Government Responsibilities to Its Citizens Research Paper

The term government as stated in the work of Hornby (2005) is used to define a body that has administrative power in the control of the state and its internal affairs and the manner in which this governing body is structured (P. 646).

Every government in the world has various responsibilities to its citizens. These responsibilities may differ from one government to another because of the different policies and legislations which these governments follow. However, there are those responsibilities which all governments to provide for its citizens.

Rosen (2005) argues that the responsibilities of a government are divided into two: those which the government must provide to its citizens, and those which the government may provide for its citizens. Responsibilities which the government has to provide to its citizens include:

  • Defending the country from intrusion or attacks by foreign nations or states.
  • Defending the people against natural calamities such as droughts, floods, earthquakes, avalanches and contagious diseases.
  • Protecting human rights.
  • Safeguarding freedoms such as life, liberty and property.
  • Facilitating the means to solve disputes among individuals and the government by using the justice system.
  • Contributing to the growth and development of the society.

The government ensures that it fulfills these responsibilities to its citizens exclusively by itself without any assistance from the society (Rosen 2005).

As stated earlier, there are responsibilities which the government may provide to its citizens. These are responsibilities for which the government requires participation of the society for their success. They include protection from non-transmittable diseases, education, and development of infrastructure and alienation of poverty (Rosen 2005).

The implementation and success of these programs requires active participation of the society. This is because it is the society who knows their own problems and needs thus they can work towards their alleviation. The government only assists in these operations, either through provision of funds, skilled manpower or the necessary machinery and equipments (Rosen 2005).

The aforementioned responsibilities ensure the maintenance of peace and security, protection of rights and freedom of individuals, high rates of literacy within the society, development of infrastructure, better health care and poverty alienation (Bullard 2008). Since it can protect its territories and citizens the government also maintains good international relations and gains respect from other nations.

The government should therefore provide these responsibilities (stated above) if it wants to achieve social development and sustainability (Bullard 2008). Once the above objectives have been achieved, then there will be a high rate of political, social and economic development in the society.

Through fulfilling its responsibilities, the government also enters into partnerships and agreements with other nations. These partnership help to develop trade, act as a forum of exchange of ideas and, in most cases, they lead to the development of good international relations with other Countries (Bullard 2008).

The government is a body in which all the powers of the state are vested. In this respect therefore, the government has various responsibilities which it has to provide for its citizens. Some of these responsibilities require the government to partner up with the society for proper implementation, while other responsibilities are to be performed by the government alone.

However, all of them are equally important, especially in ensuring that the society achieves political, social and economic sustainability. It is therefore the duty of the government to ensure that all its responsibilities have been met and delivered in the best way possible.

Works Cited

Bullard, Robert D. Assuring Environmental Justice for All. Environmental Justice Resource Center. Web.

Hornby, Albert. Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Rosen, James. Responsibilities of Governments , 100 Essays. 2005. Web.

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Government Responsibilities

Government Responsibilities As citizens of the United States, and as people living under a democracy, the government has certain responsibilities to us. We are guaranteed union, justice, tranquility, defense, welfare, and liberty. These rights are all very important to the well being of our country and the states that exist in it. I feel that there are three that are a little more important than the others. Justice is a vital part of governmental systems. Justice is a way to control the activities of citizens without infringing on their rights. Without justice, the acts of the citizens living under a government could not be very well controlled. There would be no punishments for bad behavior with would make this type of behavior more common. Even though justice acts as a way to loosely control the acts of citizens, it doesn't affect their liberty. Liberty is freedom. No one would want to live under a government under which they have no freedom and are controlled. Defense is also very important in a government. The protection of the people should be in high priority of the government. The government is there to serve the people and make life better for everyone. If they don't protect the people then there is no point in the government. Union is important as well. I don't feel that it is as important though because if all the other aspects of government are effective then there should be no problem keeping a body under the government together. Tranquility ties in with defense. As long as the defense is strong in a country they should not have a problem keeping it tranquil. I also feel that it would be unrealistic to try and keep a body of people tranquil at all times. To even attempt this, other aspects such as justice must be intact. Welfare too is an integral part of a successful government and guaranteed to the people. However I feel that if we didn't give our money up to the government in taxes then there would be no reason for them to have to give it back to us.

In this essay, the author

  • Opines that the government has certain responsibilities as citizens of the united states, and as people living under a democracy, such as union, justice, tranquility, defense, welfare and liberty.
  • Opines that justice is a vital part of governmental systems, as it controls the activities of citizens without infringing on their rights. liberty is freedom, and defense is also important.
  • Opines that union is important, but not as important. tranquility ties in with defense, and justice must be intact. welfare is an integral part of a successful government.
  • Opines that the government's promises are important, but other aspects cover some of them. union, justice, tranquility, defense, welfare, and liberty are all necessary to a successful government.

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Examining the Modern Day Relevance of the Bill of Rights

The Constitution lays out the rights and obligations of the newly formed United States government. But, what of the rights and obligations of its citizens? Starting in 1791 only two years after the Constitution was ratified the Constitution began to evolve and this process continues to this day. The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights. This Bill of Rights outlines the protections which citizens have from the government of the United States. The question raised in the title of this paper is; Are the Bill of Rights, written well over 200 years ago still relevant today? Of course they are and probably even more so. To illustrate this fact we will examine each of the ten amendments rewrite each one using common everyday language of today and if possible discuss why this was important in 1791 and why we may or may not need this document in writing today. In restating each amendment I will try to write it as if it is a brand new document, which is a stretch to say the least. With out the struggle of the colonies through war and abuse by the English Monarchy would one have the foresight to see how a government may take for granted the rights of its citizenry?

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When thinking of The United States only two thoughts come to mind; freedom and citizenship. The right to vote, the right to freedom of speech, and the right to a fair, speedy trial are all rights the citizens of America possess. All the same people have responsibilities. People residing in the United States are expected to know their responsibilities such as Supporting and defending the Constitution, or Respecting the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others. In 1791, the Constitution of the United States was amended and the people were given the ten amendments, which is also known as the Bill of Rights, to protect freedom.

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  • What Is the Proper Role of Government

What Is the Proper Role of Government - Essay Example

What Is the Proper Role of Government

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Government Responsibility Regarding Human Rights

Every state has the primary responsibility of promoting and protecting human rights. To realize these responsibilities, both local and national governments have to educate the public about human rights, create awareness, raise, and train public officials on the significance of freedom. Governments employ legal instruments that oversee social security in adherence to the 1952 convention and utilize the 2012 social protection floors recommendation to ensure human rights are protected. Additionally, governments implement the International Convention on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), where special measures protect and assist young adults and children.

Human rights are absolutely and evenly protected worldwide by adhering to the 1998 Human Rights Act, the main law that allows for freedom to be safeguarded. Public authorities must treat every individual with the equality, fairness, dignity, autonomy, and respect they deserve through the law. Moreover, since laying down the principles that brought human rights into the international law realm in 1948, the Universal Human Rights Declaration has diligently protected this freedom using on-the-ground activities and legal instruments. Lastly, through the 1950 European Convention on Human Rights, European members established an international treaty to safeguard similar privileges in Europe.

Several ways exist through which governments can improve human rights around the world. Making a difference revolves around speaking up for what people care about, with one brave voice being enough to create awareness around an issue. The other way to improve human rights protection is by donating or volunteering in global organizations where such initiations empower communities towards escaping fundamental challenges like poverty and natural disaster resiliency. The other ways to improve human rights protection throughout the world, by mention, are to choose fair trade and ethically make gifts, listen to others’ stories, stay connected with social movements, and stand up against discrimination.


De Than, Claire. Human Rights . Pearson Education Limited. 2019.

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Example Of Government And Citizens: Roles And Responsibilities Essay

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Government , Law , Politics , Relationships , Responsibility , Belief , Thinking , Time

Words: 1400

Published: 03/25/2020


It is not an untold secret that both government and people are bind together in an interdependent relationship. It means that that there is a reciprocal relationship between the government and the citizens that demands a give and take approach (Callahan 174). Just as citizens are liable to follow the laws and rules and regulations set up by the government; the government is also answerable to the citizens for all its actions. As far as citizens are concerned, I think that this collaborative association with the government tests them to find the time and to remain involved for the betterment of all. It is exceedingly necessary for the citizens to get awareness regarding the governmental functions in order to be acquainted with both prospects and restraints. As citizens, it is their duty to leave expedient personal impetus behind and come to the table for the interest of the public. The development and sustenance of the mentioned collaborative relationships are dependent on the participation of citizens. There are a number of roles that citizens must play in order to preserve their relationship with the government. These contributions include “participating in neighborhood associations, serving on school boards and advisory committees, attending public meetings and hearings, and encouraging their neighbors and friends to do the same” (Callahan 208). Such contributions may help the citizens to become dynamic and concerned members of their communities. The development of trustworthy associations, relationships and networks is dependent on this kind of active and involved participation. This kind of involvement also helps citizens to have a greater understanding of the system and governance style. The power that is consequently attained also let people to hold the government officials answerable for their activities (Callahan 208). In my opinion, my relationship with the government can become better once I understand my duties, responsibilities and rights. I believe that there are numerous rights and responsibilities that I should practice and respect being a citizen of my country. I believe that it is my responsibility to act as an involved contributor and possessor of the government. As a citizen, I shall try to develop a productive, meaningful and evocative relationship with the government. It is my responsibility as a citizen to identify and realize that I have certain duties to discharge. An active role on my part can help the government to improve its services and make decisions for the people. By assuming an active role, I can even challenge the authorities for their undertakings. I also believe that as a citizen, it is my utmost duty to look beyond my self-interests for the betterment of the community. This will become easier if I start taking interest in public affairs and to feel the troubles and tribulations of others. I believe that I can gain this understanding of mutuality if I start thinking about the consequences of my actions (as a citizen) on the society. To cut a long story short, my behavior as a citizen has a great impact on the improvement of societal conditions. I believe that as a law-abiding citizen, I must discharge my duties lawfully. The first and foremost responsibility that I have as a citizen is to hold up and protect the Constitution of the State. Secondly, I shall always be informed regarding the different issues that have a direct/indirect effect on the community. Thirdly, it is also my chief responsibility to be an efficient participant in the maintenance of the democratic system. Fourthly, it is also important for me to have respect and obedience for the laws made up by the local, state and federal governments. As a citizen, it is my responsibility to value other peoples’ opinions, respect their rights and revere their beliefs (religious, political etc.). My participation in the affairs of the local community is also my major responsibility as a dynamic civilian. One of the most important responsibilities that I have as a citizen is to make sure that all my taxes are paid without any delay. Last but not the least; I believe that I shall serve my country in the time of need. I have already mentioned that there is a reciprocal relationship between the government and the citizens. Therefore, there are certain things that I expect from government as a citizen. I believe that it is the responsibility of the government to grant me the freedom for expressing myself and my opinions openly. I also expect the government to let me worship according to my wish. The government should not interfere in people’s religious beliefs. It is also expected of the government to give its citizens the tight to a timely and just trial by the judicial system. I also think that it is very essential for the government to allow its citizens to vote in elections for the people they assume as fair and honest. It is also the duty of a government to make sure that the physiological and safety needs of its citizens are met properly and appropriately. Moreover, it is the fiscal responsibility of the government to ensure that its activities are assessed and monitored in a careful manner for the long-term sustainability. Recently, I was driving home with my family when a police officer asked us to stop to check for drugs and alcohol. It was a bad thing from his end as there was no apparent reason to stop us for checking. This was a time when I felt that it was an unfair thing to do. He insisted on looking inside our car which I think was rude. Although we knew that we could refuse to let him search the car, we remained silent. I think that it is the responsibility of the officials to have proper information before asking people to stop and get their vehicles searched. I believe that is the violation of my rights as a citizen as I was with my family and it was really offensive to be stopped and searched like that. I think that it was unfair to check us on the basis of suspicion and without any reasonable evidence. Individualized suspicion is necessary in such cases. Thus, it is one of the laws that I would like to make an amendment to. It is important to mention here that Thomas Jefferson believed in the rewriting of the Constitution from scratch. He asserted that every American generation must rewrite the laws according to its time and circumstances. However, the conditions are opposite as the Constitution of the United States of America cannot be touched for any amendment (Phillips). Being the citizen of a democratic country, I believe that I have both rights and responsibilities. I believe that I must invest time and hard work in order to be productive towards my community and country. In my opinion, the success and failure of the government is dependent on my participation. I don’t think that it is enough to just go out and vote and to let the elected officials do whatever they want. However, the government officials are also required to discharge their duties in an honest and vigilant manner. The reciprocal relationship can turn out as beneficial only then. Thus, making a country peaceful and fit for human habitation is only possible when both people and government realize their roles and responsibilities and agree to work hand in hand for the development and progression of the nation. To conclude, it is the need of the time to get aware of one’s roles and responsibilities as the citizen of a state that has given so much to us.

Works Cited

Callahan, Kathe. Elements of Effective Governance: Measurement, Accountability and Participation. Boca Raton: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 2007. Print. Hutchins, Amber Lee. Roles, Responsibilities, and Responses: The Intersection of Journalism and Public Relations in the Armstrong Williams, Mcmanus and Gallagher, and El Nuevo Hearald Ethics Controversies. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest, 2008. Print. Phillips, Christopher. Constitution Cafe: Jefferson's Brew for a True Revolution. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2011. Print.


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