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Contemporary Black Writers Whose Must-Read Works Are Shaping Today’s Literary Landscape

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

On NPR’s Pop Culture Happy Hour podcast , writer Lauren Michele Jackson expanded upon her Vulture essay , which illustrated how 2020’s uptick in anti-racist reading lists overshadowed the literary merits and artistry of Black writers’ works. In the interview, Jackson referenced literary great Toni Morrison and her acclaimed novel The Bluest Eye , a frequent entrant on such lists. “Toni Morrison loved literature deeply,” Jackson says. “A lot of people do [ The Bluest Eye and] Morrison’s fiction in general — and fiction in general — such a profound disservice with the idea that you can read these novels as some sort of roadmap to racial awakening.”

Furthermore, Jackson notes that by tasking novels with being anti-racist, instructive works, folks are “Reinforc[ing] the idea that Black writers aren’t paying attention to these things, [that] Black writers are just a means for white people to be better white people.” That is, Black writers and their works should be appreciated for their craft and language — not always filtered through a pedagogical lens fit for white consumption.

From Toni Morrison and James Baldwin to Octavia E. Butler and Yusef Komunyakaa, Black writers have always shaped and defined the literary landscape — and contemporary Black novelists, poets and memoirists continue to sculpt that landscape. Penning everything from YA rom-coms and daring novels to lyrical memoirs, these writers have crafted some of today’s must-read, soon-to-be-classic works.

Angie Thomas

“At an early age I learned that people make mistakes, and you have to decide if their mistakes are bigger than your love for them.” ( The Hate U Give )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

While querying literary agents, Angie Thomas pivoted from writing fantasy and middle-grade novels, fearing her work “wouldn’t matter.” Instead, she turned her attention to the news, which, at the time, was focusing on the shooting of Oscar Grant, a Black man murdered by the police on an Oakland train platform — and this story, in turn, inspired Thomas to write The Hate U Give , first as a short story and then as the best-selling young adult novel.

Inspired by Tupac’s THUG LIFE tattoo, which was allegedly an acronym for “The Hate U Give Little Infants F-cks Everybody, Thomas has noted the title implies that “what society feeds into youth has a way of coming back and affecting us all.” The Coretta Scott King and William C. Morris Award-winner recently published her second young adult novel On the Come Up and, just this year, her third novel, Concrete Rose , hit shelves in January.

Kacen Callender

“It can be easier, sometimes, to choose to love someone you know won’t return your feelings. At least you know how that will end. It’s easier to accept hurt and pain, sometimes, than love and acceptance. It’s the real, loving relationships that can be the scariest.” ( Felix Ever After )

Best known for their Stonewall Book Award and Lambda Literary Award-winning debut Hurricane Child , Kacen Callender has written several contemporary middle grade and young adult novels as well as best-selling fantasy books.

Most recently, Callender made waves with Felix Ever After , a YA novel about Felix, a transgender teen who fears that he’s “one marginalization too many — Black, queer, and transgender — to ever get his own happily ever-after.” Booklist notes that “From its stunning cover art to the rich, messy, nuanced narrative at its heart, this is an unforgettable story of friendship, heartbreak, forgiveness, and self-discovery, crafted by an author whose obvious respect for teen readers radiates from every page.”

Brit Bennett

“Oh girl, we have known littlebit love. That littlebit of honey left in an empty jar that traps the sweetness in your mouth long enough to mask your hunger. We have run tongues over teeth to savor that last littlebit as long as we could, and in all our living, nothing has starved us more.” ( The Mothers )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Brit Bennett just released her sophomore novel, The Vanishing Half , in June 2020 to much critical acclaim and commercial success. This soon-to-be-two-time-best-selling author made her debut as a novel writer back in 2016, with the much-lauded novel The Mothers . Before that, Bennett cemented her place as a new, powerful voice with her Jezebel essay “I Don’t Know What to Do With Good White People.”

N. K. Jemisin

“He’s been here one hour, but already he feels like he has never lived anywhere else. And even if he doesn’t know who he was… he knows who he is.” ( The City We Became )

Nora Keita Jemisin, who is perhaps best known by her pen name N.K. Jemisin, is a multi-Hugo Award-winning author. Notably, the three books in her Broken Earth series made her the first writer to win the Hugo for Best Novel in three consecutive years. (It’s also the only trilogy to have earned this distinction.) Needless to say, Jemisin is one of the greatest science fiction and fantasy authors working today.

In 2020, her The City We Became topped bestseller lists. What’s the speculative novel about? “Every great city has a soul. Some are ancient as myths, and others are as new and destructive as children. New York? She’s got six.” And that’s just the jacket copy. The New York Times praised The City We Became , noting that it “takes a broad-shouldered stand on the side of sanctuary, family and love. It’s a joyful shout, a reclamation and a call to arms.”

George M. Johnson

“Symbolism gives folks hope. But I’ve come to learn that symbolism is a threat to actual change—it’s a chance for those in power to say, “Look how far you have come” rather than admitting, “Look how long we’ve stopped you from getting here.” ( All Boys Aren’t Blue )

Journalist, consultant, activist and author George M. Johnson has written for Teen Vogue , The Root , THEM , Black Youth Project and more. They also published their first memoir, All Boys Aren’t Blue , in 2020 — to much acclaim. In a series of personal essays about gender identity, toxic masculinity, Black joy and brotherhood, Johnson crafts what The New York Times has called “an exuberant, unapologetic [young-adult] memoir.”

Conversational and beautifully written, this can’t-miss memoir-manifesto “opens new doors… [T]he author insists that we don’t have to anchor stories such as his to tragic ends: ‘Many of us are still here. Still living and waiting for our stories to be told―to tell them ourselves'” (via Kirkus).

Jericho Brown

“I don’t remember how I hurt myself / The pain mine / Long enough for me / To lose the wound that invented it.” (“Colosseum,” from The New Testament )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Poet, writer and educator Jericho Brown released his first book of prose and poetry, Please , in 2009. Since then, he has been the recipient of a Whiting Award, an American Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. His other collections, The New Testament and The Tradition , are also must-reads and, for readers who enjoy literary magazines, some of Brown’s most landmark poems have appeared in AGNI , Rumpus , Oxford American and The Missouri Review .

Leah Johnson

“I never needed this race, or a hashtag, or the king to be a queen. I was born royalty. All I had to do was pick up my crown.” ( You Should See Me in a Crown )

Author, educator and editor Leah Johnson penned one of 2020’s bestselling novels, You Should See Me in a Crown . Kirkus called the hit YA novel “a pitch perfect rom-com… [and] the queer prom romance you didn’t know you needed.” In addition to topping the New York Times Best Seller list and earning several “book of the year” commendations, You Should See Me in a Crown is a Stonewall Honor Book and the inaugural Reese’s Book Club YA pick. Johnson’s sophomore novel, Rise to the Sun , will hit shelves in 2021.

Saeed Jones

“A joke I used to repeat in those days was: Why be happy when you can be interesting? I knew how to be interesting. There was power in being a spectacle, even a miserable spectacle. The punch and the line. Interesting: sentences like serrated blades, laughter like machine-gun rounds, a drink in one hand, a borrowed cigarette in the other. If you could draw enough glances, any room could orbit around you.” ( How We Fight for Our Lives )

Saeed Jones is perhaps best known for his poetry with his debut collection, Prelude to Bruise , being named a 2014 finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award. Jones’ other accolades include a Pushcart Prize, two Lambda Literary Awards and a PEN Literary Award. Most recently, he authored the visceral, lyrical memoir How We Fight for Our Lives .

“It’s hard to be told to lighten up because if you lighten up any more, you’re going to float the f-ck away.” ( Bad Feminist )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Writer, professor, editor, social commentator and pop culture aficionado Roxane Gay is perhaps most well known for her best-selling essay collection Bad Feminist , but she has written across forms and genres — all to immense success. She holds a PEN Center USA Freedom to Write Award, two Lambda Literary Awards and, in 2018, she and her collaborators, Ta-Nehisi Coates and Alitha Martinez, won an Eisner Award for the comic series World of Wakanda , a Black Panther spin-off. Gay’s other must-read works include the short story collections Ayiti and Difficult Women , the memoir Hunger and a novel called An Untamed State .

Nnedi Okorafor

“Prejudice begets prejudice, you see. Knowledge does not always evolve into wisdom.” ( Akata Witch )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Nnedi Okorafor is a Nigerian-American writer who is best known for her Nebula and Hugo-winning novella Binti , the first entrant in what would become a beloved (and acclaimed) series. The sci-fi and fantasy writer has penned novels and short stories for both children and adults, including Zahrah the Windseeker , Akata Witch , Lagoon and Who Fears Death , which is set to be adapted into an HBO series.

Danez Smith

“i want to say something without saying it/ but there’s no time. i’m waiting for a few folks/ i love dearly to die so i can be myself./ please don’t make me say who.” (“Waiting for You to Die So I Can Be Myself,” Homie )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Lambda Literary Award winner and National Book Award finalist Danez Smith has written three poetry collections — Boy , Don’t Call Us Dead and, most recently, Homie . Written in the wake of the loss of a friend, Homie is a “magnificent anthem about the saving grace of friendship.” The collection has also been called “expansive” and “big enough to hold a vast mosaic of emotion and style, of life and death, of survival and resilience, of pain and joy” by Lambda Literary. Fellow poet Tish Jones perhaps put it best, saying, “ Homie is how we survive ― in verse.”

Jacqueline Woodson

“The empty swing set reminds us of this — / that bad won’t be bad forever, / and what is good can sometimes last / a long, long time.” ( Brown Girl Dreaming )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

After serving as the Young People’s Poet Laureate, Jacqueline Woodson was named the National Ambassador for Young People’s Literature, a title that reiterates her incredible contribution to children’s and young adult literature. In 2014, Woodson won the National Book Award for her best-known work Brown Girl Dreaming , a young adult novel told in verse. The Coretta Scott King Award- and Newbery Honor-winning writer also authored Miracle’s Boys , After Tupac and D Foster , Feathers and Show Way .

Jason Reynolds

“I wanted him to know that I saw him, a guy who, even with a tear-streaked face, seemed to have two tiny smiles framing his eyes like parentheses, a guy on the ground pantomiming his death to remind the world he was alive.” ( All American Boys )

Jason Reynolds is perhaps best-known for the first book in his Track series, Ghost , which was also a National Book Award Finalist for Young People’s Literature. He’s also a poet, writing verse for younger audiences, and worked on the graphic novel Miles Morales: Spider-Man . In addition to rounding out the Track series with Patina , Sunny and Lu , Reynolds also penned As Brave As You , a Kirkus Prize- and NAACP Image Award-winning book, and the Newbery Honor novel-in-verse Long Way Down .

Colson Whitehead

“Truth was a changing display in a shop window, manipulated by hands when you weren’t looking, alluring and ever out of reach.” ( The Underground Railroad )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Acclaimed novelist Colson Whitehead received the MacArthur Fellowship back in 2002, just a few years after he published his debut work The Intuitionist . His alternate-history novel The Underground Railroad earned him the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. In 2020, he won his second Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Nickel Boys , making him just the fourth writer ever to win the fiction prize twice.

Jesmyn Ward

“Some days later, I understood what he was trying to say, that getting grown means learning how to work that current: learning when to hold fast, when to drop anchor, when to let it sweep you up.” ( Sing, Unburied, Sing )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

A member of the faculty at Tulane, Jesmyn Ward has a Stegner Fellowship from Stanford University, a MacArthur Grant and two National Book Awards under her belt — in fact, she is the first woman to win two National Book Awards for Fiction. Ward’s must-read works include Salvage the Bones and, arguably her most well-known book, Sing, Unburied, Sing . She also edited a seminal essay and poetry collection called The Fire This Time , the title of which alludes to James Baldwin’s The Fire Next Time .

Rebecca Roanhorse

“I am the only storm that matters now, and there is no shelter from what I bring.” ( Black Sun)

Rebecca Roanhorse hails from Rebecca Parish in Conway, Arkansas. Roanhorse credits her complex upbringing as one of the primary sources of inspiration behind her writing career; “I wrote a lot of SF because I imagined different worlds and different places, and created complex places to escape to.” Furthermore, Roanhorse’s mother (a high school english teacher) and her step-father (an economics professor) encouraged her to develop her writing talents all throughout her life.

One of Roanhorse’s first published works was Natives in Space , a 2017 essay that appeared in Invisible 3: Essays and Poems on Representation in SF/F . From there, Roanhorse wrote multiple award-winning short stories and novels, earning an Alex Award, a Hugo Award and a Nebula Award in the process. Some of her most critically acclaimed works include Trail of Lightning and Black Sun .

Ta-Nehisi Coates

“I was young and love to me was a fuse that was lit, not a garden that was grown. Love was not concerned with any deep knowledge of its object, of their wants and dreams, but mainly with the joy felt in their presence and the sickness felt in their departure.” ( The Water Dancer )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Ta-Nehisi Coates was once best known for his work as a national correspondent for The Atlantic . But, now, his second non-fiction book, the National Book Award finalist Between the World and Me , is perhaps his most widely read work. Outside of nonfiction, Coates has penned several Marvel comics, including entries in both the Black Panther and Captain America series.

Additionally, his first novel, The Water Dancer — a surrealist story with a superhuman protagonist and a pre–Civil War South setting — topped bestseller lists in 2019. Publishers Weekly praised Coates’ debut novel, stating, “In prose that sings and imagination that soars, Coates further cements himself as one of this generation’s most important writers, tackling one of America’s oldest and darkest periods with grace and inventiveness. This is bold, dazzling, and not to be missed.”

Natasha Trethewey

“I read the line over and over as if I might discern the little fires that set the flames of an idea licking the page how knowledge burns.” (“Illumination,” from Thrall )

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Natasha Trethewey was appointed United States Poet Laureate in both 2012 and 2013 and won the 2007 Pulitzer Prize in Poetry for her collection Native Guard . Earlier in her career, she was the Poet Laureate of Mississippi and authored a collection of poems, letters and essays called Beyond Katrina: A Meditation on the Mississippi Gulf Coast .

A member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Trethewey is also a Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets. When she was appointed to that position, fellow Chancellor David St. John said of her work that “Rarely has any poetic intersection of cultural and personal experience felt more inevitable, more painful, or profound.” Her other must-read collections include Thrall and Bellocq’s Ophelia .


essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Pakistan: Culture and History Exploratory Essay

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a large culturally diverse country located at the crossroads of the strategically significant expanses of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia, and borders Afghanistan and Iran in the western corridor, India in the eastern corridor, and China in the far northeast (Page et al 6). This brief attempts to examine the country’s history and culture.

Although Urdu is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan, Punjabi is the principal indigenous language in the country by virtue of the fact that it is spoken by an estimated 60 million individuals (Page et al 18). There exist marked differences between how the Urdu language is written using Arabic and Hindi characters.

Although the language uses the right-to-left alphabet modified from the Persian alphabet, it is important to point out that some characters do not exist in Hindi, implying that people using the Hindi characters have to employ some consonants from Arabic for use in words borrowed from Arabic/Persian only.

For instance, the ‘Z’ sound is not available in Hindi, necessitating speakers to use ‘J’ instead. Equally, some characters do not exist in Arabic or Persian, and are therefore borrowed from Hindi. The rules for gender in most of the characters which have been borrowed from the Hindi language do not change between Urdu and Hindi; however the rules for gender shifts in most of the words borrowed from the Arabic language.

Moving on to the issue of tribes, the major ethnic groups in Pakistan include “…Punjabis (44.68% of the population), Pashtuns (15.42%), Sindhis (14.1%), Seraikis (8.38%), Muhajirs (7.57%), Balochis (3.57%) and others (6.08%)” (Page et al 18).

While the Punjabis are an indo-Aryan tribal grouping of North Indian origin, the Pashtuns belong to the Eastern Iranian peoples, and the Sindhis are native to the Sindh province of Pakistan.

The Seraikis have no central place of origin, but the Muhajirs are immigrants who preferred to stay in Pakistan and changed their residence after the partition of British India to Pakistan. The Balochis are native to Balochistan – the largest province of Pakistan by land mass.

In discussing the main characteristics of Pakistani culture, it is imperative to mention that every great nation enjoys its own distinct culture, and Pakistan is no different in large part due to its distinctive culture that is grounded on Islamic values and traditions, as well as a rich historical background.

Pakistani culture draws its value propositions, belief systems and traditions from Islam, by virtue of the fact that it is actually a component of the contemporary Islamic civilization.

It is of essence to note that Pakistani culture is a striking combination of Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan, Baluchi, Barohi, Seraiki and Kashmiri cultures, and that the society follows a patriarch system where each nuclear/extended family is headed by the senior most male member, who is responsible for the upkeep of the family.

Pakistani culture is not only characterized by a rich variety of colorful dress codes, but also a great tradition of fairs and festivals, including the Horse and Cattle shows of Lahore, the Polo festival of Gilgit, as well as the annual urs of Hazrat Daata Ganj Bakhsh.

Lastly, it is important to note that not only are Pakistani people great lovers of sports and games, such as hockey, cricket, soccer and squash, but they also enjoy great distinction in production of handicrafts at an international level (Civil Service of Pakistan para. 1-9).

Works Cited

Civil Service of Pakistan. Characteristics of Pakistani Culture and Important Traditions and Customs . 2012. Web.

Page, Shirley, Kim Sappe, Crystal Johnson, Carol Morgan and Barbara Dezmon 2009. Pakistan: Heritage Resource Packet . Web.

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IvyPanda. (2019, June 18). Pakistan: Culture and History. https://ivypanda.com/essays/pakistan-culture-history/

"Pakistan: Culture and History." IvyPanda , 18 June 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/pakistan-culture-history/.

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Pakistan Ki Saqafat In Urdu Pakistani Culture And Civilization Urdu Speech Essay Tehzeeb

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Culture In Pakistan Culture : My Family, And Pakistani Culture

Five pillars of islam.

Arkhan al Islam or the five pillars of faith are the foundations of Islam which govern the everyday actions and practices of Islamic adherents around the world. These core teachings of Islam are essential in order for Muslims to be able to efficiently express and practice their beliefs. Adherents are expected to follow these pillars as it is stated in the Qur’an, believed to be the direct word of Allah, revealed through the revelation to the prophet Muhammad. The five pillars are a crucial part of Islam, therefore being perfect examples of expressions of faith, as they shape how the Islamic faith is lived out. Both Sunni and Shi’ia Muslims agree of the fundamentals of Islam, and carry out practicing these beliefs in similar yet slightly altered ways. By living out these pillars, adherents are showing full submission to Allah and will assist adherents in gaining a place in the afterlife.

Islam Five Pillars

Central to the Muslim belief is the importance of devotion and total submission to Allah. This is put into practice through the Five Pillars of Islam –the five obligatory duties that must be performed by all practising Muslims. These are the acts of faith, prayer, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. Carrying out these duties creates structure in a Muslim’s life, teaching them to devote their time to Allah and not get caught up in their own secular lives. The effect the Five Pillars of Islam has on not only the individual but the community as a whole is substantial. Constantly

The Three Major Religions Essay

obliged to follow the ‘Five Pillars.’  They are 1) Muslim profession of faith or shahada, 2) Ritual

Compare and Contrast Christianity and Islam

Muhammad descended from Ishmael. The fundamental practices of Islam is the five pillars. These practices include a ritual profession of faith, praying five times daily facing east, giving of alms (zakat), fasting, and performing the holy pilgrimage to Mecca.

Ap World History Assignment

The Five Pillars of Islam are lifelong acts of worship, which includes faith, prayer, almsgiving (charity), fasting, and a pilgrimage to Mecca.

Faithful Islamics today still strive to complete the five pillars; Believe that Allah is the one and only God, pray five times a day, give alms, and fast at Ramadan, and make a pilgrimage to mecca. Since The Middle East continues to have a strong religious background ever since Muhammad’s teachings.

Special Considerations for Clients of Islamic Faith

The five pillars of the Islamic faith are of tremendous importance to the Muslim culture. These five pillars are the foundation of Islamic teachings, principles and morals. One could think of the pillars just as you would think of the pillars of a building. As some buildings need pillars to remain standing, Muslims believe that the five pillars are essential to the existence and continuation of their religion. There are many aspects to the Islamic religion, but the five pillars are required for anyone who wants to acquire the title of

Being Raid In A Culture

Muslims believe in one God, Allah. There are five pillars of Islam. The first is Shahada, one must pledge that there in no one God but Allah. Next is Salah, which is mandatory worship and prayer, happens five times a day. It is mandatory that they worship Allah dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and at night. Third is Seyam, which means fasting. They are required to fast during the ninth month of the Lunar calendar. Fourth is Zakah. This the obligated

Essay on The Five Pillars of Islam

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Like many other religions, the Muslim faith has experienced many changes and branches. Like Christianity, the original faith is still practiced by some, but others have started new branches with their own unique interpretation being Muslim. Despite these differences within the Muslim religion, one set of rules for moral guidance is central to all. These rules are the Five Pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars act as a moral compass for Muslims and are universally accepted as they are mentioned specifically in the Qur’an, the sacred Muslim book of God’s words as they were recited to Muhammad (Molloy, 425).

Buddhism and Islam Essay

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On the other hand, Islam's basic rules of conduct consist of five commandments. These are shahada, which is the most fundamental of the commandments - the declaration of belief that there is only one God, and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is His messenger. Shalat, which is praying five times a day to reaffirm submission to God, Saum -- fasting in the month of Ramadan which requires abstinence from everything worldly. All Muslims are required give 2.5% of his savings to charity, and this is termed Zakat. It is considered a social welfare responsibility and Hajj, which is going for pilgrimage after the end of Ramadan .

Muslim Culture Research Paper

Muslim culture consist of ritual and traditions. Muslim are people who worship and surrender to one god only and are a follower of prophet muhammad .Not all of their culture have to do with religion however partially is, such as their clothing.what muslim men and women is very important because it's a sign of obedience and respect towards its god because in the quran it states their god wanted them to cover up.

The Importance Of The Five Pillars Of Islam

Islam, now one of the major religions of the world, was found by a prophet, named Muhammad. The idea of Islam is the believer, called a Muslim, accepts surrender to the will of Allah, who is their God. Allah is viewed as the creator of the world. Islam is much like Christianity, as they are both monotheistic, potentially believing in the same God. Islam’s practices are written in the holy book, called the Qur’an, or Koran in English. Allah revealed the Koran to his messenger, Muhammad, who is considered the last of a series of prophets (Rahmin). Within the Islam religion, Muslims practice the Five Pillars of Islam, which is one of the most important practices. The Five Pillars of Islam are the five obligations that every muslim must satisfy in order to live a good and responsible life according to Islam (Five Pillars of Islam). Carrying out the Five Pillars demonstrates the Muslim is putting their faith first. The first pillar is called “Shahadah,” which focuses on reciting the Muslim profession of faith (Five Pillars of Islam).

Islamic Culture Essay

Muslim culture generally reflects the traditions and customs of Muslims that they adopt for a perfect and respectable life in the society according to the lessons of Quran. Muslim culture is a giant combination of diverse cultures, That’s because Muslims live in various countries all over the world. Most of the practices are common faiths and guidance for all Muslims no matter what country or even content they reside in.. These basic faiths and belives are based on the teachings of Islam. The Muslim culture is a subject of debate for many people who lives in different parts of the world and belong to diverse communities. Muslim culture represents the unification of brotherhood where all Muslims are bound to

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In the Quran and the Hadith of Bukhari there are many descriptions of what it takes to be a good Muslim. God gives very specific details to Muhammad about what Muslims need to do and what they can’t do if they want to get to paradise. The five pillars of Islam created a base for Muslims to follow in order to be a good Muslim. The five pillars are that there is no god but God, to offer prayer, to give charity, perform the hajj and to fast during Ramadan (HB 1: 7). The Muslims that follow the five pillars and follow Muhammad’s teachings will reach paradise.

Essay Muslims and the Religion of Islam

The five pillars of Islam are the basics of the Muslim life. The first pillar is called the Shahada or Witness. It is a profession of faith that states simply that “there is no god but God (Allah), and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” Someone becomes a Muslim by stating this declaration of faith. It is also used daily in prayers. The second pillar of Islam is called Salat or Prayer. It describes the ritual prayers muslims are called to pray five times throughout the day. The prayers are made in position facing Mecca. The third pillar is called Zakat or Giving. It is the act of charity Muslims do by setting aside about 2.5 percent of their total income and give to the poor. The fourth pillar of Islam is called Swam or Fasting. Every year in the month of Ramadan, (the ninth month of

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Importance Of Pakistani Culture

essay on pakistani culture in urdu

Show More PAKISTANI CULTURE-A VALUE ORIENTED CULTURE QUESTION: Pakistani culture is a value oriented culture. Justify the statement. CULTURE Culture is an ever-changing phenomenon. The word culture has many definitions. It is basically known as way of living of people. According to Herskovits: “Man-made environment is called culture .” PAKISTANI CULTURE Pakistani culture is basically a mixed culture(blend of different cultures). It is influenced and affected by various cultures like western, Indian, Persian, Arabic etc. This culture is a combination and organization of large number of people i.e. 130 million. We cannot say that Muslims live in majority because people belonging to other religions are also part of this culture. Beliefs, ideas, attitude, …show more content… NATIONAL AND REGIONAL LANGUAGES: Urdu is the official language in Pakistan. All judicial and official correspondence is done through this language. Besides that, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashto are also spoken in various regions. All of them represent the core cultural values of Pakistan. 11. LITERACY: Pakistan has a high rate illiteracy and unemployment. This culture is very conservative and low activity culture. Due to illiteracy, people resist social changes and new trends. About 60 % population is not educated. They are not well aware about the events and happenings around them. They oppose changes and consider them as a threat to their old values and customs. Whereas changes only bring betterment in a culture. 12. FOOD CUSTOMS AT CEREMONIAL OCCASIONS: Fasting is important Muslim tradition of the month of Ramadan, however food also has essential roles in other ceremonies. For example Eid-ul-Azha (Feast of Sacrifice) in the last month of the Muslim calendar, hinting at the occasion when the prophet Abraham was about to sacrifice his son to fulfill an order from Allah. Muslims who can afford it should sacrifice a sheep, goat, camel, or cow showing Abraham's submission to God. The meat of the sacrificed animal is divided into three equal parts, first given to the poor and needy, second given to relatives and friends, and the third part is cooked at the house of the person who did the sacrifice and he deserves his part as well. Eating this meat is part of the festival

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Appalachia is a culture within itself created by individuals looking to get away from a more structural environmnet set with rules and limits. The individuals who set out to move into the Appalachian Region did so in order to have more privacy and be left alone. The Appalachian Region gave protection to anyone wanting to be alone and live life his or her way. Unfortunately, those wanting to live this way were looked at as barbarick which created labels like poor and uneducated. Those outside the Appalchian Region gave no attention to this region which caused a lack of funding for education, new roads, and etc.…

Wgu Efp1 Task 1

Title- Cultural Studies and Diversity (EFP1) Student name- Shriya Joshi Western Governors University Task 1 Part A. Culture and Diversity Definition Culture Culture refers to a way of human life. Another way to describe the culture is that it is all about the set of beliefs, knowledge, values, rules gathered by the people from present and earlier generation and passed on to future generations.…

External Identity Factors

External Factors and Identity The Webster Dictionary definition of Identity is, “the distinguishing character or personality of an individual.” Many things influence our identity. Not all of them are good or positive. Our identities make us who we are and how we live our life.…

Explain What It Means To Be Canadian

Different people in different societies have different culture but they also have some similarities. The culture transform in different things such as clothes, foods, religion and many others. Culture is a group of people living in one specific place were the would follow their own sketch of life. Especially on the day of a weeding, and some other celebrating day they would follow their own culture. Culture can be represented by a material or non material culture.…

The Role Of African Americans In The Culture Of Poverty

Culture The word culture in the Webster dictionary and by other sources defines it as “behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or in the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern. ” Dike (2014) stated, “The culture manifested in family structure and relationships, psychology and personality, and in the relationship between the poor and the larger communities in which they live. He called this the culture of poverty” (p. 173).…

Comparing Bharati Mukherjee's Two Ways To Belong In America

Merriam-Webster defines culture as the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group. Culture can sometimes informs the way someone views other people and the world by thinking about cultural stereotypes. In the essay “Two Ways to Belong in America” by Bharati Mukherjee, it discusses the struggles and stereotypes of Indians living in America. Mukherjee wrote, “…I was opting for fluidity, self-invention, blue jeans, and T-shirts, and renouncing 3,000 years (at least) of caste-observant, “pure culture” marriage in the Mukherjee family” (Mukherjee 89).…

My Mothers Pieced Quilts By Teresa Palomo Acosta

Culture is the attitudes, customs, and beliefs of a group of people that make them diverse. A person’s approaches and opinions will influence their perception. Culture is defined as outlooks, views and customs that make people unique, which means that culture influences perception. Culture always influences a person’s perception of the world because traditions and ideas are shaped by culture. Cultural traditions influence a person’s perception of the world.…

Hammurabi Code Analysis

1) Culture is a group of community, who shares common belief and experiences which shape the world of their understanding, including political belief, race, religion, national, origin, and gender. Understanding of culture is important, because it can give person to analyze things from different prospective. It also provides opportunity to better understand each other and way of life, which will bring two together. 2) With the invention of writing, there was no need of memory, speech, and rely on person to person interaction to transmit information. The need of simple way of record keeping and organizing of agricultural and business information of the Sumerians to the pictograms, and phonograms.…

Dominque Herring: Social Norms

Dominque Herring Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies and the concept of culture can be split into two separate categories; Material Culture is the more physical part of culture such as our fashion, books, etc. It is basically the way our cultures physically manifest itself in our everyday life. The other element of culture is nonmaterial which is our values, belief, behaviors, and the social norms that we adhere to. It encompasses our ideologies like religion and customs. Culture is susceptible to change depending on time and location.…

What Influences Culture In Everyday Use By Alice Walker

What Influences Culture Culture is a blend of beliefs, ideas, values, bloodlines, communication patterns, artistic expressions, and ways of life. In many ways, culture makes up every part of a human, it makes them unique and at the same time culture is capable of uniting people. Culture defines how people identify themselves, how people act, and it even defines how people think. People view the world and the things that compose it in different ways, these ways are composed of a variety of factors, and those factors compose one’s culture, factors such as, how one was raised, the environment that said person was raised in, and societal stigmas and norms.…

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Pakistan

Pakistan is a developing country. It is located in the South Asia. It is also known as the heart of Asia. Pakistan is an Islamic country. In early 19th century there was no development in this country but as time passed by, the country has start developing day by day.…

Marks And Spencer Market Segmentation

A) Segmentation means that the market is divided into parts, which are identified, accessible, viable and profitable and has a growth potential. In other words, the company believes it is impossible to target the entire market due to lack of time, cost and effort. It needs a targeted segment- a mass of people who can be identified and targeted with reasonable effort, cost and time. Segmenting the market place correctly can make the difference between successes and shut down for a company. M&S also bases its market segmentation through value, many products in M&S's clothing range have a premium-priced, high quality segment (M&S, Clarks, faith) a mid-priced segment (top shop, River Island) and a lower price segment e.g. shoes.…

Philippines Culture Analysis

Before the culture in the Philippines is examined, it is best to know the definition of culture. According to the Department of the Army (2006) culture is defined as “A system of shared…

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