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Transition Sentences | Tips & Examples for Clear Writing

Published on June 9, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.

Clear transitions are crucial to clear writing: They show the reader how different parts of your essay, paper, or thesis are connected. Transition sentences can be used to structure your text and link together paragraphs or sections.

… In this case, the researchers concluded that the method was unreliable.

However , evidence from a more recent study points to a different conclusion . …

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Table of contents

Transitioning between paragraphs, transitioning to a new section, transitions within a paragraph, other interesting articles.

When you start a new paragraph , the first sentence should clearly express:

  • What this paragraph will discuss
  • How it relates to the previous paragraph

The examples below show some examples of transition sentences between paragraphs and what they express.

Placement of transition sentences

The beginning of a new paragraph is generally the right place for a transition sentence. Each paragraph should focus on one topic, so avoid spending time at the end of a paragraph explaining the theme of the next one.

The first dissenter to consider is …

However, several scholars dissent from this consensus. The first one to consider is …

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While transitions between paragraphs are generally a single sentence, when you start a new section in a longer text, you may need an entire transition paragraph. Transitioning to a new section involves summarizing the content of the previous section and expressing how the new one will build upon or depart from it.

For example, the following sentences might be an effective transition for a new section in a literary analysis essay.

Having established that the subjective experience of time is one of Mann’s key concerns in The Magic Mountain , it is now possible to explore how this theme facilitates the novel’s connection with World War I. The war itself is not narrated in the book, but rather hinted at as something awaiting Castorp beyond the final pages. In this way, Mann links his protagonist’s subjective experience of time to more than just his illness; it is also used to explore the period leading up to the outbreak of war.

As in academic writing generally, aim to be as concise as you can while maintaining clarity: If you can transition to a new section clearly with a single sentence, do so, but use more when necessary.

It’s also important to use effective transitions within each paragraph you write, leading the reader through your arguments efficiently and avoiding ambiguity.

The known-new contract

The order of information within each of your sentences is important to the cohesion of your text. The known-new contract , a useful writing concept, states that a new sentence should generally begin with some reference to information from the previous sentence, and then go on to connect it to new information.

In the following example, the second sentence doesn’t follow very clearly from the first. The connection only becomes clear when we reach the end.

By reordering the information in the second sentence so that it begins with a reference to the first, we can help the reader follow our argument more smoothly.

Note that the known-new contract is just a general guideline. Not every sentence needs to be structured this way, but it’s a useful technique if you’re struggling to make your sentences cohere.

Transition words and phrases

Using appropriate transition words helps show your reader connections within and between sentences. Transition words and phrases come in four main types:

  • Additive transitions, which introduce new information or examples
  • Adversative transitions, which signal a contrast or departure from the previous text
  • Causal transitions, which are used to describe cause and effect
  • Sequential transitions, which indicate a sequence

The table below gives a few examples for each type:

Grouping similar information

While transition words and phrases are essential, and every essay will contain at least some of them, it’s also important to avoid overusing them. One way to do this is by grouping similar information together so that fewer transitions are needed.

For example, the following text uses three transition words and jumps back and forth between ideas. This makes it repetitive and difficult to follow.

Rewriting it to group similar information allows us to use just one transition, making the text more concise and readable.

If you want to know more about AI tools , college essays , or fallacies make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples or go directly to our tools!

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Some experts argue that focusing on individual actions to combat climate change takes the focus away from the collective action required to keep carbon levels from rising. Change will not be effected, say some others, unless individual actions raise the necessary awareness.

While a reader can see the connection between the sentences above, it’s not immediately clear that the second sentence is providing a counterargument to the first. In the example below, key “old information” is repeated in the second sentence to help readers quickly see the connection. This makes the sequence of ideas easier to follow.  

Sentence pair #2: Effective Transition

Some experts argue that focusing on individual actions to combat climate change takes the focus away from the collective action required to keep carbon levels from rising. Other experts argue that individual actions are key to raising the awareness necessary to effect change.

You can use this same technique to create clear transitions between paragraphs. Here’s an example:

Some experts argue that focusing on individual actions to combat climate change takes the focus away from the collective action required to keep carbon levels from rising. Other experts argue that individual actions are key to raising the awareness necessary to effect change. According to Annie Lowery, individual actions are important to making social change because when individuals take action, they can change values, which can lead to more people becoming invested in fighting climate change. She writes, “Researchers believe that these kinds of household-led trends can help avert climate catastrophe, even if government and corporate actions are far more important” (Lowery).

So, what’s an individual household supposed to do?

The repetition of the word “household” in the new paragraph helps readers see the connection between what has come before (a discussion of whether household actions matter) and what is about to come (a proposal for what types of actions households can take to combat climate change).

Sometimes, transitional words can help readers see how ideas are connected. But it’s not enough to just include a “therefore,” “moreover,” “also,” or “in addition.” You should choose these words carefully to show your readers what kind of connection you are making between your ideas.

To decide which transitional word to use, start by identifying the relationship between your ideas. For example, you might be

  • making a comparison or showing a contrast Transitional words that compare and contrast include also, in the same way, similarly, in contrast, yet, on the one hand, on the other hand. But before you signal comparison, ask these questions: Do your readers need another example of the same thing? Is there a new nuance in this next point that distinguishes it from the previous example? For those relationships between ideas, you might try this type of transition: While x may appear the same, it actually raises a new question in a slightly different way. 
  • expressing agreement or disagreement When you are making an argument, you need to signal to readers where you stand in relation to other scholars and critics. You may agree with another person’s claim, you may want to concede some part of the argument even if you don’t agree with everything, or you may disagree. Transitional words that signal agreement, concession, and disagreement include however, nevertheless, actually, still, despite, admittedly, still, on the contrary, nonetheless .
  • showing cause and effect Transitional phrases that show cause and effect include therefore, hence, consequently, thus, so. Before you choose one of these words, make sure that what you are about to illustrate is really a causal link. Novice writers tend to add therefore and hence when they aren’t sure how to transition; you should reserve these words for when they accurately signal the progression of your ideas.
  • explaining or elaborating Transitions can signal to readers that you are going to expand on a point that you have just made or explain something further. Transitional words that signal explanation or elaboration include in other words, for example, for instance, in particular, that is, to illustrate, moreover .
  • drawing conclusions You can use transitions to signal to readers that you are moving from the body of your argument to your conclusions. Before you use transitional words to signal conclusions, consider whether you can write a stronger conclusion by creating a transition that shows the relationship between your ideas rather than by flagging the paragraph simply as a conclusion. Transitional words that signal a conclusion include in conclusion , as a result, ultimately, overall— but strong conclusions do not necessarily have to include those phrases.

If you’re not sure which transitional words to use—or whether to use one at all—see if you can explain the connection between your paragraphs or sentence either out loud or in the margins of your draft.

For example, if you write a paragraph in which you summarize physician Atul Gawande’s argument about the value of incremental care, and then you move on to a paragraph that challenges those ideas, you might write down something like this next to the first paragraph: “In this paragraph I summarize Gawande’s main claim.” Then, next to the second paragraph, you might write, “In this paragraph I present a challenge to Gawande’s main claim.” Now that you have identified the relationship between those two paragraphs, you can choose the most effective transition between them. Since the second paragraph in this example challenges the ideas in the first, you might begin with something like “but,” or “however,” to signal that shift for your readers.  

  • picture_as_pdf Transitions

Transitions

Transitions between paragraphs.

While within-paragraph transitions serve the purpose of alerting readers of upcoming shifts in perspective or voice , between-paragraph transitions serve the unique purpose of alerting readers of upcoming shifts in argument or idea . Because one of the core rules of effective paragraph-writing is limiting each paragraph to only one controlling idea (see the Basic Paragraph Resource Center lesson), shifts in argument or idea only tend to happen between paragraphs within the academic essay.

There are literally dozens of transition words to choose from when shifting focus from one idea to another. There are transition words that show cause and effect, contrast, similarity, emphasis, and even sequence. To give you a general idea of the options available to you, below are examples of just a few of those categories and word combinations:

This is a table of Transition Words in English. Transition Words of Emphasis: undoubtedly, unquestionably, obviously, especially, clearly, importantly, absolutely, definitely, without a doubt, indeed, and it should be noted. Transition Words of Addition: along with, apart from this, moreover, furthermore, also, too, as well as that, besides, in addition. Transition Words of Contrast: unlike, nevertheless, on the other hand, nonetheless, contrary to, whereas, alternatively, conversely, even so, differing from. Transition Words of Order: following, at this time, previously, finally, subsequently, above all, before.

With so many available options, you may be wondering how you will ever be able to figure out which word or set of words would work best where.

Guiding Questions

While there are many approaches you could take, let’s take a look at a few basic guiding questions you should be asking yourself as you look over your own essay and create your own between-paragraph transitions:

  • What is the purpose of this paragraph? Is it to introduce, inform, persuade, address an opposing viewpoint, revisit or add emphasis to already discussed ideas?
  • Does the idea I’m sharing in this paragraph relate to or support any other idea or argument shared within the essay up to this point?
  • Does the idea I’m sharing in this paragraph present a different viewpoint or idea?
  • Is the idea I’m sharing separate from or dependent upon other ideas being shared within the essay?

Your answer to these four basic questions should help you more easily identify which categories of transition words might work best at the beginning of each of your paragraphs.

A Couple Tips to Get Started

Selecting proper transitions takes time and practice. To get you started on the right foot though, here are a couple tips to point you in the right direction:

  • Your body paragraphs would likely benefit most from the Addition and Order transition word categories as they tend to string together related or culminating ideas or arguments
  • Your concluding paragraph would likely benefit most from the Emphasis word category as one of its primary objectives is to revisit and re-emphasize major ideas presented in the essay

To see the power of an appropriately-used transition in action, let’s consider the following prompt question example. Imagine you were asked to write an essay based on the following prompt:

  • Do you believe that people have a specific “calling” in life? Why or why not?

A possible thesis statement (or answer to that prompt question) might be::

  • My spiritual study, secular study, and my own life experience has taught me that life callings tend to emerge not just once, but perhaps even multiple times, at crossway of spiritual gifts and need in the world.

Ponder and Record

  • Based on the thesis statement above, how many body paragraphs do you think this essay will need to have?
  • What controlling ideas (or arguments) might each body paragraph be engaging?
  • Are these arguments in any way related to each other or building on each other?
  • How might these body paragraphs benefit from transition words in the Addition or Order categories?

Body Paragraph Transitions

In answering the questions above, you likely realized that three body paragraphs will be required in this essay based on its current thesis statement. One body paragraph will focus on “spiritual” findings, another on “secular,” and then finally one supported by “personal experience.”

You also likely realized that the Addition transition word category cannot be applied to the first body paragraph as no arguments have been made yet that can be added to. This means that the first body paragraph would likely benefit most from a transition word selected from the Order category. An example of this in application might look like the following:

Body Paragraph #1 Topic Sentence

Above all, my spiritual study of the scriptures as well as the words of latter-day prophets have supported my belief that life callings emerge at the intersection of spiritual gifts and need in the world.

  • What does the selection of the transitional phrase “above all” suggest about the controlling idea that will be discussed in this paragraph?
  • What does it suggest about the ideas that will follow in subsequent paragraphs?

To see more “between-paragraph” transition words in action, let’s look at what the next body paragraph topic sentence might look like with the added benefit of transition words:

Body Paragraph #2 Topic Sentence

In addition to my spiritual study, my secular study of the “life calling” also supports this idea that life callings emerge again and again at the intersection of spiritual gifts and need in the world.

  • What is the transitional phrase used in the topic sentence above?
  • Which list is the transitional phrase “in addition” drawn from?
  • What purpose does it serve in this paragraph? How does it add value?

To really emphasize the value-add of between-paragraph transitions, let’s look at one final body paragraph example:

Body Paragraph #3 Topic Sentence

Finally, my own life experience has taught me that the concept of the “life calling” truly does lie at the intersection of gifts and need in the world.

  • Which list is the transitional phrase “finally” drawn from?

Concluding Paragraph

As mentioned above, the category of transition words that would most benefit your concluding paragraph is Emphasis . Since one of the main purposes of the concluding paragraph is to revisit ideas shared within the essay, transition words that express emphasis would be a natural fit and value-add. To see the power of this addition, feel free to examine the example below:

Concluding Paragraph Example

Without a doubt, I have come to realize over the years that a life calling is so much more than simply acting on a single moment in time— it is developing gifts and talents and constantly reassessing what value-add those gifts and talents can bring to the world at that particular moment.

  • What transitional phrase is used in the above concluding paragraph topic sentence?
  • How does the addition of “without a doubt” add emphasis to the conclusion? How does its addition help fulfill one of the concluding paragraph’s primary purposes?

Within-paragraph and between-paragraph transitions are truly the best ways to alert readers to upcoming changes in perspective and voice as well as argument or idea. As you write and then review your own writing, really try to consider which transition words would best help you create the most powerful and organized experience for your readers.

The Writing Center • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Transitions

What this handout is about.

In this crazy, mixed-up world of ours, transitions glue our ideas and our essays together. This handout will introduce you to some useful transitional expressions and help you employ them effectively.

The function and importance of transitions

In both academic writing and professional writing, your goal is to convey information clearly and concisely, if not to convert the reader to your way of thinking. Transitions help you to achieve these goals by establishing logical connections between sentences, paragraphs, and sections of your papers. In other words, transitions tell readers what to do with the information you present to them. Whether single words, quick phrases, or full sentences, they function as signs that tell readers how to think about, organize, and react to old and new ideas as they read through what you have written.

Transitions signal relationships between ideas—relationships such as: “Another example coming up—stay alert!” or “Here’s an exception to my previous statement” or “Although this idea appears to be true, here’s the real story.” Basically, transitions provide the reader with directions for how to piece together your ideas into a logically coherent argument. Transitions are not just verbal decorations that embellish your paper by making it sound or read better. They are words with particular meanings that tell the reader to think and react in a particular way to your ideas. In providing the reader with these important cues, transitions help readers understand the logic of how your ideas fit together.

Signs that you might need to work on your transitions

How can you tell whether you need to work on your transitions? Here are some possible clues:

  • Your instructor has written comments like “choppy,” “jumpy,” “abrupt,” “flow,” “need signposts,” or “how is this related?” on your papers.
  • Your readers (instructors, friends, or classmates) tell you that they had trouble following your organization or train of thought.
  • You tend to write the way you think—and your brain often jumps from one idea to another pretty quickly.
  • You wrote your paper in several discrete “chunks” and then pasted them together.
  • You are working on a group paper; the draft you are working on was created by pasting pieces of several people’s writing together.

Organization

Since the clarity and effectiveness of your transitions will depend greatly on how well you have organized your paper, you may want to evaluate your paper’s organization before you work on transitions. In the margins of your draft, summarize in a word or short phrase what each paragraph is about or how it fits into your analysis as a whole. This exercise should help you to see the order of and connection between your ideas more clearly.

If after doing this exercise you find that you still have difficulty linking your ideas together in a coherent fashion, your problem may not be with transitions but with organization. For help in this area (and a more thorough explanation of the “reverse outlining” technique described in the previous paragraph), please see the Writing Center’s handout on organization .

How transitions work

The organization of your written work includes two elements: (1) the order in which you have chosen to present the different parts of your discussion or argument, and (2) the relationships you construct between these parts. Transitions cannot substitute for good organization, but they can make your organization clearer and easier to follow. Take a look at the following example:

El Pais , a Latin American country, has a new democratic government after having been a dictatorship for many years. Assume that you want to argue that El Pais is not as democratic as the conventional view would have us believe.

One way to effectively organize your argument would be to present the conventional view and then to provide the reader with your critical response to this view. So, in Paragraph A you would enumerate all the reasons that someone might consider El Pais highly democratic, while in Paragraph B you would refute these points. The transition that would establish the logical connection between these two key elements of your argument would indicate to the reader that the information in paragraph B contradicts the information in paragraph A. As a result, you might organize your argument, including the transition that links paragraph A with paragraph B, in the following manner:

Paragraph A: points that support the view that El Pais’s new government is very democratic.

Transition: Despite the previous arguments, there are many reasons to think that El Pais’s new government is not as democratic as typically believed.

Paragraph B: points that contradict the view that El Pais’s new government is very democratic.

In this case, the transition words “Despite the previous arguments,” suggest that the reader should not believe paragraph A and instead should consider the writer’s reasons for viewing El Pais’s democracy as suspect.

As the example suggests, transitions can help reinforce the underlying logic of your paper’s organization by providing the reader with essential information regarding the relationship between your ideas. In this way, transitions act as the glue that binds the components of your argument or discussion into a unified, coherent, and persuasive whole.

Types of transitions

Now that you have a general idea of how to go about developing effective transitions in your writing, let us briefly discuss the types of transitions your writing will use.

The types of transitions available to you are as diverse as the circumstances in which you need to use them. A transition can be a single word, a phrase, a sentence, or an entire paragraph. In each case, it functions the same way: First, the transition either directly summarizes the content of a preceding sentence, paragraph, or section or implies such a summary (by reminding the reader of what has come before). Then, it helps the reader anticipate or comprehend the new information that you wish to present.

  • Transitions between sections: Particularly in longer works, it may be necessary to include transitional paragraphs that summarize for the reader the information just covered and specify the relevance of this information to the discussion in the following section.
  • Transitions between paragraphs: If you have done a good job of arranging paragraphs so that the content of one leads logically to the next, the transition will highlight a relationship that already exists by summarizing the previous paragraph and suggesting something of the content of the paragraph that follows. A transition between paragraphs can be a word or two (however, for example, similarly), a phrase, or a sentence. Transitions can be at the end of the first paragraph, at the beginning of the second paragraph, or in both places.
  • Transitions within paragraphs: As with transitions between sections and paragraphs, transitions within paragraphs act as cues by helping readers to anticipate what is coming before they read it. Within paragraphs, transitions tend to be single words or short phrases.

Transitional expressions

Effectively constructing each transition often depends upon your ability to identify words or phrases that will indicate for the reader the kind of logical relationships you want to convey. The table below should make it easier for you to find these words or phrases. Whenever you have trouble finding a word, phrase, or sentence to serve as an effective transition, refer to the information in the table for assistance. Look in the left column of the table for the kind of logical relationship you are trying to express. Then look in the right column of the table for examples of words or phrases that express this logical relationship.

Keep in mind that each of these words or phrases may have a slightly different meaning. Consult a dictionary or writer’s handbook if you are unsure of the exact meaning of a word or phrase.

You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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Transitional Words and Phrases

One of your primary goals as a writer is to present ideas in a clear and understandable way. To help readers move through your complex ideas, you want to be intentional about how you structure your paper as a whole as well as how you form the individual paragraphs that comprise it. In order to think through the challenges of presenting your ideas articulately, logically, and in ways that seem natural to your readers, check out some of these resources: Developing a Thesis Statement , Paragraphing , and Developing Strategic Transitions: Writing that Establishes Relationships and Connections Between Ideas.

While clear writing is mostly achieved through the deliberate sequencing of your ideas across your entire paper, you can guide readers through the connections you’re making by using transitional words in individual sentences. Transitional words and phrases can create powerful links between your ideas and can help your reader understand your paper’s logic.

In what follows, we’ve included a list of frequently used transitional words and phrases that can help you establish how your various ideas relate to each other. We’ve divided these words and phrases into categories based on the common kinds of relationships writers establish between ideas.

Two recommendations: Use these transitions strategically by making sure that the word or phrase you’re choosing matches the logic of the relationship you’re emphasizing or the connection you’re making. All of these words and phrases have different meanings, nuances, and connotations, so before using a particular transitional word in your paper, be sure you understand its meaning and usage completely, and be sure that it’s the right match for your paper’s logic. Use these transitional words and phrases sparingly because if you use too many of them, your readers might feel like you are overexplaining connections that are already clear.

Categories of Transition Words and Phrases

Causation Chronology Combinations Contrast Example

Importance Location Similarity Clarification Concession

Conclusion Intensification Purpose Summary

Transitions to help establish some of the most common kinds of relationships

Causation– Connecting instigator(s) to consequence(s).

accordingly as a result and so because

consequently for that reason hence on account of

since therefore thus

Chronology– Connecting what issues in regard to when they occur.

after afterwards always at length during earlier following immediately in the meantime

later never next now once simultaneously so far sometimes

soon subsequently then this time until now when whenever while

Combinations Lists– Connecting numerous events. Part/Whole– Connecting numerous elements that make up something bigger.

additionally again also and, or, not as a result besides even more

finally first, firstly further furthermore in addition in the first place in the second place

last, lastly moreover next second, secondly, etc. too

Contrast– Connecting two things by focusing on their differences.

after all although and yet at the same time but

despite however in contrast nevertheless nonetheless notwithstanding

on the contrary on the other hand otherwise though yet

Example– Connecting a general idea to a particular instance of this idea.

as an illustration e.g., (from a Latin abbreviation for “for example”)

for example for instance specifically that is

to demonstrate to illustrate

Importance– Connecting what is critical to what is more inconsequential.

chiefly critically

foundationally most importantly

of less importance primarily

Location– Connecting elements according to where they are placed in relationship to each other.

above adjacent to below beyond

centrally here nearby neighboring on

opposite to peripherally there wherever

Similarity– Connecting to things by suggesting that they are in some way alike.

by the same token in like manner

in similar fashion here in the same way

likewise wherever

Other kinds of transitional words and phrases Clarification

i.e., (from a Latin abbreviation for “that is”) in other words

that is that is to say to clarify to explain

to put it another way to rephrase it

granted it is true

naturally of course

finally lastly

in conclusion in the end

to conclude

Intensification

in fact indeed no

of course surely to repeat

undoubtedly without doubt yes

for this purpose in order that

so that to that end

to this end

in brief in sum

in summary in short

to sum up to summarize

transition sentence body paragraph

Improving Your Writing Style

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Clear, Concise Sentences

Use the active voice

Put the action in the verb

Tidy up wordy phrases

Reduce wordy verbs

Reduce prepositional phrases

Reduce expletive constructions

Avoid using vague nouns

Avoid unneccessarily inflated words

Avoid noun strings

Connecting Ideas Through Transitions

Using Transitional Words and Phrases

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3.7: Paragraphs and Paragraph Transitions

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Learning Objective

  • Describe techniques for effective use of transitions in paragraphs

When to Paragraph

How do you know when “enough is enough”—when you have enough information in one paragraph and have to start a new one? A very rough guide is that you need more than one or two paragraphs per page of type. And how much is too much? There is no simple answer, and paragraphing conventions differ depending on the task and genre. For example, online writing typically requires shorter paragraphs, with multiple short paragraphs on one screen.

It’s best to deal with paragraphs as part of the revision step in the writing process. Find places where the information shifts in focus, and put paragraph breaks in those places. You can do your best to paragraph as you draft, but know that you’ll address paragraphing more during the revision process.

Overall Paragraph Structure of an Essay

Often, essays are constructed in a format that looks something like this outline shown below. Depending on the purpose of your writing assignment, this format may vary, as we’ll see when we dive further into rhetorical styles. You are probably familiar with this general format for the five-paragraph essay. Our hopes in this course are to build off of this basic structure to write essays that are not too rigid or overly structured according to this outline but are thoughtful and organic. Notice the way that paragraphs separate each topic and provide supporting evidence to the topic sentence.

  • Background information on topic
  • Overall point of view of the topic (thesis)
  • Overview of components to be discussed (structure)
  • Topic sentence outlining first component
  • Sentences giving explanations and providing evidence to support topic sentence
  • Concluding sentence – link to next paragraph
  • Topic sentence outlining second component
  • Sentences giving explanations and providing evidence to back topic sentence
  • Topic sentence outlining third component
  • Summary of the main points of the body
  • Restatement of the main point of view
  • Justification/evaluation (if required by task)

Can you determine the best order for these paragraphs? What clues can you use to figure out the best arrangement?

https://h5p.cwr.olemiss.edu/h5p/embed/97

Three architects looking at a blueprint.

Linking Paragraphs: Transitions

In writing traditional five-paragraph essays, you may have been taught very basic transition sentences: “My first point is,” “In conclusion,” etc.

In college, your professors will expect less formulaic writing. Strong transition, words or phrases that indicate linkages in ideas, are the key to taking your writing to the next level and moving from the formulaic to the organic.

When writing your argument, you need to lead your readers from one idea to the next, showing how those ideas are logically linked. Transition words and phrases help you keep your paragraphs and groups of paragraphs logically connected for a reader.

Below are some examples of transition words to help as you transition both within paragraphs and from one paragraph to the next.

We divide these transitions into four categories based on what kind of transition you want to make.

Transition Words and Phrases

https://h5p.cwr.olemiss.edu/h5p/embed/4

Making Connections

In general, if you feel your readers may have a hard time making connections, providing transition words (e.g., “due to” or “on the other hand”) can help lead them. Transitions between paragraphs may appear at the end of the first paragraph, at the beginning of the second paragraph, or in both places. If the transition introduces new ideas, it usually appears at the beginning of the second paragraph.

Below is a chart of transition words that are useful for linking ideas within a paragraph:

https://h5p.cwr.olemiss.edu/h5p/embed/100

Select the most appropriate transitions in the following passage:

https://assessments.lumenlearning.co...essments/16742

Smoothing Your Writing

From sentence-to-sentence, paragraph-to-paragraph, the ideas should flow into each other smoothly and without interruptions or delays. If someone tells you that your paper sounds choppy or jumps around, you probably have a problem with transitions. Compare these two sentences:

  • Proofreading is an important step in the writing process. Read your paper aloud to catch errors. Use spell check on your computer.
  • Proofreading is an important step in the writing process. One technique is to read your paper aloud, which will help you catch errors you might overlook when reading silently. Another strategy is to use spell check on your computer.

The second example has better transitions between ideas and is easier to read. Transitions can make a huge difference in the readability of your writing. If you have to pick one aspect of your writing to focus on during the revision process, consider focusing on adding effective transitions to help your reader follow your thinking.

Contributors and Attributions

  • Revision and adaptation. Provided by : Lumen Learning. License : CC BY: Attribution
  • Paragraphing and Transitioning. Provided by : Excelsior College. Located at : http://owl.excelsior.edu/writing-process/paragraphing/paragraphing-and-transitioning/ . Project : Excelsior OWL. License : CC BY: Attribution
  • TRANSITION WORDS. Authored by : Gregory M. Campbell. Located at : https://msu.edu/~jdowell/135/transw.html . License : CC BY: Attribution
  • Paragraph Structure. Authored by : Meredith Harper. Provided by : University of Mississippi. License : CC BY: Attribution
  • Climate change is turning dehydration into a deadly epidemic. Authored by : Jane Palmer. Located at : https://mosaicscience.com/story/climate-change-deadly-epidemic-chronic-kidney-disease/ . License : CC BY: Attribution
  • Transitions. Provided by : Bay College. Located at : https://human.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Composition/Book%3A_Rhetoric_and_Composition_(Bay_College)/02%3A_The_Writing_Process/2.5%3A_Revising_and_Editing . License : CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
  • Essay Structure. Provided by : QUT Cite Write. Located at : http://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/write/essay.jsp . Project : Writing an Essay. License : CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
  • Arranging your Ideas Example. Authored by : Meredith Harper. Provided by : University of Mississippi. License : CC BY: Attribution
  • Image of architects. Authored by : Borko Manigoda. Provided by : Pixabay. Located at : pixabay.com/photos/architect-people-plan-construction-3979490/. License : Other . License Terms : pixabay.com/service/terms/#license
  • Section on Smoothing Your Writing. Authored by : Marianne Botos, Lynn McClelland, Stephanie Polliard, Pamela Osback. Located at : https://pvccenglish.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/eng-101-inside-pages-proof2-no-pro.pdf . Project : Horse of a Different Color: English Composition and Rhetoric. License : CC BY: Attribution

Essay Writing: Paragraphs and Transitions

  • Essay Writing Basics
  • Purdue OWL Page on Writing Your Thesis This link opens in a new window
  • Paragraphs and Transitions
  • How to Tell if a Website is Legitimate This link opens in a new window
  • Formatting Your References Page
  • Cite a Website
  • Common Grammatical and Mechanical Errors
  • Additional Resources
  • Proofread Before You Submit Your Paper
  • Structuring the 5-Paragraph Essay

Paragraph Structure

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Begins with a sentence that captures the reader’s attention

1) You may want to use an interesting example, a surprising statistic, or a challenging question.

B. Gives background information on the topic.

C. Includes the THESIS STATEMENT which:

1) States the main ideas of the essay and includes:

b. Viewpoint (what you plan to say about the topic)

2) Is more general than supporting data

3) May mention the main point of each of the body paragraphs

II. BODY PARAGRAPH #1

A. Begins with a topic sentence that:

1) States the main point of the paragraph

2) Relates to the THESIS STATEMENT

B. After the topic sentence, you need to fill the paragraph with well-organized details, facts, and examples.

C. Paragraph may end with a transition.

III. BODY PARAGRAPH #2

IV. BODY PARAGRAPH #3

3) States the main point of the paragraph

4) Relates to the THESIS STATEMENT

V. CONCLUSION

A. Echoes the THESIS STATEMENT but does not repeat it.

B. Poses a question for the future, suggests some action to be taken, or warns of a consequence.

C. Includes a detail or example from the INTRODUCTION to “tie up” the essay.

D. Ends with a strong image – or a humorous or surprising statement.

Transition Words and Phrases

More transitions and linking expressions, a monroe college research guide.

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Complete List of Transition Words

100 Words and Phrases to Use Between Paragraphs

Viorika Prikhodko / E+ / Getty Images

  • Writing Essays
  • Writing Research Papers
  • English Grammar
  • M.Ed., Education Administration, University of Georgia
  • B.A., History, Armstrong State University

Once you have completed the first draft of your paper, you will need to rewrite some of the introductory sentences at the beginning and the transition statements at the end of every paragraph . Transitions, which connect one idea to the next, may seem challenging at first, but they get easier once you consider the many possible methods for linking paragraphs together—even if they seem to be unrelated.

Transition words and phrases can help your paper move along, smoothly gliding from one topic to the next. If you have trouble thinking of a way to connect your paragraphs, consider a few of these 100 top transitions as inspiration. The type of transition words or phrases you use depends on the category of transition you need, as explained below.

Additive Transitions

Probably the most common type, additive transitions are those you use when you want to show that the current point is an addition to the previous one, notes  Edusson , a website that provides students with essay-writing tips and advice . Put another way, additive transitions signal to the reader that you are adding to an idea and/or your ideas are similar, says  Quizlet , an online teacher and student learning community. Some examples of additive transition words and phrases were compiled by Michigan State University  writing lab. Follow each transition word or phrase with a comma:

  • In the first place
  • Furthermore
  • Alternatively
  • As well (as this)
  • What is more
  • In addition (to this)
  • On the other hand
  • Either (neither)
  • As a matter of fact
  • Besides (this)
  • To say nothing of
  • Additionally
  • Not to mention (this)
  • Not only (this) but also (that) as well
  • In all honesty
  • To tell the truth

An example of additive transitions used in a sentence would be:

" In the first place , no 'burning' in the sense of combustion, as in the burning of wood, occurs in a volcano;  moreover , volcanoes are not necessarily mountains;  furthermore , the activity takes place not always at the summit but more commonly on the sides or flanks..." – Fred Bullard, "Volcanoes in History, in Theory, in Eruption"

In this and the examples of transitions in subsequent sections, the transition words or phrases are printed in italics to make them easier to find as you peruse the passages.

Adversative Transitions

Adversative transitions are used to signal conflict, contradiction, concession, and dismissal, says Michigan State University. Examples include:

  • In contrast
  • But even so
  • Nevertheless
  • Nonetheless
  • (And) still
  • In either case
  • (Or) at least
  • Whichever happens
  • Whatever happens
  • In either event

An example of an adversative transition phrase used in a sentence would be:

" On the other hand, professor Smith completely disagreed with the author's argument."

Causal Transitions

Causal transitions—also called cause-and-effect transitions—show how certain circumstances or events were caused by other factors, says Academic Help . The website that offers assistance with academic writing adds: "They [causal transitions] make it easier for the reader to follow the logic of the arguments and clauses represented in paper." Examples include:

  • Accordingly
  • As a result
  • Consequently
  • For this reason
  • Granting (that)
  • On the condition (that)
  • In the event that
  • As a result (of this)
  • Because (of this)
  • As a consequence
  • In consequence
  • So much (so) that
  • For the purpose of
  • With this intention
  • With this in mind
  • Under those circumstances
  • That being the case

An example of a causal transition used in a sentence would be:

"The study of human chromosomes is in its infancy,  and so  it has only recently become possible to study the effect of environmental factors upon them." –Rachel Carson, "Silent Spring"

Sequential Transitions

Sequential transitions express a numerical sequence, continuation, conclusion , digression , resumption, or summation, says Michigan State, which gives these examples:

  • In the (first, second, third, etc.) place
  • To begin with
  • To start with
  • Subsequently
  • To conclude with
  • As a final point
  • Last but not least
  • To change the topic
  • Incidentally
  • To get back to the point
  • As was previously stated

An example of a sequential transition would be:

"We should teach that words are not the things to which they refer. We should teach that words are best understood as convenient tools for handling reality... Finally , we should teach widely that new words can and should be invented if the need arises." –Karol Janicki, "Language Misconceived"

In sum , use transition words and phrases judiciously to keep your paper moving, hold your readers' attention, and retain your audience until the final word.

  • Definition and Examples of a Transition in Composition
  • How to Teach Topic Sentences Using Models
  • Cohesion Strategies: A List of Transitional Words and Phrases
  • Make Your Paragraphs Flow to Improve Writing
  • What You Need to Know About Conjunctive Adverbs
  • Transitive and Intransitive Verbs in Spanish
  • Conjugating the Verb 'To Be'
  • Paragraph Transition: Definition and Examples
  • Beef Up Critical Thinking and Writing Skills: Comparison Essays
  • Persuasive Writing: For and Against
  • How to Say "And" in Chinese
  • The Ultimate Guide to the 5-Paragraph Essay
  • Revising a Paper
  • Definition and Examples of Paragraphing in Essays
  • Paragraph Writing
  • Objects in English Grammar

How to Write a Body Paragraph for a College Essay  

January 29, 2024

how to write a body paragraph college essay

No matter the discipline, college success requires mastering several academic basics, including the body paragraph. This article will provide tips on drafting and editing a strong body paragraph before examining several body paragraph examples. Before we look at how to start a body paragraph and how to write a body paragraph for a college essay (or other writing assignment), let’s define what exactly a body paragraph is.

What is a Body Paragraph?

Simply put, a body paragraph consists of everything in an academic essay that does not constitute the introduction and conclusion. It makes up everything in between. In a five-paragraph, thesis-style essay (which most high schoolers encounter before heading off to college), there are three body paragraphs. Longer essays with more complex arguments will include many more body paragraphs.

We might correlate body paragraphs with bodily appendages—say, a leg. Both operate in a somewhat isolated way to perform specific operations, yet are integral to creating a cohesive, functioning whole. A leg helps the body sit, walk, and run. Like legs, body paragraphs work to move an essay along, by leading the reader through several convincing ideas. Together, these ideas, sometimes called topics, or points, work to prove an overall argument, called the essay’s thesis.

If you compared an essay on Kant’s theory of beauty to an essay on migratory birds, you’d notice that the body paragraphs differ drastically. However, on closer inspection, you’d probably find that they included many of the same key components. Most body paragraphs will include specific, detailed evidence, an analysis of the evidence, a conclusion drawn by the author, and several tie-ins to the larger ideas at play. They’ll also include transitions and citations leading the reader to source material. We’ll go into more detail on these components soon. First, let’s see if you’ve organized your essay so that you’ll know how to start a body paragraph.

How to Start a Body Paragraph

It can be tempting to start writing your college essay as soon as you sit down at your desk. The sooner begun, the sooner done, right? I’d recommend resisting that itch. Instead, pull up a blank document on your screen and make an outline. There are numerous reasons to make an outline, and most involve helping you stay on track. This is especially true of longer college papers, like the 60+ page dissertation some seniors are required to write. Even with regular writing assignments with a page count between 4-10, an outline will help you visualize your argumentation strategy. Moreover, it will help you order your key points and their relevant evidence from most to least convincing. This in turn will determine the order of your body paragraphs.

The most convincing sequence of body paragraphs will depend entirely on your paper’s subject.  Let’s say you’re writing about Penelope’s success in outwitting male counterparts in The Odyssey . You may want to begin with Penelope’s weaving, the most obvious way in which Penelope dupes her suitors. You can end with Penelope’s ingenious way of outsmarting her own husband. Because this evidence is more ambiguous it will require a more nuanced analysis. Thus, it’ll work best as your final body paragraph, after readers have already been convinced of more digestible evidence. If in doubt, keep your body paragraph order chronological.

It can be worthwhile to consider your topic from multiple perspectives. You may decide to include a body paragraph that sets out to consider and refute an opposing point to your thesis. This type of body paragraph will often appear near the end of the essay. It works to erase any lingering doubts readers may have had, and requires strong rhetorical techniques.

How to Start a Body Paragraph, Continued

Once you’ve determined which key points will best support your argument and in what order, draft an introduction. This is a crucial step towards writing a body paragraph. First, it will set the tone for the rest of your paper. Second, it will require you to articulate your thesis statement in specific, concise wording. Highlight or bold your thesis statement, so you can refer back to it quickly. You should be looking at your thesis throughout the drafting of your body paragraphs.

Finally, make sure that your introduction indicates which key points you’ll be covering in your body paragraphs, and in what order. While this level of organization might seem like overkill, it will indicate to the reader that your entire paper is minutely thought-out. It will boost your reader’s confidence going in. They’ll feel reassured and open to your thought process if they can see that it follows a clear path.

Now that you have an essay outline and introduction, you’re ready to draft your body paragraphs.

How to Draft a Body Paragraph

At this point, you know your body paragraph topic, the key point you’re trying to make, and you’ve gathered your evidence. The next thing to do is write! The words highlighted in bold below comprise the main components that will make up your body paragraph. (You’ll notice in the body paragraph examples below that the order of these components is flexible.)

Start with a topic sentence . This will indicate the main point you plan to make that will work to support your overall thesis. Your topic sentence also alerts the reader to the change in topic from the last paragraph to the current one. In making this new topic known, you’ll want to create a transition from the last topic to this one.

Transitions appear in nearly every paragraph of a college essay, apart from the introduction. They create a link between disparate ideas. (For example, if your transition comes at the end of paragraph 4, you won’t need a second transition at the beginning of paragraph 5.) The University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Writing Center has a page devoted to Developing Strategic Transitions . Likewise, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s Writing Center offers help on paragraph transitions .

How to Draft a Body Paragraph for a College Essay ( Continued)

With the topic sentence written, you’ll need to prove your point through tangible evidence. This requires several sentences with various components. You’ll want to provide more context , going into greater detail to situate the reader within the topic. Next, you’ll provide evidence , often in the form of a quote, facts, or data, and supply a source citation . Citing your source is paramount. Sources indicate that your evidence is empirical and objective. It implies that your evidence is knowledge shared by others in the academic community. Sometimes you’ll want to provide multiple pieces of evidence, if the evidence is similar and can be grouped together.

After providing evidence, you must provide an interpretation and analysis of this evidence. In other words, use rhetorical techniques to paraphrase what your evidence seems to suggest. Break down the evidence further and explain and summarize it in new words. Don’t simply skip to your conclusion. Your evidence should never stand for itself. Why? Because your interpretation and analysis allow you to exhibit original, analytical, and critical thinking skills.

Depending on what evidence you’re using, you may repeat some of these components in the same body paragraph. This might look like: more context + further evidence + increased interpretation and analysis . All this will add up to proving and reaffirming your body paragraph’s main point . To do so, conclude your body paragraph by reformulating your thesis statement in light of the information you’ve given. I recommend comparing your original thesis statement to your paragraph’s concluding statement. Do they align? Does your body paragraph create a sound connection to the overall academic argument? If not, you’ll need to fix this issue when you edit your body paragraph.

How to Edit a Body Paragraph

As you go over each body paragraph of your college essay, keep this short checklist in mind.

  • Consistency in your argument: If your key points don’t add up to a cogent argument, you’ll need to identify where the inconsistency lies. Often it lies in interpretation and analysis. You may need to improve the way you articulate this component. Try to think like a lawyer: how can you use this evidence to your advantage? If that doesn’t work, you may need to find new evidence. As a last resort, amend your thesis statement.
  • Language-level persuasion. Use a broad vocabulary. Vary your sentence structure. Don’t repeat the same words too often, which can induce mental fatigue in the reader. I suggest keeping an online dictionary open on your browser. I find Merriam-Webster user-friendly, since it allows you to toggle between definitions and synonyms. It also includes up-to-date example sentences. Also, don’t forget the power of rhetorical devices .
  • Does your writing flow naturally from one idea to the next, or are there jarring breaks? The editing stage is a great place to polish transitions and reinforce the structure as a whole.

Our first body paragraph example comes from the College Transitions article “ How to Write the AP Lang Argument Essay .” Here’s the prompt: Write an essay that argues your position on the value of striving for perfection.

Here’s the example thesis statement, taken from the introduction paragraph: “Striving for perfection can only lead us to shortchange ourselves. Instead, we should value learning, growth, and creativity and not worry whether we are first or fifth best.” Now let’s see how this writer builds an argument against perfection through one main point across two body paragraphs. (While this writer has split this idea into two paragraphs, one to address a problem and one to provide an alternative resolution, it could easily be combined into one paragraph.)

“Students often feel the need to be perfect in their classes, and this can cause students to struggle or stop making an effort in class. In elementary and middle school, for example, I was very nervous about public speaking. When I had to give a speech, my voice would shake, and I would turn very red. My teachers always told me “relax!” and I got Bs on Cs on my speeches. As a result, I put more pressure on myself to do well, spending extra time making my speeches perfect and rehearsing late at night at home. But this pressure only made me more nervous, and I started getting stomach aches before speaking in public.

“Once I got to high school, however, I started doing YouTube make-up tutorials with a friend. We made videos just for fun, and laughed when we made mistakes or said something silly. Only then, when I wasn’t striving to be perfect, did I get more comfortable with public speaking.”

Body Paragraph Example 1 Dissected

In this body paragraph example, the writer uses their personal experience as evidence against the value of striving for perfection. The writer sets up this example with a topic sentence that acts as a transition from the introduction. They also situate the reader in the classroom. The evidence takes the form of emotion and physical reactions to the pressure of public speaking (nervousness, shaking voice, blushing). Evidence also takes the form of poor results (mediocre grades). Rather than interpret the evidence from an analytical perspective, the writer produces more evidence to underline their point. (This method works fine for a narrative-style essay.) It’s clear that working harder to be perfect further increased the student’s nausea.

The writer proves their point in the second paragraph, through a counter-example. The main point is that improvement comes more naturally when the pressure is lifted; when amusement is possible and mistakes aren’t something to fear. This point ties back in with the thesis, that “we should value learning, growth, and creativity” over perfection.

This second body paragraph example comes from the College Transitions article “ How to Write the AP Lang Rhetorical Analysis Essay .” Here’s an abridged version of the prompt: Rosa Parks was an African American civil rights activist who was arrested in 1955 for refusing to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Read the passage carefully. Write an essay that analyzes the rhetorical choices Obama makes to convey his message.

Here’s the example thesis statement, taken from the introduction paragraph: “Through the use of diction that portrays Parks as quiet and demure, long lists that emphasize the extent of her impacts, and Biblical references, Obama suggests that all of us are capable of achieving greater good, just as Parks did.” Now read the body paragraph example, below.

“To further illustrate Parks’ impact, Obama incorporates Biblical references that emphasize the importance of “that single moment on the bus” (lines 57-58). In lines 33-35, Obama explains that Parks and the other protestors are “driven by a solemn determination to affirm their God-given dignity” and he also compares their victory to the fall the “ancient walls of Jericho” (line 43). By including these Biblical references, Obama suggests that Parks’ action on the bus did more than correct personal or political wrongs; it also corrected moral and spiritual wrongs. Although Parks had no political power or fortune, she was able to restore a moral balance in our world.”

Body Paragraph Example 2 Dissected

The first sentence in this body paragraph example indicates that the topic is transitioning into biblical references as a means of motivating ordinary citizens. The evidence comes as quotes taken from Obama’s speech. One is a reference to God, and the other an allusion to a story from the bible. The subsequent interpretation and analysis demonstrate that Obama’s biblical references imply a deeper, moral and spiritual significance. The concluding sentence draws together the morality inherent in equal rights with Rosa Parks’ power to spark change. Through the words “no political power or fortune,” and “moral balance,” the writer ties the point proven in this body paragraph back to the thesis statement. Obama promises that “All of us” (no matter how small our influence) “are capable of achieving greater good”—a greater moral good.

What’s Next?

Before you body paragraphs come the start and, after your body paragraphs, the conclusion, of course! If you’ve found this article helpful, be sure to read up on how to start a college essay and how to end a college essay .

You may also find the following blogs to be of interest:

  • 6 Best Common App Essay Examples
  • How to Write the Overcoming Challenges Essay
  • UC Essay Examples 
  • How to Write the Community Essay
  • How to Write the Why this Major? Essay
  • College Essay

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Kaylen Baker

With a BA in Literary Studies from Middlebury College, an MFA in Fiction from Columbia University, and a Master’s in Translation from Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis, Kaylen has been working with students on their writing for over five years. Previously, Kaylen taught a fiction course for high school students as part of Columbia Artists/Teachers, and served as an English Language Assistant for the French National Department of Education. Kaylen is an experienced writer/translator whose work has been featured in Los Angeles Review, Hybrid, San Francisco Bay Guardian, France Today, and Honolulu Weekly, among others.

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A discussion of transition strategies and specific transitional devices.

Good transitions can connect paragraphs and turn disconnected writing into a unified whole. Instead of treating paragraphs as separate ideas, transitions can help readers understand how paragraphs work together, reference one another, and build to a larger point. The key to producing good transitions is highlighting connections between corresponding paragraphs. By referencing in one paragraph the relevant material from previous paragraphs, writers can develop important points for their readers.

It is a good idea to continue one paragraph where another leaves off. (Instances where this is especially challenging may suggest that the paragraphs don't belong together at all.) Picking up key phrases from the previous paragraph and highlighting them in the next can create an obvious progression for readers. Many times, it only takes a few words to draw these connections. Instead of writing transitions that could connect any paragraph to any other paragraph, write a transition that could only connect one specific paragraph to another specific paragraph.

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Body paragraphs and transitions, 1. body paragraphs.

An essay is a short piece of writing on a particular subject, and essays are in part made up of body paragraphs , or paragraphs within the body of an essay. Body paragraphs occur between the introduction and conclusion of an essay.

While you’re doing your essay development , which is the act of developing an essay’s ideas with relevant facts and details, you likely will do some prewriting during which you’ll develop ideas to support your thesis statement. Those ideas are what you’re going to work out in body paragraphs.

Each body paragraph should relate directly back to the thesis statement, developing support for one element of the essay’s main idea. Each body paragraph will also have a topic sentence that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Within each paragraph, all of the supporting sentences point back towards that topic sentence, providing support for that main point.

Finally, each body paragraph will develop a new essential idea in support of the thesis, without adding irrelevant or extraneous detail.

Consider the following short essay:

The stunts are often stunning and the effects truly special. Viewers flock in droves to watch Hollywood's latest action blockbusters when they hit the movie theaters. But are these films worthwhile or just "brain candy" that leave us dumber for viewing them? Because Hollywood's action films feature complex emotional themes, they count as art despite being commonly characterized as disposable entertainment. Many people refer to Hollywood action movies in negative terms, considering them disposable fluff pieces. These people argue that such films are not as representative of the nuances of human emotions as they are, say, independent films or Hollywood dramas. So these critics rank action films as unartistic and simplistic. In fact, action films can feature complex, artistic emotional themes. Many action heroes are driven to vengeance or heroism by the loss of a loved one, such as Batman being an orphan. Therefore even Batman can represent emotional artistry. As the example shows, action films contain representations of complex emotions. Many films considered to be high art, such as Citizen Kane, feature similar depictions of humanity. Thus, action films can be considered art in the same fashion.

Here is the thesis statement:

And then here are the body paragraphs, each of which support the thesis:

More specifically, this one explains the opposition to a particular argument, which was previewed in the thesis:

This next one gives some examples to support another part of the thesis:

The stunts are often stunning and the effects truly special. Viewers flock in droves to watch Hollywood's latest action blockbusters when they hit the movie theaters. But are these films worthwhile or just "brain candy" that leave us dumber for viewing them? Because Hollywood's action films feature complex emotional themes , they count as art despite being commonly characterized as disposable entertainment. Many people refer to Hollywood action movies in negative terms, considering them disposable fluff pieces. These people argue that such films are not as representative of the nuances of human emotions as they are, say, independent films or Hollywood dramas. So these critics rank action films as unartistic and simplistic. In fact, action films can feature complex, artistic emotional themes. Many action heroes are driven to vengeance or heroism by the loss of a loved one, such as Batman being an orphan. Therefore even Batman can represent emotional artistry. As the example shows, action films contain representations of complex emotions. Many films considered to be high art, such as Citizen Kane, feature similar depictions of humanity. Thus, action films can be considered art in the same fashion.

The final paragraph brings the whole argument together to support this last claim of the thesis:

As you can see, the body paragraphs each develop an essential element of the thesis statement, working together to build support so that the reader believes that thesis statement.

terms to know Essay A short piece of writing on a particular subject. Essay Development The act of developing an essay’s ideas with relevant facts and details. Body Paragraph A paragraph within the body of an essay; body paragraphs occur between the introduction and conclusion of an essay.

2. Transitions

Now that you’ve seen some body paragraphs in action, you can think about the connections within and between them. Transitions are words, word combinations, and even sentences that highlight connections between ideas.

Because transitions make these connections, they help readers understand the relationships between different ideas, which in turn helps readers understand the whole essay better.

When you move between paragraphs, transitions help connect one big idea with the next, making the progression of ideas flow more smoothly. Then when you move between sentences within paragraphs, transitions do the same thing, helping you link smaller ideas with the same effect.

In both cases, transitions operate like signposts, pointing the reader to where the essay has been and where it’s going. Therefore, an essay that doesn’t have clear or regular transitions, uses its transitions ineffectively or even incorrectly, or just repeats the same transitions in every sentence and paragraph is going to be a weak piece of writing.

Reread this essay example to identify the transitions, and consider how they are working within and between the paragraphs.

Notice how the author is transitioning between paragraphs here:

The second paragraph starts with “many people” to show that this is going to be a discussion of one argument that many people hold. And that’s what this paragraph does—it introduces an argument.

Then the author follows up on that discussion in the next paragraph, beginning with “"in fact.”

The stunts are often stunning and the effects truly special. Viewers flock in droves to watch Hollywood's latest action blockbusters when they hit the movie theaters. But are these films worthwhile or just "brain candy" that leave us dumber for viewing them? Because Hollywood's action films feature complex emotional themes, they count as art despite being commonly characterized as disposable entertainment. Many people refer to Hollywood action movies in negative terms, considering them disposable fluff pieces. These people argue that such films are not as representative of the nuances of human emotions as they are, say, independent films or Hollywood dramas. So these critics rank action films as unartistic and simplistic. In fact , action films can feature complex, artistic emotional themes. Many action heroes are driven to vengeance or heroism by the loss of a loved one, such as Batman being an orphan. Therefore even Batman can represent emotional artistry. As the example shows, action films contain representations of complex emotions. Many films considered to be high art, such as Citizen Kane, feature similar depictions of humanity. Thus, action films can be considered art in the same fashion.

By looking at both how this paragraph begins and how the previous paragraph ends, you can see that this “in fact” is responding to the previous argument. While the previous paragraph presented the argument against the thesis statement, this paragraph counters with the assertion that, in fact, those claims aren’t sound, but this thesis is.

Now that there have been two paragraphs that present opposing arguments and offer examples of those arguments, this next paragraph transitions in with the phrase “as the example shows.”

The stunts are often stunning and the effects truly special. Viewers flock in droves to watch Hollywood's latest action blockbusters when they hit the movie theaters. But are these films worthwhile or just "brain candy" that leave us dumber for viewing them? Because Hollywood's action films feature complex emotional themes, they count as art despite being commonly characterized as disposable entertainment. Many people refer to Hollywood action movies in negative terms, considering them disposable fluff pieces. These people argue that such films are not as representative of the nuances of human emotions as they are, say, independent films or Hollywood dramas. So these critics rank action films as unartistic and simplistic. In fact , action films can feature complex, artistic emotional themes. Many action heroes are driven to vengeance or heroism by the loss of a loved one, such as Batman being an orphan. Therefore even Batman can represent emotional artistry. As the example shows , action films contain representations of complex emotions. Many films considered to be high art, such as Citizen Kane, feature similar depictions of humanity. Thus, action films can be considered art in the same fashion.

This statement connects not just to the preceding paragraph, but to the whole arc of this argument, to both of the prior paragraphs. You can see this by looking inside the paragraph.

The stunts are often stunning and the effects truly special. Viewers flock in droves to watch Hollywood's latest action blockbusters when they hit the movie theaters. But are these films worthwhile or just "brain candy" that leave us dumber for viewing them? Because Hollywood's action films feature complex emotional themes, they count as art despite being commonly characterized as disposable entertainment. Many people refer to Hollywood action movies in negative terms, considering them disposable fluff pieces. These people argue that such films are not as representative of the nuances of human emotions as they are, say, independent films or Hollywood dramas. So these critics rank action films as unartistic and simplistic. In fact , action films can feature complex, artistic emotional themes. Many action heroes are driven to vengeance or heroism by the loss of a loved one, such as Batman being an orphan. Therefore even Batman can represent emotional artistry. As the example shows , action films contain representations of complex emotions. Many films considered to be high art, such as Citizen Kane, feature similar depictions of humanity. Thus , action films can be considered art in the same fashion.

Notice that the transitional word “thus,” which means “therefore” or “as a result of,” connects these two ideas. That tells you that this sentence is going to present an explanation of what the previous examples prove.

In all of these ways, the paragraphs, their examples, and even these transitions help point the reader back to the thesis statement and thus to the main idea and purpose of this essay.

term to know Transition Words, word combinations, and even sentences that highlight connections between ideas.

summary In this tutorial, you learned that essays are in part made up of body paragraphs , which appear between the introduction and conclusion. Body paragraphs are a crucial component of essays because they are where you provide examples, evidence, and analysis to support your thesis statement. You then learned that transitions , or words and phrases that highlight connections between ideas, are a useful way to show your reader the relationships between your ideas. Transitions can be used to connect separate paragraphs as well as individual sentences within a single paragraph. Good luck!

Source: This work is adapted from Sophia author Martina Shabram.

A paragraph within the body of an essay; body paragraphs occur between the introduction and conclusion of an essay.

A short piece of writing on a particular subject.

The act of developing an essay's ideas with relevant facts and details.

Words, word combinations, and even sentences that highlight connections between ideas.

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33 Transition Words and Phrases

Transitional terms give writers the opportunity to prepare readers for a new idea, connecting the previous sentence to the next one.

Many transitional words are nearly synonymous: words that broadly indicate that “this follows logically from the preceding” include accordingly, therefore, and consequently . Words that mean “in addition to” include moreover, besides, and further . Words that mean “contrary to what was just stated” include however, nevertheless , and nonetheless .

as a result : THEREFORE : CONSEQUENTLY

The executive’s flight was delayed and they accordingly arrived late.

in or by way of addition : FURTHERMORE

The mountain has many marked hiking trails; additionally, there are several unmarked trails that lead to the summit.

at a later or succeeding time : SUBSEQUENTLY, THEREAFTER

Afterward, she got a promotion.

even though : ALTHOUGH

She appeared as a guest star on the show, albeit briefly.

in spite of the fact that : even though —used when making a statement that differs from or contrasts with a statement you have just made

They are good friends, although they don't see each other very often.

in addition to what has been said : MOREOVER, FURTHERMORE

I can't go, and besides, I wouldn't go if I could.

as a result : in view of the foregoing : ACCORDINGLY

The words are often confused and are consequently misused.

in a contrasting or opposite way —used to introduce a statement that contrasts with a previous statement or presents a differing interpretation or possibility

Large objects appear to be closer. Conversely, small objects seem farther away.

used to introduce a statement that is somehow different from what has just been said

These problems are not as bad as they were. Even so, there is much more work to be done.

used as a stronger way to say "though" or "although"

I'm planning to go even though it may rain.

in addition : MOREOVER

I had some money to invest, and, further, I realized that the risk was small.

in addition to what precedes : BESIDES —used to introduce a statement that supports or adds to a previous statement

These findings seem plausible. Furthermore, several studies have confirmed them.

because of a preceding fact or premise : for this reason : THEREFORE

He was a newcomer and hence had no close friends here.

from this point on : starting now

She announced that henceforth she would be running the company.

in spite of that : on the other hand —used when you are saying something that is different from or contrasts with a previous statement

I'd like to go; however, I'd better not.

as something more : BESIDES —used for adding information to a statement

The city has the largest population in the country and in addition is a major shipping port.

all things considered : as a matter of fact —used when making a statement that adds to or strengthens a previous statement

He likes to have things his own way; indeed, he can be very stubborn.

for fear that —often used after an expression denoting fear or apprehension

He was concerned lest anyone think that he was guilty.

in addition : ALSO —often used to introduce a statement that adds to and is related to a previous statement

She is an acclaimed painter who is likewise a sculptor.

at or during the same time : in the meantime

You can set the table. Meanwhile, I'll start making dinner.

BESIDES, FURTHER : in addition to what has been said —used to introduce a statement that supports or adds to a previous statement

It probably wouldn't work. Moreover, it would be very expensive to try it.

in spite of that : HOWEVER

It was a predictable, but nevertheless funny, story.

in spite of what has just been said : NEVERTHELESS

The hike was difficult, but fun nonetheless.

without being prevented by (something) : despite—used to say that something happens or is true even though there is something that might prevent it from happening or being true

Notwithstanding their youth and inexperience, the team won the championship.

if not : or else

Finish your dinner. Otherwise, you won't get any dessert.

more correctly speaking —used to introduce a statement that corrects what you have just said

We can take the car, or rather, the van.

in spite of that —used to say that something happens or is true even though there is something that might prevent it from happening or being true

I tried again and still I failed.

by that : by that means

He signed the contract, thereby forfeiting his right to the property.

for that reason : because of that

This tablet is thin and light and therefore very convenient to carry around.

immediately after that

The committee reviewed the documents and thereupon decided to accept the proposal.

because of this or that : HENCE, CONSEQUENTLY

This detergent is highly concentrated and thus you will need to dilute it.

while on the contrary —used to make a statement that describes how two people, groups, etc., are different

Some of these species have flourished, whereas others have struggled.

NEVERTHELESS, HOWEVER —used to introduce a statement that adds something to a previous statement and usually contrasts with it in some way

It was pouring rain out, yet his clothes didn’t seem very wet.

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How to Transition to the Body of an Essay

David harris, 27 jun 2018.

How to Transition to the Body of an Essay

Whether you are writing an essay for entrance to a college program, to win a contest or scholarship, or just for a routine classroom assignment, solid essay-writing is a key that opens doors. The first step to writing a successful essay is learning to use a simple essay form.

Explore this article

  • Five Paragraph Essay Form
  • Write an Introduction
  • Transition to the Body of the Essay
  • Finishing the Essay

1 Five Paragraph Essay Form

Many educators teach essay writing using the five paragraph essay form. In this form, the first paragraph serves as the introduction, the middle three paragraphs are considered the body and the final paragraph is the conclusion. In the introduction, you must introduce your thesis to your readers and list the points you plan to address in the body of the essay. However, you must provide continuity to your essay, using a smooth transition from your introduction to the body of your essay.

2 Write an Introduction

The first step of successful essay writing is creating an introduction that captures your reader's attention and entices them to keep reading your work. The first paragraph also introduces your main argument, or thesis, as well as the three supporting points you will use to prove your thesis. Your supporting points will become your second, third and fourth paragraphs in the essay, so be sure to list them in order in the introduction. Always end the introduction paragraph with a transition sentence that will guide your reader into the next paragraph.

3 Transition to the Body of the Essay

Begin the second paragraph of the essay with a transition sentence that ties into the last sentence of the introduction paragraph. You can even use a "reverse hook" that references the entire thesis, bridging the two paragraphs. Then, restate the point of the body paragraph in the second sentence if you did not in the first.

4 Finishing the Essay

Once you have successfully transitioned to the body of the essay, you can focus on completing the essay. Use the rest of the second paragraph to support your first point using evidence and interesting examples. Repeat this process for your third and fourth paragraphs, addressing one supporting point per paragraph. Finally, write a conclusion paragraph that restates your thesis and gives the reader a sense of closure.

The five paragraph essay form is an easy to use template for constructing an essay that clearly states your thesis and backs it up with supporting details. Using carefully crafted transitions and vivid details, you can transform this simple form into a compelling essay that holds your reader's interest from introduction to conclusion.

  • 1 Indiana University Bloomington: Paragraphs and Topic Sentences
  • 2 Study Guide Zone: Five Paragraph Essay

About the Author

David Harris is a writer living in Portland, Ore. He currently is the editor-in-chief of the online magazine Spectrum Culture. He holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing from Sarah Lawrence College.

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ESLBUZZ

Boost Your Writing Skills with These Transition Words for First Body Paragraph!

By: Author ESLBUZZ

Posted on Last updated: March 19, 2024

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Are you struggling to connect your ideas and create a coherent flow in your writing? Do you find it challenging to introduce your main point and transition to your supporting ideas? If so, you are not alone. Many writers struggle with structuring their paragraphs effectively. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide to transition words for first body paragraphs. We will show you how to use them to create a logical and organized structure in your writing.

Understanding Transition Words

Boost Your Writing Skills with These Transition Words for First Body Paragraph!

What are Transition Words?

Transition words are words or phrases that connect one idea to another in a sentence or paragraph. They help guide the reader through your writing and make it easier to follow your ideas. Without transition words, your writing may feel disjointed or choppy, and your reader may have trouble understanding your message.

How to Use Transition Words

To use transition words effectively, you need to understand their purpose. Here are some common uses of transition words:

  • To add information: Use transition words like “also,” “furthermore,” and “in addition” to add more information to your writing.
  • To show contrast: Use transition words like “however,” “nevertheless,” and “on the other hand” to show that you’re presenting a contrasting idea.
  • To show cause and effect: Use transition words like “therefore,” “as a result,” and “consequently” to show that one idea leads to another.
  • To show time: Use transition words like “meanwhile,” “afterward,” and “eventually” to show when something happens.
  • To summarize: Use transition words like “in conclusion,” “to sum up,” and “finally” to summarize your ideas.

Examples of Transition Words

Here are some examples of transition words and phrases you can use in your writing:

Remember, these are just a few examples. There are many more transition words and phrases you can use to connect your ideas and make your writing flow smoothly.

Importance of Transition Words for First Body Paragraph

Transition words play a crucial role in the flow and coherence of an essay. They are words or phrases that link one idea to another, signaling to the reader that a new point is being introduced. In first body paragraphs, transition words help to connect the introductory paragraph to the first point being made. They also help to create a smooth flow of ideas and make the essay more readable.

Using transition words in first body paragraphs has several benefits. First, they make it easier for the reader to follow the writer’s train of thought. When ideas are linked together, the reader can easily understand how one point leads to the next. This makes the essay more coherent and easier to comprehend.

Second, transition words help to create a smooth flow of ideas. When ideas are linked together, the essay becomes more readable and engaging. The reader is more likely to stay interested in the essay and continue reading.

Third, transition words help to establish the writer’s credibility. When ideas are linked together, the essay appears more organized and well thought out. This makes the writer appear more knowledgeable and trustworthy.

Here are some examples of transition words that can be used in first body paragraphs:

Using these transition words can help to create a smooth flow of ideas in first body paragraphs. They make it easier for the reader to follow the writer’s train of thought and help to establish the writer’s credibility.

Types of Transition Words

Addition transition words are used to add more information to a sentence or paragraph. They help to make the text more detailed and informative. Some examples of addition transition words include:

Example: The weather was perfect for a picnic. Furthermore, the park was not crowded, so we had a great time.

Contrast transition words are used to show the differences between two ideas or concepts. They help to make the text more balanced and nuanced. Some examples of contrast transition words include:

Example: John is very outgoing, but his sister is shy.

Cause and Effect

Cause and effect transition words are used to show the relationship between two events or actions. They help to make the text more logical and clear. Some examples of cause and effect transition words include:

Example: The road was closed due to an accident. Consequently, we had to take a detour.

Time and Sequence

Time and sequence transition words are used to show the order of events or actions. They help to make the text more organized and structured. Some examples of time and sequence transition words include:

Example: We woke up early in the morning. Then, we had breakfast and went for a walk.

Emphasis transition words are used to highlight a particular point or idea. They help to make the text more focused and impactful. Some examples of emphasis transition words include:

Example: The new restaurant in town is amazing. Specifically, the seafood dishes are outstanding.

Clarification

Clarification transition words are used to explain or clarify a point or idea. They help to make the text more understandable and clear. Some examples of clarification transition words include:

Example: The lecture was difficult to understand. In other words, the professor did not explain the concepts clearly.

Using Transition Words to Introduce Ideas

When writing your first body paragraph, it is important to introduce your main idea clearly. Transition words can help you to do this effectively. Here are some transition words and phrases that you can use to introduce ideas:

Here are some examples of how to use these transition words in your writing:

  • For example, the use of transition words can help to improve the flow of your writing.
  • For instance, transition words such as “however” and “therefore” can be used to show contrast or cause and effect.
  • Such as “in addition” and “furthermore” can be used to add more information to your writing.
  • Like transition words such as “similarly” and “likewise” can be used to show a comparison or similarity between two ideas.
  • Generally, using transition words can help to make your writing more coherent and easier to understand.

Linking Sentences Using Transition Words

Transition words are an essential tool for any writer who wants to create a cohesive and well-structured piece of writing. They help to connect ideas and sentences, making it easier for the reader to follow along with your argument. In this section, we will explore some of the most common transition words used to link sentences and paragraphs together.

First, Secondly, Thirdly

When you are writing a list of items or steps, it is important to use transition words to indicate the order in which they occur. Some common transition words for this purpose include “first,” “secondly,” and “thirdly.” For example:

  • First, you should gather all of the necessary materials.
  • Secondly, you should prepare the area where you will be working.
  • Finally, you can begin the project itself.

Moreover, Furthermore, Additionally

If you want to add more information to support your argument, you can use transition words like “moreover,” “furthermore,” or “additionally.” These words signal to the reader that you are providing additional evidence or examples to back up your point. For example:

  • The study found that regular exercise can improve mental health. Moreover, it can also help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
  • The company has a strong track record of innovation. Furthermore, they have recently launched a new product line that has received rave reviews.
  • The government has invested heavily in renewable energy. Additionally, they have implemented policies to encourage households to switch to green energy sources.

Too, Also, As Well

When you want to show that two ideas are similar or related, you can use transition words like “too,” “also,” or “as well.” These words signal to the reader that you are making a connection between two separate ideas. For example:

  • The company has a strong commitment to sustainability. They have reduced their carbon footprint significantly over the past year. They also use recycled materials in their packaging.
  • The new policy has been successful in reducing crime rates. It has also improved community relations with the police.
  • The study found that regular exercise can improve mental health. As well, it can also help to reduce stress and anxiety levels.

Transition Words for Argument Development.

Words for agreement and disagreement.

When making an argument, it is important to show when you agree or disagree with other viewpoints. Here are some transition words you can use to express agreement and disagreement:

Example: Similarly, many experts agree that climate change is a major problem. On the other hand, some people believe that climate change is a natural occurrence and not caused by human activity. However, the evidence suggests otherwise.

Words for Logic and Reasoning

When making an argument, it is important to use logic and reasoning to support your claims. Here are some transition words you can use to show logical connections:

Example: Since climate change is caused by human activity, we need to take action to reduce our carbon emissions. As a result, we should invest in renewable energy sources like wind and solar power.

Words for Contrast and Comparison

When making an argument, it is important to compare and contrast different ideas and viewpoints. Here are some transition words you can use to show contrast and comparison:

Example: Whereas some people believe that climate change is a hoax, the scientific evidence shows that it is a real and pressing issue. Similarly, many countries have taken action to reduce their carbon emissions, while others have not.

Words for Difference and Similarity

When making an argument, it is important to show how different ideas and viewpoints differ or are similar. Here are some transition words you can use to show difference and similarity:

Example: Unlike some other environmental issues, climate change affects the entire planet and requires a global response. Conversely, some people argue that we should focus on local environmental issues instead. Nonetheless, we need to take action on both local and global levels to address the problem of climate change.

Transition Words for Concluding Thoughts

When writing a first body paragraph, it is important to use transition words to guide the reader through your ideas. However, it is equally important to use transition words to signal the conclusion of your thoughts. In this section, we will cover some of the most common transition words used to conclude a paragraph.

The word “conclusion” itself can be used as a transition word to signal the end of a paragraph. It is a simple and effective way to let the reader know that you are wrapping up your thoughts.

Example: In conclusion, it is clear that the benefits of exercise are numerous and far-reaching.

In Conclusion

Similar to “conclusion,” “in conclusion” is another common transition phrase used to signal the end of a paragraph. It is often used to summarize the main points of your argument.

Example: In conclusion, it is evident that the use of renewable energy sources is crucial to reducing our carbon footprint.

To Summarize / Summing Up

“To summarize” and “summing up” are both phrases that can be used to signal the end of a paragraph and summarize the main points. They are particularly useful when you want to emphasize the importance of your argument.

Example: To summarize, it is essential that we take action to reduce plastic waste and protect our planet.

Thus / Hence

“Thus” and “hence” are both transition words that can be used to indicate a logical conclusion. They are often used to connect the main argument to the final thoughts.

Example: The evidence presented clearly supports the need for stricter gun control laws. Hence, it is imperative that we take action to protect our communities.

“Above all” is a transition phrase that can be used to emphasize the most important point of your argument. It is often used in the final sentence to leave a lasting impression on the reader.

Example: Above all, it is important to remember that kindness and empathy can go a long way in creating a more inclusive society.

Transition Words for Showing Similarity and Differences

When you want to show similarity between two or more ideas, you can use transition words such as “similarly,” “likewise,” and “in the same way.” These words help to connect the ideas and show that they are related.

Here are some examples of how you can use these transition words:

  • Similarly, both cats and dogs make great pets.
  • Likewise, studying for exams and preparing for presentations require a lot of time and effort.
  • In the same way, exercise and a healthy diet are both important for maintaining good health.

Differences

When you want to show differences between two or more ideas, you can use transition words such as “in contrast,” “however,” and “on the other hand.” These words help to connect the ideas and show that they are different.

  • In contrast to cats, dogs require more attention and exercise.
  • However, studying for exams is different from preparing for presentations because exams require more memorization.
  • On the other hand, exercise is different from a healthy diet because exercise focuses on physical activity while a healthy diet focuses on food intake.

When you want to group ideas into categories, you can use transition words such as “category,” “group,” and “type.” These words help to organize the ideas and make them easier to understand.

  • There are three main categories of pets: cats, dogs, and birds.
  • The different types of transportation include cars, buses, and trains.
  • The group of students who participated in the study was divided into two categories: those who studied alone and those who studied in groups.

When you want to show that two or more ideas are equally important, you can use transition words such as “equally,” “just as,” and “as much as.” These words help to emphasize the importance of the ideas.

  • Both reading and writing are equally important for improving language skills.
  • Just as exercise is important for physical health, sleep is important for mental health.
  • As much as studying is important for academic success, socializing is important for personal growth.

List of Words

Here is a list of words that you can use to show similarity and differences in your writing:

Here are some example sentences that use the transition words we discussed:

  • Similarly, both apples and oranges are fruits.
  • In contrast to apples, oranges are sweeter and juicier.
  • Just as exercise is important for physical health, meditation is important for mental health.
  • On the other hand, too much exercise can be harmful to the body.
  • Equally, both reading and writing are essential for language development.
  • While some people prefer dogs, others prefer cats.

Transition Words for Providing Examples

Examples of transition words for providing examples.

Here are some transition words that you can use to introduce examples:

Here are some example sentences that demonstrate how to use these transition words:

  • For example, many people believe that climate change is the most pressing issue facing our planet today.
  • There are many different types of renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and hydro power.
  • Specifically, the study found that students who took regular breaks during their study sessions performed better on exams.
  • For instance, the author argues that the main character’s tragic flaw is his inability to trust others.

Other Transition Words for Providing Examples

In addition to the transition words listed above, there are many other words and phrases that you can use to provide examples. Here are some more examples:

  • In particular
  • To illustrate
  • As an illustration
  • To demonstrate

Here are some example sentences that demonstrate how to use these additional transition words:

  • In particular, the study focused on the effects of social media on mental health.
  • Namely, the three main causes of global warming are deforestation, burning of fossil fuels, and industrial processes.
  • To illustrate this point, the author provides several examples of characters who struggle with addiction.
  • As an illustration of this concept, consider the following example.
  • To demonstrate the importance of this issue, let’s look at some statistics.

Transition Words for Circumstances and Conditions

When writing the first body paragraph of an essay, it is essential to use appropriate transition words to connect ideas and create a logical flow of information. In this section, we will discuss transition words that are used to express circumstances and conditions.

Words for Circumstances

Circumstances refer to the conditions or factors that affect a situation. Here are some transition words that can be used to express circumstances:

Example: In the event that the weather becomes too harsh, we will have to cancel the outdoor event.

Words for Since

Since is used to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between two ideas. Here are some transition words that can be used to express since:

Example: Since the roads are icy, we should drive slowly and carefully.

Words for Because

Because is another word used to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between two ideas. Here are some transition words that can be used to express because:

Example: We should wear sunscreen because it protects our skin from harmful UV rays.

Transition Words for Restating Information

Information

When restating information, it is important to use transition words that convey the idea that you are providing additional details or clarifying a point. Here are some examples:

When you want to emphasize a point or provide evidence to support a claim, you can use transition words that indicate that what you are saying is a fact. Here are some examples:

When you want to confirm or support a statement, you can use transition words that indicate that what you are saying is true. Here are some examples:

In Other Words

When you want to rephrase or clarify a point, you can use transition words that indicate that you are restating the information in a different way. Here are some examples:

Here are some example sentences that use these transition words:

  • Information: Additionally, it is important to consider the impact of climate change on the environment.
  • In Fact: In fact, research has shown that a plant-based diet can help to reduce the risk of heart disease.
  • Indeed: Indeed, the results of the study confirm that exercise can improve cognitive function.
  • In Other Words: In other words, the company is not meeting its sales targets.

By using these transition words, you can effectively restate information in your writing and help the reader to understand the main point of your text.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common transitional words and phrases to use in the first body paragraph?

When writing the first body paragraph, using transitional words and phrases can help to connect the ideas and make the writing flow smoothly. Some common transitional words and phrases to use in the first body paragraph include:

  • In addition
  • Furthermore
  • Additionally
  • Not only… but also

How do transitional words and phrases improve the flow of writing in the first body paragraph?

Transitional words and phrases help to create a logical flow of ideas in the first body paragraph. They provide a connection between different ideas and help to make the writing more coherent. By using transitional words and phrases, the writer can guide the reader through the text and make it easier to understand.

Can you provide some examples of transitional words and phrases for introducing evidence in the first body paragraph?

When introducing evidence in the first body paragraph, it is important to use transitional words and phrases that show the relationship between the evidence and the argument. Some examples of transitional words and phrases for introducing evidence include:

  • For example
  • In support of this
  • According to
  • As evidence
  • This is illustrated by
  • To illustrate this point
  • To demonstrate this

What are some effective transitional words and phrases to use when concluding the first body paragraph?

When concluding the first body paragraph, it is important to use transitional words and phrases that signal the end of the paragraph and prepare the reader for the next one. Some effective transitional words and phrases to use when concluding the first body paragraph include:

  • In conclusion
  • Consequently
  • As a result

Are there any transitional words or phrases that should be avoided in the first body paragraph?

While transitional words and phrases can be helpful in the first body paragraph, it is important to use them appropriately. Some transitional words and phrases should be avoided in the first body paragraph, such as:

  • However (as it is more appropriate for the second body paragraph)
  • In conclusion (as it is more appropriate for the final paragraph)
  • Firstly, secondly, thirdly (as they can make the writing sound too formulaic)

How can using transitional words and phrases in the first body paragraph improve the overall quality of the writing?

Using transitional words and phrases in the first body paragraph can improve the overall quality of the writing by making it easier to read and understand. By providing a logical flow of ideas, transitional words and phrases can help to clarify the writer’s argument and make it more persuasive. Additionally, using transitional words and phrases can help to create a more professional and polished piece of writing.

  • Not only... but also

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Using transitional words and phrases in the first body paragraph can improve the overall quality of the writing by making it easier to read and understand. By providing a logical flow of ideas, transitional words and phrases can help to clarify the writer's argument and make it more persuasive. Additionally, using transitional words and phrases can help to create a more professional and polished piece of writing.

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Transition Sentence Maker

  • ️📝 How to Use the Tool?
  • ️👌 The Tool’s Benefits
  • ️🎓 Transition Sentences in Writing
  • ️🤔 Where to Place Them
  • ️✍️ How to Make Them
  • ️🔗 References

📝 Transition Sentence Maker – How to Use It?

Chunky content is very hard to read, spoiling the overall impression and reducing your grades. A good way to counter this problem is to add transitions to your essay, such as starters, logical links between sections, and concluding transitions.

If you’re unsure of how to write transition sentences correctly and effectively, here is our automated and smart transition sentence maker. It can help you with any transition-related task and improve the flow of your essay for better readability and impact.

Take these steps to use the tool:

  • Select what you need it to do: add transitional sentences to your text or show suitable transition phrase examples.
  • Add the required information: paste your essay or select what transition phrase ideas you wish to be demonstrated.
  • Push the button and enjoy the result.

👌 The Benefits of This Transition Sentence Maker

So, how can our transition sentence generator help you out?

Here are the key benefits of this creator you’re sure to enjoy:

🎓 Transitional Sentences in Academic Writing

Transitional sentences ensure a logical flow of your ideas in a text by signposting the relationships between sequential facts and data you present in the content.

They can be seen as bridges between one fact and another or a link between the external evidence you’ve cited from a published source and your interpretation of that data.

The picture explains why transitions are important in writing.

Here is an illustration of how a transition sentence functions in the context:

Here, as you can see, the second sentence smoothens the transition from an idea about the rising magnitude of human impact on the ecology to a discussion of human efforts to offset that impact.

🤔 Where to Place Transition Sentences?

As a rule, transitions are used to signpost a movement from one idea to another one, so they are used between various parts of an academic writing piece:

✍️ How to Make Transition Sentences?

In a nutshell, a good transition should clarify the relationship between your ideas in the text . Without transitions, any text will look chunky and abrupt, which is hard to read and make sense of.

It’s impossible to dedicate a complete text to one idea only, and you need smooth transitions that guide your readers like a compass and let them trace the line of your argument consistently.

In other words:

Transition sentences make texts clear and user-friendly; you can turn any sentence into a transition unit by adding transition phrases meant for specific linking purposes.

The picture lists the types of transition sentences in academic writing.

Here are some examples for your guidance.

Additive Transition Sentence Examples

As the name suggests, additive transition sentences are needed to add information to the data bits you’ve already presented and to show that they support each other.

Here is an example of adding data in the context:

As you can see in this example, the second sentence adds some context to the discussion of first-year students and creates a logical basis for the concluding sentence.

Adversative Transition Sentence Examples

Adversative transitions are used when the author needs to introduce data that contradicts the previous argument or adds new data that illustrates the discussed object from another perspective.

Here’s how it works in context:

In this paragraph, an adversative transition sentence was used to add new data to the importance of high-quality sleep, followed by a more extended discussion of the role of nutrition and water in a person’s well-being.

Causal Transition Sentence Examples

Causal transitions are meant to illustrate the causal relationships between data in the text. They should be used carefully, as a wrong causal relationship may confuse the readers and reduce readability.

Here’s how it works:

Sequential Transition Sentence Examples

Sequential transitions are a great way to present a sequence of actions or steps in the text. They allow the readers to understand that the discussion of the previous step has ended, and the author proceeds to the next stage.

Here’s an example of this transition sentence type:

Thank you for reading this article! If you’re looking for transitional words and phrase ideas, check the tools we’ve developed:

  • Transition words maker
  • Transition phrases maker

❓ Transitional Sentence Maker FAQ

❓ what are the transition sentences.

Transition sentences are special syntactic tools that allow a writer to transition from one idea to another one and show the relationships and sequence between ideas. They function as bridges between two chunks of written content that help readers move on without abruptness.

❓ What is the purpose of a transition sentence?

They guide the readers throughout the content and communicate the author’s vision of the topic and the relatedness of discussed facts. This way, they operate as road signs of similarity, difference, sequence, or cause and effect in the relationship between several content elements.

❓ How do you write a transition sentence?

To make a sentence function as a transition from one idea to another, you need to add transition words and phrases to it, depending on the type of relationship you wish to communicate. Thus, if you move from one argument to another and need a link between paragraphs, it will be better to use concluding statements at the end of the paragraph as a wrap-up.

❓ How to write a conclusion transition sentence?

A conclusion transition sentence usually starts with a concluding transition phrase, like “to sum up the presented evidence” or “summing up,” followed by a restated thesis statement. This way, the author shows to the readers that they have started the conclusion part.

🔗 References

  • How to Use Transition Sentences for Smoother Writing
  • Transitions - UNC Writing Center
  • Using Transitional Expressions
  • Transition Sentences | Definition, Uses & Examples
  • Transition Sentences

Transition Sentence Generator

A difficult-to-read text draws attention from the general perception and lowers your grades. Adding transitions to your essay, such as introductions, logical connections between sections, and conclusion transitions, is a good method of dealing with this issue. You can use our smart and automatic transition sentence maker if you need to learn how to write proper and efficient transition sentences. If you're a student struggling with transitions in your academic writing assignments, this free online tool can help you out considerably.

  • 🔢 How to Use the Tool?
  • 🤩 The 5 Benefits

🖇 What Are Transition Sentences?

  • 📝 Transition Sentence Types

🔎 References

🔢 transition sentence generator: how to use it.

To use the tool, you’ll need to take the following steps:

  • Choose what kind of help you want . Do you need to add transitional sentences to your essay, or do you want the tool to provide you with a list of transitions for your case?
  • Paste the text . If you want the tool to add transitions to your text, input the piece in question.
  • Add the data . Choose what kind of transition sentences you need to get a tailored result.

🤩 Transition Sentence Generator: The 5 Benefits

This online transition sentence generator for essays features a range of benefits:

Transition sentences are specialized grammatical tools that help a writer move from one idea to another and demonstrate the relationships and order between ideas.

The picture defines transition sentences.

Transitional sentences serve as transitions between two text sections, helping the reader to perceive information more easily. Though often used interchangeably, they differ from transitional words and phrases .

In what way?

Transition sentences connect major text elements , such as body paragraphs and sections, while transition phrases and words connect sentences within a paragraph.

📝 Transition Sentences: Types & Examples

A strong transitional phrase clarifies the relationship between the linked concepts. It helps you explain your ideas in a straightforward manner that your reader understands is crucial regardless of what you're writing, whether it's a short novel, a blog post, a news item, or a lengthy academic paper.

The most effective transitional phrase to use in any given scenario depends on the message you wish to convey.

The picture lists the 3 types of transition sentences.

Here are 3 types of transition sentences that you can use to improve your writing.

Transition Sentences within Paragraphs

Generally speaking, the transitional sentences you would use to introduce new paragraphs differ from those used to connect sentences within a paragraph.

Because of their limited scope, these sentences are most effective when making a sharp transition , such as when contrasting certain aspects of two ideas rather than the ideas themselves. Transitional sentences within paragraphs are important. Without them, the text will sound disjointed and weird.

Transition Sentences between Paragraphs

Transition words and phrases can help you write stronger paragraphs, not just individual sentences. Most of the time, the best place for a transition sentence is at the start of a new paragraph .

Because that's where you explain how the new information fits in.

Your transition phrase should accomplish two goals:

  • Introduce the topic of the following paragraph
  • Provide context for the issue within the larger context of your piece

Consider the following example of a good transition sentence between paragraphs:

The use of the word “after" to begin the transition, in this case, establishes a contextual contrast between the main themes in each paragraph. Bear in mind that the transition words and phrases that perform well within paragraphs are not necessarily the types that perform well as transition sentences between paragraphs.

Transition Sentences between Sections

In the same way that transition sentences make it easier to move from one paragraph to the next, they connect bigger portions of your writing. When moving from one section to the next, you may need more than one sentence to make transition effectively. Similar to how paragraph transitions connect ideas within a paragraph, these larger transition sentences and paragraphs connect ideas within your work .

Consider the following transition sentences and how they might be used to take a reader through significant sections of your writing:

Thank you for reading this article! If you need to work on transition phrases or words in your paper, please check our transition words and transition phrases generators.

❓ Transition Sentence Generator FAQ

❓ why are transition sentences necessary in an essay.

Transition sentences serve as a map for the reader to follow throughout the text and convey the author's perspective on the subject matter and the connections between the many facts that are brought up.

❓ What is a good transition sentence?

One definition of a good transition sentence is one that "clearly establishes the connection between the ideas it links."

❓ What are 3 transition sentence examples?

There are three types of transition sentences: those within paragraphs, between paragraphs, and those connecting sections.

❓ How to use this transition sentence generator?

Using our transition sentence creator for an essay is easy. For starters, paste your text into our free online generator and click the generate button. In a few seconds, your suggested transition sentences will pop up. You can copy and paste your preferred sentences into your work.

  • How to Use Transition Sentences for Smoother Writing
  • Transitions - UNC Writing Center
  • Transition Sentences
  • Transition Sentences | Definition, Uses & Examples
  • Writing Transitions - Purdue OWL

IMAGES

  1. Transition Words for Essays with Examples • Englishan

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  2. PPT

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  3. Transition Sentences: How to Use Them with Great Examples • 7ESL

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  4. Transition Words for Essays: Great List & Useful Tips • 7ESL

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  5. How To Write A Good Transition Paragraph

    transition sentence body paragraph

  6. 100 Transition Words, Definition and Example Sentences

    transition sentence body paragraph

VIDEO

  1. An example of writing a body paragraph

  2. Preliminary Academic Essay: Topic Sentence + Body Paragraph

  3. How to Start your Writing

  4. Chapter 7

  5. Chapter 3

  6. Writing Topic Sentences

COMMENTS

  1. Transition Sentences

    Clear transitions are crucial to clear writing: They show the reader how different parts of your essay, paper, or thesis are connected. Transition sentences can be used to structure your text and link together paragraphs or sections. Example of a transition sentence for a new paragraph. In this case, the researchers concluded that the method ...

  2. Transitions

    Transitions. Transitions help your readers move between ideas within a paragraph, between paragraphs, or between sections of your argument. When you are deciding how to transition from one idea to the next, your goal should be to help readers see how your ideas are connected—and how those ideas connect to the big picture.

  3. Transitions Between Paragraphs

    To really emphasize the value-add of between-paragraph transitions, let's look at one final body paragraph example: Body Paragraph #3 Topic Sentence. Finally, my own life experience has taught me that the concept of the "life calling" truly does lie at the intersection of gifts and need in the world.

  4. How to Write a Great Transition Sentence

    What good transition sentences look like. To get a clear sense of why good transitions are important, read the body paragraphs in the "Builder and Problem-Solver" essay without reading the bolded parts. Take a second to actually do this.

  5. Transitions

    A transition between paragraphs can be a word or two (however, for example, similarly), a phrase, or a sentence. Transitions can be at the end of the first paragraph, at the beginning of the second paragraph, or in both places. Transitions within paragraphs: As with transitions between sections and paragraphs, transitions within paragraphs act ...

  6. Transitional Words and Phrases

    Transitional words and phrases can create powerful links between ideas in your paper and can help your reader understand the logic of your paper. However, these words all have different meanings, nuances, and connotations. Before using a particular transitional word in your paper, be sure you understand its meaning and usage completely and be sure…

  7. Mastering English Writing: Essential Transitional Words for Body Paragraphs

    Transitional words can be used to connect the introduction to the body paragraph. For example, words like "firstly," "initially," or "to begin with" can be used to introduce the first argument. Here is a table of transitional words that can be used to introduce arguments: Transitional Words. Meaning.

  8. 3.7: Paragraphs and Paragraph Transitions

    Body paragraphs paragraph 1 Topic sentence outlining first component; Sentences giving explanations and providing evidence to support topic sentence ... In writing traditional five-paragraph essays, you may have been taught very basic transition sentences: "My first point is," "In conclusion," etc. In college, your professors will ...

  9. Paragraphs and Transitions

    BODY PARAGRAPH #3. A. Begins with a topic sentence that: 3) States the main point of the paragraph. 4) Relates to the THESIS STATEMENT. B. After the topic sentence, you need to fill the paragraph with well-organized details, facts, and examples. C. Paragraph may end with a transition. V. CONCLUSION.

  10. Complete List of Transition Words

    Transition words and phrases can help your paper move along, smoothly gliding from one topic to the next. If you have trouble thinking of a way to connect your paragraphs, consider a few of these 100 top transitions as inspiration. The type of transition words or phrases you use depends on the category of transition you need, as explained below.

  11. How to Write a Body Paragraph for a College Essay

    Likewise, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Writing Center offers help on paragraph transitions. How to Draft a Body Paragraph for a College Essay (Continued) ... The first sentence in this body paragraph example indicates that the topic is transitioning into biblical references as a means of motivating ordinary citizens. The ...

  12. Transitions

    Good transitions can connect paragraphs and turn disconnected writing into a unified whole. Instead of treating paragraphs as separate ideas, transitions can help readers understand how paragraphs work together, reference one another, and build to a larger point. The key to producing good transitions is highlighting connections between ...

  13. Body Paragraphs and Transitions Tutorial

    1. Body Paragraphs. An essay is a short piece of writing on a particular subject, and essays are in part made up of body paragraphs, or paragraphs within the body of an essay.Body paragraphs occur between the introduction and conclusion of an essay. While you're doing your essay development, which is the act of developing an essay's ideas with relevant facts and details, you likely will do ...

  14. 33 Transition Words for Essays

    33 Transition Words and Phrases. 'Besides,' 'furthermore,' 'although,' and other words to help you jump from one idea to the next. Transitional terms give writers the opportunity to prepare readers for a new idea, connecting the previous sentence to the next one. Many transitional words are nearly synonymous: words that broadly indicate that ...

  15. How to Transition to the Body of an Essay

    Employing careful transitions to move from an introduction to a three paragraph body is key to writing a smooth essay that clearly addresses the thesis, three supporting arguments, and a conclusion. > CLASS ; COLLEGE ; TESTS ; VOCAB ; ... Always end the introduction paragraph with a transition sentence that will guide your reader into the next ...

  16. Boost Your Writing Skills with These Transition Words for First Body

    In first body paragraphs, transition words help to connect the introductory paragraph to the first point being made. They also help to create a smooth flow of ideas and make the essay more readable. ... Addition transition words are used to add more information to a sentence or paragraph. They help to make the text more detailed and informative ...

  17. Transition Sentence Maker for Body Paragraphs

    In this paragraph, an adversative transition sentence was used to add new data to the importance of high-quality sleep, followed by a more extended discussion of the role of nutrition and water in a person's well-being. Causal Transition Sentence Examples. Causal transitions are meant to illustrate the causal relationships between data in the ...

  18. Transition Sentence Generator for Essays & Research Papers

    Transition sentences connect major text elements, such as body paragraphs and sections, while transition phrases and words connect sentences within a paragraph. 📝 Transition Sentences: Types & Examples. A strong transitional phrase clarifies the relationship between the linked concepts.