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  • v.8(Spec Iss 4); 2015

A review of the effectiveness of stress management skills training on academic vitality and psychological well-being of college students

P alborzkouh.

* Exceptional Children Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Iran

** General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Iran

*** General Psychology, Humanities and Social Sciences Faculty, Paradise University, Gillan Branch, Iran

**** General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

F Shahgholy Ghahfarokhi

***** Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch Branch, Isfahan, Iran

Objective: Carrying out the appropriate psychological interventions to improve vitality and mental well-being is critical. The study was carried out to review the effectiveness of stress management training on the academic life and mental well-being of the students of Shahed University.

Methodology: The method used was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest plan and control group. Therefore, a total of 40 students of Shahed University of Tehran were selected by a convenience sampling method and were organized into two groups: experimental and control group. Both groups were pretested by using an academic vitality inventory and an 84-question psychological well-being inventory. Then, the experimental group received stress management skills training for ten sessions, and the control group did not receive any intervention. Next, both groups were post-tested, and the data were analyzed with SPSS-21 software by using descriptive and inferential statistical methods.

Findings: The findings showed that the stress management skills training significantly contributed to promoting the academic vitality and psychological well-being of students (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: It was concluded from this research that teaching the methods for dealing with stress was an effective strategy to help students exposed to high stress and pressure, and this was due to its high efficiency, especially when it was held in groups, had a small cost, and it was accepted by the individuals.


Challenges during education create sources of stress for students, and put their health at risk, in a way that affects their learning abilities [ 1 ]. Therefore, paying attention to the factors that could have a positive impact on the agreeableness and could increase the positive psychological states, and as a result, the physical and psychological health of the students was of great importance.

Among the important factors that affect people’s ability to adapt to the stresses of studying era is academic vitality [ 2 ]. Academic vitality means an adaptive response to various challenges and barriers experienced during education [ 3 ]. When a person does things spontaneously, does not feel not only frustrated and tired, but also constantly feels the strength and increased energy, and overall has a sense of inner vitality [ 2 ]. Therefore, the academic life has a relationship with the individual’s adaptation to the various situations of the academic period, feelings of self-efficacy and empowerment in the face of challenges, experiencing less anxiety and depression, a sense of responsibility in dealing with the academic tasks and better academic success [ 3 ]. Despite the high importance of academic vitality in the successful confrontation with the challenging academic period, the literature review of the studies managed in Iran showed that few studies were performed on the factors promoting this important variable. Therefore, an attempt to address this research gap increased the need for the current study.

Another important positive psychological state in students is the psychological well-being. The psychological well-being factor is defined as a person’s real talents growth and has six components that are the purpose in life, positive relations with others, personal growth, self-acceptance, autonomy, and environmental mastery [ 4 ]. The purpose in life means having a purpose and direction in life and pursuing them [ 5 ]. Positive relations with the others mean having warm, satisfactory relations along with confidence and empathy [ 6 ]. Personal growth means having a sense of continuous growth and the capacity for it and having an increased sense of efficacy and wisdom [ 4 ]. Self-acceptance means having a positive attitude towards oneself and accepting the various aspects of oneself [ 6 ]. Autonomy means the feeling of self-determination, independence, and self-assessment against personal criteria [ 4 ]. Moreover, environmental mastery means a sense of competence and the ability to manage the complex environment around [ 5 ].

However, one of the most significant parts affecting the psychological health and well-being of individuals is life skills training [ 7 ]. Life skills’ training is critical for students, in a way that on this basis, many universities have started to teach life skills and stress management skills to improve the physical and psychological health of their students in the recent years [ 8 ]. The main objective of the World Health Organization regarding the creation of a life skills plan is in the field of psychological health. Therefore, different societies throughout the world try to promote the implementation and evaluation of the programs training in life skills. It focuses on the growth of mental abilities such as problem-solving, coping with emotions, self-awareness, social harmony, and stress management among children, teenagers, and even adults [ 9 ]. From the life skills, training in stress management skills is critical, because students need to deal effectively with stressful issues and factors. Accordingly, it was thought that teaching stress management skills is very efficient in improving the students’ positive psychological states, in particular, their vitality and mental well-being. Therefore, this study examined the effectiveness of the stress management skills training on the academic life and psychological well-being among Shahed University students.


The study was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest. The analytical community of the study included all the students of Shahed University of Tehran in the fall of 2015, who were selected with a convenience method. For the calculation of the sample size, the appropriate sample size in experimental studies was of 15 people for each group [ 10 ]. At first, the sample size of 15 individuals was selected for each group. Then, to increase the statistical power and to manage the possible decrease in the number of participants, the sample size of 20 individuals (n = 20) was considered for each group. The sampling was voluntary non-random from among all the students studying at Shahed University. The inclusion criteria included an informed consent and the willingness to participate in the research, the ability to take part in the sessions and to collaborate in carrying out assignments, willingness to cooperate in completing the instruments, and the age range of 18 to 35 years. The exclusion criteria included the lack of desire to participate in the sessions and the absence to more than three courses in the preparation method, the lack of the ability to participate in the sessions, lack of cooperation in carrying out assignments, and receiving any training or psychological therapy that was not part of the program of this research.

The procedure of the study was that from all the students studying at Shahed University, a number was non-randomly and voluntarily selected, and if they met the inclusion criteria, they were randomly assigned to two groups: experimental and control. At the beginning and before starting the study, an informed consent was obtained from all of them to uphold moral considerations, through informing them of the aim of the study and the impact of such studies in improving their psychological status. Then, all the information of the participants were collected, and they were assured that the information would remain confidential by the researcher. Then, the experimental group received group stress management training for ten sessions, and the control group did not receive any intervention. In the end, both groups were post-tested. The protocol of stress management training sessions is presented in Table 1 .

Protocol of stress management skills training sessions

The instruments used in the study included a demographic sample page, an academic vitality questionnaire, and a psychological well-being scale (PWBS-18).

Demographic sample page: The demographic sample page included age, gender, educational level, and marital status. The sample page was prepared and evaluated by the researchers of the study.

Academic vitality questionnaire: This questionnaire was developed by Dehqanizadeh MH, Hosseinchari M (2012) [ 3 ], based on the academic vitality scale of Martin AJ, Marsh HW (2006) [ 15 ], which had four items. After various implementations of the items of the questionnaire, the final version was rewritten, and the result was that the revised version had ten items. Then the items above were again examined in a preliminary study on a sample including 186 high school students, who were chosen by using a cluster random sampling, and their psychometric properties were examined. The results of the examination showed that the obtained Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, by removing [ 3 ] item number 8, was 0.80 and the retest coefficient was 0.73. Also, the range of correlation of the elements with the total score was between 0.51 and 0.68. These results indicated that the items had a satisfactory internal consistency and stability.

Psychological well-being scale (SPWB): Riffe’s mental well-being scale [ 11 ] was made up of 84 questions in Likert’s 7-degree scale (from “strongly disagree” to “agree strongly”). It was a self-report questionnaire, which measured six components of the psychological well-being, including purpose in life, positive relations with others, personal growth, self-acceptance, autonomy, and environmental mastery. The internal consistency coefficients for the components of this questionnaire were obtained from 0.83 to 0.91. In Mohammadpour and Joshanloo research (2014) [ 6 ], the reliability coefficient of this scale with Cronbach’s alpha method for the psychological well-being scale obtained was 0.81. Also, for the subscales of the test including self-compliance, environmental mastery, personal growth and development, link with others, the goal in life, and self-acceptance were obtained at 0.60, 0.64, 0.54, 0.58, 0.65, and 0.61, respectively. A study performed by Kafka and Kozma (2002) was conducted to verify the validity of the items of the Riffe’s psychological well-being scale. The findings showed that there was a high correlation between this scale and the subjective well-being scale (SWB) and the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS). In the present study, the reliability coefficient with Cronbach’s alpha method for the psychological well-being scale obtained was 0.81. Also, for the subscales of the test, including self-compliance, environmental mastery, personal growth and development, relations with others, the goal in life, and self-acceptance were obtained at 0.60, 0.64, 0.54, 0.58, 0.65, and 0.61, respectively.

The SPSS-20 software was used for data analysis. The statistical method used for the data analysis of the research on the level of descriptive statistics was mean, standard deviation, frequency, and frequency percentage indexes, and on the inferential statistics, univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance model were used.

Findings of the research

The demographic properties of the sample present in the study are presented in Table 2 .

Demographic characteristics of the subjects

As presented in Table 1 , the largest frequency of participation belonged to the participants in the age range of 21 to 25 with 14 individuals (35%) and the lowest frequency of individuals in the range of 18 to 20 years, with six individuals (15%). In addition, the mean age of the participants was 24.85, and the standard deviation was 4.41. The other information about the demographic properties of the present sample is provided in Table 2

As shown in Table 3 , the mean scores of purpose in life, positive relations with others, personal growth, self-acceptance, autonomy, environmental mastery, total score of psychological well-being, and academic vitality of posttest were increased in the test group as associated with the control group.

Descriptive stats of academic vitality and psychological well-being scores of the two groups divided by the pretest and posttest

As shown in Table 4 , the null hypothesis of the equality of variances of the two groups in the academic vitality and psychological well-being with all its components was confirmed. It meant that the variances of the two clusters in the population were equal and had no significant difference for the academic vitality and the psychological well-being variable with all its components. Thus, given the compliance with the Levene assumption, the analysis of covariance of the results of the hypothesis of the research were permitted.

Results of Levene test for the examination of the consistency of variances of academic vitality and psychological well-being variables with its components in the posttest stage

As shown in Table 5 , the significance level of all the tests (p < 0.001) indicated that there was a significant difference between the two groups at least in one of the dependent variables (academic vitality and psychological well-being with its components). And, according to the eta square, 0.89 percent of the differences observed among individuals were associated with the effect of the independent variable, which was the intervention method (stress management skills training). On the other hand, given that the statistical power was 0.95, which was higher than 0.80, the sample size was acceptable for the research. The results related to significant differences in any of the dependent variables are listed below.

Results of multivariate analysis of covariance on the scores of posttest with the control of pretest in the academic vitality and psychological well-being variable with its components

According to Table 6 , the significance level was p < 0.001, the hypothesis of the difference between the academic vitality and the psychological well-being with its components in the two groups was confirmed. It stated that 0.54, 0.25, 0.52, 0.64, 0.60, 0.59, 0.45 and 0.81 percent change in the academic vitality, individuals’ purpose in life, positive relations with others, personal growth, self-acceptance, autonomy, environmental mastery, and psychological well-being scores were due to the independent variable (stress management skills training). Therefore, it could be said that stress management skills training increased the academic vitality and the psychological well-being and all of its components.

The results of multivariate analysis of covariance to assess the impact of stress management skills training on the level of psychological well-being and its components in the posttest stage

Discussion and conclusions

Given the aim of this study, which was to examine the effectiveness of stress management skills training on the academic vitality and psychological well-being of the students of Shahed University, the results of the univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance showed that stress management skills training had a significant impact on increasing the academic vitality and psychological well-being. The findings indicated that the stress management skills training had a major impact on increasing the academic life. It was consistent with different studies of Habibi M (2015), Pakdaman A, Ganji K, Ahmadzadeh M (2012), Shirbim Z, Sudani M, Shafi-Abadi A (2008) [ 12 - 14 ].

In explaining their similar finding, Pakdaman A, Ganji K, Ahmadzadeh M (2012) [ 13 ] also stated that life skills training helped in the improvement of the academic conditions of the subjects. In addition, this was because of this training, with growing different skills of the students, helping the students know their strengths and weaknesses, and overall, help the individuals move from weaknesses and skill deficits to capable and strong skills. Therefore, this could provide the students with better educational conditions [ 14 ]. In explaining their similar finding, Shafi-Abadi (2008) stated that teaching life skills, including stress management skills, are one of the ways to improve the mental health of the individuals of the community and to prevent harms. In fact, these teachings protected the health and mental hygiene of the society and protected it against diseases, disabilities, and disturbances in human relations. As a result, the feeling of security and solidarity increased among the members of the society, and then their senses of happiness, vitality, and health increased.

The findings showed that stress management skills’ training has a significant impact on the psychological well-being. It was consistent with the multiple studies of Qadiri-Bahramabadi F, Mikaeli-Manee F (2015), Qanbari N, Habibi M, Shams-Aldini S (2013), Alavi-Arjmand N, Kashaninia Z, Hosseini MA, Reza-Soltani P (2012), Chubforushzadeh A, Kalantari M, Molavi H (2009) [ 16 - 19 ].

In explaining their similar findings, Qadiri-Bahramabadi F, Mikaeli-Manee F (2015) [ 16 ] stated that facing numerous stresses required teaching and learning of appropriate stress management skills. In other words, during stress, individuals must know the necessary coping skills to reduce the effects of stress, and if the pressure was managed and the effective coping skills were applied, the person would be able to get along better with the needs and challenges of his/ her life. Therefore, the intervention of stress management led to the formation of good feelings about oneself, as well as a positive performance in the stable world. It created interest and motivation in people’s lives as well as increasing the self-confidence of the individuals. As a result, it increased the psychological well-being.

In explaining their similar finding, Qanbari N, Habibi M, Shams-Aldini S (2013) [ 17 ] stated that with the help of multiple strategies to manage stress such as relaxation, and muscular relaxation, stress and anxiety could be reduced. The individuals identified the somatic symptoms, and with mastering the ways to acquire relaxation, which was inconsistent with stress, reduced their anxiety and unpleasant feelings, thus increasing the psychological well-being. Also, in explaining their similar finding, Chubforushzadeh A, Kalantari M, Molavi H (2009) [ 19 ], stated that stress management treatments make multiple changes in the individual’s beliefs, feelings, and behaviors. Therefore, improving the individual’s evaluations and coping skills, and the provided practices to integrate the learned separations with real life situations could lead to a decrease in the perceived stress and an increase in the psychological well-being.


The authors would like to thank the venerable authorities of Shahed University of Tehran for their assistance. Also, the authors would like to thank all the participants in the study.

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Stress And Stress Management Research Paper Examples

Type of paper: Research Paper

Topic: Anxiety , Emotions , Body , Life , Management , Thinking , Development , Stress

Words: 3000

Published: 12/14/2019


Stress and Stress Management

Abstract Stress has become a major era that is affecting our everyday life. This situation comes about normally when the body is rising to a challenge or facing some difficulties. In this paper we intend to look at the bad and good stress and analyze them critically. The paper also intends to look at the evolution of stress and how it has affected people since its discovery. This will help the readers to get a clear concept of what stress is, what causes it and how we can prevent and reduce the stress. The paper will also analyze on the various stress symptoms that we should look at in order to detect the stress and ways of preventing stress in our life. Accepting the world as it is will help us avoid stress and we therefore intend to look at the strategies used to prevent stress. The paper will also look at the good and the bad stress. Generally most people are aware of the bad stress. This paper will also look at stress in a positive way and show how it helps individuals achieve successful goals in life since it triggers working harder instead of letting stress tear us apart.

Stress Evolution

Stress is said to exist throughout man’s evolution. Homo sapiens had to win the survival game with their proper coping styles and dominant gene. The test of survival is applicable to all the evolution steps and this survival concerned the idea of changing conditions which means coping with the stress. This stage of stress has been faced by men for thousands of trials and error. Men have been led to extraordinary invention of technology in order to cope with survival events and this technology all started with a sharpened stone. Viewing the point from microevolution, stress is a factor which is termed very powerful especially induction of it in transpositions since it leads to generation of new variations of genetics in various populations under environment conditions which are very stressful. The ethical remains that we can protect ourselves from stress follow through unto wards subjects on handling the situation of stress or work a condition of stress to our own advantage. The choice that we have is using the situations of stress to or advantage or becoming the slaves to the situations of stress.

What is Stress

Stress is a feeling that is normally created and developed during the times when humans react in particular events. At this point the body rises to a challenge and thus goes on to prepare encountering with a tough situation with strength, focus, heightened alertness and stamina. Stressors are known as the events that trigger or provoke stress and they are said to cover a number of situations including everything from absolute physical risk to making staging or taking a semester’s significant of your toughest focus. For the human body to respond to stressors, it activates the specific hormones and the nervous system. A signal is sent to the adrenal glands by the hypothalamus in order to influence the production of more cortisol and adrenaline hormones thus releasing them to the bloodstream. The heart race is then speeded up by these hormones and also the metabolism, rate of breathing and blood pressure. In order to improve vision the pupils dilate while the blood vessels open more wide in order to let in more blood which flows in the groups of muscles and thus putting into alert our muscles. In the same process some of the stored glucose from the liver are released so as to increase the energy in the body and in order to cool the body sweat is produced. In order to handle the pressure all these physical changes are released by the body so as to prepare an individual to react immediately. This reaction is called stress response. When the body is working properly, the response augments the ability of a person to perform better under the pressure. However, the stress response can also lead to problems caused by overreactions or failure to reset properly.

Good Stress and Bad Stress

Stress response is also called flight response. During emergency situations, stress response can be dangerous. Some situations where it can be critical are in order to avoid an accident the driver slums the breaks or maybe sitting for the final exams. However, little of the stress can help an individual keep on his toes and be ready to rise and face the challenge. Through this the nervous system immediately goes back to its normal state and stands by so as to respond again when it will be needed. It is evident that stress does not happen all the time to immediate things but also to ongoing long term events such as a divorce, school and others. Low-level stress can be produced by long term situations of stress and this can be hard on individuals and last for a long time. However, the nervous system can sense this pressure which is normally continuous and thus keep on pumping out extra hormones of stress for a period of time. This can however wear out the reserves of the body and leave an individual feeling overwhelmed, the body system weak and other problems are also caused.

Stress Dynamics

In situations which are more challenging the brain prepares the body for action of defense (fight or flight) by releasing the stress hormones. The stress hormones then produce a defense action which is strong leading to them being used up in the blood stream and this leads to reduced anxiety symptoms and effects of stress. Failing to counter a situation of stress makes the chemicals and hormones to remain in the blood stream for a longer period of time. This results in physical symptoms of stress which include:

Dizziness Rapid Heartbeat Tens muscles Unfocused anxiety In everyday life, people face different types of stressors which if not released they will accumulate and can then bring harm to the body. If the stress accumulates in the body there is a risk of chronic and acute illnesses of psychosomatic which go on to weaken the immune system. Stress causes various problems to the human body including allergies, headaches, insomnia, asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, fatigue, heart ailments, ulcers and much more. According to Indian Psychologist Sanjay Churg, seventy percent to ninety percent of adults go to see physicians in relation to stress problems. It is clear that almost every person suffers from stress whether child, women, men and also fetuses. Some of the things causing stress include:

Demands of relationships Pressure at workplace Chronic health problems Traffic Snarls Tensions when growing up Meeting deadlines and others However, each person reacts to stress differently from the other. For some individuals, stress is known to provoke anxiety and feelings which in time intensifies and gets persistent. However, if the various individuals learn how to manage stress through understanding it effectively then we can prevent the effects of stress. There are various ways of coping with stress and the most important is change of lifestyle. Some of the effective methods of invading stress however include deep breathing, personal techniques of growth, physical exercises and massage and visualization.

Positive Stress

Positive and stress are two words which do not go together often. However, there are important instances when people rise to the stress challenge and achieve the unachievable. A good example includes the athletes, the scientists who stress themselves in order to bring out the best of the phenomenal world, a painter, composer and many more. According to psychologists, they believe that some situations of stress can help enhance the potential in us and become very helpful. The experts say that sometimes stress is necessary in our life but in moderate doses. The response of stress is referred as one of the best body defense systems against the inner and outer dangers. In risky or dangerous situations, the hormones of stress released from the body make us alert of any the danger and our senses increase the focus. At that moment the body is ready to act with more speed and strength. Stress therefore helps us to have more concerned, sharp and ready for any action. Stress is known to increase an individual’s performance. Instead of sitting down and succumbing in stress, most people use it as impetus so as to achieve success. It helps the faculties of people by stimulating them and they go deeper and are able to discover their success in the long run. The brain becomes biochemically and emotionally sharp in its performance when an individual is under stress.

Preventing and Managing Stress

Many people might think that they will never do anything in regards to their level of stress. This can be due to the fact that the family responsibility and career are always demanding, bills are ever coming, and there are never enough hours for one’s errands and much more. However, there is more control in us for our life than we may think. It only takes strength to realize that one is in control of his or her life and this becomes the foundation to managing the stress. Taking charge is the major activity in stress management and this includes taking charge of one’s schedule, emotions, environment, thoughts and ways of problem solving. The major goal is to balance one’s life in terms of relationships, time to work, fun, relaxation with the aim of holding up under pressures and facing challenges. The first step towards managing stress is through identification of stress sources in an individual’s life. However, it is evident that this is not an easy task as it sounds since in most cases the sources of stress are not so obvious and thus making it easy to overlook the major stress points including feelings, thoughts and behaviors. In order to clearly identify the major areas of stress in an individual’s life it is good to clearly look at the attitudes, excuses and habits. There are major strategies used to manage stress and they are discussed below: 1. Avoiding unnecessary stress In this life, we cannot avoid all the stress since it is also not right to avoid situations which require addressing. However, there are many things in this life that bring stress and we can easily do away with and some of them include: Learning to be independent and making decisions on your own without any influence. An individual should learn to say no and discover his or her limits thus sticking to them whether into professional or personal life. This is because if an individual takes more than he or she can handle, then they are exposed to a surefire for stress. Avoiding stressful people: If an individual causes stress to your life severally and the relationship cannot be turned around, it is better to limit the time spent with this person or do away with the relationship completely. Taking control of the environment: A good example is if a programme in the TV makes you anxious then turns it off. This is a good way of avoiding stress. Some other things that we can do away with include avoiding topics which are hot-bottom and paring down an individual’s to do list. 2. Altering Situations It is essential to alter a situation if it cannot be avoided. This will be essential especially if you figure out a way of changing things to prevent the problem recurring in the future. This strategy involves mostly changing the way people lead their daily life and communicate. Some of the changes include: Expressing feelings instead of hiding: It is good to communicate feelings or concerns which are bothering you in an open way. If one does not there is a likelihood of resentment growing inside you and the situation will not change. Willingness to compromise: Be willing to do something that you have requested from someone else. For example, if you expect a change of behavior from someone be willing to do the same. This shows that both parties will acquire a happy middle ground if they all have the willingness. Assertiveness and proper time management: It is good to learn on how to deal with issues head on and avoiding taking backseat in your own life. A lot of stress is caused by poor management of time. Planning ahead without overextending alters the level of stress in one’s life. 3. Adapting to the Stressor It is always good to change yourself if it is impossible to change the stressor. Adapting to situations of stress helps an individual regain his or her sense of control through changing one’s attitude and expectations. Some of the stressors we can adapt to include: Reframing problems: In order to prevent stress, it is advisable to look at them in a more positive perspective instead of fuming about small things. Adjusting one’s standards: A major source of avoiding stress is perfectionism. People normally set themselves up due to failure by demanding perfection. It is essential to set standards which are reasonable for us and other people and learning to be okay will be good enough. Focusing on the positive: It is advisable to reflect on things that we normally appreciate in our lives especially when the stress is getting us down. The best things we appreciate include the positive gifts and qualities. It is also very essential for people to adjust on their attitudes since this reduces stress. The way people think and what they think can highly have a profound emotional or physical effect in our well-being. 4. Accepting Things we cannot Change There are sources of stress which are unavoidable. Some stressors such as serious illnesses, national recessions and death of loved ones can never be prevented. In such a situation, the best way of coping with such stress includes accepting the way things are. Though acceptance maybe difficult it is in the long run easier than railing over a situation which is not changeable. Therefore it is important: Share Feelings: It is good to have an appointment with therapists or talk to trusted friends. It can be very cathartic to tell people what you are going through and also considered as a way of reducing tension. Despite the fact that there is nothing which can be done to alter a situation, it feels good to talk to someone who can be trusted and it is a good way of preventing stress. Learning to Forgive: It is clear that we live in an imperfect world and the thing is to accept this fact most especially that people make mistakes. In order to prevent stress, letting go of resentment and anger is important since it is a way of freeing oneself from negative energy and moving on. In conclusion Stress is a feeling that is normally created and developed during the times when humans react in particular events. It is clear that stress can lead to serious dangers in life especially for people who are suffering from certain diseases such as HIV/AIDS, terminal illnesses and others. In order to prevent these dangers it is essential to live positively and accept the world as it is. Being independent and forgiving is another way of preventing stress and moving on with life. In life it is clear that there is good stress and bad stress. Though in most cases stress is termed as bad, in other cases stress helps us work harder in achieving our goals and becoming more successful in life. Stress is a situation that can affect all including women, men, children and the rest. Stress is caused by various factors such as relationships, work, meeting deadlines and others. There are stresses which are not avoidable and cannot be prevented and these include death and serious illnesses. Therefore, it is advisable that we should accept things as they are and avoid trying to change what is unchangeable. However, talking to people who can be trusted like a therapist and friends is very significant since it helps ease the burden and reduce stress. It is very clear that stress is manageable if we take control of our lives. It only takes strength to realize that one is in control of his or her life and this becomes the foundation to managing the stress. Taking charge is the major activity in stress management and this includes taking charge of one’s schedule, emotions, environment, thoughts and ways of problem solving.

Hellhammer, D., & Hellhammer, J. (2008). Stress: The Brain-Body Connection. Switzeland: Karger Publishers. Jones, F., Bright, J., & Clow, A. (2001). Stress: myth, theory, and research. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Ricardo, C. (2007, May 3). Stress: Good vs. Bad. Retrieved April 20, 2012, from Therapist-Psychologist .com: http://www.therapist-psychologist.com/psychology_article/articles/stress-good-vs-bad.html Teens Health. (2011). Stress. Retrieved April 20, 2012, from Teens Health: http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/emotions/stress.html U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES. (2005). Tips for Managing and Preventing Stress. New York: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


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Chapter 1. research about stress management and quality of life

by qahar tarona

this topic help individual to cope stress and promote high quality of life

Free Related PDFs

farkhondeh sharif

The effects of teaching stress management skills on the quality of life in

2019, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Stress management: An overview

Miguel Perez

The World Health Organization (WHO) has labeled stress the “health epidemic of the 21st century” exerting significant burdens at all levels of society.1 In fact, the WHO has concluded that problems and disorders related to stress are common and may contribute to over 50% of physician visits around the world with both internal and external stressors contributing to those increasing rates.2 The WHO has also explored the association of stress to increasing prevalence of depression, stating that it affects more than 300 million people globally, and is the leading cause of disability worldwide.3 The definition and concept of stress has evolved significantly since it was first defined by Selye.4 He further refined the concept to define stress as “the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it”.5 Additional research has resulted in a further refinement of the concept so that by 2014, Elmore defined stress as “a state of intensive mind-body activity that occurs in the context...

The importance of stress management in today’s society


2020, STRADA Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

Student at Islamic boarding schools have a lot of activities, are required to set rules with fixed targets at the boarding school. Living and stay at boarding school environment requires to approach the environment in the boarding school well. Because of the demands or burdens of some complain of dizziness, fear of not being able to memorize according to the target, difficulty sleeping, unable to concentrate which is a sign and symptom of stressfull. Research purposes to find out the relationship between life style management of ' mental health and stress levels. This study uses Cross Sectional Design, the sample was boarding school consist of 153 , using simple random sampling. The independent variable was mental health life style management and the dependent variable was the level of stress of. The instrument uses a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed with the Spearman's Rho correlation test Spearman's Rho statistical test results with a significance level of p <0.05 obtained p = 0,000, which means there was a relationship between life style management of ' mental health with stress levels. Life style management it needs to be applied by in carrying out their lives in Islamic boarding schools in order to increase their productivity and minimize the risk of illness and stay mentally healthy.

A Lifestyle Management of Mental Health Decreasing The Stress Level Of Student

Sujan Biswas

Stress Management: A Critical View

Kennedy Ediagbonya

Stress management (Imeokparia &Ediagbonya, 2013)

Dr.Shriniwas Kashalikar

Stress: Understanding & Management by Dr. Shriniwas Kashalikar A holistic guidance on meaning, causes, effects, mechanisms, support systems and management of stress for blossoming together; by Dr. Shriniwas Kashalikar; is benefiting millions!

stress : Understanding & Management

2018, Vladimirs

Stress and its management

Stress and its Management

Dr Muhammad Zafar Iqbal Butt

Stress is being encountered by the citizens at large, professionals with reservation of situations and environments. In reality the nature of stress may have variety individual to individual and situation to situation. Stress may be identified in the context of individuals' life as the financial, social and family issues oriented. Like all individuals, students in general and university students in particular are no exception and fall prey to stress like the common citizens which put them in a curbing position and as such make them constrained to adjust to the severity and of stress. Stress may be described as the body's reaction to a constraint that requires a physical, mental or emotional adaptation, adjustment or positive response. Students may deal with stress situations by changing the scenario, undergoing exercise, involving in gossips, asserting their position caliber or skill, diverting the feeling of labor into an enchantment, falling prey to drugs and sedatives ,taking excessive food of liking, finding time passing activity, deep breathing, and entering into chats with the loved ones. Modes of stress management even in the same community does not remain uniform as such stress management techniques used by a majority of the population around the globe is seen to be medicine use, reduction of activities, yoga, tai chi, religious prayers, massage, crying, and sleeping. The major objective of the study was to view the practices adopted by the students to manage their stress. The major research question of the study was how students manage their stress. The population of the study was university students. Selected through a convenient sampling technique questionnaire was the tool to gather data from the university students. The Chi-square test was applied to see the significance of difference among respondents' perception about the statements of the questionnaire. t-test and ANOVA were also used the view the significance difference about opinions and the effect of the demographic variables of the respondents like gender, age, qualification, parental source of income and locale where they live. Results show that majority of university students does not participate into complex physical activity to manage the stress rather they seek refuge in religious activities to manage their stress.


shagufta N A Z N E E N ansari

2015, International Journal in Management and Social Science

Stress is any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest. It produces a number of symptoms which vary from person to person. Moreover it is a notable fact that an absolute elimination of stress is unrealistic, so it is very important to manage the stress for those undergoing through it. This paper attempts to get an insight into the stress management concept and how far it is important to achieve success in this competent world. It would also explore how stress management skill helps you to excel in your field. Stress acts as a killer and a life force as well. A minimum amount of stress known as eustress is necessary, whose consequences are helpful or otherwise positive. It is a driving force to do any task efficiently. The paper will further talk about the various other related factors and the strategies employed for stress management.



Nizal Sarrafzadegan

2007, Stress and Health

Relation between stress and other life style factors

Aarti Saini

Stress is a universal phenomenon. It is a regular part of everyone’s everyday life. In general term it is a pressure in every one’s life. Stress if not handled carefully will affect the efficiency, creativity and productivity of an individual. Successful stress management is the only key to bring down some noticeable changes in everyone’s life. It not only improves the employee performance but also help him to get relieved from anxiety, reduction in absenteeism, and also in lowering employee’s turnover. This paper provides an overview on the types of stress, signs and symptoms of the experienced by the stressed person and how it leaves impact on individual with the coping mechanism to be followed. A detailed review of various psychological theories has been given to overview about the different stages of stress. “Stress is not anything that happens to us. It is our response to what happens and response in something we can choose”

Stress Management Theories-Its Impact And Coping Mechanisms

Dr. T Seikhotinthang Haokip

Stress has been recognized as one of the major issues in the workplace. Stress refers to a state of psychological and physiological imbalance resulting from the difference between situational demand and the individual ability to meet those needs. The purpose of this study is to investigate the causes of stress and to highlight the consequences arise from stress. It also gives importance on the ways to measure and manage stress in the workplace. The study found that stress is a fact and indeed a common problem to any type of people but of the different types and it can be alleviate if one knows how to take good care of himself and his surroundings.

A Study On Stress Management In The Workplace

clement lifoia

Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia

University students lie in the age range of 19 to 25 years old. These students tend to face various psychological pressures which affect their mental health. One of the daily hassles that can cause stress to them is the thesis. Effective stress management may avoid students suffer from the pressures; thus, they can acclimatize to the stress itself. 54% out of 100 students at Hasanuddin University showed symptoms of stress to the initial data surveyed by the researcher. This research aims to find out whether there is a correlation between the knowledge level of stress management and the mental health of Hasanuddin University students in Makassar. This research is an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional approach. The population in this study were all students of Hasanuddin University class of 2018 (6,303 people in total) with a sample of 376 respondents. This research was held at Hasanuddin University. The data analysis technique used was the Chi-Square Test. The result...

The Correlation of Knowledge Level on Stress Management with Mental Health of Hasanuddin University Students

Interal Res journa Managt Sci Tech

Stress in human being, has become one of the powerful aspects in the contemporary life. This negative pressure creates a sudden thought-attack and brings forth complications to human beings. In the past, life seemed to be simpler. At the same time, it does not mean that stress has arisen in the modern period. This problem has been existing from the beginning. This modern world burdens the people with complex confusions and pains. On the other hand, the realms of religion, medicine and psychology make their attempts to explain and ease this complication. Having this in my mind, Author is interested to explore the reality of stress and spell out the feasible methods to cope with this problem. Humans are the architect of their own destiny. But in this millennium generation, the complex demands add the weight on their shoulders. Stress, which is one of the modern ailments, is found in each member of every society. Most of the diseases are linked to stress, in which most of the humans live. Here the main task is to focus on the widespread confusion and misunderstanding about the nature of stress and to create an understanding about stress in order to achieve self-awareness.


Meagan Boswell

Stress, Lifestyle, and Health

Ijariit Journal , sai dheeraj


Stress is a physical, mental or emotion factor which causes mental tension. Everyone needs stress free life irrespective of their life span. But how many do live stress-free life is the big question now days? Stress has become a common worry for every individual in this present generation people. Mainly students are facing lots of stress from different factors and are not able to control their stress levels and suffer with some health issues which are a huge damage for the younger minds of this generation, which in turn damages the new ideologies which are to be generated as the nation's development is in the hands of young minds. The main objective of the study is to find the stress levels and reasons of stress and the ability of handling stress among young adults (17-22 years) and the sample size is 84 where 64 males and 24 females are responded for the survey and data is collected through primary data collection method with a questionnaire of 25 questions and the results found the factors and level of handling stress among them.

A study on stress and its management among young adults-An empirical study

Mücahit DURSUN

This research aims to investigate university students' levels of dealing with stress, from different types of variables. The study was carried out on a total of 500 individuals, including 346 female and 154 male students studying at Atatürk University Kazim Karabekir Faculty of Education in 2016/2017 academic year. In this work, Oral, Çok ve Kutlu (2005) "The Level of dealing with Stress in Educational System" scale was for the students. SPSS 21 package program was used in the analysis of the data. For the analysis of the data, and in determining the demographics, the frequency distribution was used. T test was applied to examine the relationship between two independent variables and stress coping sub-dimensions and Anova Warians analysis tests were used to examine the relationship between two and over variables and stress subscale sub-dimensions. The difference between the variables has been interpreted on the basis of p0.05 significance level. According to the findings, it was found that, there is a significant difference between individuals' stress coping sub-dimensions and gender, book reading habits and spare time activity. There was no significant difference between age, family structure and monthly income variables.It was found out that the scores of female students were higher than the average scores of male students with regard to studying from students' gender and stress coping levels subscales, preparing for an exam and affective, behavioral sub-dimensions. The students who stated that they had the habit of reading books, were found to have high scores in studying, preparing for an exam and the affective behavioral sub-dimensions. It was deduced that the students who spent their leisure time with their family got higher scores from students who spent their spare times with their friends or alone, with regard to studying, preparing for an exam and the affective behavioral sub-dimensions.In order to make students, more effective and successful in educational system, the factors that affect the stress levels should be determined and similar studies are necessary in order to have positive effects for students, which, constitutes the part of the proposal of our study.

Research for University Students' Levels of Dealing with Stress from Different Types of Variables

Uno Hana Jeon

Stress aqu bente, worry aqu sampu: A Correlational Study about the Relationship of Stress and Anxiety to the Well-being state of Grade 12 Students

Dr. Sharda Vishwakarma

2022, International Journal for Research Trends and Innovation

Today's routine has become so busy that we do not get any time for ourselves. Due to which the physical problems kept increasing and along with them the mental pressure is increasing on the person due to which the situation of tension is getting created. Due to the tension, the person also has difficulty in making normal adjustments. Stress has a major impact on our behavior and health. Especially in older or unwell individuals, the long-term effects of stress can harm health. Stress can lead to health problems like headaches, heart problems, high blood pressure and skin problems. These symptoms of stress affect your health, and sometimes we don't even realize it. Stress is not only related to excessive work, it also has our biological, psycho-social factors. Psychosocial interventions to reduce stress have been shown to be useful for the treatment of stress disorders.


IOSR Journals

In India women stand different in society; which may be due to variety of reasons such as harsh living conditions, difficult life situations, gender discrimination, lack of support from family and others, and lack of job and educational opportunities; render women at risk for stress, depression and psychological disorders. The aim of the present study is to investigate the quality of life in relation to stress and life satisfaction among women students. The sample comprised of 50 post graduate women students with mean age of 22.760 (SD = 1.349), from Aligarh Results of correlation analyses revealed that quality of life of women students was significantly negatively related with experiencing stress while positively correlated with satisfaction of life. Moreover, it was also found that stress was negatively correlated with satisfaction of life among women students. Furthermore, results of t-test analysis revealed that women living with high quality of life scored significantly low on stress level, and high on satisfaction with life as compared to women living with low quality of life. Findings became a basis warning model to development of quality of life among women students for reducing the stress level and to improve life satisfaction.

A Study of Quality of Life in relation to Stress and Life Satisfaction among Women Students

Decth Libunao

Stress management framework chapter

Sangeeta Jauhari

2015, Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics

The term stress means an imbalance between the mental and emotional levels of an individual. Stress reason out due to various external and internal factors, makes a periphery around a persona. In recent times it is observed that the stress levels are gaining the momentum in the organizational working frame. Researchers are keen to derive out the various parameters resulting in creating stress among the employees of the organization and parallel to this they are also seeking various techniques to minimize the stress levels so as to enhance productivity. The present paper is an attempt to gather and present the reviews of the various researchers, so far has worked on the stress techniques and management .The paper is descriptive in nature and based on secondary data gathered from various published and online sources. The study will be able to give a glimpse of the various factors responsible for the stress creation and the techniques used to minimize it. Keywords: Stress, Imbalance, P...

Stress Techniques and Management : A Review paper

Shalini Rajput

Stress Management

International Journal of Research & Review (IJRR)

2019, https://www.ijrrjournal.com/IJRR_Vol.6_Issue.12_Dec2019/Abstract_IJRR0032.html

The large Indian population needs to be made aware of its mental health which will generate its own demand. With rising awareness, early recognition of mental problems and access to treatment will follow. The convergence of information and technology in a free society may result in crowd-sourcing which breaks down barriers. True involvement of information and technology is required to bring about a change in mental health awareness. The modern world is facing a pandemic of lifestyle disorders that require changes to be made consciously by individuals themselves, and stress management strategies are the best lifestyle ever designed, that have potential in the prevention, management, and rehabilitation of prevalent lifestyle disorders. Stress is a great challenge of the present civilization, both for diseased as well as healthy individuals, and the time has come recognize the importance of stress management strategies and making them a part and parcel of daily life.

Impact of Stress and Stress Management Programmes on Health in Recent Years: A Review

Stress is an inevitable part of life. Everyone experiences stress or anxiety daily at home or at work place. Through it is impossible to eliminate it completely from today’s mechanical life but one can learn to manage it. One of the best ways to minimize stress is through recent trends. Exercise work as stress reliever, while doing exercises the focus is only on the movement of the body and one forget all the worries and tensions. Physically fit people have less extreme physiological responses when under pressure than those who are not fit enough. According to the scientists recent trends produce endorphins chemicals in the brain that act as natural painkillers and also improve the ability to sleep which in turn reduces stress, ward off anxiety and feeling of depression and boost self-esteem. So exercise is an essential part of good body function and is the route to a well-being. There are other ways to cope with stress but exercise is the most natural, effective and cheap coping mechanism


IJESRT Journal

Stress is an irritating condition where excess of work and overload which reduces the concentration and the normal working condition of any person. Generally, stress is defined as a person's psychological and physiological response to the perception of a demand or challenge. Students are most frequently affected by stress due to their academic life. Students face various challenges and a whole lot of pressure in today's competitive environment. Students need to be trained in handling stress. This study mainly focuses on the stress management of students. This will help in understanding the symptoms, sources and effects of stress among the student community.


Ajaya Bhattarai

Stress management and Positive thingking International Journal article.pdf



Norliyana Zakaria

The systematic review in this study is looking at the causes of stress in the workplace. The authors will identify the most leading causes of work-related stress, as well as their impacts on employees’ physical well-being, mental health and work performance. In addition, the stress factors arising from work environment or atmosphere, workplace relationships, organizational culture, career growth, role conflict, and work-life balance are highlighted. Finally, the authors discuss on several stress coping approaches, namely getting social support, attending stress coping or stress management programmes, upgrading work environment, and reforming organizational culture.

Impact of Stress : A Systematic Review

Bharati IMSR Journal

In the era of cut-throat competition, companies are continually working to improve their performance and to increase effectiveness of their processes and systems. This all has led to the increased job demands, stress level and eventually high turnover rates. Now companies are redesigning their work culture to provide a proper quality of work life to their employees to enhance their potential in a conducive work environment. The paper attempts to study quality of work life of managers, to study the levels of stress among managers and to study the influence of quality of work life on stress levels of managers in Shipping Industry. The scope of the study is 5 major Shipping companies spread throughout India. A sample of total 72 managers is taken from. The results indicate a very significant and highly negative correlation between quality of work life and role stress of managers in Shipping Industry.


IAEME Publication



Job stress is a serious threat to the working people’s quality of life (QoL). Stress at workplace gives a big impact on a person’s health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between job stress and the QoL of working people. A total of 400 validated sets of questionnaire were distributed to respondents in the selected areas of Meru, Klang and the acquired data were analysed using IBM SPSS 22.0. The findings revealed that there was a significant relationship between job stress and the quality of life among employees. The most influential factor on the QoL was job-related stress, followed by organisational, interpersonal, perceived stress and work environment related stress. The lack of reward and recognition was highly related to the causes of stress and influence the employees’ concentration and confidence. In conclusion, the measurement of stress in the QoL is important because it will also reflect on people’s life evaluation, expectancy and standard of l...

The Relationship Between Job Stress and Quality of Life Among Working Adults

Dr. Jyoti Sharma

Defense personnel " s (Police, Military etc) are of most honors in our country they not only fight for the country but fight to save lives of thousands and millions. Health of these personnel " s is extremely important the level of stress they face might hamper their work and state of being. This study aimed to explore perceived stress and Quality of Life among police personnel living with and without family. The study aimed to find supporting factor as a essential indicator of one " s well-being. Thus, the study aimed to compare the group of police personnel " s staying with family and without family. Total sample of 60 individuals were taken (30 staying with family and 30 staying alone/away from family) age ranging 28-35married males from I.T.B.P. Force from SSBN, Haryana. Stressful life event and WHOQOL-BREF were assessed on the participants. The findings of the study showed that there was statistical difference between both the groups on perceived stress and all domains of quality of life. The findings stated that participants staying with family had low level of stress and better quality of life. Thus, socio emotional support acts as an aid in lowering the level of stress in defense personnel " s. The idea of stress has been applied in both psychological and physiological settings. Stress is not a new term it has been studied in disciplines of psychology and other medical fields. However the factors contributing to stress or act as stressors are still added to researches. Stress is applied to various psychological (mental) and physiological (bodily) stresses, anxiety, worry experienced or felt by person during their lives. Stress refers to the state of anxiety, worry and mental tension affected by problem in our life, work, daily life etc.

A Study on perceived stress and Quality of Life among central police force living with and without family Karishma Rajpoot

Gerdane Reyes

Aside from the everyday occurrences in every human being’s life, there are also other factors that affect the quality of life. Quality of life is a broad concept that deals with all aspects of life and how culture influences their status in the society. Despite continuous research and studies about the concept of quality of life, there is still a need for a deeper analysis and identification of the factors determining the quality of life. This research will provide the readers of a concise list of factors based on previous studies.

Quality of Life: Concept and Its Contributory Factors

Hetty Catur Ellyawati

Stress is a mental emotional disorder faced by a person due to pressure. Such pressure arises from the failure of individuals to fulfill their needs or wants. The pressure felt by someone can come from within or from outside of themselves. Individuals who experience stress need proper management, so as not to cause further harmful effects. One of the stress management method is by providing 5-finger technique therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the 5-finger technique on the high school students’ stress level in Semarang. This study used a Quasi-Experiment Pretest-Posttest design without a control group. The instrument used was a 5-finger technique therapy worksheet, while the stress level was measured using the DASS-42 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale). Approximately 90 respondents were chosen through simple random sampling and met the including criteria. The data analysis was conducted by using Mann Whitney statistical test, obtaining p-value &lt;0.05 ...

Stress Management on Senior High School Students in Semarang

jheazile apalis


Akan Bayrakdar

2017, The Online Journal of Recreation and Sport

Analysis of the Level of Life Quality of University Students

Dhana Ratna Shakya

Journal of BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences

Stress Management- A Way Ahead

gautam gawali

2017, Indian Journal of Mental Health(IJMH)

The Influence of Perceived Stress on various dimensions of Well Being


Stress is an unavoidable reality of life that everyone must deal with. Some stress is good where it can trigger our fight-or-flight mechanism to help in case of emergencies but too much stress can harm our health and body. Different people will have different responds to stress, therefore, it is important to learn what stresses us out and how to cope with it. The purpose of this research is to study stress management among UTM students. After a thorough survey, the following aspects were identified and are briefly discussed here: level of stress, causes of stress, effect of stress, methods to relieve stress and ability to cope with stress. These are all evidence-based techniques with good results in individual with or without stress.

Stress Management Among Students in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Ruut Veenhoven

As a fairly new interdisciplinary field of inquiry the quality of life research has benefited greatly from the discipline of sociology. The field consists of five overlapping traditions, namely 1) social indicators research, 2) happiness studies, 3) gerontology of successful aging, 4) psychology of wellbeing and 5) health related quality-of-life research. The efforts of sociologists are particularly prominent in the first two of these traditions. Quality-of-life is also a major issue in the fields of the sociology of work and sociology of the family.

Quality-of-Life Research

Ulf Lundberg

2006, International Journal of Social Welfare

Stress, subjective and objective health

IERJ Journal

2017, International Education and Research Journal

An experimental study design with the purpose to find out prevalence and compare cognitive and physical symptoms of stress among B.Sc (Nursing) students in selected nursing college at Srikakulam town, Andhra Pradesh was performed. Stress management techniques training were given to nursing students in experimental group daily for a period of 6 weeks.. The study identified that there is significant decrease in post-test cognitive symptoms of stress in experimental group like indecisiveness, inability to concentrate, poor judgment, trouble thinking clearly, seeing only negative side of the issues, anxious or racing thoughts, constant worrying, loss of objectivity, fearful anticipation that something happens (p<0.05). There is also significant decrease in post-test physical symptoms of stress in experimental group like headache, backache, muscle tension and stiffness, diarrhea, insomnia, chest pain, rapid pulse, weight loss and hair fall(p<0.05). The chi-square values for post-test cognitive symptoms for Experimental and Control groups shows statistical significance at 0.05 level of significance for inability to concentrate (9.33), trouble thinking clearly (0.03), anxious or racing thoughts (1.94) and fearful anticipation that something happens (4.48). The post-test physical symptoms chi-square values for Experimental and Control groups shows statistical significance at 0.05 level for physical symptoms like headache (20.18), backache (12.18), muscle tension and stiffness (4.63), diarrhea (4.75), constipation (6.11), dizziness (6.88), insomnia (34.18), chest pain (7.92) and rapid pulse (47.23). As there was significant decrease in cognitive and physical symptoms of stress, stress management techniques are effective.


Ross Rapaport

1983, New Directions for Student Services

A variety of references concerning theory, research, and application relevant to stress and stress management is presented.

Further sources on stress and intervention

Marzuki Abdullah

Background Mental health problems in young people are an important public health issue. Students leaving their hometown and family at a young age to pursue better educational opportunities overseas are confronted with life adjustment stress, which in turn affects their mental health and academic performance. This study aimed to examine the relationships among stress, coping strategies, and depressive symptoms using the stress coping framework in overseas Chinese university preparatory students in Taiwan. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at an overseas Chinese university preparatory institute in Taiwan. Of enrolled overseas Chinese university preparatory students at 2009, 756 completed a structured questionnaire measuring stress, strategies for coping with it, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Results High levels of stress significantly predicted the adoption of active, problem-focused coping strategies (R 2 = 0.13, p < .01) and passive, emotion-focused coping strategies (R 2 = 0.24, p < .01). Acceptable CFI, SRMR, and RMSEA values from the structural equation modeling analysis demonstrated that the model satisfactorily fits the stress coping framework, after active coping strategies were eliminated from the model. Results from the Sobel test revealed that passive coping strategies mediated the relation between stress and depressive symptoms (z = 8.06, p < .001). Conclusion Our study results suggested that stress is associated with coping strategies and depressive symptoms and passive strategies mediate the relation between stress and depressive symptoms in overseas Chinese university preparatory students.

Background of Stress Management

Edgar Galindo , Adelinda A . Candeias

2021, Health Psychology Report

health psychology report • volume 9(1),  original article background Nursing is a stressful profession, because it is highly specialized work done under conditions of considerable pressure and has consequently a strong psychological impact. Occupational stress has been considered a serious public health problem, especially in the case of the nursing profession, with considerable consequences for the individual, for the quality of his work and for the associated economic costs. Although the topic of stress has become an important field of research, experimental studies on stress management strategies are rather scarce, especially in the case of the so-called risk professions, such as nursing. participants and procedure The present study applied a cognitive-behavioral training program for stress management to a sample of nursing professionals (N = 5) from an intensive care unit. The intervention was applied on the basis of a multiple baseline design. Evaluation of results was carried using quantitative and one qualitative measures. Emphasis was given to evaluation of physiological, cognitive and emotional symptoms of stress. results The main hypotheses seem to have been confirmed, i.e. the stress management program reduces the participants' physiological, cognitive and emotional stress symptoms according to applied assessment instruments. The results show different levels of stress reduction, as well as an improvement of the number and efficacy of the coping skills of the participants. Correlations were found between quantitative measures, between quantitative and qualitative measures, as well as between physiological, cognitive and emotional symptoms of stress. conclusions Research hypotheses were confirmed, i.e., the applied program seems to be able to reduce stress.

Galindo, E., Pires, R., Gracio, L.,  & Candeias, A. (2021). Effectiveness of a stress management program in continuous care nursing professionals. Health Psychology Report, 9(1), 49-62. https://doi.org/10.5114/hpr.2020.99970


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  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Effects of Child Sexual Abuse Psychology essay sample: Child sexual abuse is among the common problems facing children. This paper looks at the causes and effects of child sexual abuse, the posttraumatic stress disorder, and its treatment.
  • Occupational Stress and Stress Management Techniques Psychology essay sample: The paper discusses and evaluates the current state of literature about psychological debriefing in organizations and their effectiveness in managing acute occupational stress.
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  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Combat Veterans Psychology essay sample: War is a major cause of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. About seventeen percent of a veteran returning from war in places such as Iraq and Afghanistan show signs of PTSD.
  • Work-Related Stress Reasons and Prevention Psychology essay sample: The psychological well-being of employees in the workplace is critical to avoid stress and improve employees’ performance. Stress is inevitable in the workplace and the effects of stress are mostly negative.
  • Work-Place Stress Problem Analysis Psychology essay sample: Stress is inevitable in the workplace, and the effects of stress are mostly negative, as it has outcomes on the incomes of the organization and the health of the worker.
  • Human Factors: Workload and Stress Relationship Psychology essay sample: Federico and Won, in their WIHI podcast, examine the relationship between stress and workload. They refer to human factors and their role in work-related stress in health care.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Psychology essay sample: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder associated with trauma and stress, especially from severe physical harm or and exposure to painful events.
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  • Perceived Stress and Social Support Received Psychology essay sample: Psychological and biological stress models have been put forward to explain the events that take place when one is under stressful conditions.
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in the United States Psychology essay sample: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an emotional illness that is characterized by constant anxiety and is often the result of continuing frightening.
  • "Introduction to Psychology" by Hawkes Learning Systems Psychology essay sample: The paper is about discussion posts on the Introduction to psychology. The each chapter discuss the human psyche, capabilities and behavior.
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  • Natural Ways to Manage Stress Psychology essay sample: Researchers have shown that respiration techniques help realign the sympathetic and the parasympathetic systems, simply by tuning the brain waves.
  • Stress Management Among University Students Psychology essay sample: This paper presents a brief description of the methodology and results of research on the factors and levels of stress in students.
  • How to Manage Stress: Key Tips Psychology essay sample: According to Sarafino, stress is a combination of emotional and physical tension in one’s mind and body. It can appear as a response to any traumatic experience.
  • Definition of Stress: Pain or Motivation Psychology essay sample: Stress is often understood as a kind of psychological pain. In some circumstances, it can motivate a person to overcome difficulties and develop new skills.
  • Stress Management Techniques Psychology essay sample: In this article, the author shares his knowledge of the different types of stress, and also talks about the methods that he uses to overcome them.
  • Signs and Symptoms of Stress Psychology essay sample: Stress is a physical or emotional disorder, which can result from any frustrating experience. The signs of stress can be understood through a review of the theories of its causes.
  • How Stress Affects Child Brain Development Psychology essay sample: Stress is an unavoidable and important part of any child’s life. Depending on how significant it is it can have a positive or negative effect on the child’s development.
  • The Impact of Stress on Academic Performance Psychology essay sample: Stress had a universal presence in living creatures since the dawn of life, it does not mean that we should not try to avoid it and help reduce it for others.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Pregnancy Psychology essay sample: The purpose of this paper is to identify the connection between pregnancy and stress. The most famous stress disorder is the so-called post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD.
  • Family Coping With Stressful Events and Transitions Psychology essay sample: Before analyzing the stages of the crisis and using the Double ABC-X Model, it is necessary to describe a hypothetical stressful family situation.
  • Psychology of Social Stress. Stress and Health Psychology essay sample: It is important to justify the relevance of a theoretical understanding of the concept of social stress in psychological science.
  • The Application of Key Psychological Concepts Psychology essay sample: This essay discusses the application of key psychological concepts in personal life and future aspirations as an anesthesiologist.
  • About Stress Reduction Methods Psychology essay sample: In this article, the author shares her knowledge of stress reduction techniques and talks about how her life changed after she started practicing them.
  • The Phenomenon of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Psychology essay sample: This research paper aims to discuss the phenomenon of post-traumatic stress disorder and its relationship to evidence-based medicine.
  • Reaction to Stress: Anxiety and Yoga Psychology essay sample: The paper discusses stress. It is the reaction of the human nervous system to disbalance with the environment caused by internal or external factors.
  • Problem of Stress and Its Impact on Student Performance Psychology essay sample: The problem of stress and its impact on student performance at Khalifa University is relevant, and the results of the research confirm the value of addressing this issue.
  • Stress: Curriculum, Curricular Divisions and Writing Strategies Psychology essay sample: There are different actions to be so as to reduce the stresses and strains so as to prevent them from occurring, this includes thorough counseling, doing a lot of exercises.
  • The Psychological and the Biological Stress Models: Comparative Analysis Psychology essay sample: Psychological and biological models have been constructed to explain the events that take place when a person is stressed.
  • Stress Negatively Affects the Decision-Making Process of Business Leaders Psychology essay sample: The purpose of this article is to determine the extent to which stress affects the key elements of decision-making.
  • The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation Intervention in Reducing Stress in Adolescents Psychology essay sample: The research proposed in this work intends to examine adolescent stress when treated via the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Intervention.
  • Stress Management: Imagery Psychology essay sample: The paper discusses imagery. It is a very effective way of dealing with stress especially when accompanied by physical relaxation through exercising.
  • Differents Forms to Stress, Pandemic of Stress Psychology essay sample: In this paper, stress is a major problem in the world today. Many countries and many individuals and families are victims of stress-related problems.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Psychology essay sample: The purpose of this article is to consider the mechanisms of occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as existing methods of its treatment.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Psychology essay sample: The purpose of this article is to review the causes of post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as its clinical manifestations, treatment and care plan.
  • Understanding the Psychology of Stress in Everyday Life Psychology essay sample: The paper explains how does stress impacts the body, the relationship between motivation, emotion, and stress, describes two ways that can change stress symptoms.
  • Addressing the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Psychology essay sample: The purpose of this article is to review the causes of post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as its symptoms and treatment.
  • The Notion of Stress as Both a Biological Process Psychology essay sample: In the following paper, the notion of stress as both a biological process and psychological condition will be evaluated.
  • Work-Related Stress and Burnout Psychology essay sample: The purpose of this article is to discuss work-related stress and burnout in terms of causes and effects, as well as interventions.
  • The Impact of Stress on the Human Organism Psychology essay sample: Two job-related stresses have been affecting me the most, these are decreasing work efficiency. At this time of the year, people who are in the corporate world, tend to work fast.
  • Stress as the Main Cause of Students’ Academic Failure Psychology essay sample: The connection between stress and the academic failure of students is quite explicit, specifically, being unable to cope with the emotional strain leads to poor performance.
  • Occupation, Culture, and Stress in Middle Adulthood Psychology essay sample: For people in middle adulthood, the main stress-inducing problems are related to their occupations, their particular workplace situation, as well as to cultural determinants.
  • Underappreciated Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Psychology essay sample: Veterans with PTSD are underappreciated and are not given enough help to enhance their well-being. PTSD is a health concern among veterans due to the nature of their work.
  • Mental Health: Case Study of S. Psychology essay sample: This paper is devoted to the case of a woman I know personally. S. is a 31-year-old single mother with a family history of anxiety disorders.
  • Stress and Its Effect on Health Psychology essay sample: Stress is defined as an individual’s reaction to a situation that destabilizes their mental, physical, psychological, or emotional state.
  • Stress and Health: How People React to Stressors Psychology essay sample: In this paper, I support my agreement with the concept that different people react differently to different stressors.
  • Stress and Anxiety Sources Amongst Students Psychology essay sample: This paper discusses some of the major sources of physiological, social, and psychological stress and anxiety in students.
  • Patient's Concentration: Applied Behavior Analysis Psychology essay sample: This paper explores how memories are created, stored, and recalled. The paper investigates how the perception of stress might have affected the patient’s ability to focus.
  • Psychology. Holmes-Rahe Life Stress Inventory Psychology essay sample: There are situations when several psychological tests, which are relatively similar to one another, can yield very different results.
  • Exploring the Concepts of Productivity and Stress Levels in the Workplace Psychology essay sample: This article examines the impact of multitasking on employee stress levels, as well as ways to deal with stress.
  • Secondary Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Military Families Psychology essay sample: Secondary Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a psychological condition that is common among military families of victims of primary Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
  • The Stress Refraining Exercise Psychology essay sample: This study is worth reading because it provides invaluable insight into the ways people can effectively counter their stress-induced anxiety
  • Handling Organizational Stress Psychology essay sample: Stress is a psychological effect that can affect any individual at some point in their lives regardless of their job capacity.
  • Stress Management and Personal Life Experience Psychology essay sample: People need to learn how to manage stress and turn such a situation to their advantage. Stress management is a whole system of sequential actions.
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Psychology essay sample: The current research paper is aimed at underscoring a research proposal that is related to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
  • Mind and Body: Stress is Part of Human Life Psychology essay sample: Stress is part of human life and it influences mental health, behavior, moods, and overall sense of wellbeing.
  • Stress and Workplace Production Psychology essay sample: The problem of increased stress and emotional pressure in the workplace is a major constituent in shaping people’s motivation, enthusiasm, and performance rates.
  • Stress Management Strategies for Working Students Psychology essay sample: The strategies which might help manage stress for the working students are finding trustful mentors and noting positive events of the day in the diary.
  • Social Stress and Its Impact on Memory Psychology essay sample: The paper points out that psychological stressors have shown significant impacts on cognition function. This study is meant to determine how and when memory is strained.
  • Perceived Stress Among Undergraduate Students Psychology essay sample: In 2016, Abdollahi published a study on the role of hardiness in relieving stress among undergraduate students, which was published in the Journal of Health Psychology.
  • The Impacts of Stress on Human Memory Psychology essay sample: Human memory performance can be impacted by several factors, encompassing non-cognitive elements such as the emotional condition of the test-taker.
  • Habits, Stress, and Health Psychology essay sample: Personal habits, stress, and health interact in disparate ways. Everyday activities can exacerbate stress levels that an individual might not realize.
  • Stress Identification and Management Psychology essay sample: Stress can be defined as any type of change in the human body that can cause physiological, emotional, and physical strain.
  • Stress and Meditation as a Form of Treatment Psychology essay sample: Modern medicine eradicated many diseases that once posed a significant threat to humanity, but a new and relatively invisible issue, which came to be nowadays is stress.
  • Workplace Stress and Managerial Counterstrategies Psychology essay sample: Workplace stress leads to significant losses and additional costs for enterprises. Most often, stress is caused by excessive workload and too long working hours.
  • When the Body Says No by Dr. Gabor Mate: The Cost of Hidden Stress Psychology essay sample: When the Body Says No by Dr. Gabor Mate is a book written by Dr. Gabor Mate. It explores the link between the mind and the body.
  • Stress Management (Abnormal Psychology) Psychology essay sample: Stress has devastating effects on one’s life. Coping with stress demands one to have an idea of what gives rise to the stressed condition.
  • Psychology: Impact of Stressors Psychology essay sample: The concept of mind, body, and soul connection can help to effectively deal with physical manifestations of stress or use them to recognize and manage it.
  • Stress at Work. Steps to Reduce Psychology essay sample: Stress is tension that occurs in the life of a person. There is a way in which an individual manages to control stress in the workplace.
  • Effects of Secondary Ptsd in Military Families Psychology essay sample: Veterans with PTSD fail to address their mental health concerns, instead, transferring their trauma to their family members and creating an intergenerational trauma.
  • Cognitive Techniques for Preventing Unhealthy Stress Psychology essay sample: As prolonged stress may lead to various physical and mental problems, it is essential to use cognitive techniques for preventing it.
  • Intact and Non-Intact Dual Earners: Stress Levels Psychology essay sample: Stress levels occur in both intact and non-intact dual earners. How to deal with the stress levels depends on the individuals and the people around them.
  • Stress Among Ethnic Minority Adolescents and Mindfulness Intervention Psychology essay sample: The purpose of the proposed research is to investigate the effect of a school-based mindfulness-based intervention on stress among ethnic minority adolescents.
  • Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Adults Psychology essay sample: The study explores the implementation of an adapted mindfulness program for adults, having traumatic brain injuries and substance use problems.
  • Developing PTSD: Trauma at a Younger Age Psychology essay sample: Some people are more prone to developing PTSD than others because of trauma at a younger age, like physical assault or major accidents.
  • Aspects of Stress Management Psychology essay sample: There are various causes of stress, and they include troubles and challenges, which require significant efforts to cope with them.
  • A Qualitative Study of Mindfulness among Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Psychology essay sample: The study examines post-traumatic stress disorder with a focus on deployment trauma among military veterans, outlining the most effective mindful intervention strategies.
  • Psychological Harm in Stressful Environment Psychology essay sample: The issue of a stressful working environment is exceptionally widespread today, with stress-related illnesses and disorders earned by employees even being brought to court.
  • "How to Make Stress Your Friend" TED Talk by McGonigal Psychology essay sample: In her TED talk, McGonigal reveals crucial information regarding the effects of stress on the human body. It is beneficial for people to recognize the positive impact of stress.
  • The Role Stress Plays in People’s Personal Lives Psychology essay sample: This paper involves a set of psychological reactions that affect people’s behaviors and can have diverse outcomes, both positive and negative.
  • The Risk and Protective Factors Linked to Post-Traumatic Growth in Women Psychology essay sample: The paper aims to explore the risk and protective factors linked to post-traumatic growth in women who have experienced sexual violence.
  • Early-Life Stress and Behavioral Outcomes Psychology essay sample: The study aims to understand the mechanisms behind the long-lasting consequences of early-life stress exposure. It is accomplished by comparing the results of tests.

⭐ Simple & Easy Stress Essay Titles

  • Maintaining Mental Health for Teenagers in the Pandemic Psychology essay sample: The paper states that the pandemic harmed students' lives, who more often began to experience stress and missed communicating with their classmates.
  • Deviant Behavior Related to Stress and Strain Psychology essay sample: With the knowledge of new alternatives to self-destructing actions, people could adopt new behavior patterns and activate feelings of excitement and joy.
  • Stress Coping Theory in Radiology Career Pathway Psychology essay sample: This paper will discuss possible stressors in a radiologist's job and the application of stress and coping theory to alleviate them.
  • Stress Management and Weight Control Psychology essay sample: Effective stress management requires natural body relaxation responses induced by practicing regular meditation and muscle relaxation activities.
  • Psychology: Overview and Understanding Psychology essay sample: Like many sciences, psychology has evolved from philosophy and inherited questions and concepts which philosophy had been developing.
  • Managing Stress: Techniques for Relaxation Psychology essay sample: Diaphragmatic breathing, meditation as well as imagery, and visualization are discussed as effective techniques for relaxation.
  • A Study of Causes of Stress and Stress Management Among Youth Psychology essay sample: “A Study of Causes of Stress and Stress Management Among Youth” strives to expound on the probable causes of stress among students and help counselors give appropriate advice.
  • Parental Stresses and Child’s Emotional Development Psychology essay sample: Raising a child as a head of a single-parent family is associated with various challenges. Firstly, a single-parent family may be struggling to afford even the basic needs.
  • The Stress Coping Mechanisms Analysis Psychology essay sample: The stress coping mechanisms are based on various aspects and are classified into: problem-based, appraisal-based, emotion-based and occupation-based.
  • Coping With School Stress on Support Group Session Psychology essay sample: This paper aims to give a reflection on a support group presentation on the coping mechanism with school stress.
  • A Stress-Management Program for College Students Psychology essay sample: A stress-management program for this academic period involves training learners on how to effectively eliminate or at the very least reduce their anxiety levels.
  • College Students' Stress Management Psychology essay sample: There is a significant need to evaluate if physical exercise may be employed as a stress management method to boost academic performance among college students.
  • Applying Concepts of Psychology Psychology essay sample: The paper explores how the concepts of psychology learned have affected development. They are learning, stress, memory, consciousness, and motivation.
  • Critical Incident Stress Management in Emergency Preparedness Psychology essay sample: CISM is a crisis intervention that is vital to a stress management program as part of emergency preparedness.
  • Counselors’ Stress: “Meeting Someone at the Edge” Psychology essay sample: “Meeting someone at the edge” focuses on occupational stress in a specific profession; the major exclusion criterion is the lack of professional experience in counseling.
  • Trauma and Abuse: Psychoanalysis vs. Person-Centered Approach Psychology essay sample: In terms of the present paper, person-centered and psychoanalytic approaches were closely examined on the matter of their essence and interaction with trauma.
  • Deception in Social Psychological Research Psychology essay sample: Current professional codes of ethics are designed to prevent psychological experiments using deception where they are likely to cause psychological harm to research participants.
  • Parental and Psychotherapeutic Role in Development of Children With Autism Psychology essay sample: Parents have a significant role in developing and preparing an autistic child for future life, and in such cases, the work of a psychotherapist with the whole family is important.
  • Symptoms of Stress and Its Treatment Psychology essay sample: Many people consider stress a normal part of their life and avoid addressing the problem, yet it may have considerable symptoms negatively affecting individuals' health.
  • PTSD Among African American Vietnam Veterans Psychology essay sample: Post-traumatic stress disorder is unfortunately common among veterans, and it is especially prevalent among African American Vietnam veterans.
  • PTSD Treatment for Earthquake Survivors Psychology essay sample: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a mental illness that occurs in individuals who have experienced severe traumatizing events and have difficulties.
  • Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Psychology essay sample: The paper states that African American veterans would report more symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder as compared to Caucasian Americans.
  • Becoming a More Productive Student Psychology essay sample: The paper discusses how to become a more productive student. Sporting events and physical activity are the keys to overall health, immunity, body, mind, and soul.
  • Mental Disorders in the "Finding Nemo" Film Psychology essay sample: In Search of Nemo is a 2003 American computer-animated adventure film. According to the plot, a curious Nemo fish went to look for mysterious coral reefs one day.
  • Community Counseling: Outreach to Distressed and Marginalized Clients Psychology essay sample: A significant issue in community counseling is community recovery, an effort to rehabilitate the social and physical environment damaged by a disastrous event.
  • Prolonged Stress: Negative Effects and Management Psychology essay sample: A person affected by prolonged stress is more likely to develop a shorter memory span, anxious behaviors, secretory changes in the amygdala, and poor sleep.
  • Coping with Stress in Athletes Psychology essay sample: Given the specific principles of training, scholastic athletes tend to demonstrate more successful strategies for coping with stress in everyday life and in the academic environment.
  • Immigrants' Mental Health and Time Spent in the US Psychology essay sample: The hypothesis of this article is that the prolonged presence of immigrants in the United States for various reasons increases their stress levels.
  • Stress Reduction Methods at the Workplace Psychology essay sample: Stress reduction methods may be divided into two categories: those that prevent stress sources and those reducing its consequences.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder After Car Accident Psychology essay sample: This case study assignment will examine and provide a detailed analysis of the case study about Jane, a 54-year-old Black female who became a victim of a terrifying car accident.
  • Psychological Disorders: Definitions and Treatments Psychology essay sample: This paper examines such psychological disorders as Social phobia, Generalized anxiety disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder, and Panic disorder.
  • Traumatic Stress in the Justice System Psychology essay sample: The analysis of the article supported by the book shows that experiences of traumatic events in law enforcement affect police officers' mental health.
  • Foundational Psychological Processes Psychology essay sample: The basic foundation of psychology is traced back to lifespan development, stressing or emphasizing wellness and overall psychological health.
  • The Gendering of Stress and Burn-Out in Modern Policing Psychology essay sample: The psychological strain of executing an aggressive arrest raises the risk of burnout in male officers, and this is the only job variable that is noteworthy.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children Psychology essay sample: Post-traumatic stress disorder in children violates mental activity that develops after an external psychologically traumatic event.
  • Aspects of Habit Hacking Mission Psychology essay sample: A good start in hacking any habit is observing and studying their habit routine. Habits are all about behaviors, and these are all about psychology.
  • Islamic Psychology and Its Contributors Psychology essay sample: The current paper states that Islamic psychology is a complex topic as there are numerous contributors that created a broad legacy of teachings.
  • The COVID-19 Pandemic and Social Well-Being Psychology essay sample: This paper aims to discuss the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and the social well-being of people.
  • “Psychological Distress: Concept Analysis”: Key Findings Psychology essay sample: "Psychological Distress: Concept Analysis" defines psychological stress as a state that is unique, discomforting, and emotional and appears in response to specific stressors.
  • Benefits of Meditations Psychology essay sample: Meditation has many health benefits for humans. It can be exercised at any time, depending on someone’s schedule and comfortable place.
  • Post-Traumatic Growth Among Police Officers Psychology essay sample: Effective implementation of Christian counseling has the potential to introduce post-traumatic growth among police officers that are followers of the Christian worldview.
  • Secondary Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children Psychology essay sample: Understanding child PTSD is fundamental in determining or predicting the future tendencies and outcomes of future life in terms of health, behavior, and social well-being.
  • Work-Related Stress and Meditation & Mindfulness Psychology essay sample: An explanation of the two coping strategies, which are meditation and mindfulness and massage therapy, will be provided to reveal how they would be applied to work-related stress.
  • How to Increase Happiness Across All Three Types of Subjective Well-Being Psychology essay sample: Some essential benefits of happiness include reduced stress, boosted immune system, a healthy lifestyle, and the maintenance of healthy relationships.
  • Childhood Trauma: Causes, Effects, and Preventive Measures Psychology essay sample: It is salient to understand the causative factors and the effects of childhood trauma while also highlighting applicable preventive measures.
  • Trauma-Focused Therapy: Effectiveness on Patients Experiencing PTSD Psychology essay sample: The COVID-19 pandemic and its implications ranked first among the predisposing factors for the unprecedented annual statistics.
  • Impact of Toxic Stress on Child Refugees Psychology essay sample: More early childhood educators should recognize the complexity of working with child refugees and reduce the amount of stress they tend to experience.
  • Sleep Health and Self-Determination Psychology essay sample: Poor sleep is the problem that affects human motivation and performance chosen for this assessment. Poor sleep has become a ubiquitous issue in modern high-paced society.
  • The Impact of Stress on Learning Psychology essay sample: The paper states that the level of stress has a long-term impact on many aspects of a person's nervous, physical, and mental development.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Animal-Assisted Therapy Psychology essay sample: Dogs are attractive animals to study the relationship between the oxytocinergic system and social connections.
  • The Psychological Sources of Stress Psychology essay sample: The psychological sources of stress are numerous, but they can be summarized as the failure of an individual to address their particular needs.
  • Student Mental Health: Dealing With Stress Psychology essay sample: The paper discusses the probability of positive outcomes of mindfulness practices on students’ mental health. The solution can help reduce depression symptoms.
  • The Stress Outcomes Resistance Psychology essay sample: There are many methods of stress correction, and the task is to choose those that would correspond to individual characteristics and real conditions.
  • Perceived Academic Stress and Continuing and Returning Students Psychology essay sample: This paper investigates the relationship between perceived academic stress, continuing, and returning students variables. It adopted a descriptive study design.
  • Discussion: Abuse, Work, and Burnout Psychology essay sample: The growth of mental and emotional pressure, as well as the adverse effects of the environment, lead to an increase in the stress level, which causes burnout.
  • Positive Psychology in Educational Settings Psychology essay sample: When students are subjected to high levels of stress, their capacity to learn, memorize, and perform effectively can be affected.
  • Psychotherapy and Medications for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Yoga and Music Therapy as Effective Methods of Stress Management
  • Impact of Stress on Human Body Almost everyone experiences stress every day due to various reasons. Many people can endure it steadily, but the impact on the human body and on his life, work is very great.
  • Anxiety, Fear, Phobias and Stress Behavioral Therapy
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children
  • Stress Management Methods and Their Effectiveness The research investigates approaches applied by employees in managing the job stress and depression and identifies the most appropriate approach to be used.
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Used in the Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Based Stress Management Interventions: An Evaluation of Methodology
  • Work Stress and Frustration: Problem and Purpose The quality of the work environment matters to employees and contributes to an improved worker productivity and motivation.
  • Integrated Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Post-traumatic Stress and Psychotic Symptoms: A Case-Series Study Using Imaginal Reprocessing Strategies
  • Managing Stress Through Progressive Relaxation Therapy
  • Yoga as an Alternative Treatment Method to Deal With Stress The paper states that yoga may be a highly effective alternative treatment method that will help an individual to deal with stress and anxiety.
  • Massage Therapy and Stress Relief
  • Metacognitive Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Youth: A Feasibility Study
  • Workplace Stress and Resilience in Australian Nursing Workforce The primary purpose of this systematic analysis was to identify and integrate evidence on job stress and resilience using an example of the Australian nursing staff.
  • Moderated Online Social Therapy: A Model for Reducing Stress in Carers of Young People Diagnosed With Mental Health Disorders
  • Music Therapy for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder In this research paper, the case study approach will be used to investigate the problem of posttraumatic disorder.
  • Music Therapy Interventions for Stress Reduction in Adults With Mild Intellectual Disabilities: Perspectives From Clinical Practice
  • Person-Centered Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Stress and Burnout Among Intensive Care Unit Nurses Ordinarily, nursing practitioners are expected to deal with life and death issues daily and there is no room for a nurse to claim that he or she is fatigued.
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Lucid Dreaming Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Group Therapy, and Recreation Therapy
  • Nightmares as a Coping Mechanism for Stress This paper regards the article “Nightmares as a Coping Mechanism for Stress” examining the nightmare and stress correlation and whether nightmare is a coping mechanism for stress.
  • Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Post Traumatic Stress
  • Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy on Children and Adolescents With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Stress Among Law Enforcement Personnel The paper explains the causes of stress for law enforcement personnel and the impact the stress may have on the professional and personal life of officers.
  • Treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Female Victims of Trafficking Using Narrative Exposure Therapy
  • Treating Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
  • Abnormal Psychology: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Altruism, Positive Psychology, Stress, and Lifespan
  • Stress in the Educational Environment Stress is a set of unspecific protective reactions of the body caused by unfavorable factors and manifested by behavioral and psychological features.
  • Psychology: Stress, Motivation and Drug Addiction
  • Psychology: Coping Mechanism for Stress Management
  • Stress Influence on College Students’ Health and Well-Being The paper describes how students could reduce stress via sport, diet, healthy sleep, and emotional support from friends and relatives.
  • Critical Health Psychology View of Stress
  • Decision-Making Skills and Stress Management Psychology
  • “Perceived Stress Among Students in Virtual Classrooms…” by AlAteeq The researchers examined perceived stress levels among students during the COVID-19 outbreak and the closure of learning institutions in KSA.
  • Dependent Variables in Psychology: Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
  • Economic Stress and Psychological Well-Being: An Economic Psychology Framework
  • Cultural Factors Contributing to Student Stress The purpose of this article is to identify how cultural issues undermine the efforts of Saudi Arabian students who study in Australia to meet their learning needs.
  • Occupational Health Psychology and Structural Stress
  • Psychological Disorders: Stress Coping and Well Being
  • Impacts of Low Morales on Criminal Activity Low morale increases criminal activities in society, and therefore the government should work in various ways, such as social approaches to reduce crime rates.
  • Health Psychology: Stress, Substance Abuse, Addictive Behavior, Obesity, and Health Promotion
  • Occupational Health Psychology and Work-Related Stress
  • Stress in the Organization Many people think that stress is a simple problem, but stress is complex and often misunderstood. Many definitions have been put across in trying to explain what stress is and what it entails.
  • Psychology at Work: Organizational Stress and Job Satisfaction
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Effect of Memory
  • Management of Workplace Stress Work-related stress could lead to poor performance, health, and welfare issues in employees. It is hence important to identify employees’ stress levels.
  • Positive Psychology and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Psychology and Clinical Response of Stress
  • “Over the Edge”: Managing Stress Among Employees Over the Edge” is a classical case study of the threat that an organization exposes itself to by having highly stressed workers who feel less valued.
  • Psychology: Stress and Its Impact on Health
  • Relationship Between Job Stress and Job Performance
  • Job Performance Dimensions and Stress Influences This essay will define and explain some of the fundamental concepts of job performance as well as discuss its relation to stress.
  • Stress: Personality Psychology and Stress Management Activities
  • Editorial: How Plants Deal With Stress: Exploration Through Proteome Investigation
  • The Effectiveness of Occupational Stress Management The focus of this study will be on the experiences of both workers and managers to determine the effectiveness of occupational stress management.
  • The Physiology of Stress: Understanding the Body’s Response Mechanisms
  • Chronic Stress: Causes, Effects, and Coping Strategies
  • Stress Management Techniques for a Healthy Lifestyle
  • Occupational Stress: Identifying, Preventing, and Managing Workplace Stress
  • The Impact of Stress on Mental Health: Anxiety and Depression
  • Work-Life Balance and Stress Management
  • Stress in College Students: Academic Pressure and Coping Mechanisms
  • How to Reduce Your Stress Levels
  • Stress and Physical Health: The Connection to Chronic Diseases
  • Navigating the Inevitability of Stress in Daily Life
  • Coping With Financial Stress: Strategies for Budgeting and Financial Wellness
  • The New Sources of Stress in Modern Society
  • Stress Management: What Is Stress and How to Overcome It
  • The Stress-Immunity Connection: How Stress Affects the Immune System
  • Causes and Effects of Stress in Daily Life
  • Parenting and Stress: Balancing Responsibilities and Self-Care
  • Comparing the Stress Rates Among Children and Adults
  • Gender Differences in Stress Responses and Coping Mechanisms
  • How Constant Stress Can Trigger Acute Coronary Events
  • Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: Techniques for Stress Management
  • Physical and Emotional Effects of Stress
  • Stress and Substance Abuse: The Cycle of Addiction and Recovery
  • The Effects of Stress on Cognitive Functioning and Decision-Making
  • Social Determinants of Stress: The Impact of Socioeconomic Factors
  • The Role of Stress in Obesity and Weight Management
  • Analyzing the Negative Impact of Stress on an Individual’s Health
  • The Issue of Stress in the Nursing Profession
  • Stress and Mental Resilience: Building Emotional Strength
  • The Impact of Stress on Academic Success in College Students
  • Influence of Yogic Techniques on Stress Management
  • Can Music Therapy Improve Stress Anxiety?
  • How to Use Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress?
  • Why Group Therapy Improves Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress?
  • How Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy Reduces Stress and Improves the Quality of Life in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease?
  • How Does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Deal With Post Traumatic Stress?
  • Does Music Therapy Reduce Stress?
  • Can Psychology Help With Stress Reduction?
  • How Stress Affects the Human Mind?
  • How Can Social Environment Influence Behaviors and Stress Levels?
  • Does Stress Affect Students’ Academic Performance? The main goal of this paper is to establish whether being under stress affects a student’s performance to a noticeable extent and how it’s possible to improve academic performance.
  • Can Stress Cause Illness?
  • How Stress Affects Immune Responses?
  • How Can You Reduce the Adverse Effects of Stress?
  • How Fear and Stress Shape the Mind?
  • How Does Chronic Stress Affect the Body?
  • How Stress Affects Our Health, Personality, and Relationship With People?
  • How Does Stress Affect Child Development?
  • How Does Job Stress Affect Your Health?
  • How Stress Affects Memory in Adults?
  • How Stress Affects Our Bodies, Minds, and Well Being?

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  • Psychotherapy
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  • Child Development
  • Abraham Maslow
  • Child Abuse


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  1. How To Manage Stress During Your Research Work?

  2. Positive Stress Management ( ice breaking )

  3. Stress Management#studyhabits

  4. How to manage the stress of your PhD

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  1. How Do You Make an Acknowledgment in a Research Paper?

    To make an acknowledgement in a research paper, a writer should express thanks by using the full or professional names of the people being thanked and should specify exactly how the people being acknowledged helped.

  2. What Is a Sample Methodology in a Research Paper?

    The sample methodology in a research paper provides the information to show that the research is valid. It must tell what was done to answer the research question and how the research was done.

  3. What Is a Good Title for My Research Paper?

    The title of a research paper should outline the purpose of the research, the methods used and the overall tone of the paper. The title is important because it is the first thing that is read. It is important that the title is focused, but ...

  4. A Study of Causes of Stress and Stress Management among Youth

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  10. Student Stress and the Effects of Relaxation: A Study Conducted at

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    ... stress. Depression can have severe effects on your eating habits, your relationships, your ability to work and study, and how you think and feel. The