Become a JFK Library Foundation member by December 31st and double your impact!
November 22, 1963: death of the president, shortly after noon on november 22, 1963, president john f. kennedy was assassinated as he rode in a motorcade through dealey plaza in downtown dallas, texas..
By the fall of 1963, President John F. Kennedy and his political advisers were preparing for the next presidential campaign. Although he had not formally announced his candidacy, it was clear that President Kennedy was going to run and he seemed confident about his chances for re-election.
At the end of September, the president traveled west, speaking in nine different states in less than a week. The trip was meant to put a spotlight on natural resources and conservation efforts. But JFK also used it to sound out themes—such as education, national security, and world peace—for his run in 1964.
Campaigning in Texas
A month later, the president addressed Democratic gatherings in Boston and Philadelphia. Then, on November 12, he held the first important political planning session for the upcoming election year. At the meeting, JFK stressed the importance of winning Florida and Texas and talked about his plans to visit both states in the next two weeks.
Mrs. Kennedy would accompany him on the swing through Texas, which would be her first extended public appearance since the loss of their baby, Patrick, in August. On November 21, the president and first lady departed on Air Force One for the two-day, five-city tour of Texas.
President Kennedy was aware that a feud among party leaders in Texas could jeopardize his chances of carrying the state in 1964, and one of his aims for the trip was to bring Democrats together. He also knew that a relatively small but vocal group of extremists was contributing to the political tensions in Texas and would likely make its presence felt—particularly in Dallas, where US Ambassador to the United Nations Adlai Stevenson had been physically attacked a month earlier after making a speech there. Nonetheless, JFK seemed to relish the prospect of leaving Washington, getting out among the people and into the political fray.
The first stop was San Antonio. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, Governor John B. Connally, and Senator Ralph W. Yarborough led the welcoming party. They accompanied the president to Brooks Air Force Base for the dedication of the Aerospace Medical Health Center. Continuing on to Houston, he addressed t he League of United Latin American Citizens, and spoke at a testimonial dinner for Congressman Albert Thomas before ending the day in Fort Worth.
Morning in Fort Worth
A light rain was falling on Friday morning, November 22, but a crowd of several thousand stood in the parking lot outside the Texas Hotel where the Kennedys had spent the night. A platform was set up and the president, wearing no protection against the weather, came out to make some brief remarks. "There are no faint hearts in Fort Worth," he began, "and I appreciate your being here this morning. Mrs. Kennedy is organizing herself. It takes longer, but, of course, she looks better than we do when she does it." He went on to talk about the nation's need for being "second to none" in defense and in space, for continued growth in the economy and "the willingness of citizens of the United States to assume the burdens of leadership."
The warmth of the audience response was palpable as the president reached out to shake hands amidst a sea of smiling faces.
Back inside the hotel the president spoke at a breakfast of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce, focusing on military preparedness. "We are still the keystone in the arch of freedom," he said. "We will continue to do…our duty, and the people of Texas will be in the lead."
On to Dallas
The presidential party left the hotel and went by motorcade to Carswell Air Force Base for the thirteen-minute flight to Dallas. Arriving at Love Field, President and Mrs. Kennedy disembarked and immediately walked toward a fence where a crowd of well-wishers had gathered, and they spent several minutes shaking hands.
The first lady received a bouquet of red roses, which she brought with her to the waiting limousine. Governor John Connally and his wife, Nellie, were already seated in the open convertible as the Kennedys entered and sat behind them. Since it was no longer raining, the plastic bubble top had been left off. Vice President and Mrs. Johnson occupied another car in the motorcade.
The procession left the airport and traveled along a ten-mile route that wound through downtown Dallas on the way to the Trade Mart where the President was scheduled to speak at a luncheon.
Crowds of excited people lined the streets and waved to the Kennedys. The car turned off Main Street at Dealey Plaza around 12:30 p.m. As it was passing the Texas School Book Depository, gunfire suddenly reverberated in the plaza.
Bullets struck the president's neck and head and he slumped over toward Mrs. Kennedy. The governor was shot in his back.
The car sped off to Parkland Memorial Hospital just a few minutes away. But little could be done for the President. A Catholic priest was summoned to administer the last rites, and at 1:00 p.m. John F. Kennedy was pronounced dead. Though seriously wounded, Governor Connally would recover.
The president's body was brought to Love Field and placed on Air Force One. Before the plane took off, a grim-faced Lyndon B. Johnson stood in the tight, crowded compartment and took the oath of office, administered by US District Court Judge Sarah Hughes. The brief ceremony took place at 2:38 p.m.
Less than an hour earlier, police had arrested Lee Harvey Oswald, a recently hired employee at the Texas School Book Depository. He was being held for the assassination of President Kennedy and the fatal shooting, shortly afterward, of Patrolman J. D. Tippit on a Dallas street.
On Sunday morning, November 24, Oswald was scheduled to be transferred from police headquarters to the county jail. Viewers across America watching the live television coverage suddenly saw a man aim a pistol and fire at point blank range. The assailant was identified as Jack Ruby, a local nightclub owner. Oswald died two hours later at Parkland Hospital.
The President's Funeral
That same day, President Kennedy's flag-draped casket was moved from the White House to the Capitol on a caisson drawn by six grey horses, accompanied by one riderless black horse. At Mrs. Kennedy's request, the cortege and other ceremonial details were modeled on the funeral of Abraham Lincoln. Crowds lined Pennsylvania Avenue and many wept openly as the caisson passed. During the 21 hours that the president's body lay in state in the Capitol Rotunda, about 250,000 people filed by to pay their respects.
On Monday, November 25, 1963 President Kennedy was laid to rest in Arlington National Cemetery. The funeral was attended by heads of state and representatives from more than 100 countries, with untold millions more watching on television. Afterward, at the grave site, Mrs. Kennedy and her husband's brothers, Robert and Edward, lit an eternal flame.
Perhaps the most indelible images of the day were the salute to his father given by little John F. Kennedy Jr. (whose third birthday it was), daughter Caroline kneeling next to her mother at the president's bier, and the extraordinary grace and dignity shown by Jacqueline Kennedy.
As people throughout the nation and the world struggled to make sense of a senseless act and to articulate their feelings about President Kennedy's life and legacy, many recalled these words from his inaugural address:
All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days, nor in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of this administration. Nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin.
Arlington National Cemetery
To learn more about President Kennedy's funeral and grave site, go to the Arlington National Cemetery website.
The Warren Commission
On November 29, 1963 President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed the President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy. It came to be known as the Warren Commission after its chairman, Earl Warren, Chief Justice of the United States. President Johnson directed the commission to evaluate matters relating to the assassination and the subsequent killing of the alleged assassin, and to report its findings and conclusions to him.
The House Select Committee on Assassinations
The US House of Representatives established the House Select Committee on Assassinations in 1976 to reopen the investigation of the assassination in light of allegations that previous inquiries had not received the full cooperation of federal agencies.
Note to the reader : Point 1B in the link below to the findings of the 1979 House Select Committee on Assassinations states that the committee had found "a high probability that two gunmen fired" at the president. This conclusion resulted from the last-minute “discovery” of a Dallas police radio transmission tape that allegedly provided evidence that four or more shots were fired in Dealey Plaza. After the report appeared in print, acoustic experts analyzed the tape and proved conclusively that it was completely worthless—thus negating the finding in Point 1B.
The committee, which also investigated the death of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., issued its report on March 29, 1979 .
Assassination Records Collection
Through the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992 , the US Congress ordered that all assassination-related material be housed together under supervision of the National Archives and Records Administration.
Children and Youth in History
Login | Register
- Website Reviews
- Primary Sources
- Case Studies
- Teaching Modules
JFK's Assassination [Student Essay]
The assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22nd in 1963 shocked, saddened, and bewildered American children. Girls and boys of all ages watched the funeral broadcast on television—including those who lived abroad during the 1960s. For many children, seeing their distraught parents and other adults in mourning undermined their sense of security. The meanings that Kennedy’s assassination had on a seven-year-old American girl can be gleaned from her elementary school essay.
Children’s cultural productions (whether written or drawn) present researchers with opportunities as well as obstacles to eliciting their understanding of past events. Even a handwritten source like this one cannot provide a thoroughly unmediated understanding of the assassination’s meanings to her. Although a descriptive source that recounts an occurrence, it is not necessarily free of partiality. (Consider, for instance, the ways in which she weaves the everyday lessons imparted by adults to children into her history.) In order to achieve an understanding of the past that is as precise as possible using a source like this, interrogate or "unpack" it by subjecting it to questions about authorship, audience, purpose, content, context, reliability, and meanings.
In what ways was this youngster struggling to make sense of the narrative of events surrounding the assignation? What events in her recounting of the past were based in fact and which were influenced by her imagination? What genres and rhetorical strategies familiar to a child might have influenced the narrative structure of her story? As with adults, reading informs writing. Also consider the issue of motivation. What difference might it have made if the child had been inspired to write this for herself rather than for to satisfy her teacher’s civic literacy assignment?
"Kenady's life," Unpublished manuscript (1963), private collection. Annotated by Miriam Forman-Brunell.
Primary Source Text
In 1960 Kennedy was elected. He is a very good president. One day as he was going home from some place with the governor and his wife and the driver, Kennedy was told someone would do something now or later if we went in a[n] open car. But Kennedy wanted to be with his people. Someone shot [from] the top of a house. He shot at the governor and Kennedy. He left the gun and ran down the stairs as quick as a mouse. A policeman tried to catch him but the man shot him dead.
Now everyone new. They rushed to get him to the hospital but it was to late. He was dead. Mrs. Kennedy flew back to Washington D.C. By then the man got into the movies. But the policemen got him because he was standing up
The man’s name was Oswald. They took him to a place to ask him questions. On their way back a man named Ruby shot Oswald dead. They got hold of the man and took him to prison.
A few days later was Kennedy’s funeral and Kennedy was buried.
How to Cite This Source
"JFK's Assassination [Student Essay]," in Children and Youth in History, Item #485, https://cyh.rrchnm.org/items/show/485 (accessed August 10, 2021).
- assassination ,
- John F. Kennedy ,
- North America ,
- Personal Accounts ,
- The World Since 1945
- Campus Introduction, Visit, & Questions
- Financial Aid
- Staff Directory
Denton Publishes Book Featuring Latest Essays on JFK Assassination
Olney Central College Professor David Denton has published a collection of his latest essays regarding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
The 88-page publication primarily focuses on new witness information and previously classified documents related to the Kennedy assassination, which were released by the National Archives in 2017.
“The essays are my analysis of these things written over a three-year period,” Denton said. “The articles put a narrative and perspective to them.”
Nearly 57 years after the assassination, Denton says discrepancies remain between the official version of Kennedy’s death and the public’s perception of the events surrounding Nov. 22, 1963.
“One reason why it has stayed on the forefront is there are still a lot of unresolved issues,” Denton said. “Opinion polls suggest that 75 percent of Americans believe there was a conspiracy in Dallas, yet most academic institutions, the media and the government stubbornly cling to the lone nut gunman theory.
“I tried to put a historical bent to this,” Denton added. “There are enough facts in the case to point to something sinister going on in Dallas. My position is that Kennedy’s death is unresolved, not unsolved. There is enough evidence to create the probability that there was a conspiracy to kill the president and one man didn’t act alone.”
Published by Midnight Writer News, Denton’s “Essays on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy” is available for purchase at www.lulu.com and JFKHistorical.com .
Denton is already working on his next article. The essay involves new documents and information pointing to the idea that elements of the U.S. military may have been complicit in the assassination.
Denton has studied the Kennedy assassination for nearly three decades and has taught the course, Political Assassinations of the 1960s, since 2001. Over the years, he has interviewed several people associated with the case and has researched hundreds of documents related to both Kennedy and suspected assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.
In 2013, Denton helped organize a two-day event at OCC marking the 50th anniversary of Kennedy’s death. The conference brought together nationally-known academics, scholars and authors to lend their perspectives on the events leading up to and following the assassination.
Last year, Denton helped bring the nation’s foremost experts on the assassinations of John F. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr. to OCC for a four-day conference.
- Disability Support Services
- Frontier Community
- Lincoln Trail
- Olney Central
- Wabash Valley
- Academic Catalog
- Certificate & Degree Programs
- Consumer Information Disclosures
- Course Schedules
- IL Public Act 096-0266
- Nondiscrimination Statement
- Voter Registration
- Website Information Disclaimer
- Annual Security Report
- Drug-Free Schools & Communities
- Emergency Alerts
- Emergency Procedures
- Fraud Reporting
Jfk Assassination Essay
Oswald: larger conspiracy.
As we all know, Oswald was the man who supposedly shot and killed JFK, the 35th president of the united states. But what if I told you that Oswald could have been in a larger conspiracy, and that is what we are going to talk about.
Persuasive Essay About Jfk Assassination
Who killed John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States of America? We, the people, may never know the actual truth, but I am here to tell you what I believe happened on November 22nd, 1963. Many people believe that Lee Harvey Oswald acted solely in the assassination of JFK, but I have to believe that there were more people than him involved into the assassination plan and it is much more deeply planned than a solo mission. Although I can’t pinpoint exactly who else was involved, there are quite a few things to support my belief that this assassination was not carried out single handedly such as the umbrella man, the “Grassy Knoll”, the Mob, Castro’s planned revenge,and the CIA. These theories make me believe in general that Oswald did not act alone, and it may be much deeper than any United States citizen had expected.
jfk assassination Essay
- 3 Works Cited
On November 22,1963,President Kennedy was in attendance at a Dallas parade.One of the biggest tragic moments happened in U.S. history before the naked eye.President John F. Kennedy was assassinated around 12:34 p.m.as he celebrated with the Dallas crowd to show admiration towards them and their city(Mintaglio 60).The suspected assassin Robert L. Oswald,a former U.S. marine,was afterward caught not long following the assassination in a near by theatre(Newman 56).Later to discover he himself was assassinated by Jack Ruby while he was being escorted publicly to the court room.A study of the John F.Kennedy assassination would include the conspiracy theories, the plans of the assassination ,and the alleged
Who Killed JFK? Essay
- 7 Works Cited
The assassination of John F. Kennedy is said to be, as from the Warren report, a murder. The Warren report states that a man, Lee Harvey Oswald, fired 3 shots from the 6th floor of the Texas Book State Depository building. One missed the President’s motorcade completely; another hit President Kennedy in the neck, and the last hit him in the head, which was later said after an autopsy, to be the cause of death.
The Many Theories of the JFK Assassination Essay example
The 50th anniversary of the JFK assassination was commemorated on November 22, 2013. President Lyndon B. Johnson created the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy. The final report presented by the commission claimed that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in killing the president. (Wikipedia, 2013). This report has proven to be highly controversial among citizens. There have been many theories as to who killed Kennedy, why they did it, and from what location. There are some theories that are more prominent than others such as: The CIA, The Mafia, The anti-Castro Cubans, a man from the Secret Service, and Lee Harvey Oswald. There are other theories believing that Lyndon B. Johnson and UFO specialists may have been involved. Each one of these theories will be explored throughout this paper.
Who Was Responsible For Jfk Assassination
People believe that there were many shooters in the assassination of JFK. Some say it was the CIA and others say it could have been his own driver. The CIA could have killed him because he knew too much and were telling people that he shouldn't have been telling. Some also believe that the CIA also killed Marilyn Monroe because JFK had relations with her and he had told her stuff that she should
Informative Essay On Jfk Assassination
Everyone knows about John F. Kennedy's assassination and everyone knows that it is still a mystery who exactly killed him. Today people still do think th think that Lee Harvey Oswald killed Kennedy. But I think Lee Harvey Oswald setup by someone. For example was Lee Harvey Oswald The only one in the building at a time. All of these questions are going to be unknown but still think about it, could there been.
Alternative Theories to John F. Kennedy's Assassination
- 6 Works Cited
On Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, John Kennedy hoped to gain support for the upcoming election. Kennedy, who was accompanied by his wife Jaqueline, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson and Mrs. Johnson, Senator Ralph Yarborough of Texas, Governor John B. Connally, and Mrs. Connally was riding in an open car in a motorcade driving from Love Field airport to the Dallas Trade Mart (“Kennedy”). At 12:30 p.m. CST, President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was shot (“Kennedy”). The fearless John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy seemed to know that death would eventually arrive at his doorstep, as it did. Although one shooter, Lee Harvey Oswald, was able to slay the president, questions still remain if he was the one and only shooter. Many unanswered
JFK Assasination Conspiracy Theories Essay
that day. Many say Lee Harvey Oswald was the shooter but I think Oswald never even pulled the
What Was Jfk Assassination Conspiracy
First of all, Oswald was killed by someone who he had been talking to earlier that week. They could have been potentially planning something. Second, Oswald was not found to have any physiological disabilities. This means he wasn’t crazy, and was maybe offered a lot of money to kill JFK.
Jfk Assassination Conspiracy Research Paper
I think that Oswald was part of a bigger conspiracy because no one believes that it was only Oswald that killed JFK because how can you fire a sniper four times in a row. The gun will move each time the gun is fired. But I don’t think it was Oswald because after you just killed someone how can you just be eating lunch as calmly wouldn’t he feel guilty for killing a man like JFK. I think that Oswald didn’t kill him because if he killed someone wouldn’t he try to get away. Honestly it had to more than him or it had to be another large conspiracy and he was apart of it. When he was arrested and was taken to the court I think that the guy that killed was part of the conspiracy with Oswald but he killed so that Oswald wouldn’t tell anyone about
Jfk Assassination Research Paper
Lastly, even though JFK's death was tragic the puzzle left behind, it is one filled with twists and turns. The 1st theory shows how the assassination could have been revenge for Fidel Castro. The 2nd theory gives evidence that could suggest that Oswald could have been part of a much larger conspiracy. The assassination of John F. Kennedy was a tragedy that set the nation in a period of grief and shocked the world. These are just two theories how many could there be? Maybe the world will never know the truth about this
The Assassination Of The War And Formation Of Civil Rights
Many conspiracy theories have tried to explain who was responsible for Kennedy’s murder and some have cited the involvement of the USSR, FBI, CIA and Cuba among others. The death of Kennedy remains a mystery despite numerous investigations which have since been carried. There have been no conclusive prove that Oswald murdered the president and even if he did, people still do not believe that he acted alone as reported by the Warren Commission.
The Tragedy Of John F. Kennedy's Assassination
Back in Washington, Mrs. Kennedy planned a grand funeral, and more than 250,000 people came to see Kennedy’s coffin at U.S. Capitol, but the violence wasn’t over. On November 24, police were moving Oswald to a different jail, as a man stepped out of the crowd and opened fire on Oswald. The attack was broadcasted on live tv.
The Assassination of John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy severed as the 35th President of the United States of America from January 1961 until November 1963. His presidency was shortly lived due to the fact he was assassinated on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas, while on a campaigning trail with the hopes of regaining his presidency for a 2nd term. On November 22, 1963 at 1230 p.m. while riding in a car with his wife First lady Jackie Kennedy, Texas Governor John Connally and his wife Nellie Connally; President Kennedy was shot in the throat once, in the upper back, and with fatal shot hitting him in the head. Many people speculate that it was Lee Harvey Oswald who was charged with the crime but not convicted because he was later killed by Jack Ruby a mobster on live TV. Oswald wasn’t the only person that people believed to have killed JFK. According to an article written by Ashley M. Williams for USATODAY there have been six conspiracy theories on who killed John F. Kennedy: The Central Intelligence Agency, The Mafia, The Soviets, Lyndon B. Johnson, Two Shooters, and The debunker umbrella man theory ( “Who shot JFK? 6 conspiracy theories”). All these theories are great theories, but none really pin point Lee Harvey Oswald as the killer, let’s take a look at the CIA theory, what would be the motivation for killing the president, according to an article written by David Jackson for the USATODAY he states, “The Central Intelligence Agency may have played a role in his death.
- John F. Kennedy
- John F. Kennedy assassination
- Lee Harvey Oswald
- Lyndon B. Johnson
- Warren Commission
- John Connally
- Biographies & Memoirs
Download the free Kindle app and start reading Kindle books instantly on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required .
Read instantly on your browser with Kindle for Web.
Using your mobile phone camera - scan the code below and download the Kindle app.
- To view this video download Flash Player
Follow the author
JFK Assassination Paradoxes: Essays And Reviews & JFK's Head Wounds Hardcover – August 29, 2022
- Hardcover —
There is a newer edition of this item:
- Print length 524 pages
- Language English
- Publication date August 29, 2022
- Dimensions 8.25 x 1.42 x 11 inches
- ISBN-13 979-8848014037
- See all details
Customers who bought this item also bought
- ASIN : B0BCCVTM1T
- Publisher : Independently published (August 29, 2022)
- Language : English
- Hardcover : 524 pages
- ISBN-13 : 979-8848014037
- Item Weight : 3.58 pounds
- Dimensions : 8.25 x 1.42 x 11 inches
- #1,286 in Hoaxes & Deceptions
- #8,265 in Communication & Media Studies
To report an issue with this product, click here .
About the author
David w. mantik m.d..
Soon after an 8 year-education in a one room country school, followed by high school in the Wisconsin Northwoods (while daily milking cows beside a trout stream), David W. Mantik happily escaped these chores and instead opted for a PhD in physics in Madison, Wisconsin. After that he entered a postdoctoral fellowship in biophysics at Stanford, and next signed onto the tenure track physics faculty at Michigan. Several years later, after an MD at Michigan, he moved to USC for his radiation oncology residency, where he was awarded a junior faculty clinical fellowship by the American Cancer Society. After board certification by the American College of Radiology, he joined the medical faculty at Loma Linda University, where he directed the residency training program and treated patients with the newly developed proton beam. He has now been treating cancer patients for over 40 years. He has visited the National Archives on nine different days (no one else comes close), where he took hundreds of measurements from the extant JFK X-rays, examined the autopsy color photographs in stereo, viewed the Magic Bullet, bullet debris, JFK’s clothing, copies of the Zapruder film, and the Secret Service re-enactment films. His thick notebooks encompass three separate volumes, which contain precise locations for all metal debris on the skull X-rays. He has had two telephone conversations with the JFK autopsy radiologist (Ebersole), interviewed numerous JFK autopsy technicians (including multiple conversations with Jerrol Custer and James Jenkins), and has met several of the Parkland doctors (McClelland, Crenshaw, Jones), as well as one of the FBI note-takers at the autopsy (Sibert). He has now studied the medical, forensic, and eyewitness evidence in this case for over 30 years. His work may be followed at themantikview.org and at KennedysandKing.
Customer Reviews, including Product Star Ratings help customers to learn more about the product and decide whether it is the right product for them.
To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. It also analyzed reviews to verify trustworthiness.
Reviews with images
Submit a report
- Harassment, profanity
- Spam, advertisement, promotions
- Given in exchange for cash, discounts
Sorry, there was an error
- Sort reviews by Top reviews Most recent Top reviews
Top reviews from the United States
There was a problem filtering reviews right now. please try again later..
Top reviews from other countries
- Amazon Newsletter
- About Amazon
- Press Center
- Investor Relations
- Amazon Devices
- Amazon Science
- Start Selling with Amazon
- Sell apps on Amazon
- Supply to Amazon
- Protect & Build Your Brand
- Become an Affiliate
- Become a Delivery Driver
- Start a Package Delivery Business
- Advertise Your Products
- Self-Publish with Us
- Host an Amazon Hub
- › See More Ways to Make Money
- Amazon Visa
- Amazon Store Card
- Amazon Secured Card
- Amazon Business Card
- Shop with Points
- Credit Card Marketplace
- Reload Your Balance
- Amazon Currency Converter
- Your Account
- Your Orders
- Shipping Rates & Policies
- Amazon Prime
- Returns & Replacements
- Manage Your Content and Devices
- Your Recalls and Product Safety Alerts
- Conditions of Use
- Privacy Notice
- Your Ads Privacy Choices