that I wanted to follow in my parents’ footsteps and get involved in something similar.

Law schools want to identify the students who they think can not only succeed in their program, but who can also improve the reputation of their program. In other words, these kinds of prompts are asking “why our school?” Your long-term career goals should explain what you hope to achieve in five to ten years from now, and how you think the program can help you achieve those goals. Take this opportunity to outline one or more of your major goals and the steps you can take to achieve them. To impress the admissions committee, make your answer personal but also organized, detailed, and concise. Admissions committees read hundreds of essays from applicants, so you want to show that your goals have been the subject of deliberation and that you’re serious about executing them. Anyone can have goals. A committee is looking for someone who can deliver on those goals by developing a plan of action. If you have examples of when you delivered on your goals in the past, you may also use this to support the main content of this essay. Be precise with your wording here, as any vagueness can corrupt the intent behind this topic. Review the program overview to determine what kind of goals you want to highlight in your essay. For instance, if a program emphasizes community outreach and diversity, mention a volunteering experience involving a situation where you were directly involve in such initiatives, and how this contributed to your long-term goals.

In my sophomore year of college, I joined my school’s journal team for the philosophy section of the monthly issue. Most of the philosophy content was comprised of recent developments in the field from contributions made by our faculty and students. My job was to read various submissions from the student body about topics within the field of philosophy. One of the essays I read was about how implicit bias affects admissions rates among different races, ethnicities, ages, and sex/genders, which I found so profoundly interesting that I decided I wanted to investigate this issue further. In my studies, I learned about the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that introduced the term ‘affirmative action’ in an attempt to remedy the alleged discrimination taking place within schools and workplaces. I also learned that while schools no longer employ an affirmative action framework for admissions, they still focus on trying to make their student body diverse though a more qualitative metric. Learning about the fact that discrimination still takes place on the implicit level was what inspired me to want to be an advocate for diversity. My goal was to promulgate the inaccessibility of certain educational resources that prevent people from being able to attend a post-secondary institution. I was able to find an organization in my community that was partnered with one of the local high schools to help low-income students afford college.

Looking for law school personal statement examples?

My goal since then hasn’t changed. My primary long-term career goal is to become a lobbyist so I can integrate the reality of disparate outcomes among different classes of social groups into government decisions and actions. This will give me the best chance to become a spokesperson for the issues that affect my clients so I can make the case for certain actions that will improve the outcomes for specific groups of people. My long-term goal is to have my own lobbying firm, but I know that to gain the necessary experience, I will want to join a lobbying firm that has a reputation of championing the issues and client base that I can effectively represent. Because I know that in order to realize this goal I will have to apply for a line of credit and build a reputation through networking and other advocacy initiatives, a key step to achieving this goal is to apply for the internship offered at your program for congressional aide. This internship will give me the opportunity to develop key relationships with influential members within the field, and gain the experience I need handling research and other administrative tasks that are crucial to becoming lobbyist, and eventually opening my own firm. Being someone who is already familiar with how to conduct quality research to build persuasive arguments as per my training in philosophy, I know that if I continue to refine my public speaking skills and knowledge through your program in law, my goal is attainable.

The issue I want to address is the difficulty some groups of students have in accessing higher education. I believe that everybody should be able to attend college or university if they wish to, and the fact that there are still many barriers is an issue that deserves more attention. I hope that you will consider my zealous attitude toward achieving my goals within the field of law as evidence of my ability to thrive in your program.

Want more law school personal statement examples from top law schools?

  • Harvard law school personal statement examples
  • Columbia law school personal statement examples
  • Cornell law school personal statement examples
  • Yale law school personal statement examples
  • UPenn law school personal statement examples
  • Cambridge law school personal statement examples

Law School Admissions Essay Topics to Practice

To recap, law school admissions essay prompts can be in one of four categories: “why X Law school?”, “why our program?”, “what can you contribute to our program and culture?”, and “are there any gaps or weaknesses in your background that we should know about?” Some law schools might request one or more essays from different categories. Choose the topics of your essays strategically to explain why you’re a strong candidate for the program. Here are some topics that you can expect some schools to ask their applicants to address:

4. Write about a time you changed your mind about an idea or issue that is of interest to you.

5. What do you believe X school has to offer to you and you to X school?

6. Describe a failure, challenge, or setback you faced.

7. Describe an experience that speaks to the problems and possibilities of diversity in an educational or work setting.

8. Describe your academic experience so far.

9. How would someone you just met describe you?

10. How can you contribute to the diversity of X school based on your achievements, background, and perspectives?

Law school essay topics are essentially prompts or questions that schools may directly ask their applicants to answer in a personal or optional essay.

Specificity can range depending on the school. Some will request very specific details and questions they want you to include, where others will only ask for the type of essay or letter they want to receive.

Common examples include “what are some of your career goals?”, “what experiences influenced your decision to pursue law?”, and “describe a project that helped you grow as an individual?” Most of all, you should always keep in mind the following questions when you write your essays: “why law?” and “why our program?” You may also encounter diversity topics and questions about any setbacks you experienced.

You don’t have to submit an addendum, but it is advisable if you want to explain any gaps or weaknesses in your resume or academic record.

You can treat your optional essay as an opportunity to write about why you want to pursue law and why you want to join their program.

You can choose based on topics that appeal to you the most. For example, if you have very defined and concise career goals, you might choose to write about this as your topic rather than something else.

A diversity statement is your chance to reflect on your own values and background as it relates to any aspect of diversity and how it shaped you as a person and as a prospective law school student.

Generally, its best to stay within 500 to 800 words. No less than one page, no more than two. Some schools will ask that for a specific word or page count, so take note of any specifications when you’re researching admissions requirements.

Want more free tips? Subscribe to our channels for more free and useful content!

Apple Podcasts

Like our blog? Write for us ! >>

Have a question ask our admissions experts below and we'll answer your questions.

So if I understood correctly even if a topic at first look is not law-related I should find a way to link it to law and my desire to go to law school? Am I right?

BeMo Academic Consulting

Hi Deng! Thanks for your comment. Yes, your application should always link back to why you are pursing law.

Get Started Now

Talk to one of our admissions experts

Our site uses cookies. By using our website, you agree with our cookie policy .

FREE Training Webinar:

How to make your law school application stand out, (and avoid the top 5 mistakes that get most rejected).

Time Sensitive. Limited Spots Available:

We guarantee you'll get into law school or you don't pay.

Swipe up to see a great offer!

essay questions law

essay questions law

  • Udaan Programs
  • Udaan Webinar
  • IBPS SO LAW
  • LAW Certificate Courses
  • Masterclass
  • Civil Judge (Pre+Mains)
  • Hotel Management
  • CAT & OMETs
  • Jaipur [Bapu Nagar]
  • Jaipur [Vaishali Nagar]
  • Delhi (South Extension)
  • Delhi (Pitampura)
  • Delhi (CP Center)
  • Mumbai (Andheri)
  • Mumbai (Navi Mumbai)
  • Mumbai (Thane)
  • Jaipur (Bapu Nagar)
  • Jaipur (Vaishali Nagar)
  • Vaishali Nagar
  • Navi Mumbai
  • CUET Law 2024
  • IPMAT Indore
  • IPMAT Rohtak
  • Christ University
  • St. Xaviers
  • Advance Test Series
  • Madhya Pradesh (MPCJ)
  • Uttar Pradesh (UPPCSJ)
  • Chhattisgarh (CGPSC)
  • Jharkhand (JPSC)
  • Delhi (DJS)
  • Haryana (HJS)
  • Scholarship Test (English)
  • Scholarship Test (Hindi)
  • SuperGrads IPM
  • SuperGrads CAT
  • Supergrads CUET
  • Creative Edge
  • LegalEdge After College
  • LegalEdge AIOM
  • SuperGrads AICUET
  • Judiciary AIOMC
  • Supergrads IPM AIOM
  • CreativEdge AIOM

Free Videos

  • CLAT Free Videos
  • Uttarakhand
  • Judiciary Notes
  • Judiciary Videos
  • KAUN BANEGA JUDGE
  • Daily Current Affairs
  • Weekly Current Affairs
  • Monthly Current Affairs
  • LegalEdge UG
  • SuperGrads Webinar
  • SuperGrads CUET Webinar
  • Creative Edge Webinar
  • Judiciary (Beginners)
  • UDAAN Webinar
  • Law School Blogs
  • LAW Entrances
  • Management Entrances
  • CUET Exam [UG & PG]
  • Architecture Entrances
  • LAW & Judiciary
  • Design & Architecture
  • Franchise Enquiry

essay questions law

50 Most Expected Essay Topics for Judiciary Exams 2023

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : November 16, 2023

Reader's Digest -   Passing the Civil Judge test might be challenging without excelling in the essay writing component. Hence, essay writing bahut zaruri hai ! Read the top 50 most important essay topics for judiciary exams. Know the hot law-related judiciary essay topics of 2023! 

Why should you focus on Essay writing? This might be the go-to question for all of you. Essay writing questions assess your competence to judge, analyze, and write about the subject asked in the Judicial Services Examination.

Mastering the art of essay writing is essential for success in the judiciary exams. The essay writing section is crucial in the judiciary exam and carries significant weight. This article will discuss some important essay topics you should be prepared for, along with tips and strategies to help you write effective essays.

The Essay Paper is among the most scoring papers in the Judiciary Exams. It is low-hanging fruit that every candidate must opt for.

For instance, in MP Paper 2, candidates face the challenge of demonstrating their court practice, writing skills, and awareness of current legal issues. Furthermore, the essay component carries significant scoring weight, with 20 marks allocated for writing on social and legal issues.

Similarly, in RJS Mains Paper 4 Language Paper 2, you must showcase your English essay writing skills. Moreover, in Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for General English, you are tested on your comprehension and writing abilities through passages or summaries.

So, whether it's analyzing social issues, addressing legal topics, or exhibiting language proficiency, mastering the art of essay writing is crucial to excelling in judiciary exams. Prepare to sharpen your writing skills and delve into the 50 most expected essay topics for Judiciary Exams 2023!

Download FREE Study Material for Judiciary Exams by Judiciary Gold

Most Important Essay Topics for Judiciary Exams 2023

Essays are the most scoring among all the papers of the judiciary exams. However, the judiciary aspirants ignore it. The majority have the attitude, 'ab essay bhi padhna padega'. So, let us clear the air of doubt regarding the essay.

Writing an essay on legal topics for a judicial exam becomes more challenging since research and sufficient legal understanding are required. In such scenarios, practice is the only key to writing a good essay in the Upcoming Judiciary Exams .

Make the essay writing a fun session. Write down each topic on the paper cit and pick a new topic, aka chit every alternative day from the list of most important essay topics for Judiciary Exams. Practice as many questions as possible from the previous year's papers; this will help improve your vocabulary and time management skills. 

The following are some of the most critical essay topics for a judiciary or current essay topics in 2023 for Judiciary exams that you need to focus on to score well in essay writing:

judiciary online coaching

Apart from the above-mentioned topics, here are more topics for your reference:

  •   Lawyers' Role in Speedy Justice-delivery
  • Capital Punishment
  • Human Rights in India 
  • Empowering a woman empowers the next generations.
  • Marriage - an institution of great social relevance
  • Farmers' stir - more than a loan waiver
  • The drug, drinking and driving never go together
  • Cyberbullying - more extreme than face-to-face taunts
  • Global warming is warning us through sea level rising and ice caps melting
  • With value education, build the pillars of character
  • Lawyers' Role in Speedy Justice-delivery
  • Apolitical Education
  • Skilling the youth of India
  • Education is a weapon that can change the world
  • Right to education - challenges and prospects
  • The dark disparity gap between rich and poor
  • Why is the administration insensitive to the plight of slum dwellers
  • Environment vs Growth
  • Is communalism a challenge to peace or propagation of religion or something else
  • Right to privacy
  • Young Indian's preferences from job search to job creation
  • Should educational qualifications be made mandatory for politicians
  • Reservations and Human Development in India
  • Beto Bachao - Beti Padhao, India ko aage badhao
  • India & China, from rivalry to enmity
  • How the internet changed the way we live
  • Cybernation - a threat or a convivial to employment
  • Be the change you want to see in others
  • Justice delayed Justice denied

Previous Year's Essays Topics in Judiciary Exams 

Here is the table of the essay topics that were asked in the previous year's PCS J Exams:

50 Most Expected Essay Topics for Upcoming Judiciary Exams 2023

Essays can increase your score and improve your final rank with little effort and the proper technique. The judiciary aspirants run from North to South and East to West to search for the most expected essay topics for judiciary exams.

Our experts have curated 50 essay topics for judiciary exams from the most trending topics of National and international importance. Practice just one topic every alternative day. This way, you will cover three weekly topics, totalling almost 50, for four months. 

The following list entails the fifty most important essay topics for PCS J exams. Prepare these topics well in advance to excel in the Essay section of the Judicial Services Exam:

  • Role of courts/courts during a pandemic
  • Violence against women
  • Child rights during lockdown
  • Digitalisation of education
  • Right to digital education
  • Vaccination Policy of India
  • Contempt of court
  • Power of court to order relief for covid affected patients
  • Labourer's/daily wage workers' rights
  • Women's Rights during lockdown
  • Hate speech
  • Organizing mass gatherings during a pandemic
  • Essential services during lockdown
  • Restriction of rights of citizens during pandemic/lockdown
  • Freedom of religion vis a vis pandemic
  • Role of social media in the Pandemic
  • Growing unemployment
  • Medical infrastructure of the country
  • Participation of the Judiciary in Politics
  • Mental health
  • Freedom of speech and expression
  • Freedom of movement
  • Sustainable environment
  • Growing intolerance
  • Social and legal ramifications of CAA/UAPA
  • Right to protest
  • Rights of the LGBTQIA+ community
  • Too much democracy
  • Atmanirbhar Bharat
  • Terrorism (talibanism)
  • Problem of malnutrition
  • New India - Why Still A Union Territory?
  • Debate on nationalism
  • Pollution crises
  • Article 370
  • Water disputes between states
  • Fugitive economic offender bill
  • Labour Reform
  • White collar crime
  • Women Empowerment
  • Triple Talaq
  • Cyberbullying
  • Global Warming
  • Right to Education
  • Gender disparity in the social sector
  • Justice delayed justice denied
  • Protection of Child Rights in India
  • Social Justice in Indian Democracy
  • Alternate Dispute Redressal (ADR)
  • Right to Constitutional Remedy

Important Current Legal Essay Topics for Judiciary Exam 2023

Solving previous year's Questions Papers for Judiciary Exams  will help you know the difficulty level and the type of questions asked in the essay paper. Refer to the following list of essays on current legal topics in India:

  • Importance of Uniform Civil Code in India
  • Role of Media in protecting democratic values in India
  • Causes and Consequences of Violence Against Women in India
  • Protection of human rights; Indian scenario
  • How gender inequality affects the progress of our country
  • The education system in India
  • Causes and Consequences of Corruption in India
  • The Practice of Child Labour In India
  • The right to privacy is a fundamental right in India
  • Right to Education in India

Read More : How to Read Bare Acts for Judiciary Exams?

  • Barriers to Access to Justice in India
  • Social Justice in Indian Democracy: An Overview
  • The law relating to contempt of courts in India
  • Review of administrative law in India
  • Alternative dispute resolution in India
  • Child Rights in India
  • Right to constitutional remedies under the Constitution of India
  • Emergency provisions of the Constitution of India
  • Role and Powers of Governor
  • Functions of Parliament in India: An overview
  • Right to a fair trial in India

Important English Essay Topics for Judiciary Exams 2023

English is a subject where you can improve your grades in the judicial services examination. 

Following a few  English preparation tips for Judiciary Exams will help enhance your grammar and vocabulary, which are essential for writing a good essay.

The following are essential English essay topics for the Civil Judge exam:

  • Role of Media
  • Demonetisation
  • Cyber Security
  • Child Labour
  • Industrial Development/Pollution
  • Farmers suicide
  • Water disputes
  • Social Media
  • Globalization
  • Recent Laws
  • World meetings
  • Social issues

Read More : Short Tricks to Memorize Bare Acts for Judiciary exams

Mastering the Art of Writing An Excellent Essay for Judiciary Exams 2023

While an essay is a large project, there are many steps a student can take to break down the task into manageable chunks.

Following are the six steps to drafting an essay:

  • Know precisely what is being asked of you. 
  • Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas around the selected topic. 
  • To write a successful essay, you must organize your thoughts.
  • You must see connections and links between ideas more clearly by taking what's already in your head and putting it to paper. 
  • The body of your essay argues, explains, or describes your topic.
  • Each main idea that you wrote in bullets.
  • The introduction should attract the reader's attention and show the focus of your essay. Your diagram or outline will become a separate section within the body of your essay.
  • The conclusion brings closure to the topic and sums up your overall ideas while providing a final perspective on your topic.
  • Read your response carefully to ensure there are no mistakes and you didn't miss anything.

Judiciary Mock Tests

How to Write a Good Essay in Judiciary Exam 2023?

Essay writing is an art that cannot be learned overnight or in a month. To write a good essay, you must read books, love reading and writing, and follow good authors. An Essay mainly depends on your command of the language and how much you know about the topic .

The following are some of the best essay writing preparation tips for the Judiciary exam :

First, you should read newspapers, magazines, etc., as it will help improve your vocabulary, knowledge, and viewpoint.

1. Selection of Option

  • Generally, you will be given 3 to 4 topics in the exam.
  • You have to choose the one per your knowledge of the particular topic.

2. Planning

  • After finalizing the topic, you must plan your writing with a balanced approach.
  • Jot down the key points to be mentioned in your essay.
  • Your views must be presented in objective nature rather than presenting them in subjective nature.
  • Also, mention your opinions and arguments with examples in your essay.
  • Include facts and figures to support your approach.

Read more : Judiciary Exam Syllabus

3. Prioritize Important Points

  • Highlight the essential points in the initial paragraph of the essay. 
  • Try to include all the critical points related to the topic in the essay.
  • Make text bold or italics to highlight the critical points in the middle of the paragraph.

4. Interlink Each Point

  • Try to interlink each point in the essay.
  • The second paragraph must continue the first paragraph; the third paragraph must relate to the second one, and so on.
  • Do not repeat the content of the introduction.

In conclusion, the 50 Most Expected Essay Topics for Judiciary Exams 2023 are invaluable for aspiring candidates. These topics cover various legal issues and provide a comprehensive understanding of the current judicial landscape. As candidates prepare for their exams, here are the key takeaways:

  • The essay topics encompass diverse areas of law, including constitutional law, criminal law, and civil law.
  • Understanding key concepts and recent developments in these areas is crucial for success.
  • Candidates should enhance their analytical and critical thinking skills to address these topics effectively.
  • Regular practice and mock essay writing will help candidates develop their writing style and time management.
  • Familiarity with landmark judgments and relevant case laws will strengthen essay arguments.
  • Continuous self-assessment and revision will ensure a well-rounded preparation for the judiciary exams.

By utilizing these key takeaways, candidates can confidently and competently approach the essay section of the judiciary exams.

"Every morning, you have two choices: continue to sleep with your dreams or wake up and chase them."

Download Judiciary Study Material

Fill your details

Recently Published

IPMAT Admit Card 2024: Steps to Download Admit Card

Updated On : February 21, 2024

JIPMAT Admit Card 2024

NTA releases JIPMAT Answer Key 2023

JEE Main Paper 2 Result 2024 (B.Arch & B.Plan) - Check Here

JIPMAT Exam Dates 2024 - Registration, Exam and Result Dates

Frequently Asked Questions

Is there any recommended newspaper for essay preparation of judiciary exam?

essay questions law

How are Judiciary Exams Question Papers useful in preparing for the essay writing?

Is the Judiciary Exam easy?

What is the best way to prepare for important essay topics for Judiciary Exams?

Which book to refer for Important Essay Topics for Judiciary Exams?

What are good topics for essays in Judiciary Exams 2023?

November 16, 2023

Online Coaching

Test Series

Trending Exams

  • Architecture
  • Career Counselling

Scholarship Tests

  • Judiciary Gold
  • Supergrads IPM
  • SuperGrads CUET

Mentor Tips

  • CLAT Prep Tips
  • AILET Prep Tips
  • IPMAT Prep Tips
  • NATA Prep Tips
  • NID Prep Tips
  • Judiciary Prep Tips
  • CAT Prep Tips

ABOUT TOP RANKERS

Toprankers, launched in 2016, is India’s most preferred digital counselling & preparation platform for careers beyond engineering & medicine. We envision to build awareness and increase the success rate for lucrative career options after 12th. We offer best learning practices and end-to-end support to every student preparing for management, humanities, law, judiciary & design entrances.

: [email protected]

: +91-7676564400

Social Channels

essay questions law

How to Write a 'Why This Law School' Essay

Here's how to respond when a law school asks about your specific interest in them.

Writing a 'Why This Law School' Essay

Beautiful female student standing in university library, looking for a book and searching information for a project, learning for passing exams, education concept.

Getty Images

Law schools value applicants who show they have done their research about where they are applying, because the investment of time and energy shows genuine interest and because research is a core legal skill.

Strong law applicants tend to have carefully considered why they are applying to law school , and they understand that their application essays need to express their interest in a legal career.

However, many are stumped when law school applications ask them a narrower question: Why are you applying to this law school?

Most commonly, law schools may ask this question through a supplemental application essay , sometimes called a “Why X School” or “Why This School” essay.

For example, the University of Notre Dame Law School offers applicants an optional statement of no more than two double-spaced pages “to express a specific interest in Notre Dame Law School.” The School of Law at the University of California—Irvine has a mandatory essay of up to 750 words about why you are interested in their school.

Other schools may ask applicants to address this question within their personal statement with a short-answer prompt. It is also a common interview question.

By asking applicants about their specific interest in a school, admissions officers turn the table on applicants. After all, applicants take pains to distinguish themselves by showing that their grades and test scores don’t reveal other factors that set them apart. With a “Why This School” question, law schools say: We’re unique, too. Why are you choosing us?

Ironically, many applicants have given little thought to what separates one law school from another! As you can imagine, admissions offices are not thrilled about this. They certainly don’t see themselves as gatekeepers to a generic, interchangeable institution.  

Answering a “Why This School” essay can be frustrating. How do you articulate your interest without resorting to boilerplate flattery about a school’s prestigious faculty and beautiful campus?

Learn About a Law School Through an Event, Interview or Visit

Since many applicants apply to a wide range of law schools, they may not know much about each one.

One of the best ways to learn about a law school is at a law school forum or information session. Many schools host online events, which can be convenient for applicants unable to visit the law school in person.

Look for these things

If you have a chance to speak with an admissions officer, you can ask good questions to learn more about how the school sets itself apart from others.

You may also learn about a law school by talking to current or former students about their experience on campus. 

Research What a Law School Offers

Use search engines like Google News or LexisNexis to find any mentions of the school in the press. Did the law school recently open a new building or center, or announce a new policy that might affect your interest?

Most importantly, carefully review the law school’s website . Law school websites are one of the best ways to learn about a school: how it sees itself, what it offers and what’s going on. While law school websites might look unremarkable at first, close reading can reveal valuable details.

Compare multiple law school websites and notice the differences between them in style and content. Often, the words and images they use are meticulously crafted to present and promote a distinct identity. Without copying their phrasing word for word, reference these ideas in your essays to reflect an understanding of a school’s unique character while avoiding cliches and generalities. 

Find Areas of Overlap

Law schools differ in their size, geography , culture, curricula, special programs, campus activities and many other ways. These distinctions provide perspectives on how each law school stands out.

Based on your research, make a list of strengths for each of your target schools that are relevant to your interests as a candidate. For example, if your personal statement is about your dream of becoming a prosecutor, look for clinics, research centers, programs, professors or distinguished alumni in the criminal law field.

Focus on a Few Specific Points

When elaborating on the reason you are interested in a school, don’t try to “flood the zone.” Broad compliments may sound insincere.

In a “Why This School” essay or interview response, center your answer on a few concrete reasons.

Try to keep the reasons varied. For example, rather than mention three clinics you find interesting, think about other potential points of intersection, like a personal connection or a geographic interest.

Think realistically about your plans for law school and beyond . It would be more effective to thoughtfully explain why a professor’s research interests align with your own than to rattle off every relevant course in the catalog.

Ultimately, “why” questions are about connecting a law school to yourself. Answer with confidence by researching and identifying a few specific ways in which a school’s unique offerings match with what sets you apart.

Tips to Boost a Law School Application

Closeup shot of an unrecognizable woman using a laptop while working from home

Tags: law school , graduate schools , education , students

About Law Admissions Lowdown

Law Admissions Lowdown provides advice to prospective students about the law school application process, LSAT prep and potential career paths. Previously authored by contributors from Stratus Admissions Counseling, the blog is currently authored by Gabriel Kuris, founder of Top Law Coach , an admissions consultancy. Kuris is a graduate of Harvard Law School and has helped hundreds of applicants navigate the law school application process since 2003. Got a question? Email [email protected] .

Popular Stories

Medical School Admissions Doctor

essay questions law

Best Graduate Schools

essay questions law

High Schools

essay questions law

Law Admissions Lowdown

essay questions law

You May Also Like

Premeds and extracurricular activities.

Zach Grimmett Feb. 21, 2024

Public Admin vs. Public Policy Degree

Miki Tanikawa Feb. 20, 2024

Deciding Where to Apply for Law School

Gabriel Kuris Feb. 20, 2024

6 Traits of Successful MBA Candidates

Anayat Durrani Feb. 15, 2024

essay questions law

Med Schools With Low Acceptance Rates

Sarah Wood Feb. 14, 2024

essay questions law

Deciding Where to Attend Med School

Kathleen Franco, M.D., M.S. Feb. 13, 2024

essay questions law

Law School and a STEM Background

Gabriel Kuris Feb. 12, 2024

essay questions law

Law School Applicant Personal Qualities

Sammy Allen Feb. 9, 2024

essay questions law

Top Online MBAs With No GMAT, GRE

Cole Claybourn Feb. 8, 2024

essay questions law

How to Select an Online College

Cole Claybourn Feb. 7, 2024

essay questions law

Law Essay Topics

Barbara P

Get a Head Start With These Top Law Essay Topics

14 min read

Published on: May 8, 2023

Last updated on: Jan 31, 2024

law essay topics

Share this article

If you're a law student, one of the most important aspects of writing an essay is choosing a good topic. But choosing a good law essay topic can be tough because there are so many options.

If you choose the wrong topic, you could end up with a poorly written essay. 

In this post, we'll provide tips on brainstorming and give examples of popular, controversial, and unique topics. We'll also help you choose the best law essay topic. 

So, let’s dive into it!

On This Page On This Page -->

Criminal Law Essay Topics 

When it comes to writing a criminal law essay, there are many interesting and thought-provoking topics to choose from. 

Here are some criminal law essay topics that you may want to consider:

  • The effectiveness of the insanity defense in criminal trials
  • The use of plea bargaining in the criminal justice system
  • The role of race and ethnicity in the criminal justice system
  • The use of the death penalty as a form of punishment
  • The impact of technology on criminal investigations and prosecutions
  • The legal and ethical issues surrounding the use of informants in criminal investigations
  • The impact of mental illness on criminal behavior and punishment
  • The legal and ethical implications of the war on drugs
  • The rights of prisoners and the challenges they face in the criminal justice system
  • The impact of social media on criminal behavior and investigations

Order Essay

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That's our Job!

Interesting Legal Topics For Presentation

  • The legal and ethical implications of artificial intelligence and machine learning
  • The use of blockchain technology in the legal industry
  • The impact of social media on privacy laws and regulations
  • The legal and ethical considerations of genetic testing and DNA databases
  • The challenges and opportunities of legalizing marijuana for medical use
  • The role of international law in addressing global issues 
  • The legal and social implications of surrogacy 
  • The legal and ethical considerations of autonomous vehicles 
  • The challenges and opportunities of regulating the gig economy 
  • The impact of data breaches and cybersecurity threats on privacy 

Law Topics For Research Paper

  • The legal and ethical considerations of physician-assisted suicide 
  • The impact of the First Amendment on free speech in the digital age
  • The role of international law in regulating global trade and commerce
  • The challenges of regulating artificial intelligence 
  • The legal and social implications of same-sex marriage and LGBTQ+ rights
  • The legal and ethical considerations of surrogacy and adoption by same-sex couples
  • The opportunities of regulating the sharing economy and peer-to-peer platforms
  • The legal and ethical implications of using facial recognition technology 
  • The impact of the Fourth Amendment on privacy rights in the digital age
  • The legal and social implications of immigration policies and border control measures

Law Argumentative Essay Topics 

  • Should the death penalty be abolished?
  • Is gun control necessary for public safety?
  • Should marijuana be legalized for recreational use?
  • Should hate speech be protected under the First Amendment?
  • Is affirmative action still necessary in the 21st century?
  • Should the drinking age be lowered or raised?
  • Is the use of drones in warfare ethical and legal?
  • Should companies be held responsible for environmental damage?
  • Should the government be allowed to access citizens' personal data without a warrant?
  • Is the current bail system fair and just?

Law Enforcement Essay Topics

These topics will spark your interest to explore the multifaceted world of law enforcement.

  • The role of technology in modern law enforcement
  • Police brutality and accountability in the United States
  • Community policing and its effectiveness in reducing crime
  • The impact of the war on drugs on law enforcement and communities
  • The challenges and opportunities of diversity and inclusion in law enforcement
  • The role of mental health in policing and the criminal justice system
  • The challenges and opportunities of policing in the digital age
  • The use of body cameras in law enforcement and their impact on accountability
  • The challenges and opportunities of policing in a multicultural society
  • The impact of recent high-profile cases on public trust in law enforcement

Law Essay Questions Example Topics 

  • What are the ethical considerations surrounding the use of the death penalty?
  • How has the Fourth Amendment evolved to protect privacy in the digital age?
  • What are the legal and ethical implications of police body cameras?
  • How does international law regulate global environmental issues?
  • What are the legal and social implications of workplace discrimination?
  • How do current immigration policies impact human rights and international law?
  • What are the challenges and opportunities of regulating autonomous vehicles?
  • How has the First Amendment impacted free speech in the United States?
  • What are the legal and ethical implications of cyberbullying and online harassment?
  • How has the concept of intellectual property evolved in the digital age?

Law Essay Example Topics

  • The impact of social media on freedom of speech and privacy rights.
  • The role of the jury in the American legal system.
  • The legality of mandatory minimum sentences in criminal cases.
  • The legality of the death penalty in modern society.
  • The impact of international human rights law on domestic criminal law.
  • The legal and ethical implications of using predictive policing algorithms.
  • The legal and social implications of abortion rights.
  • The role of the Fourth Amendment in protecting against seizures.
  • The legal and ethical implications of animal rights.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on the legal profession

Legal Essay Topics

Are you struggling to come up with a topic for your legal essay? We've got you covered. 

  • Exploring the legal implications of emerging technologies.
  • How International law is addressing issues such as climate change and human rights.
  • Balancing zealous advocacy with professional responsibility.
  • The impact of social media on legal proceedings and the justice system.
  • The history and evolution of the United States Constitution.
  • The role of the judiciary in shaping public policy.
  • The legal and social implications of immigration policy and reform.
  • The legality and ethical implications of capital punishment.
  • The impact of intellectual property law on creativity and innovation.
  • The role of the legal system in addressing issues of inequality and social justice

Law Paper Topics

In need of inspiration for your law paper? Look no further!

This list of topics covers a broad range of legal issues, ensuring you'll find one that interests you.

  • The legal and ethical implications of using AI in criminal justice
  • The role of international law in governing the use of drones in warfare
  • The legality of affirmative action policies in higher education
  • The legal and social implications of hate speech and free speech
  • The role of law in addressing the opioid epidemic
  • The impact of privacy laws on data collection and surveillance
  • The legal and ethical implications of surrogacy and reproductive technology
  • The history and evolution of the Miranda warning
  • The impact of the First Amendment on political speech and campaign finance laws
  • The legal and social implications of police use of force

International Law Essay Topics

  • The legality and ethics of drone warfare under international law
  • The impact of globalization on the development of international law
  • The role of the International Criminal Court in prosecuting war crimes
  • The legal and social implications of refugee and asylum policies
  • The effectiveness and challenges of international human rights law
  • The role of international law in addressing climate change and environmental issues
  • The impact of trade agreements on international law and governance
  • The legality and ethics of targeted killings under international law
  • The role of the United Nations in promoting and enforcing international law
  • The impact of new technologies on international law and policy

Constitutional Law Research Paper Topics

  • The constitutional implications of the Second Amendment and gun control laws
  • The legal and social implications of reproductive rights under the Constitution
  • The role of the Fourth Amendment in limiting government surveillance
  • The history and evolution of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
  • The constitutional issues surrounding freedom of speech in the digital age
  • The constitutional basis for affirmative action policies
  • The role of the Supreme Court in interpreting the Constitution
  • The impact of the Constitution on the criminal justice system
  • The constitutional issues surrounding immigration policy and reform
  • The constitutional basis for voting rights and election law

Business Law Essay Topics

  • The legal and ethical implications of data privacy and security in the digital age
  • The impact of antitrust laws on business competition and monopolies
  • The role of intellectual property law in protecting business innovations and creativity
  • The legal and social implications of corporate social responsibility
  • The legal and ethical issues surrounding insider trading and securities fraud
  • The impact of employment laws on the workplace and labor relations
  • The legal and social implications of international business and trade agreements
  • The role of contract law in business transactions and disputes
  • The impact of bankruptcy laws on businesses and their stakeholders The legal and social implications of product liability and consumer protection laws

Family Law Essay Topics

  • The legal and social implications of divorce and its effects on families
  • The impact of child custody laws on children and families
  • The role of domestic violence laws in protecting victims and promoting safety
  • The legal and ethical issues surrounding surrogacy and adoption
  • The impact of same-sex marriage laws on families and society
  • The legal and social implications of child support and alimony laws
  • The role of family law in protecting children's rights and welfare
  • The impact of paternity laws on fathers' rights and responsibilities
  • The legal and social implications of prenuptial agreements The role of family law in addressing elder abuse and neglect

Contract Law Essay Topics

  • The role of contract law in regulating business transactions and relationships.
  • The legal and ethical issues surrounding breach of contract and remedies for breach.
  • The impact of contract law on e-commerce and online transactions.
  • The role of contract law in protecting consumers and promoting fair business practices.
  • The legal and social implications of contract law in employment relationships.
  • The impact of contract law on intellectual property and technology agreements.
  • The role of contract law in regulating real estate transactions and leases.
  • The legal and social implications of contract law in international business and trade.
  • The impact of contract law on construction contracts and disputes.
  • The role of contract law in regulating government contracts and procurement.

Employment Law Essay Topics

  • The role of employment law in protecting workers' rights and promoting fair treatment.
  • The legal and ethical issues surrounding discrimination in the workplace.
  • The impact of employment law on wage and hour regulations and worker classification.
  • The role of employment law in addressing sexual harassment and workplace misconduct.
  • The legal and social implications of employment law in relation to privacy.
  • The impact of employment law on employee benefits and compensation.
  • The role of employment law in addressing workplace safety and health regulations.
  • The legal and social implications of employment law in relation to diversity and inclusion.
  • The impact of employment law on the gig economy and independent contractors.
  • The role of employment law in regulating labor unions and collective bargaining.

Sports Law Essay Topics

  • The role of sports law in regulating performance-enhancing drugs 
  • The legal implications of player contracts and negotiations in professional sports.
  • The impact of sports law on athlete eligibility and amateurism regulations.
  • The role of sports law in addressing athlete health and safety concerns
  • Sports law in relation to athlete activism and social justice issues.
  • The impact of sports law on the governance of professional sports leagues.
  • The role of sports law in regulating sports betting and gambling.
  • The social implications of sports law in relation to gender.
  • The impact of sports law on international sports competitions and events.
  • The role of sports law in addressing fan behavior and stadium security.

Comparative Law Essay Topics

  • A comparative analysis of different legal systems.
  • The legal and social implications of comparative law in relation to human rights.
  • The role of comparative law in addressing environmental regulations.
  • A comparative analysis of the criminal justice systems in different countries.
  • The impact of comparative law on intellectual property and patent.
  • A comparative analysis of different approaches to constitutional law and judicial review.
  • The role of comparative law in addressing immigration and refugee policies
  • A comparative analysis of different approaches to labor and employment law 
  • The comparative law in relation to family law and marriage regulations.
  • The impact of comparative law on international business transactions 

Cyber Law Paper Topics

  • The legal and ethical implications of cyberbullying and online harassment.
  • A comparative analysis of cyber laws in different countries and legal traditions.
  • The impact of cyber law on data privacy and protection
  • The role of cyber law in regulating e-commerce and online transactions.
  • The legal and social implications of cyber law in relation to intellectual property 
  • The impact of cyber law on online speech and censorship
  • The role of cyber law in addressing cyber terrorism and cyber warfare.
  • The social implications of cyber law in relation to information technology policies.
  • The impact of cyber law on social media and online platforms
  • The role of cyber law in regulating online gambling and online gaming.

Medical Law Topics

  • The legal and ethical implications of medical malpractice
  • The role of medical law in regulating end-of-life decisions
  • The impact of medical law on reproductive rights
  • The ethical implications of medical and legal research and experimentation
  • The role of medical law in regulating healthcare systems and policies
  • The impact of medical law on involuntary commitment and patient rights.
  • The legal and ethical implications of medical genetics and genetic testing
  • The role of medical law in regulating pharmaceuticals and medical devices
  • The impact of medical law on public health
  • The legal and ethical implications of medical technology and artificial intelligence

Law Essay Question

Check out these thought-provoking and relevant law essay questions to get started on your research.

  • What is the role of international law in regulating global human rights violations?
  • Should hate speech be protected under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution?
  • How has technology changed the landscape of intellectual property law?
  • What are the legal implications of the #MeToo movement in workplace harassment cases?
  • How has immigration law evolved in response to current global migration trends?
  • Should animals have legal rights and protections similar to humans?
  • What are the legal and ethical implications of the use of autonomous weapons in military conflicts?
  • How has the legalization of marijuana impacted criminal law and drug policies in the United States?
  • Should social media companies be held liable for the spread of hate speech and misinformation on their platforms?
  • What are the legal and ethical implications of the use of drones for surveillance and law enforcement purposes?

How to Choose a Good Law Essay Topic

Choosing a good law essay topic can be challenging. But it's an essential step towards producing a well-written and informative essay. 

Here are some tips on how to choose a good law essay topic:

  • Identify Your Area of Interest: The first step in choosing a good law essay topic is to identify your area of interest. 

Think about the topics or issues that excite you the most and try to find a legal angle to approach them. This will not only make the research process more enjoyable. But also increase your chances of producing a high-quality essay.

  • Look for Current and Relevant Issues: Law is a constantly evolving field, and there are always new issues and cases to explore. 

Look for current and relevant issues that are making headlines in the news or have recently been decided in court. 

These issues will be more interesting to your readers. You will be able to find more sources to support your arguments.

  • Consider the Scope of the Topic: A good law essay topic should be neither too broad nor too narrow. 

A broad topic will be challenging to cover in a single essay. While a narrow topic may not have enough sources to support your arguments.

It's essential to strike a balance between the two and choose a topic that has a manageable scope.

  • Check for Available Resources: Before finalizing a topic, make sure that there are enough resources available to support your arguments . 

Check academic journals, legal databases, and other sources. Make sure that you will have access to enough relevant and reliable information to write a well-researched essay.

In conclusion, choosing the right law essay topic is crucial to writing a successful essay. 

By following our tips, you can start writing your essay that is  well-written, and engaging.

Struggling with a law essay? Let us take the stress away and write an essay for you with our top-notch law essay writing service . 

Get the grades you deserve and simplify your workload with our " write an essay for me " service .

And for those looking to enhance their writing efficiency, don't miss out on our AI writing tool .

Frequently Asked Questions

How do i come up with a unique and interesting law essay topic.

You can come up with unique and interesting law essay topics by focusing on current legal issues. Explore controversial topics, and examine recent developments in the field of law.

Can I use online sources to find relevant topics for my law essay?

Yes, online sources can be great resources for finding up-to-date topics for your law essay. These sources include academic databases, legal journals, and reputable websites.

Barbara P (Law, Management)

Barbara is a highly educated and qualified author with a Ph.D. in public health from an Ivy League university. She has spent a significant amount of time working in the medical field, conducting a thorough study on a variety of health issues. Her work has been published in several major publications.

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That’s our Job!

Get Help

  • Privacy Policy
  • Cookies Policy
  • Terms of Use
  • Refunds & Cancellations
  • Our Writers
  • Success Stories
  • Our Guarantees
  • Affiliate Program
  • Referral Program
  • AI Essay Writer

Disclaimer: All client orders are completed by our team of highly qualified human writers. The essays and papers provided by us are not to be used for submission but rather as learning models only.

essay questions law

logo

190 Unique Law Research Topics for Students to Consider

Table of Contents

If you are a law student, then obviously as a part of your studies you must write an excellent academic paper on any top law research topics. Right now, do you want to write a brilliant law research paper? Are you searching for the best law research topic ideas? If yes, then continue reading this blog post and get interesting law topics for your academic writing.

Law Research Paper Writing

A law research paper is a type of research paper that focuses on any legal topic in the world. The legal topics are nothing but the topic that deals with the legal issues that are resolved in the court.

In general, every country will have its own legal regulations and policies. More commonly, the basic rights and humanity will be the same for all the countries in the world, but specifically, you need to consider the cultural and historical peculiarities of a country while writing a law research paper.

Remember, the law is a sensitive subject and hence, when writing legal research papers, utmost care should be given. You shouldn’t add too much philosophy to it. Your research paper should answer your law essay topics properly with pure black-and-white facts.

Law Research Topics

You may think that writing a law research paper is easy. But actually, it is not. For writing an intense legal research paper, you must have a unique legal research topic. Particularly, when writing law papers, you should first research and find the legal questions relevant to your topic, analyze the various legal precedents, and present the answer to your legal question in the form of a memo by properly citing all the sources you have used for references.

Law Research Paper Topic Selection Tips

If you want to write a law research paper, then a good law research topic is what you need. Basically, the law is a complex subject, and hence choosing the right research topic from them is challenging. While selecting the legal research topic, be sure to keep the following tips in mind.

  • Your topic should not be too broad.
  • It should be informative to your audience.
  • The topic should be catchy and relevant to modern law.
  • It should contain relevant supporting materials online or in local libraries.
  • The topic should deal with relevant legal precedents.
  • It should answer all the legal essay questions.
  • Your topic should have real-life cases to illustrate your points.

List of the Best Law Research Paper Topics

Law is a popular discipline among humanitarian sciences that have a wide range of research areas. Some common law research areas include business law, commercial law, environmental law, international law, medical law, constitutional law, cyber law, family law and so on.

List of Law Research Topics Ideas

As law is a broad subject with endless research topics, it might be difficult for you to choose the most interesting idea from them. So, to make things easier, we have sorted different categories of law and listed some outstanding law research topics for you.

Have a look at the below-mentioned list of law research paper topic ideas and identify aprofound legal research topic of your choice.

Business Law Research Topics

  • What’s the true nature of business law?
  • Equity and the doctrines of business law
  • Morality and its relation to business law
  • Business laws and the parliament
  • The formulation of business regulations in Islam
  • Why are business regulations essential for institutions and organizations?
  • Business laws in Africa
  • How crucial is the constitution for the creation of business law?
  • Business law as a profession
  • The classification of the business regulations
  • Describe the Law of Contracts in the United States
  • Discuss the fundamentals of UK contract law for businesses
  • Critical evaluation of the role of the judiciary bodies in corporate law
  • Disclose an insight into contract laws with respect to the application of verbal and non-verbal agreements
  • Importance of collective bargaining agreements and laws on labor relations
  • How to deal with corruption in business law?
  • Discuss the difference between the EU and the UK after the implementation of the Brexit Contract Law
  • Discuss the protections provided to the minority shareholders in the corporate law regime of India
  • Compare and contrast the legal aspects of corporate M&A (mergers and acquisitions) in the United States and Australia
  • Analysis of the role of the Federal Trade Commission’s Bureau of Competition in regulating the anti-competitive practices in the market
  • Compare and contrast the legal aspects of e-commerce in the US and the UK
  • Critical analysis of the role played by the Arbitration and conciliation act in resolving business disputes
  • Compare and contrast the company law act in Australia and Canada
  • Discuss how anti-money laundering laws of a country impact businesses
  • Describe the implications of digital payment systems

Commercial Law Research Paper Topics

  • What are the dangers and potential results of commercial partnerships?
  • A comprehensive analysis of pre-incorporation contracts: How do they work?
  • Reviewing the use of international commercial law in energy projects across the globe.
  • Assessing the mediating role of corporate social responsibility in companies’ performance.
  • Evaluating the commercial laws that should be used against dishonest managers.
  • Reviewing the US commercial laws: What should be changed or added?
  • Evaluating the regulations aimed at stopping corruption: A case study of the UK.
  • Reviewing the implications of international commercial law in UK commercial laws.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of international commercial law programs in UK universities.
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of commercial law to support commercial transactions in the US.
  • Critical analysis of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act
  • Discuss the benefits of Commercial Law
  • Analyze the difficulties faced by businesses due to pursuing Regular or Commercial Lease
  • Describe the effect of business law on commercial transactions and licensing
  • Critical analysis of the labor law in Tanzania
  • Develop a comparative study on international labor standards that regulate multinational companies in developing countries

Constitutional Law Research Topics

  • The Internet and its impact on Free Speech
  • The pros and cons of federalism
  • What’s the freedom of the press?
  • The desecration and flag burning
  • A comparison between constitutions and state laws
  • What are the rights of victims of self-incrimination?
  • The pros and cons of Constitutionalism
  • All about gun control and its history in the US
  • What are the key changes that the First Amendment has brought?
  • What changes did the Bill of Rights bring?

Criminal Law Research Topics

  • Why does one crime have a set of different punishments?
  • The roots of criminologists’ work and their work in modern times
  • Can sociology have an impact on preventing crime?
  • The ethical and legal issues related to criminal activity in your country.
  • The real truth behind domestic violence
  • What is quantitative criminology, and how does it differ from other types of crime?
  • When does the international criminal court come into play?
  • Analyzing the use of lie detectors in criminal justice: How effective are the lie detectors?
  • A deeper look at the history of the death penalty.
  • The key differences between male and female rape legislation
  • Evaluating crime-related factors that should not be presented in a court of law.
  • A thematic review of criminal theory: Exploring the link between crime and morality.
  • What are the best ways to protect witnesses from retaliation in criminal cases?
  • Is criminal profiling by law enforcement truly helpful in identifying serial killers?
  • How does the criminal justice system keep an eye on police with body cameras?

Read more: Criminal Justice Research Topics Idea for students

Research Topics on Family Law

  • Evaluating the impacts of the law on divorce: Has it increased the cases of divorce or reduced them?
  • Review the important implications and reasons for changes to family law in the last 20 years.
  • Assessing the factors that hinder couples from pursuing a divorce.
  • The global issues and legal aspects of marriage and divorce of mentally unstable individuals.
  • Explore divorce and social consequences across family law and religious perspectives.
  • Analyze the legal foundations of parenting and civil partnerships.
  • Assessing human rights in states that follow religious laws for families: A case study of India.
  • Compare the divorce rights for women in Pakistan and the UK.
  • How does culture impact decision-making on transgender marriages and divorce in the US?
  • Evaluating the compatibility of child justice with family justice: A case study of the UK.

Cyber Law Research Topics

  • The main cyber laws and enforcement today
  • What are the skills of an excellent cyber lawyer?
  • How can the government impact cyberterrorism?
  • Cybercrime and cyberterrorism
  • The penalties for cybercrime
  • All about private data, revenge porn, blackmailing, and our internet privacy
  • Is it the government’s job to analyze the flow of network traffic?
  • Cyberlaw trends and how the online community sticks to them.
  • The Internet Era and identity theft: Is it a crime of modern times?
  • Categories of cybercrime and the main cybersecurity strategies against violators.

Read more: Interesting Cybercrime Research Topics To Deal With your paper

Research Ideas on Environmental Law

  • The environmental influence on the rate of crime
  • How has global environmental law changed today?
  • The importance of environmental law for the health of current generations.
  • Biological weapons and their regulations by international environmental law.
  • Will the Uber industry impact the ecology in America?
  • The current environmental regulations in the United States
  • Sustainability and environmental compliance due to environmental law and economic reality.
  • All about the environmental regulations in Canada
  • Waste management in countries with a high economic level.
  • Environmental law in Australia and climate change

Employment Law Research Topics

  • A comprehensive review of employment contracts and job contracts in the US manufacturing industry.
  • A legal viewpoint of employee mobility between European Union countries.
  • Equal employment opportunities: Comparing gender differences in the UK and US regulations.
  • Compare the UK laws before and after exiting the European Union.
  • Reviewing legal perspectives of social work employment: A case study of California, USA.
  • A comparative analysis of employment laws in the automotive industry in the US and UK.
  • Analyze the impact of trade unions and their work in the UK.
  • The convergence of employment laws and religion in the USA: A literature review.
  • Evaluating the efficiency of workplace sexual harassment: A case study of the US and UK.
  • A critical evaluation of the employment law of disabled individuals in the US.

Law Research Topics on Intellectual Property

  • Evaluating laws for intellectual property rights protection on the internet.
  • A comprehensive assessment of the economic impacts of intellectual property rights
  • Evaluating the fair dealing in terms of copyright law: A case study of the US.
  • How has EU law impacted the intellectual property regime in the UK?
  • Can the emerging technological advancements operate smoothly with the current intellectual property laws in the US?
  • Demystifying the relationship between intellectual property laws and EU regulations?
  • Comparing and contrasting the intellectual property regimes in the UK and the US.
  • Evaluating the implications of Brexit on the protection of intellectual property rights in the UK.
  • Is the EU intellectual property law safe and fair for users and owners?
  • Does the EU copyright law provide ample balance between the needs of inventors and users?
  • Comparison of the institutions and regulations governing intellectual property in China and India
  • An in-depth analysis of the UK’s invention and patenting system: Can the existing, rigid system stimulate innovation?
  • Critical analysis of the development of copyright and moral rights in the legal system of Europe
  • Infringement of foreign copyright and jurisdiction of the European Court
  • Critical analysis of the economic rationale of Trademarks
  • Analyze the emerging role of patents in innovation and intellectual property protection in the software industry
  • Peer-to-Peer Technology: Analysis of contributory infringement and fair use
  • Trademark protection is and ought to be the need of businesses to protect their brand value: Explain
  • What do fair pricing and fair dealing with copyright regulations mean?
  • Trade-Related Aspects of IP Rights: A Workable Instrument for Enforcing Benefit Sharing

International Law Research Paper Topics

  • The principles used to formulate international criminal laws.
  • Ethical systems and international relations
  • Problems of code-based ethics
  • How do different countries deal with false confessions?
  • Different treatment of terrorism as a crime in different countries
  • Diplomats and their protection of international morality.
  • Did the US involvement in Iraq provide justice or violate the law?
  • Laws on mental health in different countries
  • The issues of traditional justification
  • The question of ethics in the international legal context.
  • International Human Rights Court Hearings: Evaluating the importance of precedence.
  • What are the problems of enforcing international law in developing countries?
  • Evaluating the efficiency of International Tribunals in solving war crimes.
  • Digital and internet legislation: Forecasting the future.
  • Assessing the relationship between public safety and civil liberties in international laws.

Law Research Topics

Medical Law Research Topics

  • The common law towards refusal of medical treatment.
  • Evaluating the laws governing organ transplantation: A case study of the US .
  • How do ethics and medical law coexist?
  • Ethics and Medical Laws in World War II
  • Law application in medicine: Exploring the antecedents and practice.
  • Evaluating the ethical and legal challenges of using biobanks.
  • Exploring the legal aspects of electronic fetal monitoring.
  • How do lawsuits affect medical practitioners’ commitment to offering lifesaving treatments?
  • Unregistered medical intervention in the UK: What are the legal implications?
  • Morality and law in the abortion debate.
  • In accordance with international environmental law, biological weapons are prohibited.
  • Will the Uber industry have an impact on American ecology?
  • United States environmental laws are in effect today.
  • Due to environmental legislation and economic reality, sustainability, and environmental compliance.
  • anything about Canadian environmental laws.
  • evaluating aspects of crime that shouldn’t be discussed in court.
  • What are the best strategies for shielding witnesses in criminal cases from reprisals?
  • A more thorough examination of the death penalty’s past
  • Examining the connection between crime and morality is the focus of this examination of criminal theory.
  • A case study of London’s examination into the difficulties in determining the type and distribution of crime.

A Few More Medical Law Research Ideas

  • How to balance the rights of defendants and victims when using anonymity in sexual offense litigation.
  • Slavery, prostitution, and human trafficking. the methods used globally to eradicate it.
  • Is identity theft a modern-day crime? prevention of identity theft in the post-Internet era.
  • criminality and psychology. Are some people more likely than others to breach the law?
  • Social control theory against the self-control hypothesis
  • False confessions and how they are handled in various nations.
  • The environment’s impact on crime rates is one of the theories behind shattered windows.
  • Similarities and disparities between mental diseases and crime in various nations.
  • education, criminal behavior, and intelligence.
  • From the beginning to the present, criminologists’ fieldwork.
  • How does quantitative criminology differ from other types of crime? What is it?
  • When is the use of the international criminal court appropriate?
  • Examining the effectiveness of lie detectors in the criminal justice system:
  • A more thorough investigation of the death penalty’s past.
  • The main distinctions between male and female rape laws
  • Assessing criminal-related variables that shouldn’t be brought up in court.
  • What effects has EU law had on the UK’s system of intellectual property?
  • Can the advancing technologies coexist peacefully with the US’s current intellectual property laws?
  • Explaining the connection between EU rules and intellectual property laws?

Trending Law Research Topics

  • Discuss the role of genetics in criminal justice proceedings.
  • Write about the recent changes in tax laws and their impact on India.
  • Differences between state and federal regulations regarding gun control.
  • Discuss the growing influence of artificial intelligence on the legal profession.
  • Explain the role of technology in criminal trials.
  • Analyze international human rights policies.
  • Write about the Freedom of expression and censorship issues.
  • Discuss the Legal issues related to school safety and security.
  • Analyze the regulation of online gaming platforms from a legal perspective.
  • Write about the Legal implications of celebrity endorsements.

Wrapping Up

In order to get top grades for your law research paper, a peculiar topic is mainly needed. Especially, by choosing an idea from the list of 150+ law research topics suggested in this blog post, you can write a top-quality academic paper and make your work stand out in the crowd. In case you find it difficult to write a legal research paper, then immediately reach out to us for professional  Law assignment help . We have a team of academic writers who are experts in the field of law to assist you in completing your law research paper on any impressive topic as per requirements.

Simply, book your order and get an original law research paper beyond your expectations.

essay questions law

Related Post

Religious Research Paper Topics

220 Amazing Religious Research Paper Topics and Ideas

Research Proposal

Read and Understand How to Write a Research Proposal

Controversial Research Topics

100+ Controversial Research Topics and Ideas to Focus On

About author.

' src=

Jacob Smith

I am an Academic Writer and have affection to share my knowledge through posts’. I do not feel tiredness while research and analyzing the things. Sometime, I write down hundred of research topics as per the students requirements. I want to share solution oriented content to the students.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

  • Featured Posts

140 Unique Geology Research Topics to Focus On

200+ outstanding world history topics and ideas 2023, 190 excellent ap research topics and ideas, 150+ trending group discussion topics and ideas, 170 funny speech topics to blow the minds of audience, who invented exams learn the history of examination, how to focus on reading 15 effective tips for better concentration, what is a rhetorical analysis essay and how to write it, primary school teacher in australia- eligibility, job role, career options, and salary, 4 steps to build a flawless business letter format, get help instantly.

Raise Your Grades with Assignment Help Pro

144 Contract Law Topics to Write about & Examples

Are you a law school student? This contract law topics list is for you! Here, you will find the most interesting concepts and legal issues to explore. Write an outstanding essay with the help of our law of contract assignment topics and samples!

🔝 Top 10 Contract Law Topics for 2024

🏆 best contract law topic ideas & essay examples, 👍 good contract law topics for essays, 📝 simple & easy contract law assignment topics, 📑 interesting contract law research paper topics, ❓ contract law essay questions, 🤩 law of contract assignment topics: benefits.

  • The Elements of a Valid Contract
  • The Doctrine of Privity of Contract
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods
  • Fraud and Misrepresentation in Contracts
  • How to Identify Unfair Terms and Conditions
  • Remedies and Legal Recourse for Non-Performance
  • Mental Incapacity and Its Implications in Contract Law
  • Mistakes and Their Effects on Contractual Validity
  • Which Contracts Must Be in Writing to Be Enforceable?
  • E-Signatures, Online Agreements, and Legal Validity
  • Contract Law: PepsiCo and a Harrier Jet Contest Prize The theory of objectivity in a contract implies that for an offer and acceptance to take place, the reasonableness of the offer and acceptance should be considered, thus other than the mutual consent of the […]
  • Rescission of a Contract in the Law of Contracts In the law of contracts, when a contract is rescinded, it means that the two parties to the contract have been relieved of their obligation in relation to the initial contract entered in the initial […]
  • Contract Law Dispute: Defendant’s Motion As the judge in the case, I would rule in favor of the plaintiff and oblige the defendant to pay for the damages as requested.
  • Contract Law: Breach of Contract and Remedies Available For any claim to contractual material breach to be successful, the injured party must establish that: indeed there was a contract; the defendant is indeed the right party to bring a claim, the contract was […]
  • Contract and Sale of Goods Law It is clear that Blackboard was aware of the purpose that PostersPLUS intended to use the vinyl film at the time the contract was entered into between the two firms.
  • The English Contract Law: Terms and Classification To determine a legal contract, the courts look for the following into the contract; the transaction stage, which the transaction took, place, the importance that the representee connected to the declaration together with the skills […]
  • Business Management Affairs: Contract Law This report highlights the requirements and content of the contract, as well as the consequences for breach of contract by the judges.
  • Essential Contract Law: History and Theory The fundamental nature of a contract is a legally binding accord, that is, a reciprocal appreciation among the parties, in regard, to the essence of the contract.
  • English Contract Law: Fundamental Principles The buyer has an obligation to pay the price and the seller is obligated to transfer ownership to the buyer. Acceptance of the offer implies that there is an objective expression, by the recipient, of […]
  • UAE and UK Contract Law: Misrepresentation and Duress Contract law is the agreement that should clear identify the situation and help the parties be equal; misrepresentation and duress can influence the quality of the contract and have to be properly understood by the […]
  • Contract Law in the United Arabs Emirates To understand the contract law through the prism of the UAE legal system, it is important to discuss the principles of the laws and provisions of a contract.
  • Minors and Contract Law: Hallman v. Lemke But if Jeremy’s actions and the act of entering into the contract was overseen with his parents or guardians in the presence of the sales personnel, the company will be able to sue for damages […]
  • Business Ethics and Contract Law While analyzing the nature of relationships between the supplier and Don from the ethical perspective, it is necessary to support the cessation of doing business with Don.
  • Promissory Estoppel in English Contract Law In regards to the case between Brian and Harry, Harry won the case in which he claims a breach of contract by Brian.
  • Contract Law: Main Line Pictures Inc. vs. Basinger In maximizing /minimizing the loss profit incurred, this amount should not be included because the film was not produced so the actual loss caused by Basinger not taking part in the film cannot be traced.
  • Contract Law: Nike, Inc. vs. Eugene McCarthy The United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit affirmed the decision of the district court that Eugene McCarthy violated the agreement, provided potential harm to the company, and had to leave the position offered by […]
  • Contract Law and Its Management Consideration means what is exchanged between the parties to a contract to make the agreement valid. The contractor agrees to do the work by the set date and the client promises to compensate him for […]
  • Contract Law: Car Buying Agreement and Fraud When considering the purchase of a car, one must be aware of the legal specifics of the process, as the case of Jim and Laura shows quite clearly.
  • Contract Law: Foodmart Inc. vs. Masterpiece Construction The client will therefore have the right to repudiate the contract on the basis that the terms of the agreements have not been upheld.
  • English Contract Law: Gibson vs. Manchester City Council Rather, it merely stated that the house “may be prepared to sell” and that the letter was not a “firm offer of a mortgage”.
  • Contract Law: Refund for Cancelled Trip Payments The problem was in the fact that Burt decided to cancel the vacation, and he needed to receive the refund related to the reservation payments.
  • Contract Law: Offer in the Acorn Computers Case It is a general rule that when an offer is made as was done by B supermarkets, the contract becomes binding the moment an acceptance is made by the offeree.
  • Contract Law: Legally Binding Agreement with Minors However, the law allows a minor to enter into contracts for the supply of necessities if no adult can provide the necessities.
  • Contract Law: Breach, Mutual and Unilateral Mistake The implication of this is that the contract would have ordinarily remained valid until the time the plaintiff moved to have it avoided.
  • Contract Law and Agreement in Business As the partnership involves financial issues, it is advised to create a contract to secure the operation and have a legal basis for possible complaints.
  • Contract Law in Different Countries The applicability of certain laws therefore becomes the basis of a legal system and how this can be utilized in the greater complexity of certain involvements and participations. Lastly, conflicts of law and harmonization process […]
  • Three Articles on Contract Law Comparison The article examines substantial body of case law in the UK on the interpretation of Articles 3 and 4 of the Rome Convention on the law applicable to contractual obligations which emerged in 2000.
  • Law of Contract: Aspects of the Lease Issue Manchester Citi Council, it was reaffirmed that although the Council may have not signed and delivered the documents, whereupon the customer had signed and delivered the documents for onward transmission to the buyer, the contract […]
  • Contract Law: Sand Diego Case In this case the old contract is discharged and there is a substitution of anew contract By vicarious performance: It is open to the parties to have their contract performed vicariously by another person, provided […]
  • Misrepresentation Under Contract Law This case is a case of negligent misrepresentation because the finance officer made the statement without knowledge of the capacity because he had not gone to the building to ascertain the facts of what he […]
  • Contract Law: Introduction to Legal Analysis and Writing It is on the basis of this information and other materials not mentioned in the case that he manages to convince Mr.
  • Contract Law: Promissory Estoppel and Part Payment In the case of promissory estoppel, consideration has centered on the notion of exchange or bargain as a reasonable basis for the elucidation of what is meant by promissory estoppel in payment of consideration under […]
  • Criminal and Contract Law in the Healthcare Sector It is therefore important for healthcare professionals to conform to the criminal laws and the terms and conditions of their contracts.
  • Avoiding & Settling Disputes Under Sales Contract Law The major peculiarity of this problem lies in the following: the seller of the car officially disclaimed any liability for the injuries and repair costs caused by defects in the vehicle.
  • Joint Liability Under English Contract Law If this is a case of common co-debtorship, D will have to sue A, B, and C jointly to claim the horse.
  • Acting in Good Faith: Contract and Agency Law To start with the validity of the contract should be analyzed; and in this case, the two contracting parties had agreed mutually to reduce the amount to a nominal amount of $150.
  • Law Illustrations, Legal Rights, Law of Contract At the same time, the customers of the company, and Thomas and Peter in particular, considered the advertisement to be an offer to the world at large.
  • The Contract Law: The Case of James and the Pet Toys There is a distinction between the day and moment that the advertisement was posted in the newspaper and the time that was taken for the letter to get to the manager.
  • Contract Law in Business and Consumer Protection When the couple approached the hotel manager, they were referred to the terms and conditions form they had signed as they checked in and one of the terms and conditions read that the hotel will […]
  • Contract Law and Legally Binding Relationship The analysis of this case will tend to advise him on the next reaction relating to the competition which was in place, the contract and the letter that he received from the solicitors.
  • Law of Contracts: Case no. CA06-1281 in Arkansas The most important aspect of a contract is the offer and acceptance where one party offers an agreement and the other accepts.
  • Business Law: The Contract and Tort Law Under the contract of CG and Cambridge city, the offer was given by the city to the CG to collect the garbage in the area of 3000 households for three years with the expectation of […]
  • Different Types of Contracts in Law It is a defense in the sense that the two parties had agreed to perform the contract but had not factored in such other contingencies that could render the whole or part of the contract […]
  • Government Contract Law: The Case of Boston Shipyard Corp. MSC was aware that at the time of the formation of the contract, BSC was proceeding with a bankruptcy arrangement yet it signed the contract.
  • Contract Law: Case Brief on Fiona vs. Black Tie The elements of a contract were all present in the contract that was between the Black Tie Dry cleaning and Fiona and based on the arguments and explanations the company is not liable to any […]
  • Contract Law and License: Review But there is also the matter of usage of already existing material and the contracts that are drawn up by companies to make a profit.
  • Contract Law: Huang vs. Bill the Builder The main purpose of seeking compensation of damages resulting from a breach is to put the innocent party in its initial position if the breach had not occurred in the first place. Huang had clearly […]
  • Importance of Role of Contracts in Sports Law One of the laws which play a truly vital part in the regulation of sports activities is the law of contract.
  • Consideration of the Law of Contract In this case, John failed to fulfill his share of the contact thus Chen has this as a basis of not paying the high labor cost, the case says “John builds the extension but does […]
  • Law of Contract: The Case of James and the Kitchen Wizard Even though this was not included in the contract, the fact that James was made to believe that he was purchasing the items that he had wanted by the salesperson gives validity to the feelings […]
  • Contract Law: Selling Legal Encyclopedias Normally, a contract is established when the offeree and the offeror agree to the terms of their negotiation. In the above case, Carrie made an offer to sell a set of encyclopedias to Antonio.
  • Contract Law: The Impossibility of Performance The paper will include a discussion of the elements of the impossibility of performance and the three situations where the defense can be used; and a discussion of commercial impracticability and its application to the […]
  • Researching the Law of Contract The offeror entails “the party making the offer while the offeree refers to the party to whom the offer has been made and a serious and objective intention on the part of the offeror must […]
  • Singapore Contract Law Analysis Therefore, D & D shopping mall would be exempted from the damage of the car because they had referred to the clause in red.
  • Contract and Agency Law: Overview and Analysis In the case of Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company, the court of appeal held that the advert made had all the requirements of an offer and was, therefore, an offer in itself.
  • Contract and Agency Law: Restraint of Trade A typical restraint of trade clause on an employment contract will be: The employee agrees that he or she will not, after the termination of the employment contract with the employer, either directly or indirectly, […]
  • Contract Law: Alpha Bookstore’s Delivery Issues The area of law that this case relates to is contract law, and the bookstore has remedies for the problems with the contract and lost chance.
  • English Law of Contract: Theory and Examples This means that the finding of the painting preludes the obligation for paying the reward without the necessity of proof of offer acceptance.
  • U.S. Contract Law: Basics A significant role in the emergence and development of the theory of the U.S. contract law belongs to the American jurists Langdell and Holmes.
  • Contract Law Cases: Suspicious Directors in Firms The legal duty of care assigned to the defendant is one that emerges independently of contractual responsibility, and expressly, in the absence of a contract.
  • Contract Law: The Case Study The former decides to sue Johnny for breach of contract on the two commitments, buying the car and the $10,000 offer.
  • Woody Allen vs. Amazon Contract Law Case The reasons given by the court were that the defendant and the plaintiff settled their issues in private and the appellant withdrew the case.
  • Business Laws in Contract Termination In the contract between the Commonwealth Government of Australia and Chill-Out company, dissolution can be applied because of the poor performance of the employed enterprise, as in the case of Abrams v RTO Asset Management.
  • Business Law: Contracts with Intoxicated Persons It is the client’s goal to rescind the contract, and she can do so in correspondence to the capacity to contract and duress and undue influence.
  • Agreement and Contract Law in the United Kingdom
  • Alive and Well: The Good Faith Principle in Turkish Contract Law
  • Australian Contract Law Should Be Codified
  • Business and Corporation Law: Contract Law and Dispute Resolution
  • Contract Law and the Institutional Preconditions of a Market Economy
  • China’s 2008 Labor Contract Law: Implementation and Implications for China’s Workers
  • Comparing Chinese Contract Law and English Contract Law
  • China’s New Labour Contract Law: No Harm to Employment
  • Conflict Resolution in the Australian Contract Law
  • Creditor and Debtor Relationship in Contract Law
  • Contract Law and the Doctrine of Consideration in the United Kingdom
  • Economic Reasoning and the Framing of Contract Law
  • Contract Law and the Governance of Inter‐Firm Technology Partnerships
  • Efficient Third Party Liability of Auditors in Contract Law
  • Contract Law and the Self-Enforcing Range of Contracts in Agriculture
  • Embedded Options and the Case Against Compensation in Contract Law
  • Contract Law: Elements and Specific Terms in Business Contracts
  • Faulty Goods and Unfair Contract Exclusions: Cases of English Contract Law
  • Contract Law Enforces the Right of Contractual Freedom
  • Good Contract Law: Termination or Renegotiation of Contracts
  • Contract Law From Christian Worldview Perspective
  • Insurance Contract Law and the Concepts of Misrepresentation and Non-disclosure
  • Contract Law From Law and Economics Perspective
  • International Business Climate and Germany Partnership, Agency, and Contract Law
  • Contract Law: Legal, Ethical, and Social Issues in Computing
  • Law for Engineers: Analysis of Contract Law
  • Contract Law, Mutual Mistake, and Incentives to Produce and Disclose Information
  • Multilateral Reputation Mechanisms and Contract Law in Agriculture
  • Contract Law: Privity and the Rights of Third Parties
  • Mutual and Unilateral Mistakes in Contract Law
  • Contract Law: Process, Components, Methods
  • Quase Contracts Under Indian Contract Law
  • Contract Law Questions Regarding the UCC and UCITA
  • The Just Price Doctrine and Contemporary Contract Law: Some Introductory Remarks
  • Contract Law, Social Norms, and Inter-Firm Cooperation
  • The Past Flaws and Issues of UK Contract Law
  • Contract Theory and the Limits of Contract Law
  • The Postal Acceptance Rule in Contract Law
  • Understanding Contract Law and How to Form Contracts on the Internet
  • Comparing Verbal Agreements and Contract Law
  • What Is the Meaning of the Contract Law?
  • How Can the Terms of Contract Law Be Violated?
  • What Are the Past Shortcomings and Problems of UK Contract Law?
  • What Is the Principle of Good Faith in Turkish Contract Law?
  • How Will Contract Law Apply?
  • What Are the Legal Consequences of Australian Contract Law?
  • What Is the Difference Between Agreement and Contract Law?
  • What Is the Essence of the New Labor Contract Law in China?
  • What Are the Implications of China’s Labor Contract Law for Chinese Workers?
  • How Does China’s New Labor Contract Law Ensure No Harm to Employment?
  • What Are the Rules of Contract Law?
  • How Does Australian Contract Law Resolve Conflicts?
  • What Ethical Issues Does Contract Law Raise?
  • What Are the Main Aspects of Contract Law?
  • How Can You Explain Contract Law From the Point of View of Law and Economics?
  • What Is a Precedent in Contract Law?
  • What Are the Basic Principles of Contract Law?
  • How Does Contract Law Govern Interfirm Technology Partnerships?
  • What Is the Role of Contract Law in Agriculture?
  • What Are the Elements and Special Conditions of Contract Law?
  • How Can You Explain Contract Law From a Christian Perspective?
  • What Are the Consequences of Violating the Terms of Contract Law?
  • How to Avoid Mistakes and Fraud in Contract Law?
  • Contract Law: What Are the Requirements for a Contract?
  • What Is the Relationship Between the Creditor and the Debtor in Contract Law?
  • How Contract Law Affects Small Businesses?
  • How Can You Analyze E-Business Contract Law?
  • What Are the Elements of Contract Law?
  • How Does Contract Law Govern Sales Agreements?
  • What Is the Contract Law Worksheet Assignment?

Here’s what makes our contract law topics list stand out:

  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

IvyPanda. (2023, December 27). 144 Contract Law Topics to Write about & Examples. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/contract-law-essay-topics/

"144 Contract Law Topics to Write about & Examples." IvyPanda , 27 Dec. 2023, ivypanda.com/essays/topic/contract-law-essay-topics/.

IvyPanda . (2023) '144 Contract Law Topics to Write about & Examples'. 27 December.

IvyPanda . 2023. "144 Contract Law Topics to Write about & Examples." December 27, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/contract-law-essay-topics/.

1. IvyPanda . "144 Contract Law Topics to Write about & Examples." December 27, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/contract-law-essay-topics/.

Bibliography

IvyPanda . "144 Contract Law Topics to Write about & Examples." December 27, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/topic/contract-law-essay-topics/.

  • Dispute Resolution Questions
  • Bureaucracy Paper Topics
  • Civil Law Paper Topics
  • Business Structure Titles
  • Construction Management Research Topics
  • Employment Law Paper Topics
  • Criminal Procedure Titles
  • Franchising Essay Topics
  • Surrogacy Questions
  • Government Regulation Titles
  • Social Norms Essay Ideas
  • World Trade Organization Questions
  • Antitrust Law Research Topics
  • Business Intelligence Research Topics
  • Conflict Resolution Essay Topics
  • Share full article

Advertisement

Supported by

A Legal Showdown on the Border Between the U.S. and Texas: What to Know

A court in Austin heard oral arguments in the federal government’s bid to block Texas from imposing a wide-ranging new immigration law.

Officers in Border Patrol uniforms talk to several people standing near a large border wall.

By J. David Goodman

Reporting from Austin

The Biden administration is suing the State of Texas over a new state law that would empower state and local police officers to arrest migrants who cross from Mexico without authorization.

On Thursday, a federal court in Austin heard three hours of arguments over whether to halt the implementation of the law, which is set to go into effect on March 5.

The case has far-reaching implications for the future of immigration law and border enforcement and has been closely watched across the country. It comes amid fierce political fighting between the parties — and within them — over how to handle illegal immigration and follows the impeachment by House Republicans of the secretary of homeland security , and the failure of a bipartisan Senate deal to bolster security at the border.

Texas has argued that its law is necessary to deter migrants from crossing illegally, as has happened in record numbers over the past year. The Biden administration argues that the law conflicts with federal law and violates the U.S. Constitution, which gives the federal government authority over immigration matters.

The judge hearing the case, David A. Ezra of the Western District of Texas, was appointed to the bench by President Ronald Reagan. He had frequent questions, particularly when the lawyer representing the Texas attorney general was speaking, and appeared skeptical of the law.

“Let’s say for the purpose of argument that I agree with you,” Judge Ezra told the state’s lawyer, Ryan Walters. California might then want to pass its own immigration and deportation law, he said. Maybe then Maine would follow, he added, and then other states.

“That turns us from the United States of America into a confederation of states,” Judge Ezra said. “What a nightmare.”

What does the Texas law say?

The law passed by the Texas Legislature, known as Senate Bill 4 , makes it a crime to cross into Texas from a foreign country anywhere other than a legal port of entry, usually the international bridges from Mexico.

Under the law, known as S.B. 4, any migrant seen by the police wading across the Rio Grande could be arrested and charged in state court with a misdemeanor on the first offense. A second offense would be a felony. After being arrested, migrants could be ordered during the court process to return to Mexico or face prosecution if they don’t agree to go.

Texas lawmakers said they had designed S.B. 4 to closely follow federal law, which already bars illegal entry. The new law effectively allows state law enforcement officers all over Texas to conduct what until now has been the U.S. Border Patrol’s work.

It allows for migrants to be prosecuted for the new offense up to two years after they cross into Texas.

How does it challenge federal immigration authority?

Lawyers for the Biden administration argue that the Texas law conflicts with numerous federal laws passed by Congress that provide for a process for handling immigration proceedings and deportations.

The administration says the law interferes with the federal government’s foreign diplomacy role, pointing to complaints already lodged against Texas’ border actions by the government of Mexico. The Mexican authorities said they “rejected” any legislation that would allow the state or local authorities to send migrants, most of whom are not Mexican, back over the border to Mexico.

The fight over the law is likely to end up before the U.S. Supreme Court, legal experts have said . If so, it will give the 6-to-3 conservative majority a chance to revisit a 2012 case stemming from Arizona’s attempt to take on immigration enforcement responsibilities. That case, Arizona v United States, was narrowly decided in favor of the power of the federal government to set immigration policy.

Immigrant organizations, civil rights advocates and some Texas Democrats have criticized the law because it could make it more difficult for migrants being persecuted in their home countries to seek asylum, and it does not protect legitimate asylum seekers from prosecution in state courts.

Critics have also said that the law could lead to racial profiling because it allows law enforcement officers even far from the border to arrest anyone they suspect of having entered illegally in the previous two years. The result, they warn, could lead to improper traffic stops and arrests of anyone who looks Hispanic.

Wait, didn’t the Supreme Court already rule against Texas?

Not in this case.

Texas and the Biden administration have been battling for months over immigration enforcement on several legal fronts.

One case involves the placement by Texas of a 1,000-foot barrier of buoys in the middle of the Rio Grande, which Gov. Greg Abbott said would deter crossings. The federal government sued, arguing that the barrier violated a federal law over navigable rivers. In December, a federal appeals court sided with the Biden administration, ordering Texas to remove the barrier from the middle of the river while the case moved forward.

A second case involves Border Patrol agents’ cutting or removing of concertina wire — installed by the Texas authorities on the banks of the Rio Grande — in cases where agents need to assist migrants in the river or detain people who have crossed the border. The Texas attorney general, Ken Paxton, filed a lawsuit claiming that Border Patrol agents who removed the wire were destroying state property.

It was a fight over an injunction in that case that reached the Supreme Court on an emergency application. The justices, without giving their reasons, sided with the Biden administration , allowing border agents to cut or remove the wire when they need to while further arguments are heard in the case at the lower court level.

Why the stakes are higher now

Unlike the other cases, the battle over S.B. 4 involves a direct challenge by Texas to what courts and legal experts have said has been the federal government’s unique role: arresting, detaining and possibly deporting migrants at the nation’s borders.

“This will be a momentous decision,” said Fatma E. Marouf, a law professor and director of the Immigrant Rights Clinic at the Texas A&M University School of Law. “If they uphold this law, it will be a whole new world. It’s hard to imagine what Texas couldn’t do, if this were allowed.”

The federal government is seeking an injunction to prevent the law from going into effect next month.

“S.B. 4 is clearly invalid under settled precedent,” said Brian Boynton, who presented the Justice Department’s case.

“There is nothing in S.B. 4 that affords people the rights they have under federal law,” he said, later adding that the law would interfere with foreign affairs and the actions of the Department of Homeland Security.

Lawyers for Texas argued that the new law would not conflict with existing federal law. “This is complementary legislation,” said Mr. Walters, a lawyer for the state.

But Judge Ezra expressed concern that the law did not allow a judge to pause a prosecution for illegally entering Texas in the case of someone applying for asylum, calling that provision of the Texas law “troublesome” and “very problematic.”

“It just slaps the federal immigration law in the face,” he said.

Texas argued that the record number of migrant arrivals at the Texas border constituted an “invasion” that Texas had the power to defend itself against under Article I, Section 10 of the U.S. Constitution, which prohibits states from engaging in war on their own “unless actually invaded.”

The state has cited the same constitutional provision in the other pending cases between Texas and the federal government. But legal experts said the argument was a novel one.

And Judge Ezra appeared unconvinced on Thursday, as he had been when the same argument was presented last year in the buoy barrier case, which he decided in favor of the federal government .

“I do not see any evidence that Texas is at war,” he said on Thursday.

Before adjourning, the judge turned to Mr. Walters, the Texas lawyer, and said that he would work quickly to issue his decision so that if the state wanted to appeal before March 5, “you can.” He then turned to the federal government’s lawyers and added: “Either of you.”

J. David Goodman is the Houston bureau chief for The Times, reporting on Texas and Oklahoma. More about J. David Goodman

Cart

  • SUGGESTED TOPICS
  • The Magazine
  • Newsletters
  • Managing Yourself
  • Managing Teams
  • Work-life Balance
  • The Big Idea
  • Data & Visuals
  • Reading Lists
  • Case Selections
  • HBR Learning
  • Topic Feeds
  • Account Settings
  • Email Preferences

Why Collaboration Is Critical in Uncertain Times

  • Jenny Fernandez,
  • Kathryn Landis,

essay questions law

Working together can catalyze innovation — even in risk-averse companies.

Recent research suggests that when resources become limited, many business leaders’ inclinations are to become risk-averse and protect their own interests, fostering a culture of conservatism and prioritizing stability over innovation. In such circumstances, the emphasis often shifts toward preserving existing assets, reducing expenditures, and maintaining the status quo, which can hinder the organization’s ability to adapt, pivot, and thrive in a competitive environment. However, it’s precisely during these challenging times that the untapped potential of collaboration can be a game-changer. If you’re a leader struggling with risk-taking, here are four strategies to make the mindset and behavior shifts to become more collaborative and unlock growth.

A client of ours — let’s call her Mary, a senior executive in the technology industry — faced significant challenges managing a large organization amid economic uncertainty. Both her company and industry were experiencing tough times, resulting in budget cuts and a hiring freeze. Moreover, she was tasked with exceeding her annual revenue goals to compensate for the underperformance of a struggling business line, which was beyond her direct control.

  • Jenny Fernandez , MBA, is an executive and team coach, Columbia and NYU faculty, and future of work and brand strategist. She works with senior leaders and their teams to become more collaborative, innovative, and resilient. Her work spans Fortune 500 companies, startups, and higher education. Jenny has been recognized by LinkedIn as a “Top Voice in Executive Coaching, Leadership Development, and Personal Branding” and was invited to join the prestigious Marshall Goldsmith’s 100 Coaches community. She is a Gen Z advocate. Connect with her on LinkedIn .
  • Kathryn Landis , MBA, is the founder and CEO of the global coaching and advisory firm Kathryn Landis Consulting, which helps senior leaders empower and inspire their teams, create a lasting positive impact, and become the best versions of themselves in work and life. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and a former leader at American Express and Automatic Data Processing. Connect with her on LinkedIn .
  • Julie Lee , PhD, is a clinical psychologist, NYU faculty, and a leading Gen Z employment and mental health strategist. Dr. Lee’s work spans Fortune 500 companies,  startups, and higher education institutions, including Harvard and Brown University. In her consulting work, Dr. Lee helps organizations to motivate and retain Gen Z professionals and coaches executives to lead with purpose and empathy. Connect with her on LinkedIn .

Partner Center

EU AI Act: first regulation on artificial intelligence

The use of artificial intelligence in the EU will be regulated by the AI Act, the world’s first comprehensive AI law. Find out how it will protect you.

A man faces a computer generated figure with programming language in the background

As part of its digital strategy , the EU wants to regulate artificial intelligence (AI) to ensure better conditions for the development and use of this innovative technology. AI can create many benefits , such as better healthcare; safer and cleaner transport; more efficient manufacturing; and cheaper and more sustainable energy.

In April 2021, the European Commission proposed the first EU regulatory framework for AI. It says that AI systems that can be used in different applications are analysed and classified according to the risk they pose to users. The different risk levels will mean more or less regulation. Once approved, these will be the world’s first rules on AI.

Learn more about what artificial intelligence is and how it is used

What Parliament wants in AI legislation

Parliament’s priority is to make sure that AI systems used in the EU are safe, transparent, traceable, non-discriminatory and environmentally friendly. AI systems should be overseen by people, rather than by automation, to prevent harmful outcomes.

Parliament also wants to establish a technology-neutral, uniform definition for AI that could be applied to future AI systems.

Learn more about Parliament’s work on AI and its vision for AI’s future

AI Act: different rules for different risk levels

The new rules establish obligations for providers and users depending on the level of risk from artificial intelligence. While many AI systems pose minimal risk, they need to be assessed.

Unacceptable risk

Unacceptable risk AI systems are systems considered a threat to people and will be banned. They include:

  • Cognitive behavioural manipulation of people or specific vulnerable groups: for example voice-activated toys that encourage dangerous behaviour in children
  • Social scoring: classifying people based on behaviour, socio-economic status or personal characteristics
  • Biometric identification and categorisation of people
  • Real-time and remote biometric identification systems, such as facial recognition

Some exceptions may be allowed for law enforcement purposes. “Real-time” remote biometric identification systems will be allowed in a limited number of serious cases, while “post” remote biometric identification systems, where identification occurs after a significant delay, will be allowed to prosecute serious crimes and only after court approval.

AI systems that negatively affect safety or fundamental rights will be considered high risk and will be divided into two categories:

1) AI systems that are used in products falling under the EU’s product safety legislation . This includes toys, aviation, cars, medical devices and lifts.

2) AI systems falling into specific areas that will have to be registered in an EU database:

  • Management and operation of critical infrastructure
  • Education and vocational training
  • Employment, worker management and access to self-employment
  • Access to and enjoyment of essential private services and public services and benefits
  • Law enforcement
  • Migration, asylum and border control management
  • Assistance in legal interpretation and application of the law.

All high-risk AI systems will be assessed before being put on the market and also throughout their lifecycle.

General purpose and generative AI

Generative AI, like ChatGPT, would have to comply with transparency requirements:

  • Disclosing that the content was generated by AI
  • Designing the model to prevent it from generating illegal content
  • Publishing summaries of copyrighted data used for training

High-impact general-purpose AI models that might pose systemic risk, such as the more advanced AI model GPT-4, would have to undergo thorough evaluations and any serious incidents would have to be reported to the European Commission.

Limited risk

Limited risk AI systems should comply with minimal transparency requirements that would allow users to make informed decisions. After interacting with the applications, the user can then decide whether they want to continue using it. Users should be made aware when they are interacting with AI. This includes AI systems that generate or manipulate image, audio or video content, for example deepfakes.

On December 9 2023, Parliament reached a provisional agreement with the Council on the AI act . The agreed text will now have to be formally adopted by both Parliament and Council to become EU law. Before all MEPs have their say on the agreement, Parliament’s internal market and civil liberties committees will vote on it.

More on the EU’s digital measures

  • Cryptocurrency dangers and the benefits of EU legislation
  • Fighting cybercrime: new EU cybersecurity laws explained
  • Boosting data sharing in the EU: what are the benefits?
  • EU Digital Markets Act and Digital Services Act
  • Five ways the European Parliament wants to protect online gamers
  • Artificial Intelligence Act

Related articles

Benefitting people, the economy and the environment, share this article on:.

  • Sign up for mail updates
  • PDF version

What is Presidents Day and how is it celebrated? What to know about the federal holiday

Many will have a day off on monday in honor of presidents day. consumers may take advantage of retail sales that proliferate on the federal holiday, but here's what to know about the history of it..

essay questions law

Presidents Day is fast approaching, which may signal to many a relaxing three-day weekend and plenty of holiday sales and bargains .

But next to Independence Day, there may not exist another American holiday that is quite so patriotic.

While Presidents Day has come to be a commemoration of all the nation's 46 chief executives, both past and present, it wasn't always so broad . When it first came into existence – long before it was even federally recognized – the holiday was meant to celebrate just one man: George Washington.

How has the day grown from a simple celebration of the birthday of the first president of the United States? And why are we seeing all these ads for car and furniture sales on TV?

Here's what to know about Presidents Day and how it came to be:

When is Presidents Day 2024?

This year, Presidents Day is on Monday, Feb. 19.

The holiday is celebrated on the third Monday of every February because of a bill signed into law in 1968 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Taking effect three years later, the Uniform Holiday Bill mandated that three holidays – Memorial Day, Presidents Day and Veterans Day – occur on Mondays to prevent midweek shutdowns and add long weekends to the federal calendar, according to Britannica .

Other holidays, including Labor Day and Martin Luther King Jr. Day , were also established to be celebrated on Mondays when they were first observed.

However, Veterans Day was returned to Nov. 11 in 1978 and continues to be commemorated on that day.

What does Presidents Day commemorate?

Presidents Day was initially established in 1879 to celebrate the birthday of the nation's first president, George Washington. In fact, the holiday was simply called Washington's Birthday, which is still how the federal government refers to it, the Department of State explains .

Following the death of the venerated American Revolution leader in 1799, Feb. 22, widely believed to be Washington's date of birth , became a perennial day of remembrance, according to History.com .

The day remained an unofficial observance for much of the 1800s until Sen. Stephen Wallace Dorsey of Arkansas proposed that it become a federal holiday. In 1879, President Rutherford B. Hayes signed it into law, according to History.com.

While initially being recognized only in Washington D.C., Washington's Birthday became a nationwide holiday in 1885. The first to celebrate the life of an individual American, Washington's Birthday was at the time one of only five federally-recognized holidays – the others being Christmas, New Year's, Thanksgiving and the Fourth of July.

However, most Americans today likely don't view the federal holiday as a commemoration of just one specific president. Presidents Day has since come to represent a day to recognize and celebrate all of the United States' commanders-in-chief, according to the U.S. Department of State .

When the Uniform Holiday Bill took effect in 1971, a provision was included to combine the celebration of Washington’s birthday with Abraham Lincoln's on Feb. 12, according to History.com. Because the new annual date always fell between Washington's and Lincoln's birthdays, Americans believed the day was intended to honor both presidents.

Interestingly, advertisers may have played a part in the shift to "Presidents Day."

Many businesses jumped at the opportunity to use the three-day weekend as a means to draw customers with Presidents Day sales and bargain at stores across the country, according to History.com.

How is the holiday celebrated?

Because Presidents Day is a federal holiday , most federal workers will have the day off .

Part of the reason Johnson made the day a uniform holiday was so Americans had a long weekend "to travel farther and see more of this beautiful land of ours," he wrote. As such, places like the Washington Monument in D.C. and Mount Rushmore in South Dakota – which bears the likenesses of Presidents Washington, Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson and Theodore Roosevelt – are bound to attract plenty of tourists.

Similar to Independence Day, the holiday is also viewed as a patriotic celebration . As opposed to July, February might not be the best time for backyard barbecues and fireworks, but reenactments, parades and other ceremonies are sure to take place in cities across the U.S.

Presidential places abound across the U.S.

Opinions on current and recent presidents may leave Americans divided, but we apparently love our leaders of old enough to name a lot of places after them.

In 2023, the U.S. Census Bureau pulled information from its databases showcasing presidential geographic facts about the nation's cities and states.

Perhaps unsurprisingly, the census data shows that as of 2020 , the U.S. is home to plenty of cities, counties and towns bearing presidential names. Specifically:

  • 94 places are named "Washington."
  • 72 places are named "Lincoln."
  • 67 places are named for Andrew Jackson, a controversial figure who owned slaves and forced thousands of Native Americans to march along the infamous Trail of Tears.

Contributing: Clare Mulroy

Eric Lagatta covers breaking and trending news for USA TODAY. Reach him at [email protected]

Cengage Logo-Home Page

  • Instructors
  • Institutions
  • Teaching Strategies
  • Higher Ed Trends
  • Academic Leadership
  • Affordability
  • Product Updates

Black History Month 2024: African Americans and the Arts 

A woman reads a book

The national theme for Black History Month 2024 is “ African Americans and the Arts .”  

Black History Month 2024 is a time to recognize and highlight the achievements of Black artists and creators, and the role they played in U.S. history and in shaping our country today.  

To commemorate this year’s theme, we’ve gathered powerful quotes about learning, culture and equality from five historic Black American authors, teachers and artists who made a significant impact in the Arts, education ― and the nation.  

  Making history  

“Real education means to inspire people to live more abundantly, to learn to begin with life as they find it and make it better.” – Carter G. Woodson, Author, Journalist, Historian and Educator, 1875-1950  

Known as the “Father of Black History,” Carter G. Woodson was primarily self-taught in most subjects. In 1912, he became the second Black person to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard.   

He is the author of more than 30 books, including “T he Mis-Education of the Negro. ”  

Carter G. Woodson dedicated his life to teaching Black History and incorporating the subject of Black History in schools. He co-founded what is now the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, Inc. (ASALH) . In February 1926, Woodson launched the first Negro History Week , which has since been expanded into Black History Month.  

Carter G. Woodson

Providing a platform  

“I have created nothing really beautiful, really lasting, but if I can inspire one of these youngsters to develop the talent.” – Augusta Savage, Sculptor, 1892-1962  

An acclaimed and influential sculptor of the Harlem Renaissance, Augusta Savage was a teacher and an activist who fought for African American rights in the Arts. She was one out of only four women, and the only Black woman, commissioned for the 1939 New York World’s Fair. She exhibited one of her most famous works, “Lift Every Voice and Sing,” which she named after the hymn by James Weldon Johnson, sometimes referred to as the Black National Anthem. Her sculpture is also known as “ The Harp, ” renamed by the fair’s organizers.  

Photograph of Augusta Savage

Raising a voice  

“My mother said to me ‘My child listen, whatever you do in this world no matter how good it is you will never be able to please everybody. But what one should strive for is to do the very best humanly possible.’” – Marian Anderson, American Contralto, 1897-1993  

Marian Anderson broke barriers in the opera world. In 1939, she performed at the Lincoln Memorial in front of a crowd of 75,000 after the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) denied her access to the DAR Constitution Hall because of her race. And in 1955, Marian Anderson became the first African American to perform at the Metropolitan Opera. She sang the leading role as Ulrica in Verdi’s Un Ballo in Maschera.  

essay questions law

Influencing the world  

“The artist’s role is to challenge convention, to push boundaries, and to open new doors of perception.” – Henry Ossawa Tanner, Painter, 1859-1937  

Henry Ossawa Tanner is known to be the first Black artist to gain world-wide fame and acclaim. In 1877, he enrolled at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts , where he was the only Black student. In 1891, Tanner moved to Paris to escape the racism he was confronted with in America. Here, he painted two of his most recognized works, “ The Banjo Lesson” and “ The Thankful Poor of 1894. ”    

In 1923, Henry O. Tanner was awarded the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor by the French government, France’s highest honor.  

Henry Ossawa Tanner

Rising up  

“Wisdom is higher than a fool can reach.” – Phillis Wheatley, Poet, 1753-1784  

At about seven years old, Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped from her home in West Africa and sold into slavery in Boston. She started writing poetry around the age of 12 and published her first poem, “ Messrs. Hussey and Coffin ,” in Rhode Island’s Newport Mercury newspaper in 1767.   

While her poetry spread in popularity ― so did the skepticism. Some did not believe an enslaved woman could have authored the poems. She defended her work to a panel of town leaders and became the first African American woman to publish a book of poetry. The panel’s attestation was included in the preface of her book.  

Phillis Wheatley corresponded with many artists, writers and activists, including a well-known 1 774 letter to Reverand Samson Occom about freedom and equality.  

Phillis Wheatley with pen and paper

Honoring Black History Month 2024  

Art plays a powerful role in helping us learn and evolve. Not only does it introduce us to a world of diverse experiences, but it helps us form stronger connections. These are just a few of the many Black creators who shaped U.S. history ― whose expressions opened many doors and minds.  

Black History Month is observed each year in February. To continue your learning, go on a journey with Dr. Jewrell Rivers, as he guides you through Black History in higher education. Read his article, “A Brief History: Black Americans in Higher Education.”  

Related articles

Student reading a book

IMAGES

  1. How To Write A Law Essay Like A Pro

    essay questions law

  2. First class criminal law essay question a

    essay questions law

  3. How to Answer Exam Questions for Criminal Law

    essay questions law

  4. law essay

    essay questions law

  5. Learn to Write With Our Great Law Essay Example

    essay questions law

  6. How To Answer Law Questions (Essay & Problem Questions)

    essay questions law

VIDEO

  1. Legal Studies Essay Structure Tips from a State Ranker

  2. My Essay For Law and Studies #school

  3. How to Write Essay and Personal Statement for LAT

  4. Can We Write Law Answers in Our Own Language, During Exam, A guidance to Students!

  5. Essay Kinds| Rules

  6. LAT ADMISSION TEST MOST REPEATED QUESTIONS| LAW ADMISSION TEST PAST PAPER #lawadmissiontest2023

COMMENTS

  1. PDF California First-Year Law Students' Examination

    ESSAY QUESTION 1 OF 4 Answer All 4 Questions California First-Year Law Students' Examination Answer all 4 questions. Your answer should demonstrate your ability to analyze the facts in the question, to tell the difference between material facts and immaterial facts, and to discern the points of law and fact upon which the case turns.

  2. 100+ Top Law Essay Topics [2024 Updated]

    20 Law Argumentative Essay Topics 👨‍⚖️Law Enforcement Questions 💡Ideas Law is one of the most interesting courses one can take on in college. It is a broad discipline that requires exhaustive research and a lot of writing. Since it is a vast field, students often perceive it as a challenging course.

  3. How to Effectively Answer Law Essay Questions

    What are Law Essay Questions? There are two major types of law questions, essay questions and problem questions. Law essay questions require you to write an essay. Unlike problem questions that require you to advise parties in a scenario.

  4. How to Write Law Essay Questions

    A law essay question requires you to make an argument about some aspect of the law. For example, it might ask whether Bloggs vs Smith was correctly decided, how would you reform the law of murder, and so on. This guide provides tips and tricks for improving your legal essay writing skills. What is the Question Actually Asking You?

  5. Interpreting Law Essay Questions

    Most law essay questions contain directives as to what is required, and the most common ones are defined below. For those we have missed, try looking up the actual word in the dictionary (www.m-w.com). Account for: Explain, clarify, give reasons. Analyse: Resolve into component parts. Examine critically and minutely. Assess:

  6. Law: Legal essay

    1. Starting your answer The first step to a successful law essay is understanding the question. One of the most effective ways of breaking down the question is to identify the direction, content, and scope or limiting words. For example, look at the following essay question:

  7. How to Answer Law Essay Questions (Law Lecturer's Guide)

    So the two basic types of law essay questions are: the essay style question and the problem style question. The essay style question is just literally a sentence that you are asked to comment on, a proper question that you are asked to answer or a quotation that you are asked to comment on.

  8. PDF Law School Guide to Answering Essay Questions

    This guide is intended to serve a baseline level of guidance for approaching essay questions in any subject offered by the Law School as part of your undergraduate law degree. It cannot, and does not purport to be, exhaustive. It is structured in a way which reflects the essay writing process and the main parts of an essay itself.

  9. How to Structure a Law Essay (Tips from a Former LLB Lecturer)

    Want to Get a First in Law Essays? Check out the 1st Class Law Essay Writing Course Enrol now Plan the main body Make a list of key arguments The central argument is the key argument made in your essay. But in order to convince your reader to agree with your central argument your essay should be full of supporting arguments.

  10. Answering Essay and Problem Questions

    As a law student, you will be expected to discuss these disputes and explain how they are likely to be resolved, if possible. The best approach to answering problem questions is the IRAC method, which stands for issue, rule, application, and conclusion. This is a four-step process that requires you to identify the legal issue; identify the ...

  11. Law Essay Questions

    There are many challenges for Commercial Contract Law in the twenty-first century and many areas of Commercial Contract Law where the current law is unsatisfactory. This topic is related to Construction Law specifically and requires knowledge of several Contract Documents and Legislation/Acts relating directly to the construction industry.

  12. Bar Exam Practice Questions & Answers

    Practice Questions and Answers. Bar exam prep can be expensive, so to start you off on the right foot, we'll explore some free MBE practice questions and answers, with a special emphasis on multiple-choice questions: 1. Torts Law: Understanding Liability and Damages. Question: Tom, in a moment of inattention, collides with Jerry's car ...

  13. Example Law Essays

    Analysis of Torts of Negligence and Battery Example essay. Last modified: 17th Feb 2021 Critical analyse the protection of a patient's right to make an autonomous decision using the Torts of Negligence and Battery in medical law.... Assess the Influence of Human Rights Act 1998 in the UK Example essay. Last modified: 9th Feb 2021

  14. Answering Law Questions: How to Craft Effective Responses to Law Essay

    Differences between Law problem and Essay Questions. As you may know, Law problem questions are not the same as essay questions. Problem questions are those law questions that tell live stories about the relationship between people and then require you to identify legal issues from those interactions, address the issues with relevant authorities and then to advise the parties on their ...

  15. Law School Admissions Essay Topics

    What Are Law School Admissions Essay Topics? Each law school you're planning to apply to is going to ask for an essay with specific requirements, usually in the form of a law school personal statement, law school letter of intent, and law student cover letter.Some schools also allow law school optional essays, such as a law school diversity statement or a law school addendum.

  16. 50 Most Expected Essay Topics for Judiciary Exams 2023

    The essay topics encompass diverse areas of law, including constitutional law, criminal law, and civil law. Understanding key concepts and recent developments in these areas is crucial for success. Candidates should enhance their analytical and critical thinking skills to address these topics effectively.

  17. How to Write a 'Why This Law School' Essay

    The School of Law at the University of California—Irvine has a mandatory essay of up to 750 words about why you are interested in their school. Other schools may ask applicants to address this ...

  18. 200+ Law Essay Topics to Get You Started

    Here are some criminal law essay topics that you may want to consider: The effectiveness of the insanity defense in criminal trials. The use of plea bargaining in the criminal justice system. The role of race and ethnicity in the criminal justice system. The use of the death penalty as a form of punishment.

  19. PDF International Law

    Responding to 'essay questions' in exams. Essay questions often involve an open question where students are asked to express their opinion on a doctrinal point, a set of competing theories, or a contemporary development. The student of international law might gaze in horror at an exam question, sometimes consisting of only a few lines ...

  20. 190 Unique Law Research Topics for Students to Consider

    It should answer all the legal essay questions. Your topic should have real-life cases to illustrate your points. List of the Best Law Research Paper Topics. Law is a popular discipline among humanitarian sciences that have a wide range of research areas.

  21. 144 Contract Law Topics to Write About & Essay Samples

    The legal duty of care assigned to the defendant is one that emerges independently of contractual responsibility, and expressly, in the absence of a contract. Contract Law: The Case Study. The former decides to sue Johnny for breach of contract on the two commitments, buying the car and the $10,000 offer.

  22. Neutral Principles of Law and Government Resolution of Religious

    Jump to essay-14Seeid. at 717-21. Jump to essay-15E.g., Md. & Va. Eldership of Churches of God v. Church of God, Inc., 396 U.S. 367, 367-68 (1970) (per curiam) (resolving a church property dispute by relying upon language in the deeds conveying the properties in question to the local church corporations, upon the terms of the charters of ...

  23. A Legal Showdown on the Border Between the U.S. and Texas: What to Know

    Texas lawmakers said they had designed S.B. 4 to closely follow federal law, which already bars illegal entry. The new law effectively allows state law enforcement officers all over Texas to ...

  24. Why Collaboration Is Critical in Uncertain Times

    Summary. Recent research suggests that when resources become limited, many business leaders' inclinations are to become risk-averse and protect their own interests, fostering a culture of ...

  25. EU AI Act: first regulation on artificial intelligence

    In April 2021, the European Commission proposed the first EU regulatory framework for AI. It says that AI systems that can be used in different applications are analysed and classified according to the risk they pose to users. The different risk levels will mean more or less regulation. Once approved, these will be the world's first rules on AI.

  26. What is Presidents Day? Is it a federal holiday? Everything to know

    This year, Presidents Day is on Monday, Feb. 19. The holiday is celebrated on the third Monday of every February because of a bill signed into law in 1968 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Taking ...

  27. Black History Month 2024: African Americans and the Arts

    Published: 2/7/2024. The national theme for Black History Month 2024 is "African Americans and the Arts.". Black History Month 2024 is a time to recognize and highlight the achievements of Black artists and creators, and the role they played in U.S. history and in shaping our country today. To commemorate this year's theme, we've ...