Essay on Diwali for School Students and Children

500+ words essay on diwali.

First of all, understand that India is the land of festivals. However, none of the festivals comes close to Diwali. It is certainly one of the biggest festivals in India. It is probably the brightest festival in the world. People of different religions celebrate Diwali. Most noteworthy, the festival signifies the victory of light over darkness. This also means the triumph of good over evil and knowledge over ignorance. It is known as the festival of lights. Consequently, there are bright lights all over the whole country during Diwali. In this essay on Diwali, we will see the religious and spiritual significance of Diwali.

Essay on Diwali

The Religious Significance of Diwali

The religious significance of this festival has differences. It varies from one region to another in India. There is an association of many deities, cultures, and traditions with Diwali. The reason for these differences is probably local harvest festivals. Hence, there was a fusion of these harvest festivals into one pan-Hindu festival.

According to the Ramayana, Diwali is the day of the return of Rama. This day Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya along with his wife Sita. This return was made after Rama defeated demon King Ravana. Furthermore, Rama’s brother Lakshmana and Hanuman also came back to Ayodhya victorious.

There is another popular tradition for the reason of Diwali. Here Lord Vishnu as an incarnation of Krishna killed Narakasura. Narakasura was certainly a demon. Above all, this victory brought the release of 16000 captive girls.

Furthermore, this victory shows the triumph of good over evil. This is due to Lord Krishna being good and Narakasura being evil.

Association of Diwali to Goddess Lakshmi is the belief of many Hindus. Lakshmi is the wife of Lord Vishnu. She also happens to be the Goddess of wealth and prosperity.

According to a legend, Diwali is the night of Lakshmi wedding. This night she chose and wed Vishnu. Eastern India Hindus associate Diwali with Goddess Durga or kali. Some Hindus believe Diwali to be the start of a new year.

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The Spiritual Significance of Diwali

First of all, many people try to forgive people during Diwali. It is certainly an occasion where people forget disputes. Therefore, friendships and relationships get stronger during Diwali. People remove all feelings of hatred from their hearts.

long diwali essay

This light festival brings peace to people. It brings the light of peace to the heart. Diwali certainly brings spiritual calmness to people. Sharing joy and happiness is another spiritual benefit of Diwali. People visit each other’s houses during this festival of lights. They do happy communication, eat good meals, and enjoy fireworks.

Finally, to sum it up, Diwali is a great joyful occasion in India. One cannot imagine the delightful contribution of this glorious festival. It is certainly one of the greatest festivals in the world.

long diwali essay

FAQs on Diwali

Q.1 Why there is are differences in the religious significance of Diwali?

A.1 There certainly are differences in the religious significance of Diwali. This is due to the local harvest festivals. These festivals certainly came together to form one pan-Hindu festival.

Q.2 Tell how Diwali brings prosperity?

A.2 Diwali brings prosperity as Hindu merchants open new account books on Diwali. Furthermore, they also pray for success and prosperity.

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Essay on Diwali

Here we have shared the Essay on Diwali or Deepawali in detail so you can use it in your exam or assignment of 150, 300, 500, or 1000 words.

You can use this Essay on Diwali in any assignment or project whether you are in school child (class 10th or 12th), a college student, or preparing for answer writing in competitive exams. 

Topics covered in this article.

Essay on Diwali in 150 words

  • Essay on Diwali in 250-300 words
  • Essay on Diwali in 500-1000 words

Diwali, the festival of lights, is a widely celebrated Hindu festival in India. It symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. During Diwali, homes are adorned with lights, rangolis, and decorations. Families come together, exchange gifts, and enjoy delicious sweets and snacks. Fireworks illuminate the night sky, adding to the festive atmosphere.

Diwali holds deep spiritual significance, commemorating Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana. It also marks the beginning of a new year for many communities. Beyond its cultural and religious importance, Diwali promotes unity, joy, and compassion. It encourages people to spread happiness and love, transcending differences.

In conclusion, Diwali is a festival that brings people together, celebrates the triumph of good over evil, and spreads light and joy. It is a time to appreciate the blessings in our lives and to share happiness with others.

Essay on Diwali in 250-350 words

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most significant festivals celebrated in India. It holds immense cultural, religious, and social importance for people of the Hindu faith. The festival spans over five days and signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.

Diwali is a time of immense joy and enthusiasm. The preparations begin weeks in advance as people clean and decorate their homes. Colorful rangolis, Diyas (earthen lamps), and decorative lights adorn every corner, creating a mesmerizing ambiance. The air is filled with excitement and anticipation as families come together to celebrate.

The festival is deeply rooted in mythology. It commemorates Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and his victory over the demon king Ravana. The lighting of lamps and the bursting of fireworks symbolize the triumph of light and righteousness. Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, is also worshipped during Diwali. People offer prayers and seek her blessings for a prosperous year ahead.

Diwali is not only a religious festival but also a time for social bonding and celebration. Families and friends exchange gifts, sweets, and heartfelt wishes. The festival brings people from diverse backgrounds together, fostering unity and harmony. It is a time to forgive past grievances, mend broken relationships, and spread love and joy.

However, in recent years, there has been a growing awareness about the environmental impact of Diwali celebrations. The excessive use of firecrackers contributes to air and noise pollution, harming both humans and the environment. Many people are now opting for eco-friendly celebrations by using less harmful alternatives like decorative lights and celebrating with eco-friendly fireworks.

In conclusion, Diwali is a vibrant and joyful festival that celebrates the triumph of good over evil. It brings families and communities together, spreading happiness, love, and prosperity. While celebrating, it is essential to be mindful of the environmental impact and embrace eco-friendly practices. Diwali is not just a festival of lights; it is a celebration of life, positivity, and the enduring spirit of goodness.

Essay on Diwali in 500 words

Title: Diwali – The Festival of Lights and Spiritual Significance

Introduction

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most prominent and widely celebrated festivals in India. It holds immense cultural, religious, and social significance for people of the Hindu faith. The festival spans over five days and signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. This essay explores the various aspects of Diwali, including its historical, religious, and social significance.

Historical and Religious Significance

Diwali finds its roots in ancient Indian mythology and legends. The most well-known story associated with Diwali is the return of Lord Rama, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, to the kingdom of Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. Their return symbolizes the triumph of righteousness over evil. Lord Rama’s victory over the demon king Ravana is celebrated with great fervor during Diwali.

The lighting of lamps and bursting of fireworks during Diwali signify the removal of darkness and the spreading of light and positivity. The tradition of lighting Diyas (earthen lamps) and illuminating homes and streets represents the victory of good over evil and the triumph of knowledge over ignorance. It is believed that these lights guide Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity, into people’s homes.

Social Significance

Diwali is not only a religious festival but also a time for social bonding, family gatherings, and community celebrations. Families come together to clean and decorate their homes, exchange gifts, and share festive meals. The festival brings people from diverse backgrounds together, fostering unity, love, and harmony.

During Diwali, people visit their relatives and friends, exchanging sweets, dry fruits, and gifts as a token of love and affection. It is also a time to forgive past grievances and mend broken relationships, as the festival promotes the spirit of forgiveness, reconciliation, and compassion.

Cultural Celebrations

Diwali celebrations go beyond religious rituals. The festival is marked by colorful rangoli designs, vibrant decorations, and intricate patterns created with colored powders, flowers, and Diyas. Fireworks light up the night sky, filling the air with joy and excitement.

The festival also showcases the rich cultural heritage of India. Traditional dances, music, and performances are organized to entertain and engage the community. Diwali melas (fairs) are held, featuring various cultural activities, folk dances, and food stalls. These events provide an opportunity for people to come together, celebrate, and appreciate the diverse cultural tapestry of India.

Environmental Concerns

While Diwali is a time of celebration and joy, it is essential to address the environmental concerns associated with the festival. The excessive use of firecrackers contributes to air and noise pollution, which poses health hazards and disturbs the ecosystem. It is crucial for individuals and communities to adopt eco-friendly practices, such as minimizing the use of fireworks and opting for environmentally friendly alternatives like decorative lights and lamps.

Diwali, the festival of lights, holds immense cultural, religious, and social significance in India. It is a time of joy, togetherness, and the triumph of good over evil. Diwali celebrations embody the values of unity, love, forgiveness, and the spirit of giving. However, it is equally important to celebrate the festival in an environmentally responsible manner. By embracing eco-friendly practices, we can ensure that the essence of Diwali, as a festival of light and hope, is preserved for future generations to enjoy.

Essay on Diwali in 1000 words

Title: Diwali – A Celebration of Light, Joy, and Cultural Significance

Introduction:

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most widely celebrated festivals in India and holds immense cultural, religious, and social significance. The festival stretches over five days, and each day has its own significance and rituals. Diwali is a time of vibrant celebrations, where people come together to illuminate their homes with lamps, exchange gifts, indulge in delicious sweets, and participate in various cultural activities. This essay explores the historical origins, religious significance, cultural traditions, social impact, and environmental considerations associated with Diwali.

I. Historical Origins of Diwali

The roots of Diwali can be traced back to ancient Indian mythology and various historical events. One of the most popular legends associated with Diwali is the story of Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana. The people of Ayodhya celebrated Rama’s homecoming after 14 years of exile by lighting lamps, signifying the triumph of good over evil. Diwali also commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Narakasura, symbolizing the triumph of righteousness and the eradication of darkness.

II. Religious Significance of Diwali

Diwali holds deep religious significance for Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs. For Hindus, it is a time to worship Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity. Devotees clean their homes and create intricate rangoli designs to invite the goddess into their households. Diwali is also associated with the worship of Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles, and the offering of prayers to seek divine blessings.

In Jainism, Diwali marks the spiritual enlightenment and liberation of Lord Mahavira, the 24th and last Tirthankara. Jains celebrate Diwali by offering prayers, visiting temples, and engaging in acts of charity and compassion.

For Sikhs, Diwali holds historical significance as it commemorates the release of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, the sixth Sikh Guru, and 52 other kings from imprisonment in the Gwalior Fort. This event represents the victory of truth and freedom.

III. Cultural Traditions and Celebrations

Diwali is not only a religious festival but also a time for cultural celebrations and festivities. The preparations for Diwali begin weeks in advance, as people clean their homes and decorate them with colorful rangoli designs, bright lights, and flowers. The lighting of diyas (earthen lamps) and candles is a significant aspect of Diwali, symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness.

During Diwali, families come together to perform puja (worship) rituals, exchange gifts, and share special meals. Traditional sweets and snacks, such as ladoos and gujiyas, are prepared and distributed among relatives, friends, and neighbors. The exchange of gifts signifies love, respect, and the strengthening of relationships.

Cultural performances, such as traditional dances like Garba and Bharatanatyam, music concerts, and plays, are organized during Diwali. These cultural activities showcase the rich heritage of Indian art and provide a platform for artists to display their talent.

IV. Social Impact and Community Bonding

Diwali serves as a unifying force, bringing people from different communities, religions, and backgrounds together. It is a time when families and friends come together to celebrate and bond. Diwali encourages individuals to visit their loved ones, exchange greetings, and share the joy of the festival.

The spirit of giving and sharing is strongly emphasized during Diwali. Many people extend acts of kindness by donating to charities, distributing food to the underprivileged, and supporting those in need. This collective effort to help others promotes empathy, compassion, and social cohesion.

Diwali also fosters a sense of unity and harmony among communities. People of different religions and cultures join in the celebrations, participating in events and exchanging cultural experiences. The festival acts as a platform for cultural exchange, fostering understanding and appreciation for diversity.

V. Environmental Considerations

In recent years, there has been growing concern about the environmental impact of Diwali celebrations. The excessive use of firecrackers during Diwali contributes to air and noise pollution, causing harm to human health and the environment. Additionally, the disposal of firework waste poses a significant challenge.

To address these concerns, there has been a shift towards eco-friendly Diwali celebrations. Many individuals and communities now opt for alternative ways to celebrate, such as using decorative lights, eco-friendly fireworks, and organic materials for rangoli designs. Awareness campaigns promote the use of environmentally friendly practices, encouraging people to celebrate Diwali in a responsible manner.

Conclusion:

Diwali is a festival that encapsulates the essence of Indian culture, spirituality, and social values. It is a time when people come together to celebrate light, joy, and prosperity. Diwali’s historical origins, religious significance, cultural traditions, and social impact make it an integral part of Indian society.

As we celebrate Diwali, it is crucial to remain mindful of the environmental impact and embrace sustainable practices. By promoting eco-friendly celebrations and minimizing pollution, we can ensure that the essence of Diwali, as a festival of light and togetherness, is preserved for future generations to enjoy. Diwali serves as a reminder of the triumph of good over evil, the importance of unity, and the power of love and compassion in our lives.

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Essay on Diwali 2023: Long and Short Paragraphs and 10 Lines on Deepavali

Diwali essay in english: happy diwali check here essay on diwali, short paragraph on diwali, easy diwali essay in english 10 lines for kids, diwali essay in english 300 words, long diwali essay in english and eco-friendly diwali essay in english for diwali 2023. download all the essays in pdf format for free..

Pragya Sagar

How do you start a Diwali essay?

One of the best ways to start your Diwali essay is with a short and sweet Diwali wish for the reader.

Then, introduce how diwali is celebrated.

Talk about the history of diwali and its signifiance.

Essay on Diwali 2023

In this article, school students and college youngsters will find easy, short and simple essay on Diwali in English. These Diwali essays are suitable for grades 5th to 10th, 11th, 12th and beyond school as well. Download all the essays in PDF format for free from the link given at the end.

Diwali Essay in English 10 lines

Line 1: Diwali, is also known as 'Deepavali' or the 'Festival of Lights’.

Line 2: It also marks the beginning of New Year for many cultures in India.

Line 3: It signifies the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana, symbolising the victory of good over evil and light over darkness. 

Line 4: People light diyas - earthen oil lamps and adorn their homes with colourful rangolis. 

Line 5: On Diwali, people clean their homes and decorate with flowers and colourful rangoli.

Line 6: Neighbours and families exchange gifts and sweets amongst each other .

Line 7: Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped.

Line 8: Diwali is a five-day long festival. 

Line 9: Choti Diwali is celebrated one day before Diwali.

Line 10: Diwali is a symbol of good over evil and promotes unity and brotherhood.

Short Essay on Diwali in 200 Words

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is a beloved and widely celebrated festival in India, symbolising the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. Spanning five days, it begins with Dhanteras when homes are cleaned, new clothes and utensils are bought. The second day, Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali, marks Lord Krishna's victory over Narakasura with oil lamps. The main day, Diwali, worships Goddess Lakshmi for wealth and prosperity, lighting homes with oil lamps, rangoli, and fireworks. Govardhan Puja and Bhai Dooj follow, honoring Lord Krishna and sibling bonds.

Gift exchanges and traditional sweets like ladoos, barfis, and jalebis are integral to Diwali, symbolizing love, respect, and stronger bonds. Hindus celebrate Rama's return after defeating Ravana, Jains mark Mahavira's nirvana, and Sikhs commemorate Guru Hargobind Ji's release on Bandi Chhor Divas.

Environmental concerns have led to eco-friendly celebrations, emphasizing diyas and natural decorations to reduce the carbon footprint.

Essay on Diwali in 300 Words

Diwali, also known as Deepawali, is a significant and joyful Hindu festival celebrated with great fervor. Falling typically in the months of October or November, Diwali holds immense cultural and religious importance as it commemorates the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after his heroic victory over the demon king Ravana, symbolising the eternal triumph of good over evil.

During Diwali, homes go through an amazing change. They are made super-clean and look beautiful with colorful decorations. People put lots of lights, pretty flowers, and beautiful designs made of coloured powder outside their homes. It's a time when people love to give and receive gifts. They also wear new and fancy clothes, which makes everything feel even more festive and happy.

The main day of Diwali involves heartfelt prayers and rituals dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha, the divine patrons of wealth, prosperity, and wisdom. Devotees seek their blessings for a life filled with abundance and enlightenment.

Clay diyas, radiant with an array of colors, are lit in every corner of households, symbolizing the victory of light and hope over darkness and despair. Traditionally, firecrackers were used to drive away evil spirits; however, growing concerns about their environmental impact and health effects have led to more eco-conscious celebrations.

Essay on Diwali Festival in 400 Words

Diwali, or Deepavali, is an auspicious and cherished festival celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm across India. It is a festival that signifies the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. Typically spanning five days, Diwali is a time when families come together to engage in various customs, rituals, and traditions that have deep cultural significance.

Diwali usually falls in October or November. The festivities commence with Dhanteras, the first day, when people engage in thorough cleaning and adorn their homes. This day is also marked by the purchase of new clothes and utensils. The second day, known as Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali, is observed by lighting oil lamps to commemorate Lord Krishna's victory over the demon Narakasura. The third day, which is the main Diwali day, is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity. Homes are adorned with oil lamps, vibrant rangoli designs, and fireworks light up the night sky to celebrate the triumph of light. This day symbolizes the removal of spiritual darkness and the ushering in of prosperity and good fortune.

The fourth day of Diwali is Govardhan Puja, commemorating Lord Krishna's lifting of the Govardhan Hill to shield villagers from a rainstorm caused by Lord Indra. The fifth and final day is Bhai Dooj, a day dedicated to honoring the bond between brothers and sisters.

Diwali holds religious significance for various communities. Hindus celebrate it as the return of Lord Rama after vanquishing the demon king Ravana. Jains view it as the day Lord Mahavira attained nirvana, and Sikhs commemorate it as Bandi Chhor Divas, signifying Guru Hargobind Ji's release from imprisonment.

Long Essay on Diwali Celebration

Diwali is one of the most significant and widely celebrated festivals in India. It holds immense cultural, religious, and social importance, bringing people from all walks of life together in a spirit of joy and unity. This festival signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over evil and knowledge over ignorance.

Diwali typically falls in October or November. The preparations for Diwali begin weeks in advance, with families eagerly awaiting this grand festival. Homes are thoroughly cleaned and decorated and new clothes and utensils are purchased. This practice not only prepares the physical surroundings but also symbolises the inner purification of individuals and their homes.

The five-day celebration commences with Dhanteras, the first day. On this day, people worship Lord Dhanvantari, the Hindu god of medicine, and Ayurveda. It is also considered auspicious to purchase gold and silver on Dhanteras, as it is believed to bring good luck and prosperity.

The second day, Naraka Chaturdashi, is celebrated to commemorate the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Narakasura. People wake up early and take an oil bath to purify themselves. They then light oil lamps and candles all around their homes and offices.

The third day is the main Diwali day, also known as Lakshmi Puja. This day is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity. Families come together to perform special prayers and pujas to seek blessings for a prosperous year ahead. Homes are adorned with oil lamps, colorful rangoli designs, and flowers. In the evening, people burst firecrackers to celebrate the victory of good over evil.

The fourth day of Diwali is known as Govardhan Puja or Padwa. On this day, people worship Lord Krishna for lifting the Govardhan Hill to protect the villagers from Lord Indra's wrath. People also visit their relatives and friends and exchange gifts and sweets.

The fifth and final day of Diwali is Bhai Dooj, also known as Yama Dwitiya. This day is dedicated to celebrating the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters prepare special dishes for their brothers and apply a tilak (vermilion mark) on their foreheads. Brothers, in return, give gifts to their sisters.

Long Essay on Diwali, Pollution Free and Eco-friendly Deepavali in 600 Words

Deepawali, also known as Diwali, is one of the most popular and auspicious festivals celebrated in India. Also known as the festival of lights, it marks the victory of good over evil, knowledge over ignorance, and hope over despair. Diwali is celebrated on the darkest night of the Hindu lunar month Kartika, which usually falls in October or November.

The word Diwali is derived from the Sanskrit word Deepavali, which means "a row of lamps." The festival is celebrated by lighting diyas (oil lamps) and candles all around the house and office. This symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and the triumph of good over evil. Diwali is a significant festival for Hindus all over the world. It is a time to celebrate the victory of good over evil, knowledge over ignorance, and hope over despair. The festival also marks the beginning of the new Hindu year.

Diwali is also celebrated to commemorate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana. Rama was exiled from Ayodhya for 14 years, and his return was marked with great joy and celebration. The people of Ayodhya lit diyas and decorated their homes to welcome him back. Another reason why Diwali is celebrated is to honor Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity. People perform Lakshmi Puja on Diwali night to seek her blessings for wealth and good fortune.

Diwali is a time for families and friends to come together and celebrate. People clean and decorate their homes, buy new clothes, and prepare delicious food. On Diwali night, people gather to light diyas, perform Lakshmi Puja, and exchange gifts. Diwali is also a time for families and friends to come together and celebrate. It is a time to forgive and forget, and to start fresh. The festival is also a time to give and receive, and to spread joy and happiness. Diwali is also a time for giving back to the community. People donate to charities and help those in need. The festival is a reminder to be grateful for our blessings and to share them with others.

Diwali is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy all over India. People start preparing for the festival weeks in advance. They clean their homes, decorate them with lights and rangolis, and buy new clothes. On Diwali night, people light diyas and candles all around their homes and offices. They also perform Lakshmi Puja to seek her blessings for wealth and good fortune. After the puja, people exchange gifts with their family and friends. People prepare delicious food and sweets, and share them with their loved ones.

In recent years, there has been a growing awareness about the environmental impact of Diwali celebrations. People are now more conscious about using eco-friendly ways to celebrate the festival.

Eco-friendly Diwali, also known as "Green Diwali," is an environmentally conscious approach to celebrating the festival of lights. It involves minimising the harmful environmental impacts associated with traditional Diwali practices. People choose to use eco-friendly alternatives, such as clay diyas (oil lamps) instead of electric lights, to reduce electricity consumption. Additionally, eco-friendly fireworks, which produce fewer pollutants and noise, are gaining popularity. Rangoli designs made from natural materials and organic, biodegradable decorations contribute to a cleaner and more sustainable celebration. Eco-friendly Diwali aims to preserve the environment, reduce air and noise pollution, and promote a more responsible and harmonious way of celebrating this cherished festival.

Paragraphs on Diwali

Diwali celebrations, five days of diwali, what are the five days of diwali 2023.

Day 1: Dhanteras, Friday, November 10, 2023

Day 2: Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali, Saturday, November 11, 2023 

Day 3: Diwali and Lakshmi Pooja, Sunday, November 12, 2023

Day 4: Govardhan pooja, Monday, November 13, 2023

Diwali 2023 Wishes in English

1. "May the festival of lights fill your life with happiness and prosperity. Wishing you a sparkling and joyous Diwali!"

2. "Happy Diwali! May your life be illuminated with the divine blessings of Lord Rama."

3. "Wishing you a Diwali filled with love, laughter, and all things bright and beautiful. Have a wonderful celebration!"

4. "Wishing you a safe and prosperous Diwali! Let the brightness of Diyas light up your world with success and happiness."

Why Do We Celebrate Diwali?

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  • How do we celebrate Diwali 10 lines? + On Diwali, people light diyas - earthen oil lamps and adorn their homes with colourful rangolis. We clean our homes and decorate it with flowers. Neighbours and families exchange gifts and sweets amongst each other as a symbol of good will, well being and best regards. Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped on this day.
  • When are diwali holidays in 2023? + Diwali 2023 is on Sunday November 12, 2023. However, the 1st day of Diwali is Dhanteras on Friday, November 10, 2023. Day 2 is Naraka Chaturdasi (Chotti Diwali) on Saturday, November 11, 2023. Day 3 is the Lakshmi Puja or Diwali on Sunday, November 12, 2023. Day 4 is Govardhan Puja on Tuesday, November 14, 2023. Lastly, Day 5 is Bhai Dooj on Wednesday, November 15, 2023.
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🪔Essay on Diwali in English: Samples 100, 150, 250, and 500 Words  

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essay on diwali

Diwali is one of the biggest festivals of India which is celebrated with great fervour. The festival is also known as Deepavali, a beautiful Indian festival that is a symbol of good over evil. The word ‘Diwali’ has been derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Deepavali’ which means row of lights. Therefore, during Diwali, people decorate their homes with lights, candles and diyas to showcase how lights have the power to erase the darkness from the world. According to Hindu mythology , Diwali marks the return of Lord Rama from the exile of 14 years. According to the Hindu Calendar, Diwali is celebrated in the month of Kartika. If you are a student and struggling to write an essay on Diwali in English, then this blog will help you greatly. Keep on reading further to get ideas to write a good essay!

long diwali essay

Master the art of essay writing with our blog on How to Write an Essay in English .

Table of Contents

  • 1 Essay on Diwali in 150 Words
  • 2 Short Diwali Essay in 100 Words 
  • 3 Essay on Diwali in 250 Words 
  • 4.1 When is Diwali Celebrated in India?
  • 4.2 5 Days of Diwali Celebration
  • 4.3 How is Diwali Celebrated in India?

Diwali is the most important Hindu festival that is celebrated with great enthusiasm in India. This festival symbolises an important life learning that goodness will always overpower evil instincts. Weeks before Diwali, preparations for it get underway. To begin the preparations, people start cleaning up one’s home and workspace. After this people decorate their homes and offices with lights, lamps, flowers, and other ornamental elements.

As part of the festivities, people purchase new Diwali outfits , house furnishings, and presents for their loved ones. Around this season, the markets are overrun with a wide array of gifts and delicacies. Furthermore, Diwali presents an opportunity to strengthen ties with loved ones.

Also Read: Diwali Celebration Around the World 

Essay on Diwali in 150 Words

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is one of the most celebrated and significant festivals in India . It symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. The festival typically lasts for five days and is marked by the lighting of oil lamps, or diyas, and colourful decorations in homes and streets.

People clean and decorate their houses, exchange gifts, and prepare special sweets. The highlight of this festival is the bursting of fireworks, which fills the night sky with vibrant colours. Families also worship deities, with Goddess Lakshmi , the goddess of wealth, being a central figure during the celebrations.

Beyond the festivities, Diwali holds cultural, religious, and social importance. It fosters a sense of unity and togetherness, as families come together to celebrate. Additionally, the festival carries deep spiritual significance for different communities, including Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs, each marking it for various reasons.

To improve your essay writing skills, here are the top 200+ English Essay Topics for school students.

Also Read: Speech on Republic Day for Class 12th

Short Diwali Essay in 100 Words 

In conclusion, Diwali is a festival that radiates joy, positivity, and the triumph of light and goodness, making it an integral part of India’s rich cultural tapestry.

Also Read: Diwali 2023 Date: When is Diwali in the Indian Calendar, Puja and More

Essay on Diwali in 250 Words 

Diwali is the most popular celebration in India which is regarded as the “festival of lights” and represents the spiritual message of the power of light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance. The holiday of Diwali is mostly associated with Hinduism, although it is also joyfully observed by Sikhs and Jains. This festival’s spiritual importance represents the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness. Lakshmi, the goddess of riches, and Ganesha, the god of wisdom, are honoured at this celebration. Throughout the nation, its religious significance differs depending on the location. It is commemorated somewhere to honour Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana coming home after a lengthy 14-year exile (according to the Hindu epic Ramayana).

Some people commemorate it in remembrance of the Pandavas’ return to their realm following 12 years of exile and 1 year of Agyatavas, as described in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. It is also thought to have begun when Goddess Lakshmi was born following the gods and demons’ churning of the seas. The western and some northern regions of India celebrate Diwali to mark the beginning of a new Hindu year. 

Five days are devoted to celebrating Diwali. These five days are Dhanteras, Naraka Chaturdashi, Lakshmi Pooja, Govardhan Pooja, and Bhai Dooj. Diwali is a festival where people worship Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Lord Ganesha. On this day, worshipping the goddess Lakshmi is thought to bring success and wealth. People lit candles and diyas after evening puja to spread light. Cleaning homes, stores, and workplaces begin many days before Diwali.

Also Read: Top 10+ Trending Diwali Dress Ideas for 2023!

Diwali Essay in 500 Words 

Throughout the year people wait for the beautiful festival of Diwali. Regarded as one of the biggest festivals for Hindus, Diwali also known as Deepavali, symbolises the victory of good over evil. According to the famous Hindu epic Ramayana, Lord Rama along with his wife and brother – Sita and Laxman,  came back to Ayodhya after completing the exile of 14 years. 

When is Diwali Celebrated in India?

According to the Hindu calendar, Diwali occurs on the Amavasya, or new moon, of the Kartik month, 20 days after the Dussehra celebration . In the Hindu religion, this is one of the most fortunate periods. People wait till this time of year to launch a new company, move into a new home, or buy a large asset like a car, store, jewellery, etc. This event is celebrated due to many mythical tales. People from various parts of India celebrate it for various reasons. But it is usually a massive celebration everywhere.

This beautiful festival is celebrated on a large scale as people start engaging in the festivities weeks before the festival. Some of the common things that are part of Diwali festivities include cleaning and decorating homes and workspaces, buying new clothes, gifts, etc. 

5 Days of Diwali Celebration

Diwali is considered a festival of five days as  Dhanteras is observed on the first day of the festival, followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on the second, Diwali on the third, Diwali Padva (Govardhan Puja) on the fourth, and Bhai Dooj on the fifth. On the day of the event, many nations declare it a public holiday.

How is Diwali Celebrated in India?

People worship on Diwali to get wealth and prosperity in their lives, people worship the gods Ganesha and Lakshmi. On the day of Diwali, they perform puja with numerous rites. Following puja, people give gifts to their neighbours, relatives, friends, coworkers, etc. One of the primary customs of the Diwali holiday is gift exchange. To deepen their bonds, people pay visits to their coworkers, neighbours, relatives, and friends and give them gifts. 

In addition to the lights and joyous surprises and gifts, Diwali is a time for introspection and making the necessary changes for the next year. To celebrate Diwali, people from all ages, religions, and castes gather together. People embrace one another and mix enthusiastically during this moment.

In essence, Diwali sheds light on who we truly are. The Diwali lights also signify a time for eradicating all of our evil intentions and ideas and leaning forward for a more profound, inward illumination. The Diwali festival represents the rebirth of the soul. During Diwali, one is inspired to make changes to become a healthy and moral individual who is more spiritual and productive at work.

Relevant Blogs

Diwali is a popular festival of Hindus which is regarded as the festival of light. It is celebrated in the Hindu month of Kartik and comes 20 days after Dussehra. Diwali marked the return of Lord Rama, Sita and Laxman back to Ayodhya after completing the exile of 14 years. Diwali festivities include cleaning and decorating homes and workspaces, exchanging gifts and eating mouth-watering sweets and food. 

Diwali is an important festival for Hindus as according to the famous epic Ramayana, Lord Rama came back to Ayodhya after completing 14 years of exile and defeating Ravana. This beautiful festival of lights symbolizes that goodness will always prevail over evil. 

The five days of Diwali are Dhanteras , Naraka Chaturdasi, Laxmi Puja , Govardhan Puja , and Bhai Dooj . 

This was everything about the essay on Diwali! To read more interesting essay-writing blogs like this one, keep following Leverage Edu . 

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long diwali essay

Essay on Diwali in 500+ Words

essay on diwali

Essay on Diwali- India is a land of festivals and each festival has its own significance. These festivals are a unique way to teach people the basic values of humanity. Diwali is also among these widely celebrated festivals of India that bring the families and friends together.

Diwali is a festival of Hindu religion. However, people of other religions too celebrate Diwali. It is a festival of light as Diwali refers to “a row of diya or light”. Diwali teaches victory of good over evil, darkness over light and knowledge over unawareness. Read the below essay on Diwali to know significance, why and how to celebrate Diwali. Also Read |  Essay on Pollution

Why do we celebrate Diwali?

We celebrate Diwali on the full moon of Kartik month, as per the Hindu calendar. It is celebrated to express joy and happiness as on this day Lord Rama returned back to Ayodhya, along with Goddess Sita and Lakshman, from exile of 14 years. During this period, Lord Rama defeated Ravana. Also Read |  Essay on My School

Another belief about Diwali is that Goddess Lakshmi married to Lord Vishnu on this day. Some religious books also mentioned that Krishna, an avatar of lord vishnu, killed Narakasura, who imprisoned 16000 girls. Krishna set those girls free by killing Narakasura.

How is Diwali Celebrated?

People celebrate diwali by worshiping Lord Ganesha, Goddess Lakshmi and Saraswati. It is believed that on this day, worshipping Goddess Lakshmi brings prosperity and success. After evening puja, people lit diyas and candles to spread light. The preparation for Diwali starts many days before the festival, with the cleaning of houses, shops and the workplace. People also decorate their homes with rangoli and colourful lights. Also Read |  Essay on Mahatama Gandhi

The celebration of diwali includes wearing new clothes, making and eating delicious dishes, firing crackers, and more. However, from the past few years, the government put limitations on burning crackers as they cause lots of air and noise pollution. Hence, nowadays people celebrate eco-friendly diwali. 

Learning from Diwali

No matter how big or strong the evil is, good always wins. Truth and knowledge are the base of a happy life. Another important learning of Diwali is that cleanliness brings prosperity and wealth, hence people should keep themselves and their homes clean not only from outside but also inside. Also Read- Essay on Internet

Essay On Diwali in 100 Words

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm across India and other parts of the world. It marks the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. During Diwali, people decorate their homes with colorful lights, lamps, and rangoli designs. They exchange gifts, sweets, and greetings with family and friends. Fireworks are lit to symbolize the triumph of light over darkness. Diwali also holds religious significance, with prayers offered to Goddess Lakshmi for prosperity and wealth. It is a time of unity, joy, and renewal, bringing communities together in celebration.

Essay On Diwali in 200 Words

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most widely celebrated festivals in India and is observed by Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, and some Buddhists. It signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance.

The festival usually lasts for five days and is marked by various rituals and traditions. People clean and decorate their homes with colorful rangoli designs, diyas (earthen lamps), and lights to welcome the goddess Lakshmi, the symbol of wealth and prosperity.

On the day of Diwali, families come together to perform puja (prayers) to seek the blessings of the gods and goddesses. They offer sweets, fruits, and flowers as offerings and light diyas to illuminate their homes.

Fireworks are a significant part of Diwali celebrations, symbolizing the victory of light over darkness and driving away evil spirits. The night sky lights up with colorful displays, filling the air with joy and excitement.

Diwali is also a time for exchanging gifts and sweets with loved ones, strengthening bonds and spreading happiness. People wear new clothes, visit friends and relatives, and enjoy festive feasts together.

Beyond the religious and cultural significance, Diwali holds a deeper meaning of inner light, spiritual awakening, and the triumph of righteousness. It is a time for reflection, renewal, and gratitude, reminding us to strive for goodness and spread love and kindness in the world.

Overall, Diwali is a time of joy, unity, and celebration, bringing communities together in the spirit of harmony and hope.

10 Lines on Diwali

  • Diwali, also known as Deepawali, is a most awaited festival of Hindus.
  • It is celebrated on the full moon of Kartik month.
  • Diwali is a five day celebration that starts with Dhanteras, 3 days before Diwali and ends with Bhai Dooj, 2 days after Diwali.
  • The meaning of diwali is “row of diya or light”.
  • On Diwali, Lord Rama returned to their home along with Goddess Sita and Laxman.
  • It is celebrated 20 days after Dusshehra. 
  • Diwali is celebrated to signify the victory of good over evil.
  • In Jainism, Lord Mahavir received salvation on Diwali.
  • Diwali is celebrated by decorating homes, burning fire crackers, eating sweets and delicious dishes and more.
  • A few days before Diwali, people start cleaning their house so that Goddess lakshmi will shower her blessing by sending wealth and prosperity to their home.

Essay on Diwali- Tips to make a compelling essay

To get good marks in exams or assignments, students should follow the below given tips to write essay on diwali. Essay about diwali should have all the reasons why and how we celebrate Diwali.

  • Make short sentences. This will help in eliminating grammatical errors. Also, increase the readability of the Diwali essay.
  • Highlight or underline the important facts on diwali.
  • Essay on diwali should have short paragraphs or pointers so that it looks tidy.

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Essay On Diwali In English [Short & Long]

Diwali is the most loved festival in India. Every year kids wait for this festival eagerly. This festival is also called “Deepawali” & “The Festival of Lights” and it is a symbol of victory over evil. Diwali is celebrated in every corner of India.

In this article, we are sharing some examples of Essay On Diwali for kids and students of classes 1 to 8 in easy English. With the help of this article, you can write 5 to 10 Sentences (lines) and short essays of 120 to 150 words. Moreover, we have also included a long essay on Diwali for students.

Short Essay on Diwali in 250 Words

Introduction.

Diwali or Deepawali festival is a grand celebration of Hindus. On this day Lord Rama returned to his home in Ayodhya from Vanavas (forest life) after defeating the demon Ravana. It is primarily celebrated in India But this festival is famous around the globe.

This festival is also known as “The Festival Of Lights” as it signifies the victory of light over darkness. People celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm. We celebrate Dhanteras and Chhoti Diwali Day before the main festival and Bhaiduj right the next day of Diwali.

Essay on Diwali | Introduction

Diwali celebration

Days before Diwali, we start cleaning our houses and painting them colourfully. We dispose of all the waste material, and junk items from our home. Markets also get full of crowds days beforehand this celebration. The entire scene of the city looks awesome.

On the day of Dhanteras, people buy golden and silver items as a symbol of wealth. Clothes, utensils, electric appliances etc. are sold massively. From the first ray of sun to the last minute of the day, shops are full of customers.

[ Also Read- Essay on Pollution ]

On the day of Diwali, people decorate their homes with illumining candles, Diyas (Clay lamps), and colourful lighting. Girls make designer Rangolis. People wear dazzling clothes and we enjoy Diwali by bursting fireworks, sparklers, and crackers. We gather at night to worship the goddess of wealth, Laxmi and Lord Ganesh. We all relish various dishes and sweets.

To sum it up, we can say that Diwali is the biggest celebration in India. This celebration is interpreted as a representation of victory over evil. But as we all know bursting firecrackers harms our atmosphere, we must celebrate an environment-friendly Diwali and we need to spread awareness for the same.

500+ Words Essay on Diwali In English

Indian culture is full of celebrations. Diwali or Deepawali is one of them. This festival holds great significance in India. We can even say that it is the biggest celebration here. The meaning of Diwali is “the rows of lights”. People light up rows of Diyas and Candles everywhere and hence it is also known as “The Festival of Lights.”

Primarily, Diwali is a celebration of victory over evil. On this day Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after defeating the demon Ravana, the people of Ayodhya welcomed Him by lighting rows of clay lamps. Since then we celebrate this day as Diwali.

Significance of the Diwali Festival

In every corner of India, Diwali is celebrated by almost every community. This is a sign of unity. The Festival of Deepawali brings several communities together. Deepawali is a fusion of love, Respect, oneness, and cultural values. People forget their disputes and try to forgive everyone on this day.

On this occasion, the Hindus worship the goddess Laxmi who is considered the god of wealth and prosperity. Merchants and shopkeepers open new account books on Deepawali. Markets get crowded because Before Diwali comes the festival of Dhanteras and later Bhai Dooj.

[ Also Read – Short Paragraphs on Diwali ]

The religious side of Diwali

Diwali is somewhere directly related to religious aspects. For Hindus, it is a celebration of the return of Lord Rama after completing his exile (forest life). According to Ramayana’s book, Lord Rama returned to his home at Ayodhya with his wife Sita, brother Laxman, and his huge devotee Hanuman after he defeated the demon Ravana.

When Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya, the people of Ayodhya welcomed Him by lighting clay lamps. Since then this practice has become a custom. As Lord Rama was welcomed by lighting Deep (clay lamp), this festival is called Deepavali.

Festival Environment on Diwali

People start cleaning their homes days before the festival of Diwali as they believe that the Goddess of Wealth Laxmi enters the home this day. They dispose of all the waste and junk from homes and paint them colourfully.

Apart from houses, markets also glitter amazingly. Markets fill with crowds of customers. People purchase clothes, ornaments, home appliances etc on the day of Dhanateras. Shopkeepers see a significant surge in their sales.

On the night of Diwali, all the family members get together to worship lord Laxmi-Ganesh. After that, we enjoy firecrackers, Sparklers, and various fireworks. Deepawali’s dark night looks awesome when colourful firecrackers pop up in the sky.

Downsides of the festival- Diwali

Even if the festival of Diwali is a symbol of Victory Over Evil. The very next day of Diwali, there is seen a high surge in air pollution because of bursting fireworks. This surge is not good for our health and environment.

Air pollution can lead us various respiratory problems. Also, it is a reason behind the problem of global warming which is again a critical issue to solve. So, we need to find ways to celebrate this festival eco-friendly.

Final words (Conclusion)

To sum it up, we can say that Diwali is a vastly celebrated festival in India. This celebration is interpreted as a representation of victory over evil. But as we all know bursting firecrackers harms our atmosphere as a high surge in pollution has been observed. So we should try to celebrate environment-friendly Deepawali and spread awareness among people for the same.

Essay on Diwali | Conclusion

Why is Diwali celebrated?

On this Day Lord Rama with his wife Sita and brother Laxman, Returned to his place after defeating the demon Ravana. To celebrate his victory, the citizens of Ayodhya welcome him by lighting rows of Diyas (Clay lamps). Since then this day is celebrated as Diwali.

When is Diwali celebrated?

Diwali is celebrated in the month of November or December. It is a festival of lights.

How to write an essay on Diwali Festival?

To write an essay on Diwali Festival, Follow the given steps 1. Write an engaging introduction about this festival 2. Think of some subheadings 3. Write down subheadings and write about them 4. At last, give a conclusion Your Essay on the Diwali festival is done.

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Essay on Diwali 2023 for Students: Short Paragraph and 10 Lines on Deepavali

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Diwali Essay: Diwali is one of the prominent festivals of India. Students should know and understand the importance of this festival. Here, we shared some tips on Writing Diwali essay in English. It is important for students to know how to write Deepawali essay in english. They participate inwriting competition of Diwali nibandh english. The below given article on Diwali in english can be helpful in this. Students canwrite essay on Diwali english with the help of given information and they can also add their information to make it sound. From the below-section, students can use 10 lines on Diwali essay in english 150 words and write these Diwali essay in english 10 lines in their own langugage.

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Short Essay on Diwali in English

Essay on diwali in english 10 lines, diwali essay in english 150 words.

Essay on Diwali 2023 for Students: Short Paragraph and 10 Lines on Deepavali

The festival of Diwali is celebrated all across India and the schools with great enthusiasm and joy. Students usually engage in writing an essay on Diwali in English and look for ideas to help them get started. Here is a short essay on Diwali in English, students can use this Diwali festival essay in their school. They can take paragraph on Diwali from here for reference about about Diwali in English. This Diwali paragraph in english will help them in writing an impressive essay on Deepawali. So, here are sample of Diwali easy essay.

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Diwali is one of India's most important and celebrated religious festivals. Diwali is celebrated in honour of Lord Rama as he returned to Ayodhya after a 14-year exile. The inhabitants of Ayodhya lit diyas to welcome Rama back and to commemorate his victory. Since then, people have celebrated Diwali to signify the triumph of light over darkness. Five days are dedicated to celebrating Diwali— Dhanteras, Naraka Chaturdashi, Lakshmi Pooja, Govardhan Pooja, and Bhai Dooj. Read the below-given English paragraph on Diwali to know more on the festival.

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Keep on reading to find more essays on Diwali in English.

Diwali is celebrated as a symbol of victory of good over evil. People celebrate by lighting diyas and arranging them in rows along the parapets of temples and homes. They are later tossed into rivers and streams. Beautiful rangoli designs often made of flower petals, coloured rice and sand grace the floors of the house. Doors and windows are left open in the hope that Lakshmi will enter and bless the people with money and success. In accordance with the Hindu calendar, people worship the Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh after sunset. This is then followed by an exchange of gifts and wishing each other and others happiness and prosperity.

This was the first sample essay on Diwali in English which can also be used as a short speech on Diwali.

Also Read | Diwali Essay: About, Paragraph, 10 Lines on Diwali

Here is an essay on Diwali in English written in 10 lines —

Diwali celebration has great significance for cleaning because it celebrates the arrival of the goddess Lakshmi, a symbol of peace, prosperity, and money. People clean their houses, shops, and offices a few days before the celebration since it is believed cleanliness is next to godliness. New clothes, jewellery, utensils and sweets are purchased on the auspicious day. It is also believed that buying gold and silver on Dhanteras brings more wealth and good fortune. Dhanteras 2023 is celebrated two days before Diwali followed by celebration of Choti Diwali the next day. Diwali is a significant festival for everyone that brings happiness and blessings. On this day, people abandon bad habits in favour of beneficial ones. With Diwali's triumph of good over evil, a new season begins.

Essay-On-Diwali-In-English-For-Students-lnLine-image

Also Read | दिवाली पर निबंध (Essay on Diwali in Hindi) - दीपावली पर निबंध हिंदी में Class 1 से 10 तक के लिए यहाँ देखें

Fireworks, vibrant paintings, sweets, and dry fruits, lord worship are all the things that come to mind while celebrating Diwali. All families gather on this auspicious occasion of Diwali which will fall a day before Bhai Dooj 2023. Diwali festivities spread happiness and unity not just in India but also throughout the world. This occasion is especially cherished by children since they get to break open their favourite crackers and eat whatever they like. Every year, in the months of October or November, the Diwali festival is celebrated. It is observed exactly 20 days after the Dussehra celebration . It holds significance spiritually because it symbolises the triumph of good over evil. People make an effort to adhere to all the customs while celebrating the holiday. Some of cultural practises include decorating homes with candles and diyas and worshipping Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi.

Students may refer to these essays on Diwali in English to enhance their school projects or class work. The short essays on Diwali in English can also be modified and used as speech on Diwali 2023. Also, use this information to get Diwali essay in english 20 lines or diwali essay in english 1000 words.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

Diwali is celebrated as a symbol of victory of good over evil. People celebrate by lighting diyas and arranging them in rows along the parapets of temples and homes. Beautiful rangoli designs often made of flower petals, coloured rice and sand grace the floors of the house.

Dhanteras 2023 will be celebrated on Fri, 10 Nov, 2023.

Diwali, falls in October or November. It is observed 20 days following the Dussehra celebration. This year it will be celebrated on Sun, Nov 12, 2023.

Bhai Dooj is celebrated one day after Diwali. Bhai Dooj 2023 will be celebrated on Tue, Nov 14, 2023.

Festival of Diwali signifies triumph of good over evil.

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Questions related to CBSE Class 10th

Dear aspirant !

Hope you are doing well ! The class 10 Hindi mp board sample paper can be found on the given link below . Set your time and give your best in the sample paper it will lead to great results ,many students are already doing so .

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://school.careers360.com/download/sample-papers/mp-board-10th-hindi-model-paper&ved=2ahUKEwjO3YvJu5KEAxWAR2wGHSLpAiQQFnoECBMQAQ&usg=AOvVaw2qFFjVeuiZZJsx0b35oL1x .

Hope you get it !

Thanking you

Hello aspirant,

The dates of the CBSE Class 10th and Class 12 exams are February 15–March 13, 2024 and February 15–April 2, 2024, respectively. You may obtain the CBSE exam date sheet 2024 PDF from the official CBSE website, cbse.gov.in.

To get the complete datesheet, you can visit our website by clicking on the link given below.

https://school.careers360.com/boards/cbse/cbse-date-sheet

Hope this information helps you.

The paper of class 7th is not issued by respective boards so I can not find it on the board's website. You should definitely try to search for it from the website of your school and can also take advise of your seniors for the same.

You don't need to worry. The class 7th paper will be simple and made by your own school teachers.

Hope it helps you.

The eligibility age criteria for class 10th CBSE is 14 years of age. Since your son will be 15 years of age in 2024, he will be eligible to give the exam.

That totally depends on what you are aiming for. The replacement of marks of additional subjects and the main subject is not like you will get the marks of IT on your Hindi section. It runs like when you calculate your total percentage you have got, you can replace your lowest marks of the main subjects from the marks of the additional subject since CBSE schools goes for the best five marks for the calculation of final percentage of the students.

However, for the admission procedures in different schools after 10th, it depends on the schools to consider the percentage of main five subjects or the best five subjects to admit the student in their schools.

Popular CBSE Class 10th Questions

A boy standing on a stationary lift (open from above) throws a ball upwards with the maximum initial speed he can, equal to 49 m s-1. How much time does the ball take to return to his hands? If the lift starts moving up with a uniform speed of 5 m s-1 and the boy again throws the ball up with the maximum speed he can, how long does the ball take to return to his hands?

A player throws a ball upwards with an initial speed of 29.4ms ?1 . (a) What is the direction of acceleration during the upward motion of the ball ? (b) What are the velocity and acceleration of the ball at the highest point of its motion ? (c) Choose x = 0 m and t = 0 s to be the location and time of the ball at its highest point, vertically downward direction to be the positive direction of x-axis, and give the signs of position, velocity and acceleration of the ball during its upward, and downward motion. (d) To what height does the ball rise and after how long does the ball return to the players hands ? (Take g=9.8m/s 2 and neglect air resistance).

Choose the correct statement of the following a. conversion of solid into vapours without passing through the liquid state is called vapourisation. b. conversion of vapours into solid without passing through the liquid state is called sublimation. c. conversion of vapours into solid without passing through the liquid state is called freezing. d. conversion of solid into liquid is called sublimation.

Fill in the blanks: a. Evaporation of a liquid at room temperature leads to a __________ effect. b. At room temperature the forces of attraction between the particles of solid substances are __________ than those which exist in the gaseous state. c. The arrangement of particles is less ordered in the _________ state. However, there is no order in the _______ state. d. _____________ is the change of gaseous state directly to solid state without going through the _____________ state. e. The phenomenon of change of a liquid into the gaseous state at any temperature below its boiling point is called ___________.

For the following statements, write T for True and F for False. (a) J.J. Thomson proposed that the nucleus of an atom contains only nucleons. (b) A neutron is formed by an electron and a proton combining together. Therefore, it is neutral. (c) The mass of an electron is about 1/2000 times that of proton. (d) An isotope of iodine is used for making tincture iodine, which is used as a medicine.

General electronic configuration of outermost and penultimate shell of an atom is (n-1)s^{2} (n-1)p^{6} (n -1)d^{x} ns^{2} . If n=4  the number of proton in the nucleus is

In an electrical circuit three incandescent bulbs A, B and C of rating 40 W, 60 W and 100 W respectively are connected in parallel to an electric source. Which of the following is likely to happen regarding their brightness? a. Brightness of all the bulbs will be the same b. Brightness of bulb A will be the maximum c. Brightness of bulb B will be more than that of A d. Brightness of bulb C will be less than that of B

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Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

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Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

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A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

Choreographer

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Social Media Manager

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Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue a BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication) , B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media) , or  MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.  

Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager

A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

Process Development Engineer

The Process Development Engineers design, implement, manufacture, mine, and other production systems using technical knowledge and expertise in the industry. They use computer modeling software to test technologies and machinery. An individual who is opting career as Process Development Engineer is responsible for developing cost-effective and efficient processes. They also monitor the production process and ensure it functions smoothly and efficiently.

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

ITSM Manager

Automation test engineer.

An Automation Test Engineer job involves executing automated test scripts. He or she identifies the project’s problems and troubleshoots them. The role involves documenting the defect using management tools. He or she works with the application team in order to resolve any issues arising during the testing process. 

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Essay on Diwali in English (150, 200, 300, 400 Words)

long diwali essay

Diwali, often called the "Festival of Lights," is a widely celebrated and cherished festival in India. In this essay, we will explore the significance and traditions of Diwali in simple and easy-to-understand language.

Diwali is a prominent and much-awaited occasion, and people often search for "Diwali essay in English" to learn more about it. The festival represents the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. It is a time for joy, togetherness, and spreading love and positivity. Diwali typically lasts for five days, and each day holds a special meaning and ritual.

The highlight of Diwali is the lighting of oil lamps and candles, which adorn homes, streets, and public spaces, creating a mesmerizing, illuminated atmosphere. People exchange gifts, share sweets, and wear new clothes. Children eagerly look forward to Diwali for the treats they receive. As we delve deeper into this essay, we will learn about the stories, legends, and customs associated with Diwali, which make it a remarkable and culturally rich celebration in India. So, let's embark on this journey to discover the magic and significance of Diwali.

Diwali Essay In English 150 Words ( For Classes 4 And 5 Students)

Essays on Diwali in 150 words are suitable for class 4 and 5 students. This is one of the most important essays that comes in exams each year.

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Diwali essays in 300 words are important for class 9,10 and 11 class students for their English exams. This essay is frequently asked in the writing section of the English exam.

Diwali Essay in English 400 Words: (For Class 12 and Other Competitive Exams)

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Diwali Essay in English for Students

long diwali essay

Table of Contents

Essay on Diwali: Diwali, also called Deepavali, is a festival celebrated throughout India. It’s a special Indian festival that shows how good conquers evil. People in India celebrate Diwali with lots of excitement. This festival represents happiness, togetherness, and success. It also remembers when Lord Ram returned from his exile, which is a story in the epic Ramayana. The word “Diwali” comes from the Sanskrit word “Deepavali,” which means a row of lights. During Diwali, people light lamps, usually made of clay, all around their homes and offices. This symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness. Typically, Diwali falls in October or November, about 20 days after Dussehra, following the Hindu month called Kartika.

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Target Exam ---

This is an Indian festival that signifies the triumph of good over evil. It’s a celebration that Indians enjoy with lots of excitement. This festival is all about happiness, peace, and success. It also signifies the homecoming of Lord Ram after his time in exile, as told in the Ramayana story.

This religious celebration symbolizes the victory of good over bad and the triumph of light over darkness. People all around India mark Diwali by lighting clay oil lamps and adorning their homes with colorful and various-sized lights. These bright lights turn streets in India into a beautiful and captivating view.

Long and Short Essay on Diwali in English

Diwali is a religious Hindu festival, celebrated as a festival of lights by lighting lamps everywhere at homes, streets, shops, temples, markets, etc.

People of the Hindu religion wait very eagerly for this special festival of Diwali . It is the most important and favorite festival, especially for kids and children of the home.

Use the following long and short essays on Diwali to make your kids smart enough at home or school and motivate them to know the history and significance of celebrating the Diwali festival every year.

You can select anyone of these Diwali essays according to your need:

Essay on Diwali

  • Diwali is one of the most celebrated festivals in India, known for its joy and splendor.
  • Also called the Festival of Lights, Diwali signifies the triumph of light over darkness.
  • Families prepare for Diwali by cleaning their homes and decorating them with lights and colorful rangolis.
  • Lighting oil lamps or ‘diyas’ is a traditional practice that honors Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth.
  • People perform prayers, known as ‘Lakshmi Puja,’ to seek blessings for prosperity and success.
  • Firecrackers are burst to celebrate the joy of Diwali, although there’s a growing emphasis on noise-free and eco-friendly crackers.
  • Sharing festive meals and exchanging gifts and sweets strengthen bonds between family and friends.
  • Wearing new clothes is part of the celebration, symbolizing a fresh start and the festival’s joyous mood.
  • Diwali encourages charitable acts, reminding individuals to share their good fortune with those in need.
  • Overall, Diwali is a time of joy, celebrated with loved ones, and marked by fun, feasting, and hopeful beginnings.

Short Essay on Diwali in English 200 words

Diwali is one of the main festivals of Hindus. The preparation for the Diwali celebration begins weeks before the festival. People begin with the preparations by cleaning their houses and shops. Before Diwali, every nook and corner of the houses, shops, and offices are cleaned. These are then decorated with lights, lamps, flowers, and other decorative items.

People shop for new clothes, home decor items, and gifts for their loved ones at this festival. The markets are flooded with a variety of gift items and sweets around this time. It is a good time for businessmen. It is also a good time to bond with our near and dear ones. People visit each other around this time and exchange gifts as a part of the celebration.

On the day of Diwali, people light up their houses with diyas, candles, and lights. They also make rangoli and decorate their houses with flowers. The ritual of worshipping Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha is followed in every Hindu household on the occasion of Diwali. It is said that this brings prosperity and good luck.

Also known as the festival of lights, Diwali is all about worshiping the deities, burning crackers, having sweets, and making merry with loved ones. It is considered one of the most auspicious days in the Hindu calendar.

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Diwali Essay in English 300 Words

Diwali is also known as Deepawali, meaning a row of diyas. The festival is celebrated with great zeal throughout India. It is celebrated each year to commemorate the return of Lord Rama to his kingdom, Ayodhya. A series of rituals are performed to celebrate this festival.

Festival of Lights

Lighting diyas is one of the main rituals of this Hindu festival. People buy beautiful earthenware diyas each year and illuminate their entire house as a part of the Diwali celebration. It is said that the entire town of Ayodhya was lighted with diyas to welcome Lord Rama, Laxman, and Sita. People continue to follow this ritual even today. This is a way to please the deities.

The houses, marketplaces, offices, temples, and all the other places are illuminated with lights on this day. Candles, lamps, and decorative lights are also lit up to add to the beauty.

Rangolis are made, and diyas are placed between these beautiful art creations to enhance their look.

Check: Ayodhya Ram Mandir

Exchange of Gifts

Exchanging gifts is one of the main rituals of the Diwali festival. People visit their colleagues, neighbours, relatives, and friends and present gifts to them to strengthen their bond. The Hindu culture teaches us to live in harmony with one another. Diwali, one of the main Hindu festivals, promotes the feeling of brotherhood and unity amid diversity.

While exchanging sweets and boxes of dry fruit was common in earlier times, these days, people look for unique and innovative gift items. Numerous kinds of Diwali gifts are available in the market these days.

People also purchase gifts for their employees and house helps. Many people also visit orphanages and old age homes and distribute gifts there.

Diwali Essay in English 400 Words

As per the Hindu calendar, Diwali falls on the new moon (Amavasya) during Kartik month. This is considered one of the most auspicious times in the Hindu religion. People wait for this time of the year to start a new business, shift to a new house or purchase a big asset such car, shop, jewelry, etc. A number of mythological stories are associated with the celebration of this festival. People belonging to different regions of India celebrate it for different reasons. However, it calls for a grand celebration everywhere.

Diwali is a festival to honor Lord Ramchandra. It’s because a long time ago, Lord Rama came back to the city of Ayodhya after being away for 14 years. While he was away, he had to fight with some bad creatures and a strong king named Ravana who ruled a place called Lanka. When Rama came back, the folks in Ayodhya lit oil lamps to show how happy they were to see him and to celebrate that he won.

Cleaning and Decoration

Diwali celebration begins with the cleaning of the houses and workplaces. From washing curtains to cleaning the fans, from cleaning every corner of the house to discarding useless old stuff – Diwali is the time for thorough cleaning of the houses as well as workplaces. Many cleaning agencies offer special discounts around Diwali and make good business.

People also shop for various home decor items to redecorate their places. The houses are decorated with diyas, lanterns, candles, flowers, drapes, and many other decorative items.

Sharing the Joy

People visit their relatives, neighbours, and friends. They exchange gifts and spend time with each other. Many people host Diwali parties to celebrate the festival with their loved ones. The joy of celebration doubles up this way.

Many residential societies organize Diwali parties to celebrate the occasion. It is a great way to rejoice in the festival.

Worshipping the Deities

Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped during the evening hours. People wear new clothes and offer prayers to the deities. It is believed that worshipping Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha brings wealth, prosperity, and good luck on this day.

Burning of Fire Crackers and Increasing Pollution

Firecrackers are also burnt as a part of Diwali celebrations. Large numbers of crackers are burnt on this day each year. While it offers momentary pleasure, its repercussions are extremely harmful. It adds to air, noise, and land pollution. Many people suffer due to the pollution caused.

Diwali without firecrackers would be much more beautiful. The newer generations must be sensitized about the harmful effects of burning crackers and should be encouraged to celebrate this festival without fireworks.

Essay on Diwali in English 500 Words

Diwali falls sometime between the mid of October and mid of November. It is one of the main festivals of Hindus. The festival is celebrated for different reasons in different parts of India. A number of rituals form a part of the Diwali celebrations. Illuminating houses with diyas and candles and worshiping Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are the main rituals.

Why Do We Celebrate Diwali?

While it is largely believed that Diwali is celebrated to rejoice in the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya, many other folklores and mythological stories are associated with it. Here are some of the reasons why this festival is celebrated.

The Return of Lord Rama

It is believed that on this day, Lord Rama returned to his hometown Ayodhya after staying in exile for fourteen years. He was accompanied by his brother Lakshman and his wife Sita. Sita was abducted by the demon Ravana. She was kept as a hostage in his kingdom until Lord Rama defeated him and brought her back. As Lord Rama, Lakshman and Sita returned to Ayodhya; the people were thrilled and excited.

The entire town was illuminated with diyas. Sweets were distributed, and people made merry. This is how we continue to celebrate this day even today.

The Harvest Festival

In some parts of the country, Diwali is considered to be a harvest festival. This is because it is the time when rice is cultivated. Since India is mainly an agricultural economy, this is the time for celebration. A Grand celebration is held at this time. The festival holds special importance for the farmers.

The Legend of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi

It is said that King Bali had imprisoned Goddess Lakshmi. On this day, Lord Vishnu disguised himself and set the Goddess free from the evil king. The day thus calls for a celebration. In many parts of the country, people celebrate Diwali to rejoice in the return of Goddess Lakshmi.

The Birth of Goddess Lakshmi

It is said that Goddess Lakshmi was born on the new moon of Kartik month. Thus, in certain regions, Diwali is celebrated to rejoice in the birth of Goddess Lakshmi, who is worshipped during the evening hours on this day. Goddess Lakshmi is the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, and the Hindus hold high regard for her.

The ritual of worshipping Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha is followed in every Hindu household on the day of Diwali.

No matter what the reason, Diwali is celebrated with immense enthusiasm across India as well as some other countries. Cleaning the house, shopping for new clothes, sweets, and gifts, decorating the house, illuminating lamps, offering prayers, burning firecrackers, and meeting loved ones are some rituals followed on Diwali.

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Essay on Diwali, Pollution, and Eco-friendly Diwali in 600 Word

Diwali is the time to meet and greet our loved ones, prepare delicious sweets, wear new clothes, redecorate the house and worship Goddess Lakshmi. It is also the time to burn firecrackers. While all the Diwali rituals are beautiful and pious, burning firecrackers to rejoice the day is not appreciated much. This is because it adds to the pollution in the atmosphere.

Diwali Celebrations

Diwali has been celebrated in India since ancient times. It is a day to celebrate the victory of light over darkness. This is because, as per Hindu mythology, this was the day when Lord Rama returned to his kingdom Ayodhya after staying in exile for 14 years. He returned victorious after killing the demon Ravana and freeing Sita from his clutches.

The effigies of Ravana are burnt across India on Dussehra each year. It marks the victory of good over evil. Diwali falls twenty days later. The houses and marketplaces are illuminated with beautiful diyas and lights to celebrate Diwali. Rangolis are made, and decorative items are used to enhance the beauty of these places. People decorate their houses after cleaning them thoroughly to welcome Goddess Lakshmi, who is worshipped on this day. It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth, only visits places that are clean and beautiful.

People visit each other and exchange gifts as a part of the Diwali celebrations. Many people host house parties on this day. It is a great time to bond with our relatives and friends. Many offices and residential societies host Diwali parties a day or two before the festival.

Children especially look forward to burning firecrackers on this day. They gather around and rejoice in the festival by burning different crackers.

Diwali Pollution: A Matter of Concern

Diwali is an auspicious day. The entire atmosphere is filled with festivity and joy around this time. However, it eventually fills with pollution. The firecrackers burnt on this day are a complete put-off. Burning crackers is said to be a ritual on Diwali. People burn thousands of crackers in the name of a ritual on this day each year. This results in an increase in pollution levels in the atmosphere. The sky turns hazy, and the consequences are harmful. It gives way to many health problems. This is especially unsafe for asthmatic patients, heart patients, pregnant women, elderly people, and infants. It is difficult to step out on Diwali as well as days after the festival.

The burning of crackers pollutes the air and causes noise pollution. It is particularly disturbing for sick and elderly people, small kids, students, and animals.

Eco-Friendly Diwali: A Good Idea

We must celebrate eco-friendly Diwali.

We must say no to crackers and advise those around us to do the same. Parents must take this as their responsibility to tell their kids about the negative repercussions of burning crackers. Kids must also be sensitized about the same in schools. This will help in bringing down the fireworks on Diwali.

Apart from the measures people can take at their end, it is important to check the sale of firecrackers. The government must intervene for the same. The production and sale of firecrackers must be banned, or some restrictions should be put on the same.

Diwali Essay in English 1000 words

Diwali is the most significant Hindu festival celebrated all over India in the autumn every year. The spiritual significance of this festival indicates the victory of light over darkness. It is a five days long festival celebrated by the people with huge preparations and rituals. It falls every year in the month of October or November. Many days ago of the festival, people start cleaning, renovating, and decorating their homes and offices. They purchase new dresses, decorative things like diyas, lamps, candles, puja materials, statues of God and Goddesses, and eating things, especially for Diwali.

People worship God Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi to get wealth and prosperity in their life. They perform puja on the main Diwali with lots of rituals. After puja, they get involved in the fireworks and distribute gifts among neighbors, family members, friends, offices, etc. People celebrate Dhanteras on the first day, Naraka Chaturdasi on the second day, Diwali on the third day, Diwali Padv a (Govardhan Puja) on the fourth day, and Bhai Dooj on the fifth day of the festival. It becomes an official holiday in many countries on the day of the festival.

Celebration of Diwali with Family without Crackers

Diwali is my favorite festival of the year, and I celebrate it with lots of enthusiasm with my family members and friends. Diwali is called the festival of lights because we celebrate it by lighting lots of diyas and candles. It is a traditional and cultural festival celebrated by each and every Hindu person all over India and abroad. People decorate their houses with lots of candles and small clay oil lamps, indicating the victory of good over evil.

Family members spend most of the day preparing the house (cleaning, decorating, etc.) to welcome the festival with a grand evening party. Neighbors, family members, and friends get collected at the evening party and enjoy the party with delicious Indian dishes, dance, music, etc., all through the night. Houses look very attractive in white wash, candle lights, and rangolis. High-pitch music and fireworks make the celebration more interesting.

People go to their homes by taking off from their job, offices, and other work; students also booked their train around three months ago to easily go to their homes on Diwali festival because everyone wants to celebrate this festival with their family members in the home town. People enjoy the festival by feasting, bursting crackers, and enjoying the dance with family and friends.

However, it prohibited doctors from getting outside and enjoying firecrackers, especially people suffering from lung or heart diseases, hypertension, diabetes, etc. Such people have to knock on the doctor’s door because of consuming high amounts of highly saturated food and sweets, lack of exercise, and pollution caused by crackers these days.

Significance of Diwali

The people celebrate the Diwali festival with great revelry and lots of fun and frolic activities. It became the happiest holiday for Indian people and is celebrated with significant preparations. It is a festival of high significance for Indian people. People clean their homes, decorate, shop, buy new things, including gifts, kitchen utensils, appliances, cars, golden jewelry, etc., and perform many rituals.

Many ancient stories, legends, and myths about celebrating this festival. Girls and women of the home do the shopping and make rangolis in creative patterns on the floors near the home’s doors and walkways. There are little variations in the celebration of this festival according to the regional practices and rituals.

The spiritual significance of this festival symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and the victory of good over evil. It is celebrated to honor the Goddess of wealth, Lakshmi, and the God of wisdom, Ganesha. Its religious significance varies according to the region all throughout the country. Somewhere, it is celebrated to honor the return of Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana to their home after a long exile period of 14 years (according to the Hindu epic Ramayana).

Some people celebrate it to remember the return of Pandavas to their kingdom after 12 years of Vanvas and one year of agyatavas (according to the Hindu epic Mahabharata). It is also believed that it was started celebrated when Goddess Lakshmi was born after churning the ocean by the gods and demons. Diwali celebration also indicates a new Hindu year in the west and some northern parts of India. It is celebrated by the people of the Sikh religion to mark the Bandi Chhor Divas by lighting up the Golden Temple. It is celebrated by the people of the Jain religion to mark the Nirvana attained by the Mahavira.

Pollution on Diwali

With the Diwali celebration, there is an indirect increase in environmental pollution worldwide because of the bursting of various firecrackers during this festival. Such firecrackers are very dangerous as they release toxic pollutants like sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, etc., which get intermingled into the air and cause a variety of ailments like asthma, bronchitis, hypertension, etc. It affects people of all age groups; however, those who already suffer from any ailment. Together with human beings, it also affects the lives of animals, birds, and other living beings due to air and noise pollution.

Visit IL website for more study resource.

Essay on Diwali FAQs

How is diwali celebrated for class 2.

Diwali is celebrated by lighting lamps, decorating homes, and bursting fireworks. It's a joyful time for families to come together.

What is Diwali short notes for kids?

Diwali, also called the Festival of Lights, is a special Indian festival. People celebrate it with lights, sweets, and happiness.

How to write an essay for Diwali?

To write an essay on Diwali, you can start with an introduction, describe how it's celebrated, its significance, and end with your thoughts or wishes.

How do we celebrate Diwali?

Diwali is celebrated by lighting oil lamps, sharing sweets, exchanging gifts, and enjoying firecrackers with family and friends.

Why Celebrate Diwali?

Diwali is celebrated to honor the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. It brings people together to share happiness and love.

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Diwali Essay In English: Diwali 2023 Short and Long Essay Ideas For Students

Updated Nov 12, 2023, 07:00 IST

Diwali 2023 Short and Long Essay Ideas For Students

Diwali 2023 Short and Long Essay Ideas For Students

  • Importance of Diwal
  • The origin of Diwali
  • Festival of Lights
  • What are the five days of Diwali
  • Your experience of Diwali

Diwali Essay in English: Short Essay in 200 words

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How To Write An Essay On Diwali For Lower Primary Classes

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Key Points to Remember When Writing Diwali Essay for Classes 1, 2 and 3

10 lines on diwali for classes 1, 2 & 3, short essay on diwali, long paragraph on diwali, what will your child learn from the essay on diwali.

Diwali is celebrated throughout the country with much enthusiasm. It is a time when children get a few days off from school, as do their parents from work. Indulging in celebrations, enjoying delicious festive feasts, and reveling in the family’s culture and traditions is something children cherish. Children love to recount all these memories of these times when asked to write an essay on Diwali. 

The assignment requires children of classes 1, 2 and 3 to write about the festival from their perspective. It may be a bit challenging for younger kids. Let us guide them with a few samples to make this assignment easy for students of lower primary classes:

When your child starts writing an essay on Diwali, they need to remember some key points. Let us guide your child stepwise on how to write an essay on Diwali for children:

  • Let your child form ideas in their mind and decide what they want to write on the topic.
  • Ask your child to jot down the ideas on paper and create an outline ensuring they cover all the points.
  • Next, help your child form easily readable, short, and simple sentences from the outline.
  • Guide your child not to get too descriptive about any single idea, and stick to the word count.
  • Direct your child to write with the flow, making them enjoy writing the composition.
  • Your child can write about the significance of Diwali, how they celebrate the festival and how they feel about it.

Diwali is a grand festival in India, celebrated across the country. Children enjoy the festivities at home, and will enjoy reminiscing the joyful memories through this essay. For little children just beginning to learn how to express their feelings in words, this essay in 10 simple lines will serve as guidance to write on their own:

  • Diwali is a festival that is widely celebrated in India.
  • This festival is celebrated by Indians living all over the globe.
  • Diwali is called the Festival of Lights.
  • We clean our homes thoroughly before this festival.
  • On the day of the festival, we light diyas and pray.
  • We decorate our homes with colourful rangolis, marigold garlands, and many lights.
  • We make delicious sweets and other dishes on this day.
  •  My parents always get me new clothes to wear for the festival.
  • We gift sweets to family and friends on Diwali.
  • To make sure everyone is happy on these festive days, my family distributes sweets and other gifts among the poor.

Below is a small essay on Diwali. This essay is composed in simple language that will be easy for your child to understand:

Diwali is one of the biggest festivals celebrated in India. Indians living abroad also celebrate it with enthusiasm across the globe. People come together with their friends and relatives on this festival to engage in celebrations. Diwali is called the Festival of Lights. On this day, we light diyas all around our house. My sister and I love making colourful rangoli, and my parents decorate the house with fresh marigold garlands. Some of my friends enjoy firecrackers, but I do not burst them. I like to celebrate a clean and green Diwali. We even thoroughly clean our house to prepare for the festival. We wear new dresses and eat lots of sweets and other delicious dishes. My favourite is gajar ka halwa that my father makes on Diwali every year.

Diwali celebrates the victory of good over evil, of light over darkness. We try to spread some goodness and light up others’ lives by distributing sweets and gifts among the poor.

As children progress through their lower primary classes, they are expected to write longer essays on the given topic. For this, they will have to learn a few more facts and details about the festival and explain its significance in an elaborate composition. Here is a sample to help them recount their experiences on their own:

Diwali is known as the Festival of Lights. It is also called Deepawali, which means a string of earthen lamps. Diwali is celebrated to mark the day Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile, after defeating Ravana. The people of Ayodhya were very happy and lighted diyas all over the town to welcome them back home. Since then, Diwali has been celebrated with the same spirit. It marks the victory of good over evil and light over darkness. Diwali is observed on the new moon night. It is celebrated twenty days after the festival of Dussera, which was the day Lord Ram defeated Ravana. 

My family always starts the preparation of Diwali with a thorough cleaning of our home. We clean every nook and corner to bring prosperity and positivity to the house. 

On the day of the festival, we light diyas and candles around the house. I love making colourful rangoli designs every year. My parents bring beautiful marigold garlands too, to decorate the house. We all wear new dresses on the day of Diwali and indulge in an elaborate feast prepared at home. We enjoy eating delicious sweets and other delicacies. My favourite is the gajar ka halwa that my father makes every year on this special day.

Every house in the neighbourhood looks beautiful with string lights, lanterns and lots of diyas. Some children in the neighbourhood also enjoy firecrackers, but I avoid bursting them because they cause pollution, make loud noises and are not safe. I like to celebrate a clean and green Diwali.

On the day of the festival, we perform puja at home in the evening. We offer prayers to Goddess Lakshmi and seek blessings from our elders. During the Lakshmi puja, I pray to the goddess to bless every home with wealth and prosperity. Every year on Diwali, my parents distribute diyas, oil, and wicks among poor people. We also offer them sweets and other gifts. My mother says that like a diya lights up a space, we should also light up someone’s life. I love spreading joy and light among more and more people. 

Children love celebrating festivals with their family and close ones. Writing on this topic will encourage them to express their feelings in words and improve their writing and communication skills, along with their vocabulary and grammar.

Children will enjoy taking pride in their culture and traditions and sharing their unique experiences with the rest of the class. Children will learn the importance of various festivals that they celebrate and urge them to think about the history and mythology behind these celebrations.

These sample essays will help your child with their assignment to write a wonderful essay in English for classes 1, 2 and 3. 

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Diwali 2023: Long And Short Essay Ideas On Diwali In English For Students

Bhupinder Singh

Diwali essay ideas: India is a country of festivals, and many types of festivals keep us busy throughout the year. Diwali or Deepawali is one such important and auspicious festival. Not just in India the cherished festival is also celebrated around the world by Indians. It is a festival of lights, celebrated with immense enthusiasm and fervor by millions of people from various cultural backgrounds. 

Diwali, also known as Deepawali, is a Hindu festival that represents the triumph of goodness over evil, often referred to as the "Festival of Lights." It's not only celebrated by Hindus but also by followers of Jainism, Sikhism, and Buddhism with great enthusiasm. Diwali falls on the 15th day of the Kartik month, which is known as Amavasya, according to the traditional calendar. In 2023, Diwali the festival of light will be celebrated on Sunday, November 12, 2023 .

Diwali 2023 image

As Diwali 2023, is just around the corner and educational institutions host Diwali speech and essay writing competitions to foster students' growth in knowledge and boost their self-assurance in effective self-expression. So if you are looking for long and short Diwali essay ideas in English, then just check it. Here we have listed some Diwali essay samples, that you can use for your Diwali school project. Take a Look:

Long essay on Diwali in English

Diwali is one of the most important and widely celebrated festivals in India. Also known as the Festival of Lights, Diwali is celebrated across the country with great enthusiasm and excitement. It is a five-day festival that usually falls in October or November, depending on the lunar calendar. Take a look at Diwali's origin, traditions, customs, and significance.

The Origins of Diwali

Diwali has a deep-rooted history that dates back thousands of years. It is celebrated to honor different legends and deities, making it a multifaceted and culturally diverse festival.

Diwali Significance

One of the most prominent legends associated with Diwali is the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana. According to the epic Ramayana, Lord Rama, accompanied by his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, returned to his kingdom of Ayodhya after defeating Ravana. The people of Ayodhya lit rows of lamps to welcome their beloved prince, signifying the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil.

Worshiped the Goddess of Wealth

For some, Diwali is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity. People clean and decorate their homes to invite her blessings. The illumination of lamps and candles signifies the hope of a brighter future filled with prosperity and abundance.

The Festival of Lights

The name "Diwali" itself means a row of lamps, and light is the central theme of the festival. People light oil lamps, candles, and colourful lanterns, adorning their homes, streets, and public spaces. This illumination symbolises the victory of righteousness and the dispelling of darkness.

Rangoli: A Burst of Colors

Rangoli is an integral part of Diwali decorations. These intricate and colourful patterns are created on the ground, typically near the entrance of homes. It is believed that Rangoli invites positive energies and wards off negative ones. Women skillfully design these patterns using colored powders, rice, flower petals, or even colored sand.

Traditions and Customs

Diwali is a festival marked by numerous traditions and customs that are passed down through generations. These rituals add a sense of depth and meaning to the celebrations. Here are some key aspects of Diwali tradition and culture:

- The lighting of Lamps and Fireworks

- Puja (Prayers) and Worship

- Exchange of Gifts and Sweets

- Traditional Attire

- Family Gatherings and Festive Feasts

- Diwali Fairs and Cultural Performances

- Charity and Philanthropy

Exchanging Gifts

One of the most beloved customs during Diwali is the exchange of gifts. Families and friends exchange presents as a token of love and appreciation. It's a time for expressing gratitude and reinforcing the bonds of relationships.

Feasting and Sweets

Delicious sweets and savory dishes are prepared in every household during Diwali. From the mouthwatering gulab jamun to the fragrant biryani, the Diwali menu is a feast for the senses. Families gather to share meals and create lasting memories.

Bursting Firecrackers

Fireworks and firecrackers are a hallmark of Diwali celebrations. The night sky is illuminated with a spectacular display of colors and sounds. However, it's important to note that there is a growing awareness about the environmental impact of fireworks, and many people are opting for eco-friendly alternatives.

Diwali Celebration Around the World

Diwali's charm extends far beyond the borders of India. It has found a place in the hearts of people from various cultures around the world. In countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada, Diwali is celebrated with great enthusiasm, showcasing India's rich cultural diversity.

What are the 5 days of Diwali in 2023?

  short essay on diwali in english.

Diwali 2023 image

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most widely celebrated festivals in India. It is a time of joy, lights, and togetherness for people of various religions and communities. Diwali usually falls in October or November, and its significance varies across different regions in India.

The central theme of Diwali is the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil. People celebrate this festival by lighting oil lamps and decorating their homes with colorful rangoli designs and bright lanterns. These lights not only add to the festive atmosphere but also symbolize the victory of knowledge and wisdom over ignorance.

One of the highlights of Diwali is the exchange of gifts and sweets among family and friends. It's a time when people come together to strengthen their bonds and spread love and happiness. Delicious sweets, such as ladoos and jalebis, are an essential part of the celebration, making the festival even sweeter.

Diwali is also a time for prayers and worship. Many people visit temples and offer prayers to seek blessings for a prosperous and harmonious life. The bursting of fireworks is another tradition associated with Diwali. Although it adds excitement and color to the celebration, it's essential to celebrate responsibly to protect the environment and ensure the safety of all.

The significance of Diwali varies across different regions in India. In the north, it marks the return of Lord Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, to his kingdom after defeating the demon king Ravana. In the south, it commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Narakasura. In the eastern part of the country, it is celebrated as the worship of the goddess Kali. In the western state of Gujarat, people celebrate Diwali with the festival of lights, music, and dance called Navratri.

Diwali is a beautiful and joyful festival that brings people together to celebrate the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. It's a time of spreading happiness, love, and togetherness. The simple acts of lighting lamps, sharing sweets, and exchanging gifts make this festival a truly special and memorable occasion for people of all ages and backgrounds.

Diwali essay in 150 words in English

Diwali 2023 image

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is a popular and joyful Hindu festival celebrated in India and by Indian communities worldwide. It usually falls in October or November and lasts for five days. Diwali marks the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.

During Diwali, people light oil lamps and decorate their homes with colorful rangoli designs and beautiful flowers. They burst fireworks and share sweets and gifts with family and friends. Cleaning and renovating homes are also common practices before Diwali to welcome the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi.

This festival brings people together, strengthens relationships, and spreads happiness. It's a time for delicious feasts and for worshipping various deities, depending on regional customs. Diwali is not only a religious event but also a cultural celebration that unites people in the spirit of joy and togetherness.

Diwali is a vibrant and significant festival that brings light, love, and prosperity into our lives.

Diwali essay in 200 words in English

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals in India. It usually falls in October or November and lasts for five days. This festival is a time for families and friends to come together and celebrate with great enthusiasm.

During Diwali, people decorate their homes with oil lamps, candles, and colorful rangoli designs to symbolize the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. It is believed that Lord Rama, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, returned to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana. To welcome them, the people of Ayodhya lit oil lamps, which is why lighting lamps is an essential part of Diwali celebrations.

Another important aspect of Diwali is the exchange of gifts and sweets. People visit each other's homes, offer sweets, and exchange gifts as a gesture of love and friendship. Firecrackers are also a significant part of the celebration, as they symbolize the joy of the people living on Earth, making the gods aware of their happiness.

Diwali is a festival of joy, togetherness, and the triumph of good over evil. It brings people closer and spreads happiness in the air. It is a time for reflection, prayer, and celebration.

Diwali essay in 250 words

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is one of the most celebrated festivals in India. It usually falls in October or November and lasts for five days. It's a time when people come together to celebrate the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.

During Diwali, people clean and decorate their homes with colorful rangoli designs and light oil lamps, called diyas, to symbolize the triumph of light over darkness. Firecrackers are also a big part of the celebrations, as they are believed to ward off evil spirits.

Families and friends gather to exchange gifts and sweets. It's a time for delicious feasts with a variety of traditional Indian dishes. Many people also worship the goddess Lakshmi, who is believed to bring wealth and prosperity.

Diwali is a time for reflection and renewal. People seek forgiveness and resolve to start afresh. It's also a time for unity and togetherness, as it brings people of different backgrounds and communities together to celebrate.

Overall, Diwali is a vibrant and joyful festival that spreads happiness and positivity. It's a time to strengthen relationships, share joy, and light up our lives. Whether you celebrate it for religious or cultural reasons, Diwali is a time for everyone to come together and enjoy the beautiful festival of lights.

Diwali essay in 300 words in English

Diwali 2023 image

Diwali, also known as the "Festival of Lights," is one of the most popular and widely celebrated festivals in India. It usually falls in October or November and lasts for five days. Diwali is a time of joy, happiness, and togetherness for people of all ages and backgrounds.

One of the main reasons Diwali is so eagerly awaited is the tradition of lighting oil lamps and decorating homes with colorful rangoli designs. These lamps, or diyas, symbolize the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. People clean their homes and buy new clothes to welcome the festival, making it a time of renewal and positivity.

Another essential part of Diwali is the exchange of gifts and sweets. Families and friends exchange presents as a gesture of love and goodwill. Sweets are shared to celebrate the sweetness of life. Delicious dishes are prepared, and everyone comes together to enjoy a grand feast.

Fireworks are a significant attraction during Diwali. People burst firecrackers, creating a dazzling display of colors and lights in the night sky. It's a symbol of the victory of light and happiness over darkness and sorrow.

In addition to the joy and festivities, Diwali holds religious significance for Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs. For Hindus, it marks the return of Lord Rama after defeating the demon king Ravana. Jains celebrate Diwali as the day Lord Mahavira attained nirvana, while Sikhs commemorate the release of Guru Hargobind Ji from imprisonment.

Overall, Diwali is a time of love, togetherness, and celebrating the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness. It brings people from various backgrounds together to enjoy the colorful traditions, delicious food, and the sheer joy of the festival of lights. Diwali is a time when people can forget their worries and focus on spreading happiness and positivity.

Diwali essay in 10 lines

1. Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is a popular Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm. 

2. It usually falls in October or November. 

3. People light oil lamps and candles to symbolize the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. 

4. Families come together, exchange gifts, and share delicious sweets. 

5. Fireworks light up the night sky, creating a festive atmosphere. 

6. Diwali is a time for cleaning and decorating homes. 

7. It's a time to seek blessings from deities and pray for a prosperous year ahead. 

8. Diwali is a time of joy and togetherness, where people of all ages participate in the celebrations. 

9. It promotes unity and harmony among communities. 

10. It's a special time to enjoy the festive spirit and create beautiful memories with loved ones.

Diwali 2023 FAQs

Q: When is Diwali in 2023?

A: Diwali 2023 will be celebrated on Sunday, November 12, 2023.

Q: How long is Diwali celebrated?

A: Diwali is celebrated for five days, each with its own special significance. The five days of Diwali are:

- Dhanteras

- Naraka Chaturdashi

- Lakshmi Puja (main day of Diwali)

- Govardhan Puja

- Bhai Dooj

Q: What is the significance of Diwali?

A: Diwali is a festival that celebrates the victory of good over evil, light over darkness, and knowledge over ignorance. It is also a time to celebrate the beginning of a new Hindu year.

Q: How is Diwali celebrated?

A: Diwali is celebrated by lighting diyas (clay oil lamps), decorating homes with flowers and rangolis (colorful floor designs), exchanging gifts, and eating sweets. People also worship Goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity, on the main day of Diwali.

Q: What are some safety tips for Diwali?

A: Diwali is a time of celebration and joy, but it is important to be safe. Here are some safety tips for Diwali:

- Be careful when lighting diyas and candles. Make sure to keep them away from flammable materials.

- Supervise children when they are using fireworks.

- Wear earplugs to protect your hearing from the noise of fireworks.

- If you have any respiratory problems, wear a mask to protect yourself from the smoke from fireworks.

Q: What are some popular Diwali gifts?

A: Popular Diwali gifts include sweets, dry fruits, nuts, clothes, jewelry, and home décor items. It is also customary to exchange gifts of money on Diwali.

Q: Is Diwali a public holiday in India?

A: Yes, Diwali is a public holiday in India. All government offices and schools are closed on this day.

Diwali is a time for celebration, joy, and togetherness. It is a time to celebrate the victory of good over evil and to spread the message of love, peace, and prosperity.

Note: Dates/timings may be subject to change; details mentioned here are as per the information available.

Bhupinder Singh is a Principal Executive in Content Management. He writes about historic events, art and culture for SEO. His interests include Artificial intelligence tools like Chatgpt, midjourney, and generative AI, along with an avid passion for cricket. In his free time, you will find him discussing MS Dhoni-Sachin Tendulkar and IPL.

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Essay On Diwali in English – Long & Short Essay For Students And Children

Essay On Diwali in English – Long & Short Essay For Students And Children

10 Lines on Diwali for Kids

Paragraph on diwali, short essay on diwali in english in 150 words, long essay on diwali, essay on eco friendly diwali or green diwali, important tips for kids to write diwali essay.

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is a wonderful, festive time for Indians. Traditionally a Hindu festival that celebrates the victory of good over evil, Diwali has now become a national Indian festival that is commemorated in every household of all communities and religions.Diwali presents a hoard of creative opportunities for both kids and adults. Be it making paper lanterns, drawing beautiful rangolis, cooking delicious dishes, or making and writing cards and wishes, there’s something for everyone, especially your little one!

Your child’s school may take this festive period as a chance to set a Diwali essay for students and children. Or if you’re living with a bunch of energetic little kiddos, you can organize a writing activity that revolves around Diwali in English. It will keep them happy and occupied, and have them use their boundless imagination and growing knowledge. Let’s dive into how kids can write an essay on Diwali in english!

Read through these ten lines on Diwali in English that are easy for kids to understand and recreate. For more insights here are few lines on diwali joyous festival, let’s explore further!

  • Diwali is the Festival of Lights.
  • It is also called Deepavali.
  • It is celebrated by Indians all over the world, and by Hindus in countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Fiji, and Guyana.
  • Though traditionally a Hindu festival, it is now celebrated nationally in India by people of all religions.
  • Diwali is historically associated with the victory of good over evil, when Lord Ram defeated the demon king Ravan, and came back home to Ayodhya.
  • The festival is called Diwali or Deepavali because it signifies the rows of lamps that the people of Ayodhya lit for the return of Lord Ram.
  • The festive period lasts for five days.
  • Laxmi Pujan is the main day of Diwali, when Laxmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, is worshipped.
  • In the present day, Diwali is usually celebrated by lighting diyas, drawing rangolis, cooking traditional snacks and desserts at home, and exchanging gifts and wishes with family members.
  • It is a period of love, light, joy, and unity for many families.

The following short paragraph on Diwali is no more than 150 words, and can inspire a Diwali essay for 2 nd class students:

Diwali, the Festival of Lights, is a nationally-celebrated festival in India. It is traditionally a Hindu festival, but today, Indians of all religions come together to celebrate this popular festival. Historically, Diwali was commemorated when Lord Ram came back home to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravan, and the people of Ayodhya lit rows of lamps for his return. Now, many households light diyas, lanterns, and lights in their homes. Other Diwali rituals include cleaning the house, preparing homemade snacks and sweets, drawing colourful rangolis, and buying and wearing new clothes. Laxmi Pujan is the main day of Diwali, on which families come together to worship the Goddess Laxmi. After that, family members exchange gifts and wishes, and sit down together for a home-cooked meal. It is a wonderful time for many households, as Diwali brings love, light, and unity.

Diwali, often referred to as the Festival of Lights. This short essay on diwali in 150 words will take you on a delightful journey to explore the magic of Diwali from a child’s perspective.

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is a super fun time for kids like us! It usually comes around when the leaves start falling, and the air gets a bit nippy. Diwali is special because it’s like a huge sparkle-fest! Houses get dressed up with tiny, twinkling lamps called diyas. They make everything look like a fairy tale!

We also get to make colourful designs called rangolis at our doorstep. Different people celebrate Diwali for different reasons. Some say it’s when a brave hero named Lord Rama comes back home after a big adventure. Others believe it’s a day to remember a wise teacher named Guru Hargobind Ji.

During Diwali, we eat lots of yummy sweets, exchange cool presents, and light up the night with awesome fireworks that paint the sky with various colours. It’s like a grand celebration where everyone is smiling and having a blast! Diwali teaches us to be kind, share our joys, and be thankful for all the good things we have. It’s a time for love, laughter, and spreading happiness with friends and family!

Check out this long Diwali Festival essay in English to understand how to incorporate essay writing guidelines into your storytelling.

For many households in India, the word “Diwali” is associated with lights, traditional foods, and family gatherings. Every Diwali, we look back on previous years and recall with fondness how we put up the same lights in the windows and the balconies, what clothes and dresses we wore, what sweets we had prepared and loved, and how our cousins and relatives had come to celebrate the Festival of Lights with us.

Diwali is a festive period that is precious to Indians in India and around the world, and to Hindus in different countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Singapore. The word Diwali or Deepavali signifies the rows of lamps and lights that the people of Ayodhya had lit in honour of the return of Lord Ram after his victory over the demon king Ravan. Thus, Diwali is historically and traditionally a Hindu festival. However, for a long time, it has been celebrated by Indians of all religious groups and communities. Now, it is the national festival of India.

The festival of Diwali lasts for a total of five days. Each day has its own importance and significance. The first day is celebrated as Dhanteras, when family members clean the house together, throw out or donate old objects and clothes, and shop for new clothes or jewellery. The second day is Naraka Chaturdashi, which symbolizes the slaying of the demon Narakasura by the Goddess Kali. It is on this day that diyas, lanterns, and lamps are lit, and rangolis are drawn. However, some households do this a few days prior as well.

The third day is Laxmi Pujan, which is the main day of Diwali. On this day, Laxmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, is worshipped. Families come together for the prayers and a home-cooked spread. The fourth day is Govardhan Pujan, and it signifies the way Lord Krishna saved his devotees from devastating floods and rains. Finally, the last day of this five-day festive period is Bhai Dooj, when brothers visit their married sisters, who pray for their prosperity, and share a meal together. Family and friends exchange gifts during these days.

Food and festivities go hand in hand. Diwali is a time of lots of snacks and sweets, which are either bought from popular stores, or made at home. A typical Diwali food plate consists of different types of laddoos and pedhas, fried snacks, and dry-fruit trail mixes. Fresh fruits, vegetables, lentils, and grains make up the main meals of the days. It is tradition for families to eat together, as it supports the theme of unity and joy around Diwali.

Nowadays, the celebration of this five-day festival differs among households. Some families choose to celebrate all five days, while some only observe the days of Naraka Chaturdashi, Laxmi Pujan, and Bhai Dooj. A few others only practice Laxmi Pujan, but keep their diyas and lights on for the entire festive period. Our country is very diverse, and so there is bound to be a difference in how our festivals are celebrated.

Another trend that is taking place is the practice of an eco-friendly Diwali. This means that there is limited or no bursting of firecrackers, and there is usage of organic and non-toxic rangoli paints and powders. Family members and friends also gift each other plants, saplings, and seeds, instead of clothes or other objects.

The festive days of Diwali are a well-loved time for Indian families, and every year, we look forward to them eagerly. We enjoy putting up lights together as a family, eating sweets, buying new clothes, and meeting our cousins, aunts, and uncles!

The following eco friendly diwali essay can help kids write an essay on Deepavali around an environmental theme, which will definitely impress both teachers and relatives!

Diwali is a well-loved festive period for Indian families. It is a time when family members come together to clean the house, light diyas, and make creative rangolis. It is also the time when lots of crackers are lit and burst, toxic paints and rangoli colours are used, and plastic waste is generated. Due to the worsening environmental conditions in our country and around the world, it is our duty to celebrate our festivals in a manner that is eco-friendly and not harmful to our natural surroundings.

Firstly, we should not light and burst firecrackers, as they release smoke and harmful chemicals into the atmosphere. Even though they look very pretty, their chemicals cause air pollution, and their bursts cause noise pollution. Both of these have adverse effects on animals, trees, children, senior citizens, and even buildings.

Secondly, we should use biodegradable earthen diyas, and organic powders and paints, so that they won’t pollute the soil and water, or harm the skin of humans and animals. For gifts, we can exchange plants and seeds with friends and family, and encourage each other to follow an eco-friendly lifestyle for a happy and pollution-free Diwali.

There are certain basic tips that apply to most kinds of essay writing for kids. Help your child follow these guidelines to structure and write a classic Diwali festival essay

1. Do your research

Thorough research is the first step to writing a good essay! Help your child research the topic of Diwali on the Internet, in books and magazines, and through personal stories and experiences.

2. Create a structure

An essay, or a story, usually has a distinct beginning, middle, and end. In other words, there must be an introduction, a main body of content, and a conclusion. The introduction and conclusion are usually one paragraph each, while the main body has about two to three paragraphs, detailing various points of information.

3. Have a strong introduction

Your introduction determines how the rest of your essay is perceived. A strong start to your story will immediately captivate your reader, and set the pace for the rest of the essay. Don’t be afraid to take your time to come up with a good introduction to your wonderful story. You can open with a personal anecdote or a few historical facts.

4. Talk about how Diwali is celebrated

This is the most important part of the essay, which will be incorporated in the middle, or main body. In two to three paragraphs, you can talk about why Diwali is celebrated, how different households, communities, and religious groups in our country celebrate the festivities, what the days, customs, and rituals are, and what importance they hold.

5. Add some points about an eco-friendly Diwali

Environmental care during festive periods is now a major factor to be addressed. You can talk about using organic rangoli powders, sustainable lights, earthen diyas, and non-toxic paint. You can also write about why we should not light firecrackers, and the adverse effect of air and noise pollution on the Earth.

6. Put in a personal touch

To make your essay solid and strong, adding personal touches always helps! You can put in a few lines about how you and your family celebrate Diwali, your favourite foods, meeting and playing with your cousins, or perhaps even an interesting incident that occurred during the festive season.

7. Keep it short and sweet

In other words, don’t ramble on, as that can get tedious to read, and also to write! Write your essay to the point, and eliminate unnecessary details to make it crisp and a delight to read.

Diwali celebration essay writing for kids is a wonderful activity to keep them engaged and occupied, while also helping them to strengthen their writing skills, imagination and creativity, and overall cognitive abilities. Have fun together this festive season!

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  • Diwali 2023: The Festival of Lights, Laughter, and Love

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Hey there, young explorers! Have you ever heard of a festival that's all about lights, sweets, and celebrating with family and friends? Well, that's exactly what Diwali is! So, let's embark on a colorful journey to learn more about Diwali in 2023 - the most sparkling, twinkling, and "sweetest” festival of all!

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What is Diwali?

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most important festivals in India. It's the Festival of Lights, and people celebrate it with immense joy and enthusiasm. Imagine the night sky illuminated by thousands of twinkling candles and colorful lights - that's Diwali for you!

When is Diwali 2023?

Diwali doesn't have a fixed date; it's like the cool kid who changes schools every year. But don't worry! In 2023, Diwali will be celebrated on Sunday, November 12th - Tuesday 14th November. It usually falls between October and November, so keep an eye on your calendar.

The Story Behind Diwali

Now, let's dial back to the origin of the story. Diwali has a fascinating tale that makes it even more exciting! It's the celebration of the return of Lord Rama, his wife Sita, and his loyal brother Lakshmana from their 14-year exile. People lit oil lamps, or diyas, to guide them home. Isn't that sweet?

Picture this: a kingdom shrouded in darkness, ruled by a fierce demon king named Ravana. But there's a glimmer of hope - Lord Rama, a prince who's not just a skilled archer but also a symbol of truth and virtue. Lord Rama was exiled for 14 long years, along with his devoted wife Sita and his loyal brother Lakshmana.

Their journey through the forests was filled with adventures and challenges. They encountered mystical creatures, and brave allies, and faced countless trials. But through it all, Lord Rama remained steadfast in his righteousness, upholding the values of honor and duty.

The turning point in this epic tale came when Sita was kidnapped by the demon king, Ravana, who lured her away from the protective circle drawn by Lakshmana. A mighty battle ensued, and Lord Rama, with the help of an army of monkeys and an epic bridge (yes, you heard that right, a bridge built by monkeys!), defeated Ravana and rescued Sita.

Now, here's where the magic of Diwali comes in. After their long and challenging exile, Lord Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana finally returned to their kingdom, Ayodhya. The people of Ayodhya were overjoyed at the news of their return and wanted to celebrate this triumphant homecoming grandly.

To honor the return of their beloved prince and to light up his path, the people of Ayodhya lit oil lamps, or diyas, all around the kingdom. These lamps not only illuminated the city but also symbolised the victory of light over darkness, truth over falsehood, and 

good over evil. The entire kingdom glowed with a warm, welcoming light.

How to Celebrate Diwali?

The Light Show: Diwali is all about spreading light and happiness. Families decorate their homes with oil lamps, candles, and colorful lights. It's like a giant, sparkly Christmas tree, but with a lot more colors.

Sweets Galore: Diwali is a sweet tooth's dream come true. Families exchange sweets and goodies, and there's even a friendly competition to see who can make the tastiest treats. Yum!

Firecrackers: While it's fun to watch fireworks light up the sky, it's important to remember that not everyone enjoys them. Some people, animals, and our environment can get a bit spooked. So, let's be mindful and enjoy the dazzling lights without the loud noises.

Diwali Puja: Families gather to perform special prayers and ceremonies during Diwali. It's a time for reflection and gratitude.

5 days of Diwali Puja Timings

Bright facts about diwali.

Did you know that Diwali isn't just celebrated in India? It's also a holiday in countries like Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Fiji! It's like Diwali has a passport to travel the world.

Rangoli is an artistic way to decorate homes during Diwali. People make colorful patterns on the ground using things like colored rice, sand, or flower petals. It's like creating a giant, beautiful painting on your doorstep!

Some say that Diwali is a bit like New Year's Eve for many businesses in India. They start fresh accounting books and seek blessings for a prosperous year ahead.

Diwali isn't just about cleaning and decorating homes; it's also a time to tidy up your life by forgiving and forgetting past mistakes. It's like hitting the 'refresh' button on your computer but for your heart!

Diwali is like a kaleidoscope of colors, lights, sweets, and happiness. It's a time to celebrate with family, friends, and even Mother Earth. Remember to be safe, have fun, and make sweet memories. Happy Diwali, young explorers, and keep spreading the light of love and laughter, just like this beautiful festival does! V wish you a very Happy Diwali!

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FAQs on Diwali 2023: The Festival of Lights, Laughter, and Love

1. What is the Diwali 2023 date?

The Diwali date is 12th November 2023.

2. At what time do you do Diwali pooja?

During the Pradosh period, which is usually between 5:40 PM and 7:36 PM.

3. What is the most fun thing about the Diwali festival?

Lighting up diyas, spending time with family and friends, and enjoying delicious food.

4. What are the 5 days of Diwali festival in 2023?

Dhanteras, Naraka Chaturdashi, Diwali, Govardhan Puja, and Bhai Dooj

5. Whose festival is Diwali?

Diwali is primarily celebrated by Hindus, but it is also celebrated by Jains, Sikhs, and some Buddhists.

CBSE Class Notes Online – Classnotes123

CBSE Class Notes, Worksheets, Question Answers, Diagrams , Definitions , Diffrence between , Maths Concepts, Science Facts Online – Classnotes123

Diwali Essay Collection – (150 ,200, 300 , 500 1000-1200 words)

Diwali Essay

Table of Contents

Short Diwali Essay in 150-200 words

Diwali- the bright festival of lights.

Diwali is a famous festival celebrated in India and by Hindus around the world. It’s often called the ‘Festival of Lights’ because people light up their houses with small lamps called ‘diyas’. The festival is all about the victory of good over bad and light over darkness.

The main story behind Diwali is from a book called the Ramayana. It celebrates the return of Lord Rama to his city after defeating a demon king named Ravana. To welcome him back, everyone lit up their homes.

Getting ready for Diwali means cleaning houses, shopping for new things, and making tasty sweets. On Diwali night, families come together to pray, especially to the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi. They also draw colourful designs called ‘rangoli’ on the ground and enjoy fireworks in the sky.

Today, Diwali is a time for family and friends to come together, share gifts, and have fun. It also reminds us to always choose good over bad. But, we should be careful with fireworks because they can harm our environment.

In short, Diwali is a happy festival that spreads joy, brings families closer, and teaches us good values.

Diwali Essay in 300 words

Diwali Essay- The Luminance of India's Grandest Festival

Diwali Essay- The Luminance of India’s Grandest Festival

Diwali, often hailed as the “Festival of Lights”, is not just a celebration but a phenomenon that binds the intricate fabric of India’s diverse populace. Rooted deeply in the nation’s history, Diwali transcends religious boundaries and has grown to represent the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance.

Historically, the significance of Diwali stems from the ancient Hindu epic, the Ramayana. It marks the day when Lord Rama, after 14 years of exile, returned to Ayodhya with Sita and Lakshman, after vanquishing the demon-king Ravana. In his honour, the inhabitants of Ayodhya illuminated the city with countless lamps, a practice that has been emulated for millennia.

However, Diwali’s importance is not limited to Hinduism alone. Jains commemorate it as the day Lord Mahavira achieved Nirvana. For Sikhs, Diwali holds importance as the day Guru Hargobind Ji was freed from imprisonment. Buddhists of the Newar community celebrate it, marking the conversion of Emperor Ashoka to Buddhism.

A unique aspect of Diwali is its harmonious integration of multiple customs across regions. While North India celebrates Rama’s return, the South rejoices over the defeat of the demon Narakasura by Lord Krishna. Western India, particularly Gujarat, associates the festival with the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity.

An undeniable charm of Diwali is the array of lights – from traditional clay lamps (‘diyas’) to modern LED fixtures. This spectacle is complemented by the burst of fireworks, which despite environmental concerns, continue to be a hallmark of the celebration.

But beyond the lights and festivities, Diwali promotes a deeper introspection. It’s a time for cleaning homes and hearts, fostering relationships, and igniting the internal light of self-awareness. The delightful sweets, intricate rangoli designs, and the exchange of gifts are not just rituals but symbolise love, prosperity, and hope.

In summary, Diwali isn’t just a festival; it’s a testament to India’s age-old traditions, showcasing unity, diversity, and the eternal triumph of light over darkness. This Diwali, as we light a lamp, let’s pledge to be that beacon of hope and positivity in the world around us.

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Diwali Essay in 500 words

Diwali Essay- The Luminance of India's Age-old Tradition

Diwali Essay- The Luminance of India’s Age-old Tradition

Diwali, often dubbed the “Festival of Lights,” stands as an emblem of India’s multifaceted cultural heritage. Far beyond the glittering fireworks, aromatic feasts, and shimmering attires lies a profound celebration of life, history, and spirituality. With its roots steeped in ancient tales and traditions, Diwali encapsulates the very essence of India’s spiritual and cultural identity. This essay delves deeper into the intricate tapestry that is Diwali, shedding light on its significance in the Indian context.

Historical and Mythological Foundations-

Diwali’s significance is deeply interwoven with India’s rich mythological tapestry. One of the most celebrated narratives finds its origins in the Indian epic, Ramayana. Diwali marks the day when Lord Rama, accompanied by his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, triumphantly returned to Ayodhya after a 14-year exile and after defeating the demon king, Ravana. Overwhelmed with joy, the citizens of Ayodhya illuminated the entire city with earthen lamps, setting a precedent for generations to come. This timeless tale represents the overarching theme of Diwali- the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, and good over evil.

In another tale stemming from the Puranas, Diwali is celebrated to honour the day when Lord Krishna, another revered incarnation of Vishnu, vanquished the demon Narakasura, liberating the world from tyranny. Meanwhile, in Gujarat, a western state of India, the festival is intertwined with the veneration of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, marking the dawn of a new financial year.

The Five-Day Splendor-

While many outside India recognize Diwali as a single-day festivity, it is, in reality, a grand five-day celebration, with each day holding distinct importance. The gala begins with ‘Dhanteras’, dedicated to celebrating wealth and prosperity. Following this is ‘Naraka Chaturdashi’ or ‘Choti Diwali,’ observed with a quieter reverence but similar devoutness. The zenith is the third day, Diwali itself, where homes, temples, and public spaces gleam with innumerable diyas, candles, and intricate light installations. Next is ‘Govardhan Puja’, a day dedicated to remembering Krishna’s miraculous act of lifting the Govardhan hill to protect villagers. The festivities culminate in ‘Bhai Dooj’, a day that strengthens the bond between brothers and sisters.

Socio-cultural Implications-

Diwali transcends mere ritualistic celebrations. It’s a cornerstone of India’s socio-cultural framework, marking a time when families, often scattered across the globe, converge to renew and solidify ties. Traditional activities like cleaning and renovating homes before Diwali are not just symbolic of purification but also signify a soulful renewal and the ushering in of positive energies and fresh beginnings.

Evolving Traditions and Environmental Stewardship-

However, the modern iteration of Diwali has not been without concerns. The unrestrained use of fireworks has led to significant environmental implications, including skyrocketing air pollution levels and a lingering smog that often blankets cities post-celebration. Recognizing these challenges, many individuals and communities are adopting eco-friendly practices. Sustainable materials for decorations, community-driven laser light shows instead of fireworks, and organic offerings are becoming increasingly popular, marking a conscious shift towards a more responsible celebration.

Conclusion-

Diwali, with its myriad traditions and tales, is emblematic of the spirit of India — a land where ancient practices gracefully intermingle with contemporary ideals. As the lights of Diwali illuminate corners and crevices, they also ignite hearts and minds, binding communities and generations together. The global resonance of Diwali’s core message — the indomitable spirit of light triumphing over darkness — stands as a beacon of hope, ensuring that this age-old Indian festival continues to inspire and uplift souls across the world.

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Long Diwali Essay in 1000 – 1200 words

Diwali- A Luminous Link Across Religions and Cultures

Diwali- A Luminous Link Across Religions and Cultures

While primarily associated with Hinduism, Diwali’s embrace extends beyond a singular religious boundary, touching the hearts and histories of several other religions and communities. The universality of light, a symbol for wisdom, hope, and the divine, finds resonance in diverse religious tales associated with Diwali. This essay delves into the multi-religious perspectives on this festival of lights.

Diwali, known as Deepavali (which translates to ‘row of lamps’), carries multifaceted significance for Hindus across regions and cultures.

  • Lord Rama’s Return – The most widespread narrative associated with Diwali is from the ancient Indian epic, the Ramayana. According to the text, Lord Rama, after a 14-year exile and defeating the demon king Ravana, returned to his capital, Ayodhya. The residents, in jubilation, illuminated the entire city with earthen lamps (diyas) to welcome their rightful king and to celebrate the victory of dharma (righteousness) over adharma (unrighteousness).
  • Victory of Krishna over Narakasura – In southern parts of India, particularly in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh, Diwali is associated with another legend. Here, it’s believed that Lord Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu, defeated the demon Narakasura, freeing 16,000 captive princesses. The subsequent day, known as Amavasya, is celebrated as the main Diwali day, marking the victory of light over darkness.
  • Vamana and King Bali- In certain western parts of India, especially Kerala, Diwali commemorates the Vamana avatar of Lord Vishnu, where he subdued King Bali. Though a benevolent and generous king, Bali’s growing realm posed a threat to the celestial deities. Vamana, taking the form of a dwarf Brahmin, tricked Bali into granting him as much land as he could cover in three steps. Vamana then expanded to cover Earth and the heavens in two steps. Out of respect, Bali offered his own head for the third step, pushing him into the netherworld. However, Bali’s devotion impressed Vishnu, who granted him permission to visit his subjects once a year, which is commemorated as the Onam festival in Kerala, and not Diwali.

Diwali holds a special, solemn significance for the Jain community.

  • Nirvana of Lord Mahavira – On the night of Diwali, it’s believed that Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, achieved moksha (liberation from the cycle of birth and death) in 527 BCE. His nirvana brought an end to his earthly journey, freeing his soul from all karma and thus achieving the highest form of bliss.
  • Lighting of Lamps- The lamps lit during Diwali by Jains represent the knowledge Lord Mahavira imparted, illuminating the path to enlightenment and liberation. On this day, the Jain community engages in prayers, meditation, and reflection on Lord Mahavira’s teachings, emphasising non-violence, truth, and asceticism.
  • Gyan Panchami – Five days after Diwali, Jains observe Gyan Panchami, a day dedicated to acquiring knowledge. It underscores the Jain community’s respect for knowledge and learning, reinforcing the teachings of Lord Mahavira.
  • Guru Hargobind Ji’s Release- Diwali holds special significance for Sikhs because it marks the release of the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind Ji, from the Gwalior Fort in 1619. The Mughal Emperor Jahangir had imprisoned him, possibly due to the Guru’s increasing influence in the region and the perceived threat to the Mughal authority. Along with the Guru, 52 Hindu kings were also detained.
  • Bandi Chhor Divas – When Jahangir decided to release Guru Hargobind Ji, the Guru insisted that the 52 kings be released with him. The Emperor set a condition- whoever could hold onto the Guru’s cloak tail would be allowed to leave the prison. Ingeniously, Guru Hargobind Ji had a cloak made with 52 tassels, allowing all the kings to hold onto one. This day of release is celebrated as “Bandi Chhor Divas” (The Day of Liberation) by Sikhs, coinciding with Diwali.
  • Illumination of Golden Temple- On the Guru’s return to Amritsar, the Sikhs lit up the city in a grand celebration of his release. The tradition continues to this day, with the Golden Temple spectacularly illuminated, and fireworks lighting up the sky. For Sikhs, the lights symbolise the light of the Guru’s teachings, which dispel the darkness of ignorance and oppression.

Buddhism (Newar Buddhists of Nepal)-

  • Ashoka’s Conversion – For Newar Buddhists in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, Diwali marks the celebration of the Indian Emperor Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism. Ashoka, originally known for his conquests and the Kalinga War, was deeply affected by the vast bloodshed and turned to Buddhism in search of solace. He subsequently became a patron of Buddhism and played a pivotal role in its spread.
  • Symbolism of Lamps- During Diwali, Newar Buddhists light lamps to commemorate this conversion, symbolising the light of dharma (Buddhist teachings) that dispelled the darkness in Ashoka’s heart and mind.
  • Incorporation of Diwali- While Diwali is not a traditional Buddhist festival, its themes of light over darkness and good over evil resonate with Ashoka’s transformation from a ruthless conqueror to a compassionate ruler. For Newar Buddhists, this overlap allowed for the incorporation of Diwali celebrations into their religious practices.

Interfaith Dialogue-

  • Universal Themes of Diwali- The central theme of Diwali – the victory of light over darkness and good over evil – is not exclusive to one religion or culture. These are universally resonant themes that can be found in the core beliefs of many religious and philosophical traditions.
  • Celebration Beyond Boundaries in Trinidad and Tobago- In Trinidad and Tobago, a nation with a significant population of East Indian descent (primarily Hindus), Diwali has transcended its religious confines. The festival has become a national event celebrated by people of various backgrounds, including Christians, Muslims, and indigenous communities. Here, Diwali promotes unity and mutual respect, with communal events often involving interfaith discussions and collaborative festivities.
  • Malaysia’s Deepavali- While Diwali is called “Deepavali” in Malaysia, its essence remains true to its roots. Although a Muslim-majority nation, Malaysia recognizes Diwali as a public holiday. The festival acts as a bridge, fostering understanding between the Hindu minority and the larger Muslim, Buddhist, and Christian communities.

Modern Context-

  • Diwali as a Cultural Ambassador- The Indian diaspora, spread across continents, has played a pivotal role in introducing Diwali to various corners of the globe. From the United States to Europe, local communities often participate in the festivities, using it as an opportunity to learn about Indian culture and traditions.
  • Recognition by World Leaders- In recent years, several global leaders have recognized and celebrated Diwali. For instance, the White House has, over various administrations, hosted Diwali celebrations, emphasising the importance of diversity and inclusion in American society.
  • London’s Trafalgar Square Celebrations- The Diwali celebrations in London are a testament to the multicultural fabric of the city. Every year, Trafalgar Square witnesses a grand celebration, complete with cultural performances, workshops, and stalls. These festivities, often attended by thousands, serve as a platform to showcase Indian culture to a wider audience.
  • A Counter to Growing Intolerance- In regions experiencing religious or racial tensions, Diwali’s universal message offers a timely reminder. The emphasis on light, knowledge, and unity encourages communities to focus on commonalities rather than differences. By celebrating Diwali, communities can reinforce the ideals of mutual respect and coexistence.

Conclusion- Diwali’s luminance isn’t confined within the perimeters of Hinduism. Its radiance touches various religions, emphasising universal themes of enlightenment, joy, and triumph over adversity. In understanding and celebrating these multi-religious facets of Diwali, we move a step closer to global harmony, appreciating the interconnectedness of human experiences and beliefs.

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Essay on Diwali

Essay On Diwali

Diwali is not only an Indian festival but also a way to peep into Indian culture and tradition. If you are still unaware of this festival called Diwali and want to get an insight into what Diwali is all about? Then, you have halted at the right station.

Essay on how I celebrate Diwali | Dhanteras Essay 2023

Short and Long Essay on Diwali 2023

Let us dive in to discover the essence of this festival and how it touches the lives of people of India as social, global, and mythological. Here are short, mid and long length essay for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and class 12 in English in 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 500 words.:

Diwali Essay 10 Lines

1 – “Diwali” is a festival of luminescence celebrated in India.

2 – It falls on the new moon in the Karthik month.

3 – Diwali depicts the triumph of good over bad.

4 – Diwali is considered as one of the primary festivals celebrated in India.

5 – The advent of Diwali marks from ‘Dhanteras’ which is considered as day one of this five-day-long festival.

6 – The next day is celebrated as ‘Chhoti Diwali’ followed by ‘Diwali’ as the third day.

7 – On the fourth day falls ‘Govardhan puja’ and ‘Bhai duj’ as the last day of the Deepawali celebration.

8 – During Diwali, people buy new clothes, clean homes, and decorate by candles, diyas, lights, Kandil, and Rangoli.

9 – Every year after Diwali it is reported in media that about hundreds of million-dollar money is pumped in during Diwali.

10 – Diwali is a festival of happiness, calmness, and peace. It teaches us brotherhood and building a healthy relationship with nature.

Essay on Diwali (250 – 300 Words)

Introduction

“Diwali” is a festival of luminescence celebrated in India. According to the Hindu calendar ‘Panchangs’, it falls on the new moon in the Karthik month. Generally, the festival of Diwali lasts for five days. Diwali depicts the triumph of good over bad. Diwali is considered as one of the primary festivals celebrated in India.

According to Ramayana, Lord Ram defeated Ravana and returned Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile. To welcome Lord Ram and Mata Sita, citizens of Ayodhya decorated the whole city and lit the diyas as their feeling of happiness towards Lord Ram. Since then the tradition to celebrate this victory of good over evil became the festival of light called “Diwali”.

Diwali Celebration in India

In India, the advent of Diwali marks from ‘Dhanteras’ which is considered as day one of this five-day-long festival. The next day is celebrated as ‘Chhoti Diwali’ followed by ‘Diwali’ as the third day. On the fourth day falls ‘Govardhan puja’ and ‘Bhai duj’ as the last day of the Deepawali celebration. During Diwali, people buy new clothes, clean homes, and decorate by candles, diyas, lights, Kandil, and Rangoli.

The festival of Diwali is enjoyed by every age group of people, especially children. It is so because children get a chance to burn crackers, eat delicious sweets, and long merry time with their family and friends. The businessmen, merchants, and traders close their old Account books and start with a new account book. On the day of Diwali, people worship Lord Ganesha and goddess Lakshmi in order to bring wealth and happiness in their life.

Diwali is not just a festival to celebrate but also symbolizes the sharing of happiness with everyone. Diwali also teaches us the moral of life that truth always wins. So, we must speak the truth and embrace the goods of speaking truth.

Long Essay 2 (400 Words) – Diwali: Pros and Cons as a Festival in this Modern Era

With the rise of globalization, festivals are also not immune to the effect of globalization. Today, Diwali as a festival is not only celebrated within the boundaries of the country but also celebrated globally. As Indians living across the globe, so they carry their festivals too. We Indians love to enjoy the festival of Diwali.

Seeing the aura of this festival, people of foreign origin have also started to celebrate Diwali. Diwali is especially recognized as a festival of wealth, money, shopping, light, and bursting of a high number of crackers. Though it gives us extreme pleasure after the celebration, it also brings post-Diwali side effects. Let us discuss a few pros and cons of Diwali.

Pros of Diwali Festival

Economical Significance: Diwali is not all about lights, but it also opens a door for shopping periods in India. Every year after Diwali it is reported in media that about hundreds of million-dollar money is pumped in during Diwali. People from every section of society spend a good amount of money. The festival is related to the goddess Lakshmi, who is a symbol of wealth and prosperity. People spend their money on buying gold, silver, steel utensils, and other auspicious metals as their item of purchase.

Along with this, people also spend in buying consumer electronics, clothes, sweets, and other similar luxury items. The other channel where the economy sees a heavy surge in online shopping. ASSOCHAM, a trade organization in India estimated that two-third of Indians households would spend between Rs. 5000 and Rs. 10000 on average. These various activities contribute to the economy flow and circulation of money in the market.

Global Mode of Cultural Exchange: Exchange of trade between countries brought them together on multiple platforms. Most of the countries have their embassies located in the capital city of India. These embassies have ambassadors as the face of their countries. On the occasion of the Diwali celebration, the government of India organizes various cultural exchange programs where high dignitaries, leaders of worldwide, and politicians come together to enjoy the uniqueness of Diwali.

Cons of Diwali Festival

Pollution: The major concern that arises from the celebration of Diwali is air pollution. Every year, there is a surge in the air quality index after Diwali night. Due to air pollution caused by the smoke of firecrackers, many birds die after this. Elderly people often complain about various breathing problems. High sound-producing crackers have a bad effect on pregnant women, heart patients, and smaller children.

Diwali is a festival of happiness, calmness, and peace. It teaches us brotherhood and building a healthy relationship with nature. So, let’s celebrate this Diwali as eco friendly and convey a message of prosperity in everyone’s life.

long diwali essay

Long Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words) – Diwali Celebration in Context of Different Religions

Today for most of us, “Diwali” is only a festival of light, partying, shopping, and taking a break from our working life. Apart from all these, we don’t give heed to its real significance what the festival of Diwali holds. Diwali has a vivid history and significance to different people belonging to other castes, religions, demography, and livelihood. The festival of Diwali has its root just after the inception of the earth. So, let us now explore how Diwali plays an integral role in developing as humans and providing us our own Indian style of living.

Diwali in Hinduism

1. Treta Yuga: Treta Yuga is remembered for the most significant event of the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as Lord Ram. It is believed that kingdom of Ayodhya was ruled for almost eleven thousand years by Lord Rama, who was known as the 7 th avatar of Lord Vishnu. This prosperous period is also called “Ram Rajya”. During this period, Lord Ram went for fourteen years of exile along with Mata Sita and his younger brother Lakshman. But during their stay, demon-king Ravana abducted Mata Sita. To bring back Mata Sita, Lord Ram defeated demon- king Ravana and send a message of victory of good over evil.

2. Dwapar Yuga: The Yuga talks about the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as Lord Krishna. In this Yuga, Lord Krishna killed Narakasura and freed about 16000 girls from his captivity. This act of Lord Krishna also gave a message of the triumph of good over evil.

3. Other Vedic sources: ‘Padma Purana’ reveals that during Samudra Manthan (churning of the heavenly ocean of milk) between Devtas (god) and demon (asuras), goddess Lakshmi was born.

Diwali in Jainism

According to Harivamsha Purana, Diwali in Jainism is referred to as Dipika. The Diwali day also talks about the Mahavira, twenty-fourth Jain Tirthankara, and Mahavira attainment of Moksha. The New Year for Jain’s falls on pratipada i.e. the next day of Diwali. Few sources of Jainism also mentions about Gautama swami, the chief disciple of Mahavira, attaining omniscience.

Diwali in Sikhism

For Sikhs, the celebration of Diwali represents the day on which the sixth guru, Shri Hargobind Ji was released from the prison along with 52 other princes from the famous Gwalior Fort under the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. That’s why; the day is celebrated as Bandi Chhor Divas by lighting up thousands of lamps at the golden temple, Amritsar.

Diwali in Buddhism

It is believed emperor Ashoka was so moved by the mass killing in the war of Kalinga held in 263 B.C that he converted to Buddhism. To mark this incident the day is regarded as Ashoka Vijayadashami.

Other Historical Significance

According to king ‘Harsha’, in the 7th century, Diwali is a festival where lamps were lit and gifts to newly engaged brides and grooms of the period were given as a token of love. Rajashekhara, an eminent Sanskrit poet under the court of Gurjara Pratiharas, described Diwali as the season of whitewashing, cleaning, decoration of houses, and the illumination of streets with oil lamp by the people of the town. On the agricultural front, Diwali is observed as a post-harvest festival for celebrating the rewards reaped through the harvest following the onset of the monsoon in the subcontinent region.

Decoding Ancient Inscriptions

In ancient times, Sanskrit was used as the main language for inscription. Excavation at various sites in India found Sanskrit inscription on stone and copper, indicating about Diwali. Terms like Dipotsava, Dipavati, Divali, and Divalige were used in the inscriptions.

India is considered as the land of cultural heritage, tradition, and festivals. Among festivals, Diwali is a festival that proves to be a common link between all the civilizations that have existed on the earth. So, Diwali not only holds India’s integrity but also plays a major role in defining ancient Indian history.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Ans . Diwali is called Bhai Phonta in west Bengal.

Ans . Mustard oil is used in lighting the earthen lamps in Diwali.

Ans . ‘Thalai Deepawali’ is celebrated in the Tamil Nadu state of India.

Ans . The festival of Diwali in Sikhism is called ‘Bandi Chhor Divas’.

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Essay on Diwali in English: 50 Words to 1000 Words

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Essay on Diwali in English: – Diwali is a very popular festival in India. Today Team GuideToExam brings for you an essay on Diwali in English for your kids. These Diwali essays are crafted in different words so that it can be used for different classes and age groups as well.

Table of Contents

Essay on Diwali in English (Diwali Essay in 50 words)

Image of Essay on Diwali

Diwali is one of the most popular festivals in India. It is also called the festival of lights. It is a holy festival for the Hindus. On Diwali people lit up their houses, shops, etc. with lanterns, candles, diyas, and decorative lights. Lord Ganesh and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped and people burst firecrackers. People distribute sweets and decorate their houses during Diwali.

Essay on Diwali in English (Diwali Essay in 100 Words)

Diwali means ‘the festival of lights. Before Diwali people start cleaning their houses, shops, etc., and for Diwali people decorate their houses, shops, and streets with decorative lights and diyas.

Diwali is a sacred festival for the Hindus. In India people eagerly wait for this festival. Especially Diwali is a much-awaited festival for the kids as crackers are burst, sweets are distributed in Diwali and kids get lots of fun from all those.

Diwali is also an important festival for businessmen. Lord Ganesh and Devi Lakshmi are worshipped for prosperity. People also worship Lord Ganesh and Lakshmi in their homes as it is believed that worshipping Ganesh and Lakshmi brings good luck and wealth to the families. Generally, Diwali is celebrated in the month of October and after that, the winter season arrives in the country.

Essay on Diwali in English (Diwali Essay in 150 words)

Diwali or Deepawali is also called the ‘festival of lights. The festival is celebrated across the country with great joy. There is a mythological story behind the celebration of Diwali. It is believed that on this day Lord Rama was returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana.

Diwali is a very special festival for the Hindus. People start the preparation a week before celebrating Diwali. Houses, shops, and streets are cleaned and diyas, candles, or decorative lights are illuminated.

Firecrackers are burst and children get lots of joy. People wear new clothes and distribute sweets on Diwali. Lord Ganesh and Devi Lakshmi are worshipped for prosperity and wealth. Rangolies are made and diyas are placed there and Devi Lakshmi is worshipped.

There are some disadvantages of Diwali too. On Diwali, people burst crores of firecrackers across the country and that pollutes the environment. On the other hand, people who are suffering from lungs problem, smoke allergies, or asthma suffer a lot during Diwali. Burning crackers also cause noise pollution and it also harms the environment.

Essay on Diwali in English (Diwali Essay in 200 words)

Diwali, popularly known as Deepawali is an important festival that is celebrated with immense enthusiasm across the country. It is also called the festival of lights.

Diwali falls in the month of Kartik according to the Hindu calendar. As per the English calendar, Diwali falls in the month of October or November.

As per Hindu mythology, it is believed that on this day Lord Rama was returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana. The people of Ayodhya lit up diyas to welcome Lord Rama to Ayodhya. Actually, the festival Diwali symbolizes the victory of good over evil.

Today Diwali is celebrated with great pomp. People clean their houses, and shops before Diwali. On Diwali, rangolis are made and people worship Lord Ganesh and goddesses Lakshmi for prosperity and good luck. Firecrackers are burst and sweets are exchanged by people with their near and dear ones.

No doubt Diwali is a festival of joy and fun. But in the process of the Diwali celebration, we cause some to our environment too. After Diwali, we can see an increase in environmental pollution. The smoke emitted from the firecrackers not only cause harm to our environment but also affects the patients who are suffering from lungs problem, Asthma, allergy, etc.

It also causes harm to the animals. Now a day’s government has introduced some rules to avoid firecrackers during Diwali in order to protect the environment from being polluted.

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Long Essay on Diwali in English (Diwali Essay in 1000 words)

Diwali is a festival of lights. It is a Hindu festival. Diwali or Deepawali is one of the most famous Hindu festivals. Diwali symbolizes the religious victory of light above darkness. The Hindu families wait with all their excitement to greet this famous festival, the festival of lights.

The people do many rituals, and many preparations both for greeting the festival, during the festival, and to end the festival. People remain busy these days.  The festival generally cascades between mid-October and mid-November. Diwali is normally celebrated eighteen days after the Dussehra.

In addition to these preparations and rituals in Diwali, people also clean, maybe sometimes renovates, decorate, and color their homes and their working place to make them perfectly clean and hygienic. On the days of Diwali and also sometimes before some days of Diwali people starts decorating their houses with various types of lights etc. to make it look attractive, neat, clean and of course beautiful.

People buy new clothes on Diwali and wear them on the same to make them look good. They decorate their houses with diyas both in and out. In Diwali people worship or simply puja to goddess Lakshmi of their prosperity and wealth. People also share, distribute sweets or mithais and also give gifts to the younger people in their family or neighborhood.

The festival of Diwali is celebrated for/ organized for five consecutive days this is also mentioned in many of the Sanskrit texts. The five days of Diwali has been given different names by different religions. The rituals are also seen to be given different names by the different religions.

The first day of the event/festival is when the people start up Diwali by cleaning their homes and making beautiful decorations on the floor, such as rangoli. The second day of Diwali is also known as Choti Diwali. The third day of Diwali comes with the best climax that is on the third day we people get to experience the darkest night of the month Kartika.

In some parts of India, Diwali is followed by pujas such as Govardhan Puja, Diwali Padva, Bhai dooj, Vishwakarma puja, etc. The pujas Govardhan Puja and Diwali Padva are dedicated to the relationship between wife and husband. Bhai dooj is a day that is celebrated for the brothers and sisters this day is for the love or for the bond of the brothers and sisters.

The visviswakarma puja is celebrated for the same purpose which is to give their offerings to the god and pray to the god. Some other religions in India also celebrate their relevant festivals together with Diwali.

Diwali is normally five days of happiness and delight and enjoyment and pleasure and joy. Many towns systematize society parades and fairs with parades or melody and dance performances in parks. Some Hindus send their Diwali greetings to family near and far during the celebratory season, sporadically with boxes of Indian stuff.

Diwali is a post-crop festival or post-harvest festival celebrating the reward of the following foyer of the monsoon in the subcontinent. Based on the region, celebrations, various rituals which include prayers.

According to David Kinsley, an Indologist and scholar of Indian religious traditions particularly in relation to goddess worship, Lakshmi symbolizes three virtues: wealth and prosperity, fertility, and plentiful crops, in addition to good luck. Merchants pursue Lakshmi’s blessings.

The fertility theme comes into view in farming or agriculture offerings brought before Lakshmi by farming families or simply by the farmers, they give their hearty thanks for the recent harvests and seek out her blessings or goddess Lakshmi’s blessing for prosperous future crops.

The Rituals and arrangements for Diwali commence days or weeks in progress or advance, characteristically after the festival of Dusshera that heads Diwali by about 20 days. The festival officially or formally begins two days earlier than the night of Diwali and ends two days after that. Apiece day has the subsequent customs and rituals and significance.

Image of Diwali Essay

There are five days of Diwali.

The first day is also known as the Dhanteras. Dhanteras, originated from Dhan meaning wealth, symbols of the thirteenth day of the dark fortnight of Kartik and the commencement of Diwali. On this day, numerous Hindus dirt-free their homes, etc. They fit diyas, earthen oil-filled lamps which they light up for the next five days, near Lakshmi iconography.

Women and children beautify the front entrance or the doorways within homes with rangoli, colorful designs made from rice flour, flower petals, and colored sand.

The second day is also known as the  Choti Diwali, Naraka Chaturdasi. Choti Diwali or Naraka Chaturdasi is the main shopping day for mithai or sweets. Choti Diwali, also known as Naraka Chaturdasi, is the second day of Diwali. The word Choti means little, while Naraka means hell and Chaturdasi means fourteenth.

The day and its rituals are understood as ways to liberate any souls from their suffering in Naraka or the dangerous hell, as well as a reminder of religious auspiciousness. Naraka Chaturdasi is also the main day for buying festive foods, particularly sweets.

The second day is followed by the third day which is Diwali, Lakshmi Puja. The third day or the Diwali, Lakshmi Puja is the main of the festival and corresponds with the end day of the gloomy fortnight of the lunar month.

This is the day when all the people the Hindu, the Jain, and the Sikh temples and homes are glowing or shining with lights, thereby making Diwali the festival of light or the most famous festival of light is named as Diwali all over the world.

The fourth day is the Annakut, Padwa, Govardhan puja. The day following the day of Diwali is the opening or the first day of the dazzling fortnight of the lunisolar calendar.

And finally, Diwali ends with the fifth day which is the Bhai Duj, Bhau-beej, or Day 5. The last day of the festival Diwali or Bhai Duj, Bhau-beej is called Bhai duj which is literally the “brother’s day”, Bhai Phonta or Bhai tilak. It celebrates the bond of sister-brother.

But now a day the more use of Diwali stuff or the bombs etc. is leading to air pollution. This should be reduced as much as we can. So enjoy Diwali safely, and happily without causing any damage to the natural environment.

Final Words: – It is really a naïve task to write an essay on Diwali in English in just 50 or 100 words. But Diwali essay is a very common topic from the students of different classes and age groups. So we have crafted 5/6 different Diwali essay in English so that the students of different classes get benefited. Moreover, we have crafted a long essay on Diwali in English for the students of the upper classes.

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1 thought on “Essay on Diwali in English: 50 Words to 1000 Words”

Diwali is the most people of festival of India and all allHindu peoples make Diwali and decorate their house from lights diyas and Rangoli with candles and etc children’s will burst firecracker and there will make many types of food like like sweets chapati sabji and etc

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Essay On How I Celebrated Diwali

long diwali essay

Table of Contents

Short Essay On How I Celebrated Diwali

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is one of the most important and widely celebrated festivals in India. This festival symbolizes the victory of good over evil, and is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains all over the world.

Last year, I celebrated Diwali with my family and close friends. The celebration started with a visit to the temple to offer prayers and seek blessings for the coming year. After that, we came back home and began preparing for the festivities.

My family and I decorated our house with traditional diyas and rangolis. We also hung colorful lights and garlands, which created a festive atmosphere inside and outside our home. We cooked a variety of delicious traditional food, including sweets, savory snacks, and a special Diwali feast for dinner.

In the evening, we lit firecrackers and danced to the beats of dhols and other musical instruments. The sound of firecrackers, the lighting of diyas, and the dancing and music created an electrifying atmosphere, and everyone was in a joyful and celebratory mood.

We also exchanged sweets and gifts with our friends and neighbors, which is a traditional aspect of the Diwali celebration. The exchange of sweets and gifts symbolizes the sharing of happiness and love between family and friends.

Overall, the celebration of Diwali was a wonderful experience, and I will never forget the memories and the joy that it brought to me and my family. The festival of Diwali is a true celebration of life, and it reminds us of the importance of spreading love, peace, and happiness in our communities.

Long Essay On How I Celebrated Diwali

Diwali is one of the most exciting festivals celebrated in many parts of India. Every year, millions of people come together to celebrate this special day with lights, firecrackers, sweets, and much more. In this essay, I will be sharing my experience of celebrating Diwali and how it has been a memorable time for me every single year. Read on to find out what all I did during Diwali!

Introduction

Diwali is the festival of lights and is celebrated by Hindus all over the world. It is a five day long festival which starts on Dhanteras and ends on Bhai Dooj. Diwali is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama from his 14 year exile. People light diyas and candles all around their houses to welcome him. They also exchange gifts with their loved ones and feast on delicious food.

I always look forward to celebrating Diwali with my family. This year, we started our celebrations by cleaning our house from top to bottom. We then decorated it with diyas, candles, and lights. On Dhanteras, we bought new clothes and gold jewellery to mark the occasion. On the day of Diwali, we lit firecrackers and worshipped Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi. The next day was reserved for visiting our relatives and exchanging gifts with them. We ended our celebrations on Bhai Dooj by spending time with our brothers and sisters.

I always enjoy celebrating Diwali as it is a fun-filled festival full of traditions that I have grown up with.

Preparations for Diwali Celebration

Preparations for the Diwali celebration begin well in advance. The whole house is cleaned and whitewashed. A special rangoli is drawn at the entrance of the house. On the day of Diwali, people dress up in their best clothes. The women wear traditional sarees or suits with gold jewelry. The men wear Kurtas or Sherwanis with traditional Rajasthani turbans.The evening before Diwali, all the houses and shops are decorated with colorful lights and lanterns. On Diwali night, people offer prayers to Goddess Lakshmi, light candles and diyas, burst crackers and exchange sweets and gifts with family members and friends.

Decorating the House

Diwali is the festival of lights and is celebrated all over India. The houses are decorated with lights and candles. The main purpose of decorating the house is to make it look beautiful and attractive. People also believe that by decorating their houses, they can attract good luck and prosperity.

Shopping for Diwali Gifts and Sweets

When it comes to shopping for Diwali gifts and sweets, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. First, you want to make sure you get something for everyone on your list. Second, you want to find items that are unique and memorable. And third, you want to avoid the usual suspects when it comes to gift giving.

To help you with your shopping, we’ve put together a list of some great Diwali gift ideas that are sure to please everyone on your list. From traditional sweets and snacks to unique home decor items, we’ve got you covered.

So what are you waiting for? Get started on your Diwali shopping today!

Making Rangolis

Making rangolis is a fun and easy way to decorate for Diwali! All you need is some colored powder, a few supplies, and a little bit of creativity.

Here are some tips for making beautiful rangolis:

1. Choose your colors. You can use traditional Diwali colors like red, orange, and yellow, or go for something more unique. Just make sure you have enough powder for your design.

2. Decide on a design. Rangolis can be as simple or complex as you like. Start by drawing your design on paper, then use the colored powder to fill it in.

3. Create an outline. Use a piece of chalk or flour to create an outline of your design before filling it in with color. This will help ensure that your rangoli is symmetrical and evenly spaced.

4. Fill in the color. Once you have your outline ready, it’s time to start filling in the color! Use a small spoon or your fingers to apply the powder to the design. Be careful not to overdo it—too much color can make your rangoli look messy.

5. Add finishing touches (optional). If you want, you can add some extra embellishments to your rangoli with things like sparkles, beads, or sequins . This is a great way to make your rangoli extra special.

Making rangolis is a fun and festive way to decorate for Diwali! With just a few supplies and some creativity, you can create beautiful designs that will bring joy to your home.

Lighting Firecrackers

Diwali is the biggest and most important Hindu festival of the year. It is celebrated in October or November each year and lasts for five days. On the first day of Diwali, people light firecrackers to scare away evil spirits. They also decorate their homes with lights and lamps.

On the second day, people buy new clothes and give gifts to their friends and family. They also visit temples and offer prayers to the gods.

On the third day, people celebrate the festival of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. They pray to her for a prosperous new year. On this day, businesses start their new fiscal year and people exchange gifts of money.

On the fourth day, people visit relatives and friends to exchange gifts and enjoy feasts.

On the fifth day, people attend special Diwali pujas or ceremonies at temples. They also burn effigies of Ravana, the demon king from the Hindu epic Ramayana.

The Delicious Feast Prepared for Diwali

The delicious feast prepared for Diwali was so good that I could not help but eat a lot! The variety of dishes and the beautiful presentation made it hard to resist. From traditional favorites like chicken curry and rice to more modern dishes like pasta, there was something for everyone to enjoy. I was especially impressed with the dessert spread, which included both Indian and Western sweets. It was a truly wonderful meal and a great way to celebrate the holiday.

Closing Prayer to Goddess Lakshmi

In closing, I offer a prayer to Goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu deity of prosperity and good fortune. May her blessings be upon us all in this season of Diwali celebration. Goddess Lakshmi, we invoke your name with love and respect. You are the giver of all good things, the provider of abundance and wealth. We pray that you bestow your blessings upon us during this Diwali season. Fill our homes and hearts with your divine presence. Grant us the wisdom to live our lives in a way that is pleasing to you. Bring peace, joy and happiness into our lives. We offer you our sincere gratitude for all that you have done for us. We bow down before you in humility and reverence. Goddess Lakshmi, we love you and we pray that you continue to shower your blessings upon us always.

A Special Time with Family and Friends

Diwali is a special time for Hindus all over the world. It is a time to come together with family and friends, and to celebrate the triumph of good over evil. This year, I was lucky enough to be able to celebrate Diwali with my extended family. We all gathered at my aunt’s house, and spent the day eating, laughing, and playing games. It was a wonderful day, and I am so grateful to have been able to spend it with my loved ones.

This Diwali, I was able to experience the joy of celebrating it with my family. The time we spent together was truly special and something that I will cherish for a lifetime. From rangoli making to playing games such as Parcheesi and Chess, we had an amazing time. This festival is all about coming together to spread love and light in our lives, and this year, I experienced that more than ever before!

Manisha Dubey Jha

Manisha Dubey Jha is a skilled educational content writer with 5 years of experience. Specializing in essays and paragraphs, she’s dedicated to crafting engaging and informative content that enriches learning experiences.

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Paragraph on Diwali

We have provided short paragraphs on Diwali festival in order to help students as they generally get assigned to write some paragraphs in the classroom. All the paragraphs are written using very simple words under various words limits according to the need and requirement of the students. Paragraph writing competition is generally organized by the class teacher anytime in order to check student’s skill and knowledge about the subject.

Speech on Diwali for School Students  |  Speech on Diwali for Teachers  |  Slogans on Diwali

Short and Long Paragraphs on Diwali in English

We have provided below short and long paragraphs on Diwali for your knowledge and information.

After reading these Diwali paragraphs you will know everything about the Festival of Diwali and will be able to answer the questions like – when and why is Diwali celebrated; how is Diwali celebrated; significance of Diwali; how to celebrate a safe and eco friendly Diwali; how people of different community celebrate Diwali etc.

These paragraphs will be extremely useful for you while taking part in debate, essay writing or speech giving competition on Diwali.

Diwali Paragraph 1

Diwali is a Hindu festival celebrated every year as a festival of lights. It is very significant festival for the people of Hindu religion. Everyone becomes very happy on the occurrence of this festival and celebrates with lots of preparations. Diwali is a five days long festival begins from Dhanteras and ends at Bhai dooj. It falls every year on fifteenth day of the Kartik month.

People start cleaning their houses few days before the main date of Diwali such as white washing, dusting, painting, etc. Houses get decorated using real or artificial flowers and other decorative materials. Everywhere looks very dazzling because of the lighting small earthen lamps and electric bulbs. It is considered that Goddess Lakshmi makes a visit to each houses in the night of Diwali that’s why everyone lights their houses to welcome the Goddess. In return, Goddess gives her blessings to her devotees for healthy and prosperous life. At this day, everyone performs puja of Goddess Lakshmi and God Ganesha and then distributes gifts and sweets to their friends, neighbors and relatives.

Diwali Paragraph 2

Diwali is one of the most favorite festival of everyone. It is a most enjoyable, sacred and loveliest festival in the Hindu religion. It is celebrated every year all through the country as well as abroad (by the Indian people) with great joy and enthusiasm. Everyone (especially kids) waits for this festival with much keen. This festival is celebrated from the ancient time to mark the happy return of lord Rama with his wife and brother to his Kingdom (Ayodhya) after long fourteen years of exile.

It is a five days long festival of lights and festivities, falls every year twenty days after Dussehra. It make us feel the advent of winter season. It brings lots of charms and delight in our life. Diwali is also known as Deepawali because we make a row or collection of many lamps out the home. People start festival preparations few days before the main date such as cleaning of houses, white washing of buildings, decorations, buy toys, gifts, flowers and other necessary things for festival. At this day people become very happy and distribute gifts to each other.

Diwali Paragraph 3

Diwali is an important festival for the people of Hindu religion. Everyone waits for this festival with eager in order to get lots of fun and pleasure while lighting candles and clay diyas in the night. We should be conscious of celebrating this festival without any harm to the public as well as environment. We should know that the crackers we burn on diwali is very disadvantageous to the health of people and environment. High pitch sound making crackers are enough to disturb human mind and balance of atmosphere. Some fire-rockets go very high in the sky which create the fear of fire if used in the residential colonies.

So, we should celebrate safe and happy diwali without crackers and other harmful materials in order to keep ourselves healthy and natural cycle in balance. It is the festival of lights and cleanliness, not the festival of firecrackers. It is the festival to worship Goddess Laxmi, not the festival to make anyone sorrow through the fire-rockets.

Diwali Paragraph 4

Diwali is everyone’s favorite festival. It is well known as the festival of lights and celebrated in all the parts of our country. It is also celebrated in the abroad by the Indian people with great enthusiasm. Few days before the festival, people start cleaning, whitewashing and decorating their houses and shops. In the night of Diwali, people lit lots of clay lamps or candles all around the houses and offices. Everywhere (villages, towns and cities) looks dazzling because of earthen lamps, candles and electric bulbs. Kids of the houses becomes very happy by wearing new clothes and distributing gifts among their friends, neighbors and relatives. In the night, all the family members worship (of Goddess Laxmi and God Ganesha) together and take blessings of the elders of the family.

Diwali Paragraph 5

Diwali festival is celebrated every year in the honor of Goddess Lakshmi. There are various myths for celebrating this festival. Diwali is celebrated by the Hindu people with honor and devotion. Variety of sweet dishes and other delicious dishes are prepared in the houses. In the evening at 6 pm we decorate our houses with candles, earthen lamps, electric bulbs, flowers to welcome the Goddess Lakshmi. Everyone gets prepared in the night after 8 pm for the worship of Goddess Lakshmi and God Ganesha. We pray to the Goddess by offering flowers, sweet and agarbati to get blessings for prosperous and happy life. All the family members, friends and relatives get together at one place to add more joy to this festival.

Diwali night becomes full of crackers, noise and smoke however it is not safe for our health and natural environment. It creates toxic substances which gets intermingled into the fresh air and make environment polluted. We should take a pledge this Diwali to celebrate our further Diwali festival in safe and secure manner.

Diwali Paragraph 6

Diwali festival is popularly known as Deepavali in some parts of the country. It is also a festival of cleanliness and lights because we do cleanliness some days before the festival date and lit lamps in huge number in the night of Diwali. We get very excited for new dresses and delicious foods on this festival. There are various historical significance of celebrating this festival such as birth of Goddess Lakshmi from the churning ocean, returning of Lord Rama to his kingdom after axile, achievement of moksha or nirvana by Mahavira, victory of goodness over evil demon Narakasura, homecoming of Pandavas after exile, Marwari New Year, and other stories.

It is a five days long festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and lots of preparations. We take blessings from the elder family members by touching their feet as it is our culture and tradition. We enjoy a lot in the night after worship as we burst crackers and fireworks and eat sweets and delicious dinner. At this occasion, many people start their business and new work.

Diwali Paragraph 7

Diwali is the festival of lights falls every year in the month of October or November. And, according to the Hindu calendar, it falls in the month of Ashwin. Diwali is also known as Deepawali in some regions of the country because we lit row of diyas or candle in the night of festival. People decorate their house, office, and street with the earthen lamps, diyas or electric lights on the day of Diwali. It is a five days long festival start from Dhanteras and ends on Bhaiduj. There becomes huge rush in the market from few weeks before the main date of festival because people start buying clothes, jewellery, silver or gold coins, decorative things, electric bulbs, firecrackers, things related to food items, idols of Ganesha and Lakshmi, etc.

Diwali Paragraph 8

Diwali is a most popular festival in India, celebrated every year by the people of Hindu religion with great enthusiasm. The significance of celebrating this festival is to celebrate the returning of Lord Ram, Sita and Lakshman to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile as well as birth of Goddess Lakshmi from the churning ocean. We worship goddess Lakshmi and God Ganesha to get prosperous and wealthy life and wisdom.

On the night of Diwali, we lit diays for whole night to welcome the goddess and get blessings for whole year. All the family members get together at one place, do worship and pray to goddess. We clean, white wash and decorate our house to make it more beautiful and dazzling. In the night after puja, we get involved in lighting the lamps and fire crackers. Whole environment becomes full of high pitch noise and smokes of the firecrackers.

Diwali Paragraph 9

Diwali is a festival of lights, cleaning, worship, and gathering of family members and relatives. We share gifts and meet each other on the day of diwali. At this day, on one keeps bad feelings to anyone and meet everyone. This festival has many religious and mythological significance behind celebrating it. It falls every year in the month of October or early November and indicates the start of winter season. It is celebrated by the Hindu people all over India and abroad.

It marks the victory of goodness over badness means victory of good power over evil power. We greet each other a very happy diwali with gift packs and sweets. It is also celebrated by the people of Jain religion because on the same day, Mahavira had achieved moksha or nirvana in the 527 BCE. Arya Samajists celebrate Diwali as a Death Anniversary of the Swami Dayanand Saraswati. This festival keeps everyone close that’s why called as festival of love, brotherhood and friendship.

Diwali Paragraph 10

Diwali is a Hindu festival, popularly known as festival of lights. It is celebrated to symbolize the victory of goodness over evil power. It is the day when Lord Ram returned to his kingdom after many years of exile. In the happiness of his returning, the people of Ayodhya lighted the lamps everywhere. We buy new clothes, gifts and sweets to distribute among our neighbors, relatives, friends and family members. We also distribute gifts and sweets among poor people of the colony. Our parents buy fire crackers for us which we enjoy in the night after puja.

On the day of diwali Marwari people celebrate their new year however, a day after the Diwali Gujrati people celebrate their new year. I enjoy whole day of Diwali with my friends by playing the harmonium and other music instruments. In the late evening after puja, we take blessings from the elder family members by touching their feet.

Diwali Paragraph 11

Diwali festival is very important festival for the people of Hindu religion. It is the most favorite occasion being celebrated from the ancient time for many reasons. It is celebrated by the Jain people as Lord Mahavira attained Nirvana. It is a special day for the people of Arya Samaj as Maharshi Dayananda achieved his nirvana. It is also a special day for the Gujrati and Marwari people as they celebrate their new year. Sikh people celebrate Diwali as their Red-Letter when they get together and get blessings of their Gurus. The Golden Temple of Amritsar was also established on the day of Diwali in 1577.

Diwali festival has its own religious, cultural, and spiritual significance for Hindus. It brings people close to each other by removing all the problems between them. We honestly follow the culture of touching feet of elders in the family and get blessings for bright future.

Diwali Paragraph 12

Diwali or Deepawali is a festival when we lit lots of earthen lamps or electric bulbs. It is generally celebrated to commemorate the returning of Lord Rama to his kingdom after defeating the demon king Ravan. However, there are some other legends behind celebrating this festival. Diwali festival celebration gives us message of victory of good over evil. We decorate our whole house, town, village and city with the clay diyas, electric bulbs, flowers and other decorative things to welcome the Goddess Lakshmi.

Diwali is a five days long festival, each day named as Dhanteras, Naraka Chaturdashi (or Chhoti Diwali), Lakshmi Puja (or Main Diwali), Bali Pratipada (or Govardhan Puja), and Yama Dwitiya (or Bhaiduj). There is a tradition of buying new things on the day of Dhanteras and distributing gifts and sweets on the day of Diwali. We really enjoy this festival every year and eagerly wait for next year.

Paragraph on Diwali for Students – Paragraph 13

When and Why Diwali is Celebrated?

Diwali is a Hindu festival of India celebrated on the darkest night (Amavasya) of the lunar month Kartik (According to the Hindu calendar); which usually falls in the ending October or the starting November month according to the Gregorian calendar.

Diwali or Deepawali (Sanskrit :meaning a row of deepa or lighted earthen pots) is celebrated symbolic of the victorious return of Lord Rama to his homeland Ayodhya; after an exile that lasted for 14 years and resulted in a victory of Rama over Ravana in a fierce battle fought in Lanka.

It took Rama 20 days after killing Ravana (celebrated as Dussehra) to reach Ayodhya along with Sita and Lakshman; traversing a distance of nearly 3000 kilometers.

Rama’s younger brother Bharata had also vowed to end his life if Rama didn’t return from exile. The return of Rama; therefore, brought tremendous joy for the people of Ayodhya which they celebrated welcoming him by lighting up the whole Ayodhya with earthen pots (diyas) along his path. It is this victorious return of Rama that Hindus celebrate on Kartik Amavasya each year.

In India Diwali is celebrated as a five day festival; beginning with Dhanteras, followed by Narak Chaturdashi (Choti Diwali), Lakshmi Pooja (Main Diwali), Govardhan Pooja and Bhaiduj. Each day of Diwali celebration has religious significance and a mythological story associated with it.

Pollution on Diwali

Though Deepawali is meant to be a festival of lights; unfortunately, today it has also turned into an environmental and as well as a social concern. The incessant production, sale and use of fire crackers during the festival are at the apex of the problem.

Sadly, today the noise has dominated the true essence of the festival of lights, leaving behind smoke and pollution; not to mention the fire accidents and potential injury that the crackers could cause. The burst of a cracker releases harmful gases like Oxides and Di-Oxides of Sulphur and Nitrogen apart from causing noise pollution.

So thick had been the smoke after Diwali celebration in Delhi NCR region that the Supreme Court had to intervene and temporarily ban the sale and use of crackers in NCR with effect from 9 th October 2016, which has been extended further till this year.

The Indian Firecracker Industry 

We celebrate Diwali by bursting crackers, rejoicing in the different sounds and lights they emit; either totally unaware of the repercussion or acting insane. But the truth is always not pleasing, and the truth is that the Indian firecracker industry employs thousands of young children illegally; working in pathetic, dangerous and life threatening conditions which could hardly be imagined sitting inside our cozy homes.

The least we can do to help those under privileged children is to say No to crackers! When the demand dies the supply and production will die automatically; ending to the misery of such children. Take a pledge this Diwali not only to celebrate but also to make a difference-‘Change your thought and save lives.’

Firecrackers are Harmful

If you think rationally it will not take long to conclude that firecrackers are a nuisance. Apart from causing environmental pollution they also pose a serious threat to health and property. Bursting of crackers or burning different types of lightning sticks releases harmful gases like Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulphur Dioxide; which could cause serious respiratory problems like asthma and other lung diseases. Not to say the harm it does to people already suffering from such diseases.

Firecrackers are a menace for the animals too. Animals are very sensitive to the variations in sound and are disturbed by loud sudden burst; often resulting in behavioral changes. There had been documented incidents of birds leaving their abode in night, scared from the light and sound; and eventually dying on colliding with buildings, trees and other objects.

Celebrate an Eco-Friendly Diwali

Diwali is a festival of joy, its foundation could not be based on the suffering and sorrow of others and harm to the environment. This Diwali take a pledge to not buy or use crackers, avoid using decorative lights, plastic decorative items, artificial colorants and plastic gift wrappers.

Also avoid using conventional greeting cards for the occasion; rather go green by sending E-Greetings or generating a Facebook post.

Enlighten your house with earthen pots, diyas and use natural fresh flowers for decoration. Remember that it is a festival of light not sound! It symbolizes the return of a much loved King to his kingdom and it is not right way to welcome king with noise and pollution.

Related Information:

Diwali Festival

Diwali Essay

Slogans on Diwali

Information about Diwali Festival

Speech on Diwali for School Students

Diwali for Kids

Essay on Pollution Due to Diwali

Essay on Pollution Due to Firecrackers

Essay on Pollution due to Festivals

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‘Disability Intimacy’ starts a long-overdue conversation

Alice Wong, the founder and director of the Disability Visibility Project

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Book Review

Disability Intimacy: Essays on Love, Care, and Desire

Edited by Alice Wong Vintage: 384 pages, $19 If you buy books linked on our site, The Times may earn a commission from Bookshop.org , whose fees support independent bookstores.

To whom does desire belong? How about love and care? These are the questions at the heart of “Disability Intimacy,” a new book of essays and ephemera collected by the San Francisco activist Alice Wong, and the answers are painfully obvious: Those human experiences are for everyone. What’s less obvious to many, and acutely painful to some of us, is that those questions needed to be asked and answered. This book needed to exist.

The cover of "Disability Intimacy"

It is a longstanding and unfortunate truth that disabled people are often seen as undesirable and even as unable to experience desire, love or care in the ways that all individuals do. As disabled people we understand how false that notion is and how harmful it can be. Giving and receiving love — physically or verbally, in a context of romance, sex, close friendship or family bonds — is as much our right to experience as anyone else’s, and our stories of intimate connections and losses are worth telling as much as anyone else’s. So I commend Wong and the collection’s 40 contributors for taking on this topic.

“Disability Intimacy” is not an extended lament. Many of its standouts are downright celebratory, as well as lessons in engaging storytelling. “The Last Walk” by Melissa Hung explores the grief of losing a beloved friend while simultaneously cherishing their last moments together and the sling bag that became a physical memory of her friend Judy. In “Hi, Are You Single?” by Ryan J. Haddad, one of the standout poems in the collection, Haddad explores the messy, awkward and welcome way a hookup can support their collective desire for pleasure.

Having contributed to and read Wong’s anthology from 2020, “Disability Visibility,” I thought I knew what I was getting into, but the two collections are quite different. It was disappointing to come away from “Intimacy” without a theme as clear as that of “Visibility,” perhaps in part reflecting the older collection’s more straightforward subject matter. Love is complicated. And 40 contributors is a lot.

As one of the first of its kind to attempt what it is attempting, “Disability Intimacy” has the unfair expectation to be everything for everyone, to answer the question of desirability for an entire community that is not monolithic. Wong refuses to shut out the “other” in favor of the conventionally digestible. This collection shines in its entries that take big swings, discussing topics such as BDSM, queer love and intergenerational relationships — and even laziness, a concept that one essay reclaims and celebrates as a purposeful act of rest, epitomized by the love between a father and son who connect over turning out the light and climbing in bed to take naps. In these pieces, the authors seem to be living as unapologetically on the page as they do in life.

Tucked among the essays, readers will be delighted to also discover poems and even a conversation between two disabled people of color about redefining intimacy for themselves, ableism and what they refuse to call intimacy. It’s a refreshing and effective shakeup of the anthology form. It’s also a lot to take in.

I had to reread certain sections as some of the points got lost along the way, and sometimes I found myself mentally rearranging the book because entries felt misplaced. Although many of the pieces could have been shorter, none should have been left out. Might the cause have been better served with these many entries divided between two volumes? This could have encouraged the reader to sit with the thoughts and feelings that come up rather than rushing onward.

There is often a lot of pressure placed on books of this kind that amplify marginalized voices or tackle taboo topics, but remember: Sometimes a book does the world a service not because it is encyclopedic or full of answers but simply because it raises questions and starts conversations.

In the end, what we readers ask of ourselves is what counts. Whom do we allow ourselves to desire, and why? Toward whose stories do we gravitate, and whom do we leave in the margins? How will we expand our own worldview?

Keah Brown , a journalist, activist, actor and screenwriter, is the author of “ The Pretty One ” and “ The Secret Summer Promise .”

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Uri Berliner, NPR editor who criticized the network of liberal bias, says he's resigning

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April 17, 2024 / 12:21 PM EDT / CBS News

Uri Berliner, a senior editor at National Public Radio who had been suspended from his job after claiming the network had "lost America's trust" by pushing progressive views while suppressing dissenting opinions, said he is resigning from the broadcaster.

"I am resigning from NPR, a great American institution where I have worked for 25 years," Berliner wrote in his resignation letter to NPR CEO Katherine Maher, and which he posted in part on X, the former Twitter. "I cannot work in a newsroom where I am disparaged by a new CEO whose divisive views confirm the very problems at NPR I cite in my Free Press essay."

My resignation letter to NPR CEO @krmaher pic.twitter.com/0hafVbcZAK — Uri Berliner (@uberliner) April 17, 2024

Berliner's resignation comes eight days after he published an  essay  in the Free Press that caused a firestorm of debate with his allegations that NPR was suppressing dissenting voices. In response to his critique, some conservatives, including former President Donald Trump, called on the government to "defund" the organization. 

Maher, who became NPR's CEO in March, wrote a staff memo a few days after publication of Berliner's essay addressing his criticisms of the organization's editorial process. Among Berliner's claims are that NPR is failing to consider other viewpoints and that it is fixated on diversity, equity and inclusion initiatives.

"Questioning whether our people are serving our mission with integrity, based on little more than the recognition of their identity, is profoundly disrespectful, hurtful and demeaning," Maher wrote. 

Some of Berliner's NPR colleagues also took issue with the essay, with "Morning Edition" host Steve Inskeep  writing on his Substack  that the article was "filled with errors and omissions."

"The errors do make NPR look bad, because it's embarrassing that an NPR journalist would make so many," Inskeep wrote.

Berliner's suspension, which occurred Friday, was  reported  by NPR media correspondent David Folkenflik. NPR declined to comment to CBS News about Berliner's resignation. "NPR does not comment on individual personnel matters," a spokesperson said.

Aimee Picchi is the associate managing editor for CBS MoneyWatch, where she covers business and personal finance. She previously worked at Bloomberg News and has written for national news outlets including USA Today and Consumer Reports.

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The Fantasy of Reviving Nuclear Energy

A photo of two cooling towers at a decommissioned nuclear plant in California, surrounded by vineyards.

By Stephanie Cooke

Ms. Cooke is a former editor of Nuclear Intelligence Weekly and the author of “In Mortal Hands: A Cautionary History of the Nuclear Age.”

World leaders are not unaware of the nuclear industry’s long history of failing to deliver on its promises or of its weakening vital signs. Yet many continue to act as if a nuclear renaissance could be around the corner, even though nuclear energy’s share of global electricity generation has fallen by almost half from its high of roughly 17 percent in 1996.

In search of that revival, representatives from more than 30 countries gathered in Brussels in March at a nuclear summit hosted by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Belgian government. Thirty-four nations, including the United States and China, agreed “to work to fully unlock the potential of nuclear energy,” including extending the lifetimes of existing reactors, building nuclear power plants and deploying advanced reactors.

Yet even as they did so, there was an acknowledgment of the difficulty of their undertaking. “Nuclear technology can play an important role in the clean energy transition,” Ursula von der Leyen, the president of the European Commission, told summit attendees. But she added that “the reality today, in most markets, is a reality of a slow but steady decline in market share” for nuclear power.

The numbers underscore that downturn. Solar and wind power together began outperforming nuclear power globally in 2021, and that trend continues as nuclear staggers along. Solar alone added more than 400 gigawatts of capacity worldwide last year, two-thirds more than the previous year. That’s more than the roughly 375 gigawatts of combined capacity of the world’s 415 nuclear reactors, which remained relatively unchanged last year. At the same time, investment in energy storage technology is rapidly accelerating. In 2023, BloombergNEF reported that investors for the first time put more money into stationary energy storage than they did into nuclear.

Still, the drumbeat for nuclear power has become pronounced. At the United Nations climate conference in Dubai in December, the Biden administration persuaded two dozen countries to pledge to triple their nuclear energy capacity by 2050. Those countries included allies of the United States with troubled nuclear programs, most notably France , Britain , Japan and South Korea , whose nuclear bureaucracies will be propped up by the declaration as well as the domestic nuclear industries they are trying to save.

“We are not making the argument to anybody that this is absolutely going to be a sweeping alternative to every other energy source,” John Kerry, the Biden administration climate envoy at the time, said. “But we know because the science and the reality of facts and evidence tell us that you can’t get to net zero 2050 without some nuclear.”

That view has gained traction with energy planners in Eastern Europe who see nuclear as a means of replacing coal, and several countries — including Canada, Sweden, Britain and France — are pushing to extend the operating lifetimes of existing nuclear plants or build additional ones. Some see smaller or more advanced reactors as a means of providing electricity in remote areas or as a means of decarbonizing sectors such as heat, industry and transportation.

So far, most of this remains in early stages, with only three nuclear reactors under construction in Western Europe, two in Britain and one in France, each more than a decade behind schedule. Of the approximately 54 other reactors under construction worldwide as of March, 23 are in China, seven are in India, and three are in Russia, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency. The total is less than a quarter of the 234 reactors under construction in the peak year of 1979, although 48 of those were later suspended or abandoned.

Even if you agree with Mr. Kerry’s argument, and many energy experts do not, pledging to triple nuclear capacity by 2050 is a little like promising to win the lottery. For the United States, it would mean adding 200 gigawatts of nuclear operating capacity (almost double what the country has ever built) to the current 100 gigawatts or so, generated by more than 90 commercial reactors that have been running an average of 42 years. Globally it would mean tripling the existing capacity built over the past 70 years in less than half that time, in addition to replacing reactors that will shut down before 2050.

The Energy Department estimates the total cost of such an effort in the United States at roughly $700 billion. But David Schlissel , a director at the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis , has calculated that the two new reactors at the Vogtle plant in Georgia — the only new reactors built in the United States in a generation — on average, cost $21.2 billion per gigawatt in today’s dollars. Using that figure as a yardstick, the cost of building 200 gigawatts of new capacity would be far higher: at least $4 trillion, or $6 trillion if you count the additional cost of replacing existing reactors as they age out.

For much less money and in less time, the world could reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the use of renewables like solar, wind, hydropower and geothermal power and by transmitting, storing and using electricity more efficiently. A recent analysis by the German Environment Agency examined multiple global climate scenarios in which Paris climate agreement targets are met, and it found that renewable energy “is the crucial and primary driver.”

The logic of this approach was attested to at the climate meeting in Dubai, where more than 120 countries signed a more realistic commitment to triple renewable energy capacity by 2030.

There’s a certain inevitability about the U.S. Energy Department’s latest push for more nuclear energy. An agency predecessor, the Atomic Energy Commission, brought us Atoms for Peace under President Dwight Eisenhower in the 1950s in a bid to develop the peaceful side of the atom, hoping it would gain public acceptance of an expanding arsenal of nuclear weapons while supplying electricity too cheap to meter.

Fast-forward 70 years, and you hear a variation on the same theme. Most notably, Ernest Moniz, the energy secretary under President Barack Obama, argues that a vibrant commercial nuclear sector is necessary to sustain U.S. influence in nuclear weapons nonproliferation efforts and global strategic stability. As a policy driver, this argument might explain in part why the government continues to push nuclear power as a climate solution, despite its enormous cost and lengthy delivery time.

China and Russia are conspicuously absent from the list of signatories to the Dubai pledge to triple nuclear power, although China signed the declaration in Brussels. China’s nuclear program is growing faster than that of any other country, and Russia dominates the global export market for reactors with projects in countries new to commercial nuclear energy, such as Turkey, Egypt and Bangladesh, as well as Iran.

Pledges and declarations on a global stage allow world leaders a platform to be seen to be doing something to address climate change, even if, as is the case with nuclear, they lack the financing and infrastructure to succeed. But their support most likely means that substantial sums of money — much of it from taxpayers and ratepayers — will be wasted on perpetuating the fantasy that nuclear energy will make a difference in a meaningful time frame to slow global warming.

The U.S. government is already poised to spend billions of dollars building small modular and advanced reactors and keeping aging large ones running. But two such small reactor projects based on conventional technologies have already failed. Which raises the question: Will future projects based on far more complex technologies be more viable? Money for such projects — provided mainly under the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the Inflation Reduction Act — could be redirected in ways that do more for the climate and do it faster, particularly if planned new nuclear projects fail to materialize.

There is already enough potential generation capacity in the United States seeking access to the grid to come close to achieving President Biden’s 2035 goal of a zero-carbon electricity sector, and 95 percent of it is solar, battery storage and wind. But these projects face a hugely constrained transmission system, regulatory and financial roadblocks and entrenched utility interests, enough to prevent many of them from ever providing electricity, according to a report released last year by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Even so, existing transmission capacity can be doubled by retrofitting transmission lines with advanced conductors, which would offer at least a partial way out of the gridlock for renewables, in addition to storage, localized distribution and improved management of supply and demand.

What’s missing are leaders willing to buck their own powerful nuclear bureaucracies and choose paths that are far cheaper, less dangerous and quicker to deploy. Without them, we are doomed to more promises and wasteful spending by nuclear proponents who have repeatedly shown that they can talk but can’t deliver.

Stephanie Cooke is a former editor of Nuclear Intelligence Weekly and the author of “In Mortal Hands: A Cautionary History of the Nuclear Age.”

The Times is committed to publishing a diversity of letters to the editor. We’d like to hear what you think about this or any of our articles. Here are some tips . And here’s our email: [email protected] .

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