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How to Write a Science Report for Kids
Science reports demonstrate how a particular experiment was accomplished, and what exactly the scientist was trying to find out or prove. It also details what the experimenter learned from the process, what could have been done differently to improve the experiment, and ideas for future experiments. As kids learn to use the scientific method to discover the world around them, keep in mind that the goal of a science report is to explore what exactly the student learned during the experiment.
Write down what you hope to prove in your experiment. State your hypothesis (what you think will happen) during the experiment. List all of the materials you need to do the experiment.
Discuss step-by-step each stage of the experiment. Include everything you did to accomplish the experiment from setting it up to making observations. Someone else should be able to reproduce your experiment just by following your instructions.
Detail your results. Look for changes that happened during your experiments. Write measurements and observations in an experiment journal or log. Write down even if no changes happened at all. Your log will make it easier to write down your results in your report. Take before and after pictures to include with your report.
Write a conclusion that states whether your hypothesis was proved correct. Include reasons you believe your hypothesis was shown to be correct or not. State how you would do the experiment differently in the future. Show how you would expand on the experiment, such as including different variables to test.
Leyla Norman has been a writer since 2008 and is a certified English as a second language teacher. She also has a master's degree in development studies and a Bachelor of Arts in anthropology.
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Teaching Resources & Guides > How to Teach Science Tips > Writing a Science Report
Writing a Science Report
With science fair season coming up as well as many end of the year projects, students are often required to write a research paper or a report on their project. Use this guide to help you in the process from finding a topic to revising and editing your final paper.
Sometimes one of the largest barriers to writing a research paper is trying to figure out what to write about. Many times the topic is supplied by the teacher, or the curriculum tells what the student should research and write about. However, this is not always the case. Sometimes the student is given a very broad concept to write a research paper on, for example, water. Within the category of water, there are many topics and subtopics that would be appropriate. Topics about water can include anything from the three states of water, different water sources, minerals found in water, how water is used by living organisms, the water cycle, or how to find water in the desert. The point is that “water” is a very large topic and would be too broad to be adequately covered in a typical 3-5 page research paper.
When given a broad category to write about, it is important to narrow it down to a topic that is much more manageable. Sometimes research needs to be done in order to find the best topic to write about. (Look for searching tips in “Finding and Gathering Information.”) Listed below are some tips and guidelines for picking a suitable research topic:
- Pick a topic within the category that you find interesting. It makes it that much easier to research and write about a topic if it interests you.
- You may find while researching a topic that the details of the topic are very boring to you. If this is the case, and you have the option to do this, change your topic.
- Pick a topic that you are already familiar with and research further into that area to build on your current knowledge.
- When researching topics to do your paper on, look at how much information you are finding. If you are finding very little information on your topic or you are finding an overwhelming amount, you may need to rethink your topic.
- If permissible, always leave yourself open to changing your topic. While researching for topics, you may come across one that you find really interesting and can use just as well as the previous topics you were searching for.
- Most importantly, does your research topic fit the guidelines set forth by your teacher or curriculum?
Finding and Gathering Information
There are numerous resources out there to help you find information on the topic selected for your research paper. One of the first places to begin research is at your local library. Use the Dewey Decimal System or ask the librarian to help you find books related to your topic. There are also a variety of reference materials, such as encyclopedias, available at the library.
A relatively new reference resource has become available with the power of technology – the Internet. While the Internet allows the user to access a wealth of information that is often more up-to-date than printed materials such as books and encyclopedias, there are certainly drawbacks to using it. It can be hard to tell whether or not a site contains factual information or just someone’s opinion. A site can also be dangerous or inappropriate for students to use.
You may find that certain science concepts and science terminology are not easy to find in regular dictionaries and encyclopedias. A science dictionary or science encyclopedia can help you find more in-depth and relevant information for your science report. If your topic is very technical or specific, reference materials such as medical dictionaries and chemistry encyclopedias may also be good resources to use.
If you are writing a report for your science fair project, not only will you be finding information from published sources, you will also be generating your own data, results, and conclusions. Keep a journal that tracks and records your experiments and results. When writing your report, you can either write out your findings from your experiments or display them using graphs or charts .
*As you are gathering information, keep a working bibliography of where you found your sources. Look under “Citing Sources” for more information. This will save you a lot of time in the long run!
Most people find it hard to just take all the information they have gathered from their research and write it out in paper form. It is hard to get a starting point and go from the beginning to the end. You probably have several ideas you know you want to put in your paper, but you may be having trouble deciding where these ideas should go. Organizing your information in a way where new thoughts can be added to a subtopic at any time is a great way to organize the information you have about your topic. Here are two of the more popular ways to organize information so it can be used in a research paper:
- Graphic organizers such as a web or mind map . Mind maps are basically stating the main topic of your paper, then branching off into as many subtopics as possible about the main topic. Enchanted Learning has a list of several different types of mind maps as well as information on how to use them and what topics fit best for each type of mind map and graphic organizer.
- Sub-Subtopic: Low temperatures and adequate amounts of snow are needed to form glaciers.
- Sub-Subtopic: Glaciers move large amounts of earth and debris.
- Sub-Subtopic: Two basic types of glaciers: valley and continental.
- Subtopic: Icebergs – large masses of ice floating on liquid water
Different Formats For Your Paper
Depending on your topic and your writing preference, the layout of your paper can greatly enhance how well the information on your topic is displayed.
1. Process . This method is used to explain how something is done or how it works by listing the steps of the process. For most science fair projects and science experiments, this is the best format. Reports for science fairs need the entire project written out from start to finish. Your report should include a title page, statement of purpose, hypothesis, materials and procedures, results and conclusions, discussion, and credits and bibliography. If applicable, graphs, tables, or charts should be included with the results portion of your report.
2. Cause and effect . This is another common science experiment research paper format. The basic premise is that because event X happened, event Y happened.
3. Specific to general . This method works best when trying to draw conclusions about how little topics and details are connected to support one main topic or idea.
4. Climatic order . Similar to the “specific to general” category, here details are listed in order from least important to most important.
5. General to specific . Works in a similar fashion as the method for organizing your information. The main topic or subtopic is stated first, followed by supporting details that give more information about the topic.
6. Compare and contrast . This method works best when you wish to show the similarities and/or differences between two or more topics. A block pattern is used when you first write about one topic and all its details and then write about the second topic and all its details. An alternating pattern can be used to describe a detail about the first topic and then compare that to the related detail of the second topic. The block pattern and alternating pattern can also be combined to make a format that better fits your research paper.
When writing a research paper, you must cite your sources! Otherwise you are plagiarizing (claiming someone else’s ideas as your own) which can cause severe penalties from failing your research paper assignment in primary and secondary grades to failing the entire course (most colleges and universities have this policy). To help you avoid plagiarism, follow these simple steps:
- Find out what format for citing your paper your teacher or curriculum wishes you to use. One of the most widely used and widely accepted citation formats by scholars and schools is the Modern Language Association (MLA) format. We recommended that you do an Internet search for the most recent format of the citation style you will be using in your paper.
- Keep a working bibliography when researching your topic. Have a document in your computer files or a page in your notebook where you write down every source that you found and may use in your paper. (You probably will not use every resource you find, but it is much easier to delete unused sources later rather than try to find them four weeks down the road.) To make this process even easier, write the source down in the citation format that will be used in your paper. No matter what citation format you use, you should always write down title, author, publisher, published date, page numbers used, and if applicable, the volume and issue number.
- When collecting ideas and information from your sources, write the author’s last name at the end of the idea. When revising and formatting your paper, keep the author’s last name attached to the end of the idea, no matter where you move that idea. This way, you won’t have to go back and try to remember where the ideas in your paper came from.
- There are two ways to use the information in your paper: paraphrasing and quotes. The majority of your paper will be paraphrasing the information you found. Paraphrasing is basically restating the idea being used in your own words. As a general rule of thumb, no more than two of the original words should be used in sequence when paraphrasing information, and similes should be used for as many of the words as possible in the original passage without changing the meaning of the main point. Sometimes, you may find something stated so well by the original author that it would be best to use the author’s original words in your paper. When using the author’s original words, use quotation marks only around the words being directly quoted and work the quote into the body of your paper so that it makes sense grammatically. Search the Internet for more rules on paraphrasing and quoting information.
Revising and Editing Your Paper
Revising your paper basically means you are fixing grammatical errors or changing the meaning of what you wrote. After you have written the rough draft of your paper, read through it again to make sure the ideas in your paper flow and are cohesive. You may need to add in information, delete extra information, use a thesaurus to find a better word to better express a concept, reword a sentence, or just make sure your ideas are stated in a logical and progressive order.
After revising your paper, go back and edit it, correcting the capitalization, punctuation, and spelling errors – the mechanics of writing. If you are not 100% positive a word is spelled correctly, look it up in a dictionary. Ask a parent or teacher for help on the proper usage of commas, hyphens, capitalization, and numbers. You may also be able to find the answers to these questions by doing an Internet search on writing mechanics or by checking you local library for a book on writing mechanics.
It is also always a good idea to have someone else read your paper. Because this person did not write the paper and is not familiar with the topic, he or she is more likely to catch mistakes or ideas that do not quite make sense. This person can also give you insights or suggestions on how to reword or format your paper to make it flow better or convey your ideas better.
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If you are struggling with teaching the research report process, you are not alone. Seriously, we’ve all been there!
I spent several years avoiding research reports in my classroom or depending on the Library-Media Specialist to teach the research process.
One year, I decided to take the plunge and teach my students how to research a topic and write a research report.
The process was clunky at first, but I learned a lot about how students approach research and how to guide them from choosing a topic to completing their final copies.
Before we discuss the HOW , let’s talk about the WHY .
Why should you assign research reports to 5th and 6th grade students?
I have three main reasons for assigning research reports to my students.
First, the skill involved in finding reliable sources and citing sources is valuable.
Beginning in 5th grade, and possibly even before, students need to be able to discern the reliability of a source . They should be able to spot propaganda and distinguish between reputable sources and phony ones.
Teaching the procedure for citing sources is important because my 5th grade students need to grasp the reality of plagiarism and how to avoid it.
By providing information about the sources they used, students are consciously avoiding copying the work of authors and learning to give credit where credit is due.
Second, by taking notes and organizing their notes into an outline, students are exercising their ability to find main ideas and corresponding details.
Being able to organize ideas is crucial for young writers.
Third, when writing research reports, students are internalizing the writing process, including organizing, writing a rough draft, proofreading/editing, and writing a final draft.
When students write research reports about topics of interest, they are fine-tuning their reading and writing skills.
How to Teach Research Reports in Grades 5 & 6
As a veteran upper elementary teacher, I know exactly what is going to happen when I tell my students that we are going to start research reports.
There will be a resounding groan followed by students voicing their displeasure. (It goes something like this…. “Mrs Bazzit! That’s too haaaaaaard!” or “Ugh. That’s boring!” *Sigh* I’ve heard it all, lol.)
This is when I put on my (somewhat fictional) excited teacher hat and help them to realize that the research report process will be fun and interesting.
Step 1: Choose a Topic and Cite Sources
Students definitely get excited when they find out they may choose their own research topic. Providing choice leads to higher engagement and interest.
It’s best practice to provide a list of possible research topics to students, but also allow them to choose a different topic.
Be sure to make your research topics narrow to help students focus on sources. If students choose broad topics, the sources they find will overwhelm them with information.
Too Broad: American Revolution
Just Right: The Battle of Yorktown
Too Broad: Ocean Life
Just Right: Great White Shark
Too Broad: Important Women in History
Just Right: The Life of Martha Washington
Be sure to discuss appropriate, reliable sources with students.
I suggest projecting several examples of internet sources on your technology board. Ask students to decide if the sources look reliable or unreliable.
While teaching students about citing sources, it’s a great time to discuss plagiarism and ways to avoid it.
Students should never copy the words of an author unless they are properly quoting the text.
In fact, I usually discourage students from quoting their sources in their research reports. In my experience, students will try to quote a great deal of text and will border on plagiarism.
I prefer to see students paraphrase from their sources because this skill helps them to refine their summarization skills.
Citing sources is not as hard as it sounds! I find that my students generally use books and internet sources, so those are the two types of citations that I focus on.
How to cite a book:
Author’s last name, First name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Date.
How to cite an internet article:
Author’s last name, First name (if available). “Title of Article or Page.” Full http address, Date of access.
If you continue reading to the bottom of this post, I have created one free screencast for each of the five steps of the research process!
Step 2: Take Notes
During this step, students will use their sources to take notes.
I do provide instruction and examples during this step because from experience, I know that students will think every piece of information from each source is important and they will copy long passages from each source.
I teach students that taking notes is an exercise in main idea and details. They should read the source, write down the main idea, and list several details to support the main idea.
I encourage my students NOT to copy information from the source but instead to put the information in their own words. They will be less likely to plagiarize if their notes already contain their own words.
Additionally, during this step, I ask students to write a one-sentence thesis statement. I teach students that a thesis statement tells the main point of their research reports.
Their entire research report will support the thesis statement, so the thesis statement is actually a great way to help students maintain a laser focus on their research topic.
Step 3: Make an Outline
Making an outline can be intimidating for students, especially if they’ve never used this organization format.
However, this valuable step will teach students to organize their notes into the order that will be used to write the rough draft of their reports.
Because making an outline is usually a new concept for my 5th graders, we do 2-3 examples together before I allow students to make their outlines for their research reports.
I recommend copying an outline template for students to have at their fingertips while creating their first outline.
Be sure to look over students’ outlines for organization, order, and accuracy before allowing them to move on to the next step (writing rough drafts).
Step 4: Write a Draft
During this step, each student will write a rough draft of his/her research report.
If they completed their outlines correctly, this step will be fairly simple.
Students will write their research reports in paragraph form.
One problem that is common among my students is that instead of writing in paragraphs, they write their sentences in list format.
I find that it’s helpful to write a paragraph in front of and with students to remind them that when writing a paragraph, the next sentence begins immediately after the prior sentence.
Once students’ rough drafts are completed, it’s time to proofread/edit!
To begin, I ask my students to read their drafts aloud to listen for their own mistakes.
Next, I ask my students to have two individuals look over their draft and suggest changes.
Step 5: Final Draft
It’s finally time to write final drafts!
After students have completed their rough drafts and made edits, I ask them to write final drafts.
Students’ final drafts should be as close to perfect as possible.
I prefer a typed final draft because students will have access to a spellchecker and other features that will make it easier to create their final draft.
Think of a creative way to display the finished product, because they will be SO proud of their research reports after all the hard work that went into creating them!
When grading the reports, use a rubric similar to the one shown in the image at the beginning of this section.
A detailed rubric will help students to clearly see their successes and areas of needed improvement.
Once students have completed their first research projects, I find that they have a much easier time with the other research topics assigned throughout the remainder of the school year.
If you are interested in a no-prep, step-by-step research report instructional unit, please click here to visit my Research Report Instructional Unit for 5th Grade and 6th Grade.
This instructional unit will guide students step-by-step through the research process, including locating reliable sources, taking notes, creating an outline, writing a report, and making a “works cited” page.
I’d like to share a very special free resource with you. I created five screencast videos, one for each step of the research report process. These screencasts pair perfectly with my Research Report Instructional Unit for 5th Grade and 6th Grade!
Research Report Step 1 Screencast
Research Report Step 2 Screencast
Research Report Step 3 Screencast
Research Report Step 4 Screencast
Research Report Step 5 Screencast
Hi, If i purchase your complete package on grade 5/6 writing does it come with your wonderful recordings on how to teach them? Thanks
Hi Gail! The recordings on this blog post can be used by anyone and I will leave them up 🙂 The writing bundle doesn’t come with any recordings but I did include step-by-step instructions for teachers. I hope this helps!
Thank you for sharing your information with everyone. I know how to write (I think, haha), but I wanted to really set my students up for success with their research and writing. Your directions and guides are just what I needed to jar my memory and help my students become original writers. Be blessed.
You are very welcome, Andrea! Thank you for this comment 🙂
Hi Andrea, I am a veteran teacher who has taught nothing but primary for 25 years. However, this is my first year in 5th. I’m so excited to have found your post. Can you direct me to how I can purchase your entire bundle for writing a 5-paragraph essay. Thanks, Sue
Sure, Susan, I can help with that! Here is the link for the 5th Grade Writing Bundle: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/5th-Grade-Writing-Bundle-3611643
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Science Fair Project Final Report
At this point, you are in the home stretch. Except for writing the abstract , preparing your science fair project final report will just entail pulling together the information you have already collected into one large document.
- Title page.
- Abstract . An abstract is an abbreviated version of your final report.
- Table of contents.
- Question , variables , and hypothesis .
- Background research. This is the Research paper you wrote before you started your experiment.
- Materials list .
- Experimental procedure .
- Data analysis and discussion. This section is a summary of what you found out in your experiment, focusing on your observations, data table, and graph(s), which should be included at this location in the report.
- Conclusions .
- Ideas for future research. Some science fairs want you to discuss what additional research you might want to do based on what you learned.
- Acknowledgments. This is your opportunity to thank anyone who helped you with your science fair project, from a single individual to a company or government agency.
- How to Write a Bibliography in APA and MLA styles With Examples .
- Write the abstract section last, even though it will be one of the first sections of your final report.
- Your final report will be several pages long, but don't be overwhelmed! Most of the sections are made up of information that you have already written. Gather up the information for each section and type it in a word processor if you haven't already.
- Save your document often! You do not want to work hard getting something written the perfect way, only to have your computer crash and the information lost. Frequent file saving could save you a lot of trouble!
- Remember to do a spelling and grammar check in your word processor. Also, have a few people proof read your final report. They may have some helpful comments!
Here is a sample science fair project final report . Note: The author's teacher did not require source citations and required a different format for the bibliography. Science Buddies staff added references and reformatted the bibliography at a later date; consequently, the page and volume references are fictitious for some of the sources.
Science Fair Project Final Report Checklist
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How To Write A Lab Report | Step-by-Step Guide & Examples
Published on May 20, 2021 by Pritha Bhandari . Revised on July 23, 2023.
A lab report conveys the aim, methods, results, and conclusions of a scientific experiment. The main purpose of a lab report is to demonstrate your understanding of the scientific method by performing and evaluating a hands-on lab experiment. This type of assignment is usually shorter than a research paper .
Lab reports are commonly used in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. This article focuses on how to structure and write a lab report.
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Table of contents
Structuring a lab report, introduction, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about lab reports.
The sections of a lab report can vary between scientific fields and course requirements, but they usually contain the purpose, methods, and findings of a lab experiment .
Each section of a lab report has its own purpose.
- Title: expresses the topic of your study
- Abstract : summarizes your research aims, methods, results, and conclusions
- Introduction: establishes the context needed to understand the topic
- Method: describes the materials and procedures used in the experiment
- Results: reports all descriptive and inferential statistical analyses
- Discussion: interprets and evaluates results and identifies limitations
- Conclusion: sums up the main findings of your experiment
- References: list of all sources cited using a specific style (e.g. APA )
- Appendices : contains lengthy materials, procedures, tables or figures
Although most lab reports contain these sections, some sections can be omitted or combined with others. For example, some lab reports contain a brief section on research aims instead of an introduction, and a separate conclusion is not always required.
If you’re not sure, it’s best to check your lab report requirements with your instructor.
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Your title provides the first impression of your lab report – effective titles communicate the topic and/or the findings of your study in specific terms.
Create a title that directly conveys the main focus or purpose of your study. It doesn’t need to be creative or thought-provoking, but it should be informative.
- The effects of varying nitrogen levels on tomato plant height.
- Testing the universality of the McGurk effect.
- Comparing the viscosity of common liquids found in kitchens.
An abstract condenses a lab report into a brief overview of about 150–300 words. It should provide readers with a compact version of the research aims, the methods and materials used, the main results, and the final conclusion.
Think of it as a way of giving readers a preview of your full lab report. Write the abstract last, in the past tense, after you’ve drafted all the other sections of your report, so you’ll be able to succinctly summarize each section.
To write a lab report abstract, use these guiding questions:
- What is the wider context of your study?
- What research question were you trying to answer?
- How did you perform the experiment?
- What did your results show?
- How did you interpret your results?
- What is the importance of your findings?
Nitrogen is a necessary nutrient for high quality plants. Tomatoes, one of the most consumed fruits worldwide, rely on nitrogen for healthy leaves and stems to grow fruit. This experiment tested whether nitrogen levels affected tomato plant height in a controlled setting. It was expected that higher levels of nitrogen fertilizer would yield taller tomato plants.
Levels of nitrogen fertilizer were varied between three groups of tomato plants. The control group did not receive any nitrogen fertilizer, while one experimental group received low levels of nitrogen fertilizer, and a second experimental group received high levels of nitrogen fertilizer. All plants were grown from seeds, and heights were measured 50 days into the experiment.
The effects of nitrogen levels on plant height were tested between groups using an ANOVA. The plants with the highest level of nitrogen fertilizer were the tallest, while the plants with low levels of nitrogen exceeded the control group plants in height. In line with expectations and previous findings, the effects of nitrogen levels on plant height were statistically significant. This study strengthens the importance of nitrogen for tomato plants.
Your lab report introduction should set the scene for your experiment. One way to write your introduction is with a funnel (an inverted triangle) structure:
- Start with the broad, general research topic
- Narrow your topic down your specific study focus
- End with a clear research question
Begin by providing background information on your research topic and explaining why it’s important in a broad real-world or theoretical context. Describe relevant previous research on your topic and note how your study may confirm it or expand it, or fill a gap in the research field.
This lab experiment builds on previous research from Haque, Paul, and Sarker (2011), who demonstrated that tomato plant yield increased at higher levels of nitrogen. However, the present research focuses on plant height as a growth indicator and uses a lab-controlled setting instead.
Next, go into detail on the theoretical basis for your study and describe any directly relevant laws or equations that you’ll be using. State your main research aims and expectations by outlining your hypotheses .
Based on the importance of nitrogen for tomato plants, the primary hypothesis was that the plants with the high levels of nitrogen would grow the tallest. The secondary hypothesis was that plants with low levels of nitrogen would grow taller than plants with no nitrogen.
Your introduction doesn’t need to be long, but you may need to organize it into a few paragraphs or with subheadings such as “Research Context” or “Research Aims.”
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A lab report Method section details the steps you took to gather and analyze data. Give enough detail so that others can follow or evaluate your procedures. Write this section in the past tense. If you need to include any long lists of procedural steps or materials, place them in the Appendices section but refer to them in the text here.
You should describe your experimental design, your subjects, materials, and specific procedures used for data collection and analysis.
Briefly note whether your experiment is a within-subjects or between-subjects design, and describe how your sample units were assigned to conditions if relevant.
A between-subjects design with three groups of tomato plants was used. The control group did not receive any nitrogen fertilizer. The first experimental group received a low level of nitrogen fertilizer, while the second experimental group received a high level of nitrogen fertilizer.
Describe human subjects in terms of demographic characteristics, and animal or plant subjects in terms of genetic background. Note the total number of subjects as well as the number of subjects per condition or per group. You should also state how you recruited subjects for your study.
List the equipment or materials you used to gather data and state the model names for any specialized equipment.
List of materials
35 Tomato seeds
15 plant pots (15 cm tall)
Light lamps (50,000 lux)
Describe your experimental settings and conditions in detail. You can provide labelled diagrams or images of the exact set-up necessary for experimental equipment. State how extraneous variables were controlled through restriction or by fixing them at a certain level (e.g., keeping the lab at room temperature).
Light levels were fixed throughout the experiment, and the plants were exposed to 12 hours of light a day. Temperature was restricted to between 23 and 25℃. The pH and carbon levels of the soil were also held constant throughout the experiment as these variables could influence plant height. The plants were grown in rooms free of insects or other pests, and they were spaced out adequately.
Your experimental procedure should describe the exact steps you took to gather data in chronological order. You’ll need to provide enough information so that someone else can replicate your procedure, but you should also be concise. Place detailed information in the appendices where appropriate.
In a lab experiment, you’ll often closely follow a lab manual to gather data. Some instructors will allow you to simply reference the manual and state whether you changed any steps based on practical considerations. Other instructors may want you to rewrite the lab manual procedures as complete sentences in coherent paragraphs, while noting any changes to the steps that you applied in practice.
If you’re performing extensive data analysis, be sure to state your planned analysis methods as well. This includes the types of tests you’ll perform and any programs or software you’ll use for calculations (if relevant).
First, tomato seeds were sown in wooden flats containing soil about 2 cm below the surface. Each seed was kept 3-5 cm apart. The flats were covered to keep the soil moist until germination. The seedlings were removed and transplanted to pots 8 days later, with a maximum of 2 plants to a pot. Each pot was watered once a day to keep the soil moist.
The nitrogen fertilizer treatment was applied to the plant pots 12 days after transplantation. The control group received no treatment, while the first experimental group received a low concentration, and the second experimental group received a high concentration. There were 5 pots in each group, and each plant pot was labelled to indicate the group the plants belonged to.
50 days after the start of the experiment, plant height was measured for all plants. A measuring tape was used to record the length of the plant from ground level to the top of the tallest leaf.
In your results section, you should report the results of any statistical analysis procedures that you undertook. You should clearly state how the results of statistical tests support or refute your initial hypotheses.
The main results to report include:
- any descriptive statistics
- statistical test results
- the significance of the test results
- estimates of standard error or confidence intervals
The mean heights of the plants in the control group, low nitrogen group, and high nitrogen groups were 20.3, 25.1, and 29.6 cm respectively. A one-way ANOVA was applied to calculate the effect of nitrogen fertilizer level on plant height. The results demonstrated statistically significant ( p = .03) height differences between groups.
Next, post-hoc tests were performed to assess the primary and secondary hypotheses. In support of the primary hypothesis, the high nitrogen group plants were significantly taller than the low nitrogen group and the control group plants. Similarly, the results supported the secondary hypothesis: the low nitrogen plants were taller than the control group plants.
These results can be reported in the text or in tables and figures. Use text for highlighting a few key results, but present large sets of numbers in tables, or show relationships between variables with graphs.
You should also include sample calculations in the Results section for complex experiments. For each sample calculation, provide a brief description of what it does and use clear symbols. Present your raw data in the Appendices section and refer to it to highlight any outliers or trends.
The Discussion section will help demonstrate your understanding of the experimental process and your critical thinking skills.
In this section, you can:
- Interpret your results
- Compare your findings with your expectations
- Identify any sources of experimental error
- Explain any unexpected results
- Suggest possible improvements for further studies
Interpreting your results involves clarifying how your results help you answer your main research question. Report whether your results support your hypotheses.
- Did you measure what you sought out to measure?
- Were your analysis procedures appropriate for this type of data?
Compare your findings with other research and explain any key differences in findings.
- Are your results in line with those from previous studies or your classmates’ results? Why or why not?
An effective Discussion section will also highlight the strengths and limitations of a study.
- Did you have high internal validity or reliability?
- How did you establish these aspects of your study?
When describing limitations, use specific examples. For example, if random error contributed substantially to the measurements in your study, state the particular sources of error (e.g., imprecise apparatus) and explain ways to improve them.
The results support the hypothesis that nitrogen levels affect plant height, with increasing levels producing taller plants. These statistically significant results are taken together with previous research to support the importance of nitrogen as a nutrient for tomato plant growth.
However, unlike previous studies, this study focused on plant height as an indicator of plant growth in the present experiment. Importantly, plant height may not always reflect plant health or fruit yield, so measuring other indicators would have strengthened the study findings.
Another limitation of the study is the plant height measurement technique, as the measuring tape was not suitable for plants with extreme curvature. Future studies may focus on measuring plant height in different ways.
The main strengths of this study were the controls for extraneous variables, such as pH and carbon levels of the soil. All other factors that could affect plant height were tightly controlled to isolate the effects of nitrogen levels, resulting in high internal validity for this study.
Your conclusion should be the final section of your lab report. Here, you’ll summarize the findings of your experiment, with a brief overview of the strengths and limitations, and implications of your study for further research.
Some lab reports may omit a Conclusion section because it overlaps with the Discussion section, but you should check with your instructor before doing so.
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A lab report conveys the aim, methods, results, and conclusions of a scientific experiment . Lab reports are commonly assigned in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields.
The purpose of a lab report is to demonstrate your understanding of the scientific method with a hands-on lab experiment. Course instructors will often provide you with an experimental design and procedure. Your task is to write up how you actually performed the experiment and evaluate the outcome.
In contrast, a research paper requires you to independently develop an original argument. It involves more in-depth research and interpretation of sources and data.
A lab report is usually shorter than a research paper.
The sections of a lab report can vary between scientific fields and course requirements, but it usually contains the following:
- Abstract: summarizes your research aims, methods, results, and conclusions
- References: list of all sources cited using a specific style (e.g. APA)
- Appendices: contains lengthy materials, procedures, tables or figures
The results chapter or section simply and objectively reports what you found, without speculating on why you found these results. The discussion interprets the meaning of the results, puts them in context, and explains why they matter.
In qualitative research , results and discussion are sometimes combined. But in quantitative research , it’s considered important to separate the objective results from your interpretation of them.
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Science experiments are often casual and fun. Maybe you mixed baking soda and vinegar in a pop bottle in the backyard just to see what would happen. Or you rubbed a balloon against your head to learn about static electricity. At other times, though, your science experiments will be more formal. You need written results to share with others. A lab report is a written report describing your scientific method.
A lab report includes the following:
- Your question or problem
- Your hypothesis.
- Materials needed.
- The steps of the experiment
- Your results
- Your conclusions
Lab report: a written report detailing the scientific method
Hypothesis: an educated guess, based on observation and logic, but not experimentation
Results: the findings of your experiment
Conclusion: your beliefs based on the results of your experiment
Question: Where can I get a lab report?
Answer: You can make your own or find one online.
Question: Do I need to use a lab report every time I do an experiment?
Answer: No, but teachers often require lab reports for science experiments. And, if you enjoy science, you might want to make a science journal filled with the lab reports of all the experiments you conduct. Keeping a written record allows you to go back and review what you’ve learned.
Visit Teachers Pay Teachers for a free, downloadable lab report.
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How to Write a Good Lab Conclusion in Science
Last Updated: June 4, 2023 Fact Checked
This article was co-authored by Bess Ruff, MA . Bess Ruff is a Geography PhD student at Florida State University. She received her MA in Environmental Science and Management from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2016. She has conducted survey work for marine spatial planning projects in the Caribbean and provided research support as a graduate fellow for the Sustainable Fisheries Group. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 1,752,236 times.
A lab report describes an entire experiment from start to finish, outlining the procedures, reporting results, and analyzing data. The report is used to demonstrate what has been learned, and it will provide a way for other people to see your process for the experiment and understand how you arrived at your conclusions. The conclusion is an integral part of the report; this is the section that reiterates the experiment’s main findings and gives the reader an overview of the lab trial. Writing a solid conclusion to your lab report will demonstrate that you’ve effectively learned the objectives of your assignment.
Outlining Your Conclusion
- Restate : Restate the lab experiment by describing the assignment.
- Explain : Explain the purpose of the lab experiment. What were you trying to figure out or discover? Talk briefly about the procedure you followed to complete the lab.
- Results : Explain your results. Confirm whether or not your hypothesis was supported by the results.
- Uncertainties : Account for uncertainties and errors. Explain, for example, if there were other circumstances beyond your control that might have impacted the experiment’s results.
- New : Discuss new questions or discoveries that emerged from the experiment.
- Your assignment may also have specific questions that need to be answered. Make sure you answer these fully and coherently in your conclusion.
Discussing the Experiment and Hypothesis
- If you tried the experiment more than once, describe the reasons for doing so. Discuss changes that you made in your procedures.
- Brainstorm ways to explain your results in more depth. Go back through your lab notes, paying particular attention to the results you observed.  X Trustworthy Source University of North Carolina Writing Center UNC's on-campus and online instructional service that provides assistance to students, faculty, and others during the writing process Go to source
- Start this section with wording such as, “The results showed that…”
- You don’t need to give the raw data here. Just summarize the main points, calculate averages, or give a range of data to give an overall picture to the reader.
- Make sure to explain whether or not any statistical analyses were significant, and to what degree, such as 1%, 5%, or 10%.
- Use simple language such as, “The results supported the hypothesis,” or “The results did not support the hypothesis.”
Demonstrating What You Have Learned
- If it’s not clear in your conclusion what you learned from the lab, start off by writing, “In this lab, I learned…” This will give the reader a heads up that you will be describing exactly what you learned.
- Add details about what you learned and how you learned it. Adding dimension to your learning outcomes will convince your reader that you did, in fact, learn from the lab. Give specifics about how you learned that molecules will act in a particular environment, for example.
- Describe how what you learned in the lab could be applied to a future experiment.
- On a new line, write the question in italics. On the next line, write the answer to the question in regular text.
- If your experiment did not achieve the objectives, explain or speculate why not.
Wrapping Up Your Conclusion
- If your experiment raised questions that your collected data can’t answer, discuss this here.
- Describe what is new or innovative about your research.
- This can often set you apart from your classmates, many of whom will just write up the barest of discussion and conclusion.
Finalizing Your Lab Report
- If you include figures or tables in your conclusion, be sure to include a brief caption or label so that the reader knows what the figures refer to. Also, discuss the figures briefly in the text of your report. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- Once again, avoid using personal pronouns (I, myself, we, our group) in a lab report. The first-person point-of-view is often seen as subjective, whereas science is based on objectivity. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- Ensure the language used is straightforward with specific details. Try not to drift off topic. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- Take care with writing your lab report when working in a team setting. While the lab experiment may be a collaborative effort, your lab report is your own work. If you copy sections from someone else’s report, this will be considered plagiarism. Thanks Helpful 3 Not Helpful 0
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- ↑ https://phoenixcollege.libguides.com/LabReportWriting/introduction
- ↑ https://www.hcs-k12.org/userfiles/354/Classes/18203/conclusionwriting.pdf
- ↑ https://www.education.vic.gov.au/school/teachers/teachingresources/discipline/english/literacy/Pages/puttingittogether.aspx
- ↑ https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/brainstorming/
- ↑ https://advice.writing.utoronto.ca/types-of-writing/lab-report/
- ↑ http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/hypothes.php
- ↑ https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/conclusion
- ↑ https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/introduction/researchproblem
- ↑ http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/scientific-reports/
- ↑ https://phoenixcollege.libguides.com/LabReportWriting/labreportstyle
- ↑ https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/editing-and-proofreading/
About This Article
To write a good lab conclusion in science, start with restating the lab experiment by describing the assignment. Next, explain what you were trying to discover or figure out by doing the experiment. Then, list your results and explain how they confirmed or did not confirm your hypothesis. Additionally, include any uncertainties, such as circumstances beyond your control that may have impacted the results. Finally, discuss any new questions or discoveries that emerged from the experiment. For more advice, including how to wrap up your lab report with a final statement, keep reading. Did this summary help you? Yes No
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How to Write a Science Fair Project Report
Lab Reports and Research Essays
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Writing a science fair project report may seem like a challenging task, but it is not as difficult as it first appears. This is a format that you may use to write a science project report. If your project included animals, humans, hazardous materials, or regulated substances, you can attach an appendix that describes any special activities your project required. Also, some reports may benefit from additional sections, such as abstracts and bibliographies. You may find it helpful to fill out the science fair lab report template to prepare your report.
Important: Some science fairs have guidelines put forth by the science fair committee or an instructor. If your science fair has these guidelines, be sure to follow them.
- Title: For a science fair, you probably want a catchy, clever title. Otherwise, try to make it an accurate description of the project. For example, I could entitle a project, "Determining Minimum NaCl Concentration That Can Be Tasted in Water." Avoid unnecessary words, while covering the essential purpose of the project. Whatever title you come up with, get it critiqued by friends, family, or teachers.
- Introduction and Purpose: Sometimes this section is called "background." Whatever its name, this section introduces the topic of the project, notes any information already available, explains why you are interested in the project, and states the purpose of the project. If you are going to state references in your report, this is where most of the citations are likely to be, with the actual references listed at the end of the entire report in the form of a bibliography or reference section.
- The Hypothesis or Question: Explicitly state your hypothesis or question.
- Materials and Methods: List the materials you used in your project and describe the procedure that you used to perform the project. If you have a photo or diagram of your project, this is a good place to include it.
- Data and Results: Data and results are not the same things. Some reports will require that they be in separate sections, so make sure you understand the difference between the concepts. Data refers to the actual numbers or other information you obtained in your project. Data can be presented in tables or charts, if appropriate. The results section is where the data is manipulated or the hypothesis is tested. Sometimes this analysis will yield tables, graphs, or charts, too. For example, a table listing the minimum concentration of salt that I can taste in water, with each line in the table being a separate test or trial, would be data. If I average the data or perform a statistical test of a null hypothesis , the information would be the results of the project.
- Conclusion: The conclusion focuses on the hypothesis or question as it compares to the data and results. What was the answer to the question? Was the hypothesis supported (keep in mind a hypothesis cannot be proved, only disproved)? What did you find out from the experiment? Answer these questions first. Then, depending on your answers, you may wish to explain the ways in which the project might be improved or introduce new questions that have come up as a result of the project. This section is judged not only by what you were able to conclude but also by your recognition of areas where you could not draw valid conclusions based on your data.
Neatness counts, spelling counts, grammar counts. Take the time to make the report look nice. Pay attention to margins, avoid fonts that are difficult to read or are too small or too large, use clean paper, and make print the report cleanly on as good a printer or copier as you can.
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Writing a How-to Report (Gr. 5)
Scott Foresman, an imprint of Pearson
Featured 5th grade resources.
Report Writing For Class 5 Format, Examples, Topics, Exercises
Every pupil should develop their report writing skills. It is a kind of writing that offers details about a certain subject or event and is typically written in a formal tone. The format, samples, subjects, and activities for report writing for Class 5 pupils will all be covered in this article.
Format Of Report Writing For Class 5:
The following sections make up a report’s format:
1. Title The report’s title should be unambiguous and succinct. It should specify the report’s subject or theme.
2. Introduction The opening should give some context for the subject and state the purpose for which the report is being written.
3. Body The report’s main body should be broken up into sections or paragraphs that each cover a different facet of the subject. A coherent and well-organized presentation of the information is required.
4. Conclusion The report’s main findings should be recapped in the conclusion, along with any recommendations or ideas for additional action.
Also Read: Report Writing On Road Accident For Class 10
Examples Of Report Writing For Class 5:
1. A report on the importance of recycling
Title: The Importance of Recycling
Introduction: Recycling is the process of turning waste materials into new products. It is an important way to reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills and to conserve natural resources.
Body: • Explanation of the different types of materials that can be recycled (paper, plastic, glass, etc.) • The benefits of recycling, such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions and saving energy • The impact of recycling on the environment, such as reducing the amount of waste in landfills and conserving natural resources • Examples of successful recycling programs in different parts of the world
Conclusion: Recycling is an important way to reduce waste and conserve natural resources. It is important for everyone to do their part in recycling to help protect the environment.
2. A report on the life cycle of a butterfly
Title: The Life Cycle of a Butterfly
Introduction: Butterflies are insects that go through a series of changes as they grow and develop. Understanding the life cycle of a butterfly can help us appreciate its beauty and importance in the ecosystem.
Body: • Explanation of the four stages of a butterfly’s life cycle: egg, larva, pupa, and adult • Details about each stage, including the physical changes that occur and the behaviors of the butterfly • Examples of different types of butterflies and their life cycles • The importance of butterflies in pollination and as a food source for other animals
Conclusion: Butterflies are fascinating creatures that go through a remarkable transformation as they grow and develop. Understanding their life cycle can help us appreciate their role in the ecosystem and the importance of protecting their habitats.
Topics For Report Writing For Class 5:
1. Advantages of Exercising 2. Conservation of Water Is Crucial 3. The background of the Olympics 4. The frog’s life cycle 5. The effects of technology on education Photosynthesis 6. Environmental effects of pollution The function of bees in pollination 7. The career and life of a well-known scientist 8. The significance of reading to kids
Exercises For Report Writing For Class 5:
1. Write a report on the benefits of exercise, including the different types of exercise and their impact on physical and mental health. 2. Write a report on the importance of water conservation, including the reasons why water conservation is necessary and the different ways that people can conserve water. 3. Write a report on the history of the Olympic Games, including the origins of the games and how they have evolved over time. 4. Write a report on the life cycle of a frog, including the different stages of development and the behaviors of the frog at each stage. 5. Write a report on the impact of technology on education, including the benefits and challenges of using technology in the classroom.
Conclusion On Report Writing For Class 5:
The topics listed above cover a variety of subjects and allow students to explore different areas of interest. The exercises provided can be used as practice to develop their report-writing skills. Encouraging students to write reports on topics that interest them can help to increase their motivation and engagement with the task.
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CBSE Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 for Set 1,2,3 Out
Students can use the CBSE Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 to compare their answers, forecast their result. Check Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 for set 1,2,3 on this page, created by the experts.
Table of Contents
The Central Board of Secondary Education successfully administered the CBSE Class 10 English Exam 2024 on, February 26, 2024, during the Morning Shift, from 10:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. After the exam, students will rush to obtain the Class 10 English Answer Key 2024. CBSE English Answer Key Class 10 2024, will help them to double-check their answers and anticipate their outcomes. Instead of visiting different websites, stay with us and compare your answers to the CBSE Class 10 English Question Paper 2024 All Sets Solved PDF available on this page.
CBSE Class 10 English Answer Key 2024
English is an easy and scoring subject that will help you improve your score. After the exam, students should check for the correct CBSE Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 to guarantee the accuracy of their answers and compute their projected marks. Students can crosscheck their replies with the unauthorized Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 offered on the page, created by the experienced faculties at Adda247.
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Class 10 English Question Paper 2024
The CBSE Class 10 question paper 2024 is structured so that questions from the curriculum will make up half of its weight and the remaining half will be based on competencies. The English class 10 written exam for the CBSE is worth 80 marks. The Class 10 English question paper is divided into three portions. READING, WRITING, and LITERATURE and eleven questions overall, each with many sub-topics. All of the questions must be answered, however, some of them will require internal selection.
English Answer Key 2024 Class 10: Overview
The CBSE Class 10 English Exam 2024 has a total of 80 marks which includes 3 sections: Section A, Section B, and Section C. The Class 10 English exam was conducted in pen and paper mode for a total duration of 3 hours and students were provided an extra 15 minutes for reading the question paper.
If you took the Class 10 English exam and now looking for the Class 10 English Answer Key 2024, Then you are at the right place. The answer keys for the CBSE class 10 English test are constantly evaluated by Adda247 Subject experts. In this section, We share the Class 10 English Answer key 2024 for all sets. Stay tuned with us.
CBSE Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 Set 2
English Answer Key 2024: Set-2/2/1
Grammar and Creative Writing Skills GRAMMAR
3. Complete any ten of the following twelve tasks, as directed: 10×1=10
(i) Fill in the blank by using the correct form of the word in the bracket, for the given portion of a letter: Therefore, I request you to please consider this request of _________________ (construct) a park in our society so that each and every person can benefit and we can enjoy a healthy environment amidst the concrete jungle.
Answer: constructing (ii) Read the given sentence from an article on Yoga. Identify the error and supply the correction in the sentence: Yoga should help lower blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar, all of which are not good for your heart and blood vessels. Use the given format for your response.
Error – are Correction -Is
(iii) Manthan and Sonalika had a conversation about Sonalika’s job interview. Report Manthan’s question. How are you preparing for the interview?
(iv) Read the dialogue between Meher and her mother, regarding Meher’s dance classes. Mother: Are you enjoying your dance classes? Meher: Oh Yes! I am loving it. It is so refreshing to attend them after a long day. Select the correct option to complete the reporting of the above dialogue. Meher’s mother asked her In response, Meher exclaimed and said that she was loving it. She added that it was very refreshing to attend them after a long day. (A) whether the dance classes were being enjoyed by her (B) whether she is enjoying her dance classes (C) whether she was enjoying her dance classes (D) whether the dance classes are being enjoyed by her
Answer:(A) whether the dance classes were being enjoyed by her
(v) Fill in the blank by choosing the correct option, to complete the line of a circular issued by an organization, to its stakeholders. In order to enable the stakeholders to ____________________ (access/assess/accent) all the applicable circulars at one place, the provisions of the circulars issued till January 6, 2024, are incorporated in this master circular.
(vi) Identify the error and supply correction for the given sentence from a company’s orientation programme: A founder’s goal, during the first phase, is to learn how to obtain feedback on low prospective and real customers are experience the product. Use the given format for your response. Error Correction
Error – are Correction- will
(vii) Select the option that identifies the error and supplies the correction for a line from a Research Report: In many low and middle income countries, health coverage has improved dramatically in the last two decades, but health outcomes may not.
Answer: Option C
(viii) Complete the given narrative by filling in the blank with the correct option: Excited about his newly earned powers, Midas started touching all kinds of things, each item into pure gold. (A) to turning (B) turning (C) turned (D) turns
Answer: (B) turning
(ix) Report the dialogue between two friends, Nidhi and Neha, by completing the sentence: Nidhi – Have you mastered the art of cooking Chinese food? Neha – Yes, indeed! I have been cooking Chinese food for a month. Nidhi asked Neha if she had mastered the art of cooking Chinese food. Neha answered in the affirmative and explained that___________
(x) Fill in the blank by choosing the correct option to complete the part of the disclaimer given in a textbook: The authors of the book __________ all reasonable care to ensure that the contents of the book do not violate any copyright or other intellectual property rights of any person in any manner. (A) has been taking (B) have taken (D) have been took
Answer: Have taken
(xi) Complete the slogan, by filling in the blank with the correct option:
Planting a tree is a very noble deed_____________ and warming!. the earth from global (A) saves (B) saving (C) had saved (D) should save
xii) Identify the error and supply correction for the following note in a ( toaster’s instruction manual: Use this appliance only for its intentional use as described in this manual. Do not use attachments that are not recommended by the manufacturer. Use the given format for your response. Error Correction
Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 Set 3
English Class 10 Answer Key 2024: Set-2/5/3
Section C (Literature)
6. Read the following extracts and answer the questions for any one of the given two, (a) or (b): (a) We have, at last, achieved our political emancipation. We pledge ourselves to liberate all our people from the continuing bondage of poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discrimination. Never, never, and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another. The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement. Let freedom reign. God bless Africa! (Nelson Mandela – Long Walk to Freedom)
(i) State any one inference about Nelson Mandela from the given context: “We have, at last, achieved our political emancipation.” (ii) State True or False: When Mandela says, “God bless Africa”, he intends to mean well-being and welfare of only black people in South Africa. (iii) “Nelson Mandela’s speech is full of optimism.” Elaborate in about 40 words with reference to the extract. (iv) Which phrase would correctly substitute ‘so glorious’, in the given sentence from the extract. “The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement.”
6. b) (A Triumph of Surgery) (i) Which of the following is not a reason why Mr. Herriot thinks Tricki needs to be taken out of the house for a period? (A) He wanted to keep Tricki away from Mrs. Pumphrey. (B) He wanted to keep Tricki under observation. (C) He wanted to do an experiment on Tricki. (D) He wanted to improve Tricki’s health.
(ii) What was the main reason for Mrs. Pumphrey to be distraught? Answer in about 40 words. (iii) State True or False: When Mr. Herriot says, “I had made my plans in advance” what he actually means is, he had already seen this trauma coming for Tricki. –
(iv) Which of the following best describes Mrs. Pumphrey? (A) unkind and inconsiderate (B) impractical but compassionate (C) anxious and ambitious (D) fearful but confident
(a) In a world of possessions. People will take Balls, balls will be lost always, little boy. And no one buys a ball back. Money is external. He is learning, well behind his desperate eyes, The epistemology of loss, how to stand up Knowing what every man must one day know And most know many days, how to stand up. (The Ball Poem)
(i) When the speaker says “People will take balls, Balls will be lost always, little boy”, his tone is
(ii) The poet says that money is external. What inference can be drawn from this statement? Answer in about 40 words.
(iii) Which of the following best describes the speaker’s attitude towards material possessions? (A) indifferent (B) emotional (C) casual (D) respectful
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Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 Set 3- 2/1/3
The answers to all questions in Section A are listed below.
The answers to all questions in Section B are listed below.
The solutions to Section D’s Questions 6 and 7 are provided in tabular format below.
CBSE Class 10 English Question Paper 2024 Set 1 (2/2/1)
Check out the CBSE Class 10 English Set 1 Question Paper 2024 below
Class 10 English Question Paper 2024 Set 2 (2/5/2)
Check out the CBSE Class 10 English Set 2 Question Paper 2024 below
Class 10 English Question Paper 2024 Set 3 (2/2/3)
Check out the CBSE Class 10 English Set 3 Question Paper 2024 below
CBSE Class 10 English Exam Analysis 2024
After the examination, we will give you access to the whole CBSE Class 10 English Exam Analysis 2024 here. In the CBSE Class 10 English Exam Analysis 2024, we will discuss exam difficulty, questions that are not within the syllabus, and errors in the question paper. Examinees and subject matter experts share their paper analysis here following the conclusion of the CBSE Class 10 English exam.
Students Review on CBSE Class 10 English Paper 2024
The majority of students who took the CBSE Class 10 English Exam today described the paper as balanced and well-structured. Students stated that all questions were based on the required syllabus and had the same format as the most recent CBSE sample paper.
Expert Review on CBSE English Paper 2024 Class 10
According to the subject teachers who reviewed the CBSE Class 10 English paper, today’s paper was well-balanced, with the majority of the questions being direct. The language paper was extensive, but pupils were able to complete it on time.
- Section A had previously unseen paragraphs that were easily understood.
- The writing segment included recognizable topics.
- Questions in the Literature section were straightforward.
Class 10 English Question Paper 2024 Set 1 2 3 PDFs
Here we have provided the CBSE English Question Paper 2024 Class 10 Set 1 2 3. Candidates may download Class 10 English Question Papers and analyze the Class 10 English Answer key to calculate their expected scores.
English Class 10 Answer Key 2024: Marking Scheme
Candidates must understand the English test Marking Scheme before examining the CBSE Class 10 English Answer Key 2024 . Check the section-wise marks distribution provided below:
- Section A has no internal choices. There are two questions with 10 multiple-choice/one-word answers each.
- Section B focuses exclusively on writing and grammar. Que 3 will feature 12 one-mark questions, with just 10 required to be answered.
- Ques 4 and 5 are writing-based inquiries, with an internal option. The maximum number of words allowed is 100-120, each worth 5 marks.
- Section C is based on the literature syllabus for CBSE Class 10. Que 6 and 7 have five MCQs each worth one mark.
- Que 8 has five short-answer questions of three marks each, of which only four must be attempted.
- Question 9 has three short-answer style questions of three marks each, of which only two must be attempted.
- Que 10 and 11 must be answered in Long answer type questions with 6 marks each.
English Answer Key 2024 Class 10 Scoring Questions
SECTION-A (READING SKILLS)
1. Read the text given below: (1) Held every year on 21 May, UNESCO leads the celebration of World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development highlighting not only the richness of the world’s cultures, but also the essential role of intercultural dialogue for achieving peace and sustainable development.
(2) A recent international emergency has proved the intrinsic value of the cultural and creative sector at generating social cohesion, educational resource or personal well-being in times of crisis. It has also underscored the sector’s potential to generate economic growth, something which is too often underestimated.
(3) With the adoption in September 2015 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by the United Nations, and the resolution on Culture and Sustainable Development adopted by the UN General Assembly in December 2015, the message of the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development is more important than ever. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can best be achieved by drawing upon the creative potential of the world’s diverse cultures and engaging in continuous dialogue to ensure that all members of society benefit from sustainable development.
(4) Bridging the gap between cultures is urgent and necessary for peace, stability and development. Cultural diversity is a driving force of development, not only with respect to economic growth, but also as a means of leading a more fulfilling intellectual, emotional, moral and spiritual life. This is captured in the culture conventions, which provide a solid basis for the promotion of cultural diversity. Cultural diversity is thus an asset that is indispensable for poverty reduction and the achievement of sustainable development………….
Answer the following questions based on the above passage:
(i) Based on the reading and understanding of the above passage, list 2 points to describe the purpose of UNESCO leading the celebration of World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development. ________________ ________________
Answer: 1. Highlighting the richness of the world’s cultures. 2. Emphasizing the essential role of intercultural dialogue in achieving peace and sustainable development.
(ii) Select the option that corresponds to the meaning of the following sentence from para (2). The recent international emergency has proved the intrinsic value of the cultural and creative sector at generating social cohesion, educational resource or personal well-being in times of crisis. (A) the real worth of cultural sector at generating social cohesion during pandemics (B) the real worth of creative sector at undermining the social cohesion during an international emergency (C) questioning the real worth of creative sector at generating education resource during an international emergency (D) highlighting the real worth of cultural and creative sector at generating social cohesion and educational resource during an international emergency
Answer: Option (D)
(iii) Based on your reading of the passage, examine in about 40 words how Sustainable Development Goals can be achieved. Answer: By drawing upon the creative potential of diverse cultures and engaging in continuous dialogue to ensure all members of society benefit from sustainable development.
(iv) What is the tone of the writer in the given line from paragraph (4)? Rationalise your response in about 40 words: “Cultural diversity is an asset.” Answer: Positive and affirmative
(v) The phrase ‘bridging the gap’ in paragraph (4) refers to: (A) widening the differences (B) connecting two desperate ideas (C) supporting the bridging (D) filling in the space between two connected things
(vi) In sets a-e below, identify two sets of synonyms. a. richness and poverty b. intellectual and moral c. reduction and promotion d. essential and intrinsic e. urgent and crucial Options: (A) a and c (B) b and e (C) d and e (D) b and d Answer: Option (C)
(vii) Complete the sentence appropriately: The Second Committee of UN General Assembly in 2015 adopted _____________________. Answer: the resolution on Culture and Sustainable Development.
(viii) Complete the following sentence: ______________is urgent and necessary for peace, stability and development. Answer: Bridging the gap between cultures
2. Read the extract given below:
(1) The National Education Policy 2020 proposes the revision and 10 Marks revamping of all aspects of education, including the educational structure, regulations and governance, to create a new system which is aligned with the aspirational goals of 21st century students. According to the policy, by 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to skill education, for which a clear action plan with targets and timelines are to be developed.
(2) The policy aims to overcome the social status hierarchy associated with skill education and integration of skill education into mainstream education in all educational institutions in a phased manner. Beginning with skill exposure at early ages in middle and secondary school, quality skill education will be integrated smoothly into school and higher education.
(3) Every child will learn at least one skill and is exposed to several more. This would lead to emphasizing the dignity of labour and importance of various vocations involving Indian arts and artisanship.
(4) The development of skill capacities will go hand-in-hand with the development of ‘academic’ or other capacities. To achieve this objective, secondary schools will have to collaborate with Industrial Training Institutes (ITIS), Polytechnics, Local Industry, etc. Skill labs will also be set up and created in the schools in a Hub and Spoke model, which will allow other schools to use the facility. Higher education institutions will offer skill education either on their own or in partnership with industry and other institutions. Based on your understanding of the extract, answer the questions given below :
(i) Based on the rending of the extract, list 2 objectives of NEP 2020. Answer: 1. Increase access to skill education 2. Integrate skill education into mainstream education
(ii) Fill in the blank with appropriate option from those given in the brackets, based on the understanding of paragraph (4). The statement :
“The development of skill capacities will go hand-in-hand with the development of academic or other capacities” is a / an ___________ (fact / opinion) because it is a / an ______________ (subjective judgement / objective detail) Answer: a fact, an objective detail
(iii) Select the option that corresponds to the meaning of the statement given below : “According to the policy, by 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to skill education.”
(A) Maximum 50% learners shall have exposure to technical education. (B) Minimum 50% learners shall have exposure to technical education. (C) Minimum 50% learners shall have exposure to skill education. (D) Maximum 50% learners shall have exposure to skill education. Answer: Option (C)
(iv) Based on the understanding of the passage, complete the following statement appropriately The benefit of the hub and spoke model will be ________________. Answer: allowing other schools to access the facility of skill models.
(v) Complete the following analogy correctly with a word / phrase from paragraph (3) :
Racism : condemn ::__________________: respect Answer: Racism : condemn :: Skill education : respect
(vi) As per the Global Scenario which country has the maximum percentage of students in Skill Education and what can be the possible reason?
Answer: South Korea – 96% Reason: The possible reason for this could be the emphasis and importance laid on vocational and skill-based education in the country’s education system.
SECTION – B
(i) Fill in the blank by using the correct form of the word in the bracket, for the given portion of a letter: Dear Sir In response to your query, the document that __________(explain) our country’s sustainability initiatives has been attached for your consideration. Answer: explains
(ii) Read the given sentence. Identify the error and supply the correction in the sentence: The uniquely flavoured dish was interestingly enough to captivate my taste buds. Error Correction
Error Correction interestingly interesting
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How many sections in the CBSE Class 10 Question paper?
The English class 10 written exam for the CBSE is worth 80 marks. The Class 10 English question paper is divided into three portions. READING, WRITING, and LITERATURE and eleven questions overall,
Where can I get the CBSE Class 10 English answer key 2024?
CBSE English Answer Key Class 10 2024, will help them to double-check their answers and anticipate their outcomes. Instead of visiting different websites, stay with us and compare your answers to the CBSE Class 10 English Question Paper 2024 Solved PDF available on this page.
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